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' Seallaibh ris a' charraig o'n do ghearradli a mach sibli." 
"Look unto the rock whence ye are hewn." 



P B E F A C E. 

The preparation of this History has been prompted 
by a desire to put on record, before it is too late, 
the fast diminishing oral and traditional information 
with which it is still possible, in some degree, to 
supplement such meagre written records of the Clan 
Macrae as we happen to possess, and, though it 
probably contains little which can be of interest to 
the general reader, yet my purpose will be fulfilled, 
and my labour amply rewarded, if it proves of 
interest to the members and connections of the 
Clan itself. 

The work of collecting- information was first 
begun as a recreation during a brief visit to Kintail 
in August, 1890, when I had the good fortune to 
make the acquaintance of an excellent folk-lorist 
and genealogist, the late Mr Alexander Macmillan, 
Dornie, from whom I received much of the traditional 
and oral information recorded in this book. By 
1893, I had succeeded in collecting sufficient matter 
for a series of " Notes on the Clan Macrae," which 
appeared in The North Star at intervals between 
July, 1893, and June, 1896, when the writing of 
this volume was commenced. 


The difficulty of the work was greatly increased 
by the fact that it was possible to carry it on, only 
at long intervals during occasional periods of free- 
dom from the labours of an exceptionally busy life. 
Another great disadvantage was the fact that a 
large part of the information received from the 
Country of the Macraes had to be collected by 
correspondence. I am, therefore, well aware that, 
though the greatest care has been taken to obtain 
correct information, and to verify every statement, 
yet there are undoubtedly many blemishes and 
defects in the book which might have been avoided 
if the work had been of a more continuous nature, 
and if it had been possible for me to have direct oral 
communication, more freely, with the genealogists 
and folk-lorists of the Macrae Country. 

The genealogical portion of the book, up to page 
224, is based mainly upon the MS. History of the 
Clan, written by the Rev. John Macrae, of Ding- 
wall, about two hundred years ago, including the 
additions made to it by various transcribers down to 
about the year 1820. In the case of several families 
the genealogy is continued down to the present time, 
from family Bibles, family letters, registers, and 
other sources of information, and where there are 
continuations from oral sources great care has been 
taken in selecting the names and particulars to be 
included, and much matter has been left out because 
it could not be sufficiently authenticated and con- 
firmed to warrant its publication. The result is that 
a great many families are incomplete, but there are 
very few genealogies of which this cannot be said. 


In any case, omissions are a less evil than mistakes, 
and my endeavour throughout the book has been, 
as far as possible, to be correct in my information, 
however meagre it might be. 

The Roman numerals up to page 234 represent 
in every case the number of generations from Fionnla 
Dubh Mac Gillechriosd, the reputed founder of the 
Clan Macrae of Kintail, and it is hoped that the 
genealogical portions of the book are otherwise 
arranged clearly enough to be easily followed. 

A controversy has recently arisen as to which 
family contains the lineal representation of Fionnla 
Dubh Mac Gillechriosd. Such controversies are far 
from uncommon in old families, even when for many 
generations they have possessed estates and titles to 
which the lineal succession has always been recorded 
with greater care than was ever done in the case of 
any family of the Macraes. The lineal succession of 
Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd is usually held to 
be in the Inverinate family, and that is the opinion 
of the Kintail genealogists whom I have had the 
opportunity of consulting. 

At the same time, the lineal representation of 
the founder of the Clan is claimed by two other 
families. The Macraes of Conchra claim, on the 
strength of family traditions and old family letters, 
that the founder of their branch of the Clan, the 
Rev. John Macrae of Dingwall (page 142), and not 
Alexander of Inverinate (page 69), was the eldest 
son of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae of Kintail. 

The Torlysich family, again, claim that their 
progenitor, Farquhar (page 186), was the eldest son 


of Christopher (iv.), Constable of Ellandonan (page 
24), and that the reason why John of Killin refused 
to give Farquhar the post of Constable (page 28) 
was, that the appointment of the eldest son to a 
post formerly held by his father might lead the Mac- 
raes to regard the office of Constable as hereditary 
in their own family, and that they might thus 
become inconveniently powerful for the Mackenzie 
family, which at that time was small and compar- 
atively unimportant. 

In all the copies of the lie v. John Macrae's his- 
tory that I have seen, Duncan, the first of the family 
who settled at Inverinate (page 30), is stated to have 
been older than his brother Farquhar, and Alexander 
of Inverinate is stated to have been the eldest son 
of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae of Kintail ; and as the 
Rev. John Macrae's MS. history formed the chief 
written authority at my disposal, I have felt justified 
in continuing the genealogy of the Inverinate family 
as the direct lineal representatives of Fionnla Dubh 
Mac Gillechriosd. 

It might seem hardly worth while recording 
some of the lists of names given, without dates or 
any other particulars, in the genealogical portions of 
the book, but no such list has been given without 
satisfactory reasons for believing it to be correct, as 
far as it goes. Some of those lists will probably be 
recognised, as their own families, by readers in the 
Colonies and also in the United States, where the 
descendants of Macrae emigrants from Kintail are 
both numerous and prosperous, and the interest 
taken by some of them in the preparation of this 


book shows that they have not yet lost the traditions 
of their Clan or forgotten the home of their fathers. 

It is hoped the Appendices will add somewhat 
to the interest of the book. Very much more might 
have been written about Kintail did space permit, 
and for the same reason the collection of poetry is 
much smaller than was originally intended. The 
Royal descents in Appendix F are given on the 
authority of Burke's genealogical publications, and 
various Mackenzie genealogies. It has not been 
found possible to identify all the place names in 
Appendices H and M, probably because of the way 
they are spelled, but though the spelling of the 
original documents has been in almost every case 
retained, most of the names will be easily recognised. 

It is needless to say that this book could not have 
been written without the help of many generous 
friends, some of whom are no longer within reach of 
this expression of my gratitude — among them Sir 
William Alexander Mackinnon, K.C.B., Captain 
Archibald Macra Chisholm, Mr Alexander Mackenzie, 
the Clan Historian, and Mr Alexander Matheson, 
shipowner, Dornie, one of the best read and most 
intelligent of Highland seannachies, whose acquaint- 
ance it was my misfortune not to have made until only 
a few weeks before his death, which occurred on the 
14th of October, 1897. In addition to the help 
acknowledged from time to time throughout the book, 
I am specially indebted to Mrs Mackenzie of Abbots- 
ford Park, Edinburgh (now of Portobello), for much 
information and help, and for many interesting recol- 
lections of more than one Kintail family ; to Mrs 


Alister MacLellan (of Ardintoul) ; to Mrs Farquhar 
Finlayson, Rothesay; to Major John MacRae-Gilstrap 
of Ballimore, who was one of the first to take an 
interest in this work, and who, in addition to old 
family papers, placed also at my disposal a large 
quantity of material collected at his own expense in 
the Register House, Edinburgh ; to Sir James Dixon 
Mackenzie of Findon, Bart., for the use of old and 
interesting documents in his possession ; to Mr 
William Mackay of Craigmonie, Inverness, for much 
help, given on many occasions, with a readiness and 
kindness, which to me will always form a pleasant 
recollection ; to Mr Horatio Ross Macrae of Cluries 
for the fac-simile of signatures to the Macrae-Campbell 
Bond of Friendship, as well as for the use of docu- 
ments bearing on the history of the Inverinate 
family; to the Rev. Donald Macrae, B.D., minister 
of Lairg, for much help and many valuable sug- 
gestions ; to Professor Donald Mackinnon, M.A., 
Edinburgh, for information about the Fernaig MS., 
and for valuable suggestions about the extracts from 
it in Appendix J ; to Mr Charles Fraser-Mackintosh, 
LL.D., of Drummond, for the Kintail Rent Roll of 
1756 in Appendix H; to Mr John H. Dixon of 
Inveran for Appendix K ; to Mr P. J. Anderson, 
librarian of Aberdeen University, for Appendix L ; 
to Mr Alexander Macbain, M.A., Inverness, for the 
fac-simile page of the Fernaig MS.; to Mr Farquhar 
Macrae, Dornie ; to Dr Donald Macrae, Beckenham ; 
to Major Frederick Bradford McCrea, London ; to 
Lieutenant-Colonel J. H. Carteret Carey of Castle 
Carey, Guernsey ; to Mr Farquhar Matheson, Dornie, 


who prepared the map, which is interesting as 
recording some old Kintail place-names now no 
longer in use ; to my brother, Mr John Macrae, 
for help in the transcription of old documents ; to 
my mother for help in the translations given in 
Appendix J ; and to the publisher, Mr A. M. Ross, 
and his foreman, Mr John Gray, not only for putting 
up with inconveniences and delays caused by the 
fact that, in almost every case, the proofs were sent 
for revision to some members of the families whose 
histories are here recorded, but more especially for 
the never-failing courtesy and kindness which have 
made the passing of the book through the press a 
work of interest and pleasure. 


Wandsworth Common, London, 
15th March, 1899. 


Anderson, Provost John N., Stornoway. 

Bain, James, Public Library, Toronto, Canada. 

Bignold, Arthur, of Lochrosque. 

Burns, T. H. S., solicitor, Dingwall. 

Burns, William, of Drummondhill, Inverness. 

Cameron, J., accountant, National Bank, Dingwall. 

Campbell, A. D., sen., J.P., Cape Colony. 

Carey, Lieutenant-Colonel J. H. Carteret, Castle Carey, Guernsey. 

Chisholm, George S., Dingwall. 

Chisholm, Mrs Maria F., of Glassburn. 

Cole, Mrs George Ward, St Ninian's, Bay Street, Melbourne, 

Colquhoun, Sir James, of Luss, Bart. 
Cran, John, Bunchrew. 
Davidson, Major N., of Cantray. 
Douglas, Hugh Beaton, Montana, U.SA. 
Ferguson, R. C. Munro, of Novar, Raith, Kirkcaldy. 
Finlayson, Mrs F., Achamore Park, Rothesay, Bute. 
Fletcher, J. Douglas, Rosehaugh House. 
Fraser, Alexander, solicitor, Inverness. 
Fraser, George, Rondebosch, Strathpeffer. 
Fraser-Mackintosh, C, LL.D., of Drummond, Inverness. 
Hawes, Mrs, 2 Victoria Mansions, Western Parade, Southsea. 
Hood, George, Corporation Buildings, Glasgow. 
Kennedy, Miss Adelaide, 71 Great King Street, Edinburgh. 
Largo, Count de Serra, of Tarlogie. 
Macbain, Alexander, M.A., Raining School, Inverness. 
Macdonald, H. L., of Dunach. 
Macdonald, Lachlan, of Skeabost. 
Macdonald, Peter, Carlton Place, Glasgow. 


Macgregor, Duncan, " Glengyle," Victoria, Australia. 

Macintyre, Malcolm, Imperial Hotel, Stornoway. 

Mackay, John, 9 Blythswood Drive, Glasgow. 

Mackay, William, Craigmonie, Inverness. 

Mackenzie, Andrew, of Dalmore, Alness. 

Mackenzie, iEneas, Stornoway. 

Mackenzie, Duncan, Royal Hotel, Stornoway. 

Mackenzie, George, Seaforth Lodge, Ballifeary, Inverness. 

Mackenzie, Mrs Isabella, 2 East Brighton Crescent, Portobello. 

Mackenzie, Sir James D., of Findon, Bart., 15 Redcliffe Square, 

London, S.W. 
Mackenzie, William, Crofters Commission, 6 Parliament Square, 

Mackenzie, W. D., of Farr, Inverness. 
Mackinnon, Duncan, London. 

Maclellan, Mrs Alister, Ellensdale, Craigmore, Rothesay. 
Maclennan, A., Lienassie, Stromeferry. 
Maclennan, Alexander, Craig, Auchnashellach. 
Maclennan, The Hon. Justice, Canada. 
Macrae, Alexander, Applecross. 
Macrae, Alexander, Belfast. 
Macrae, Alexander, Bristol. 
Macrae, Alexander, Edinburgh. 

Macrae, Alexander, Inshegra School, Kinlochbervie, Lairg. 
Macrae, Alexander, Ledgown, Achnasheen. 
Macrae, Alexander, 46 Lady Menzies' Place, Edinburgh. 
Macrae, Alexander, 1 Leopold Place, Dingwall. 
Macrae, Alexander, London. 
Macrae, Alexander, Napier, New Zealand. 
Macrae, Alexander A., Winton, Southland, New Zealand. 
Macrae, Alexander Fraser, Gelantipy, Victoria, Australia. 
Macrae, A. H., Macrae, Georgia, U.S.A. 
Macrae, Bailie John, Dingwall. 
Macrae, Captain Alexander Gordon, 4th Argyle and Sutherland 

Highlanders (late 93rd). 
Macrae, Charles Colin, M.A., Barrister-at-Law, London. 
Macrae, Christina, Melbourne. 
Macrae, Christopher, Carr, Kintail. 
Macrae, Colin George (of Inverinate), W.S., Edinburgh. (5 Copies.) 






Donald, Gelantipy, Victoria, Australia. 

Donald, Anderston, Glasgow. 

Donald, Wilmington, North Carolina, U.S.A. 

Donald, M.D., Council Bluffs, Iowa, U.S.A. 

Donald, Violet Villa, Tewkesbury Road, Cheltenham. 

Douglas Gordon, London. 

Dr Charles M., Stornoway. 

Dr Donald, J. P., The Firs, Beckenham, Kent. 

Dr Farquhar, Alness. 

Dr John Farquhar, Portland House, Charleville Road, West 

gton, London, W. 
Duncan, Belfast. 

Duncan, Brockton, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 
Duncan, J.P., Ardintoul, Stromeferry. 
Duncan, J.P., D.L. (of Conchra), Karnes Castle, Bute. 
Duncan, J. P., of Strathgarve, Queensland. 
Duncan, Salen Hotel, Salen, Aros, Mull. 
Duncan, Taranaki, New Zealand. 
E. Farquhar, Macon, Georgia, U.S.A.. 
Farquhar, Hawke Bay, New Zealand. 
Finlay, Montana, U.S.A. 
Finlay A., London. 
G., G.P.O., Inverness. 

G. A., 1 Johnhouse Buildings, Lothbury, London, S.E. 
George Hay, Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A. 
George P., 425 West Baltimore Street, Baltimore, U.S.A. 
Horatio Ross, W.S., of Clunes. 
Hugh, Edinburgh. 

Hugh, 27 Lansdowne Crescent, Glasgow. 
Hugh, Wilmington, North Carolina, U.S.A. 
J., Berwickshire County Council; Dunse. 
J., Salen, Aros, Mull. 
J. F., Fernaig, Lochalsh. 
James, Lewis Street, Stornoway. 
James, London. 

James, M.A., M.D., CM., Huntly. 
James, of Ure & Macrae, 81 Bath Street, Glasgow. 
James, 242 Westgate Road, Newcastle. 
James Davidson, J. P., Killin. 


Macrae, John Alexander, Niagara Falls, Canada. 

Macrae, John, Beaverton, Ontario, Canada. 

Macrae, John, Edinburgh. 

Macrae, John, Ellangowan, Chambers Crescent, Edinburgh. 

Macrae, John, Suffolk County, U.S.A. 

Macrae, John, Glennaig, Auchnashellach. 

Macrae, Kenneth, C.E., Oban. 

Macrae, Kenneth, Fairview, Ravenhill Road, Belfast. 

Macrae, Kenneth, Portree. 

Macrae, Kenneth F., Dayville Grant Coy., Oregon, U.S.A. 

Macrae, Kenneth Stuart (Conchra), Newark-on-Trent. 

Macrae, Lieutenant Colin William (Conchra), The Black Watch. 

Macrae, Lieutenant J. H., Fort Snelling, Minnesota, U.S.A. 

Macrae, Lieutenant -Colonel Roderick, Dacca, Bengal, India. 

(2 Copies.) 
Macrae, Max. L., Macrae, Felfair County, Georgia, U.S.A. 
Macrae, Milton A., Cincinnatti, U.S.A. 
Macrae, Mrs M. W., Edinburgh. 
Macrae, Murdo, of Kinbeachie, Conon. 
Macrae, Murdoch, Gairloch. 
Macrae, Peter, Dundonnell. 

Macrae, Rev. Alexander, F.C. Manse, Clachan, Kintyre. 
Macrae, Rev. David, Morag, Maxwell Park, Glasgow. 
Macrae, Rev. Donald, B.D., The Manse, Lairg. 
Macrae, Rev. Duncan, Wood Green, London. 
Macrae, Rev. Godfrey W. B., Cross, Stornoway. 
Macrae, Rev. James Duncan, Manse of Contin. 
Macrae, Rev. Roderick, Carloway, Lews. 
Macrae, Roderick, Gladstone House, Beauly. 
Macrae, Roderick, Gelantipy, Victoria, Australia. 
Macrae, Roderick John, Wandsworth Common, London. 
Macrae, Stewart, Victoria, Australia. 
Macrae, Stewart (of Conchra), Newark-on-Trent. 
Macrae, Thomas G., Prescott, Arkansas, U.S.A. 
MacRae-Gilstrap, Major John (Conchra), of Ballimore, Argyleshire 

(late 1st Batt. Black Watch). (12 Copies.) 
MacRae-Gilstrap, John Duncan George, younger of Ballimore. 
McCrae, George Gordon, Anchorfield, Lower Hawthorn, Melbourne, 



McCrae, Boyd M., Dundee. 

McCrae, John, Beechwood, Glasgow. 

McCrae, John Morison, Perth, West Australia. 

McCrae, Kenneth, London. 

McCrae, Lieutenant-Colonel David, Guelph, Canada. 

McCrae, William, Berkeley Road, Dublin. 

McCrea, B. H. E., M.B., London. 

McCrea, Harriet M. (widow of Major-General R. B. McCrea, R.A.), 

McCrea, Major Frederick Bradford, London (late 8th "The 

King's" Regiment). (4 Copies.) 
Maine, Mrs N., Melbourne, Australia. 
Matheson, Dr Farquhar, J.P., Soho Square, London, W. 
Matheson, Farquhar, Dornie. 

Matheson, John, M.A., M.D., 14 Gibson Square, London, N. 
Matheson, Kenneth, Gledfield, Ardgay. 
Mavor, Mrs Ivan, Wandsworth Common, London. 
Middleton, W. R. T., solicitor, Dingwall. 
Mitchell Library, Glasgow. 
Munro, Rev. D., F.C. Manse, Ferintosh. 
Nicol, Thomas, Dingwall. 
Public Library, Inverness. 

Rea, C. F., King Edward's School, Totnes, S. Devon. 
Ross, John M., Kelvinside, Glasgow. 
Russell, Mrs Madeline, 2 Albert Terrace, Morningside, Edinburgh. 

(2 Copies.) 
Scott, Roderick, solicitor, Inverness. 
Stewart, Captain William, of Ensay (91st Highlanders). 
Strachan, Sheriff R. M., Glasgow. 
Watson, James F., 81 Robertson Street, Greenock. 
Yule, Amy Francis, Tarradale House, Muir of Ord. 



1.7. 1 after Jessie, add (See p. 116; 1.4.) and 


vice versa. 

12. Before Geprge; add William. And alter 
Sheriff to Sheriff -Substitute. 

13. After John, insert:- Charles Kenneth. (B. 
1869 . ) 

14. For grandson read Great-nephew. 
16. F,or Wellington read Washington. 

18. After Troutbeck insert with issue. 
After Kenneth read Alexander; and 

19. Delete "in India." and add "married Rose 
J.Lea, with issue. 

2^. After "ervice, insert "married Vere IivwAn 
Trving, with issue. For ^Imslie read Elm- 
si ey. 

21. For David read David Douglas. 

25. For Biera,read Buenos Ayres; formerly at 
Biera. Married and has issue. 

3^. After Archibald add May. 

After Eiss add Anna/ S.Broadfoot, niece 
of his sister 1 s husband, Br A.B.Douglas. 

fac»JU<J</k k\ f* UaW . 




Country of the Macraes. — Meaning and Probable Origin of 
the Name. — Its First Appearance as a Surname. — Tradi- 
tional Origin of the Clan Macrae. — Macraes in the 
Districts of Clunes and Glenurquhart. — Migration to 
Kintail. — Campbells of Craignish said to be of Macrae 
Origin. — The Connection of the Macraes with the House 
of Kintail. — Also with the House of Gairloch. — The Mac- 
raes were Episcopalians and Jacobites. — Macraes in the 
Seaforth Regiments. — The Rev. John Macrae's MS. 
History of the Clan. ------- 1 


I. Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd.— His Family. — II. Chris- 
topher and His Family. — Donnacha Mor na Tuagh. — ■ 
Battles of Park, Bealach Glasleathaid, and Druim a Chait. 
— III. Finlay s — Supports John of Killin against Hector 
Roy. — Finlay's son made Constable of Ellandonan Castle. 
— Ian Mor nan Cas. — Miles, son of Finlay, killed at 
Kinlochewe. — IV. Christopher, Constable of Ellandonan. 
— His Family. — Alister Dubh Chisholm. — The Macraes 
of Strathglass. — V. Duncan Mac Gillechriosd. — Donald 
Gorm Macdonald of Sleat besieges Ellandonan Castle, and 
is killed. — Duncan goes to the Lovat Country. — Returns 
to Kintail and Settles at Inverinate. — Duncan's Family. — 
General Monk in Kintail. _••_•■_ - 14 


VI. Christopher. — Constable of Ellandonan Castle. — Origin of 
Feud between Kintail and Glengarry. — Kenneth, Lord 
Kintail, obtains Crown Charter for Glengarry's Possessions 
in Lochcarron and Lochalsh. — Christopher and his Family 
contributed to Kintail's success. — Christopher an enter- 
prising Cattle Dealer. — His Convivial Habits. — His 



Friendship with Sir Donald Macdonald of Sleat. — Chris- 
topher's Marriage and Family. — Duncan called Donnacha 
Mac Gillechriosd.— One of the Biggest Men in the High- 
lands. — Ian Mor a Chasteil.— Duncan and a Companion 
take part in the Fight of Leac na Falla, in Skye. — Angus 
Og of Glengarry invades Lochcarron. — Lady Mackenzie 
and the Kintail Men prepare to intercept Angus Og on his 
return. — Fight at the Cailleach Rock. — Death of Angus 
Og. — His Burial at Kilduich. — Duncan robbed at Elycht 
Fair. — The Rev. John, son of Christopher VI. — Tutor or 
Governor to Colin, Earl Seaforth. — Other Descendants of 
Christopher VI. — The Rev. Finlay Macrae of Lochalsh. — 
Jacobite and Episcopalian. — Supports Rising of 1715. — 
Deprived of his Living. — His Marriage. — His Descendants. 
— Maurice, son of Christopher VI.- — Christopher Og. — 
Domhnul na Smurich, and Donald Beg. - - - 33 


VII. Rev. Farquhar Macrae. — Birth. — Education. — Scholar- 
ship. — Chosen to be one of the Regents of Edinburgh 
University. — Appointment opposed by Lord Kintail. — 
Headmaster of Fortrose Grammar School. — -Admitted to 
Holy Orders. — Appointed Vicar of Gairloch. — Ironworks 
in Gairloch. — Sir George Hay and Mr Farquhar. — Sir 
George appointed High Chancellor of Scotland, and created 
Earl of Kinnoull. — His subsequent Career and Death. — 
His Offers to Mr Farquhar. — Mr Farquhar pemiaded by 
the " Tutor of Kintail " to decline them. — Mr Farquhar 
visits Lews. — Death of Lord Kintail. — Mr Farquhar 
appointed Vicar of Kintail and Constable of Ellandonan 
Castle. — Earl Colin's periodical visits to Kintail. — 
Wadsets to Mr Farquhar and his Sons. — Earl Kenneth 
receives his Early Education from Mr Farquhar. — Com- 
plaints made to the Bishop of Mr Farquhar's worldliness. 
— Preaches before the Bishop.- — Complaints dismissed. — 
Leaves Ellandonan Castle. — General Monk's Visit to 
Kintail. — The Rev. Donald Macrae appointed to Kintail 
as Assistant to his Father. — Social circumstances of Kintail 
in Mr Farquhar's time. — His Marriage and Family. — His 
Death. - - ' - - 52 


VIII. Alexander of Inverinate. — Chamberlain of Kintail. — 
His Marriages and Family. — Rev. John Macrae, last 
Episcopalian Minister of Dingwall. — Difficulties con- 
nected with the Appointment of his Successor. — Author 
of Histories of the Mackenzies and of the Macraes. — 



His Marriage and Family. — Rev. Alexander Macrae 
founds a Roman Catholic Mission in Kintail. — Alexander 
Macrae, merchant, Bristol, leaves Money for the Education 
of Boys of the name Macrae. — Other Descendants of the 
Rev. John Macrae of Dingwall. — The Rev. Donald Mac- 
rae, last Episcopalian Minister of Kintail. — He supports 
the Jacobite Cause. — Battles of Sheriffmuir and Glensheil. 
— Kintail Church Destroyed by the Crew of a Man-of-War. 
— Episcopalianism in Kintail. — The Rev. Donald Macrae's 
Marriage and Descendants. — Farquhar of Morvich and 
his Family. — Ian Mac Mhurachidh, the Kintail Poet. — 
Murdoch, son of Alexander of Inverinate. — His Tragic End. 
— The Glenlic Hunt. — Traditions and Poems connected 
therewith. ---------69 


IX. Duncan, called Donnachadh nam Pios. — His Character 
and Attainments. — Traditions about Him. — The Silver 
Herring. — The Oak Trees at Inverinate. — Duncan as a 
Poet.- — -The Fernaig Manuscript. — A Valuable Contribu- 
tion to Gaelic Literature. — Pteligion and Politics of the 
Poems contained in it. — Professor Mackinnon's Estimate 
of Donnachadh nam Pios and his Work. — His Tragic 
End. — His Marriage and Family.— X. Farquhar. — His 
Marriage and Family. — XI. Duncan. — His Marriage and 
Family. ---------- 87 


XII. Farquhar, Last of Inverinate. — His Marriages and 
Family. — Alexander. — Captain Duncan Macrae and his 
Descendants. — Colonel Kenneth Macrae.— Jean married 
the Rev. John Macqueen of Applecross. — Her Descend- 
ants. — Dr John Macrae and his Descendants. — Dr 
Farquhar Macrae. — Represents Colin Fitzgerald in 
Benjamin West's Painting in Brahan Castle. — Killed in 
a Duel. — Madeline Married the Rev. John Macrae of 
Glensheil. — Her Descendants. — Anne married Lachlan 
Mackinnon of Corriechatachan. — Her Descendants. ■ — ■ 
Florence married Captain Kenneth Mackenzie of Kerris- 
dale. — Her Descendants.- — XIII. Colin. — His Marriage and 
Family. — XIV. John Anthony. — His Marriage and Family. 
— XV. Colin George. — His Marriage and Family. - - 97 


Christopher, son of Alexander of Inverinate. — Tacksman of 
Aryugan.— His Marriage and Descendants. — Mathesons 
of Lochalsh and the Rev. Dr Kennedy of Dingwall 


" . - PAGE. 

Descended from Him. — Other Descendants of Christopher. 
— John, son of Christopher. — His Marriage and Descend- 
ants. - - - - - - - - - - 123 


IX. Hugh, son of Alexander of Inverinate. — X. Alexander 
of Ardintoul. — Was at the Battles of Sheriffmuir and 
Glensheil. — Traditions about Him. — IX. Archibald of 
Ardintoul. — His Marriage and Descendants. — Colonel Sir 
John Macra. — Alexander of Hushinish. — His Marriage 
and Family. - - ----- 132 


VIII. The Rev. John Macrae of Dingwall.— Birth and Edu- 
cation. — -Appointment to the Living of Dingwall. — He 
Supports the Episcopal Party. — Mr Thomas Hogg and 
Mr John Mackillican. — Ecclesiastical Affairs in Dingwall 
after the Restoration of Charles II. — Mr John's Marriages 
and Family. — The Macraes of Balnain and their Descend- 
ants. — IX. Alexander Macrae of Conchra. — His Marriage 
and Family. — X. John of Conchra. — One of the "Four 
Johns of Scotland." — Killed at Sheriffmuir. — His Marriage 
and Family. — XL John of Conchra. — His Marriage and 
Family. — XII. Major Colin of Conchra. — His Marriage 
and Descendants. - - - - - - - -142 


VIII. The Rev. Donald Macrae, son of the Rev. Farquhar. — 
Vicar of Urray. — Chaplain to Seaforth's Regiment. — Com- 
missioner to the General Assembly. — Vicar of Kintail. — 
His Marriage and Descendants. — The Drudaig Family. - 160 


VIII. Miles, son of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae. — Receives a 
joint wadset of Camusluinie. — His Marriage and Descend- 
ants. — The Camusluinie Family. — VIII. Murdoch, son of 
the Rev. Farquhar Macrae. — His Descendants. - - 165 


VIII. John Breac, son of the Rev. Farquhar. — Foster Brother 
of Kenneth, third Earl of Seaforth. — Under Factor or 
Chamberlain of Kintail. — His Marriage and Descendants. 
— The Auchtertyre Family. — Finlay, son of John Breac. 
— Killed at the Battle of Glensheil. — His Marriage and 
Descendants. — The Carr Family. 170 




V. Farquhar, son of Constable Christopher Macrae of 
Ellandonan Castle.— Progenitor of the Black Macraes. — 
Fearachar Mac Ian Oig. — The Rev. Donald Macrae of 
Lochalsh. — Tradition about Ancestry of Governor James 
Macrae of Madras. — Domhnull Og. — High-handed pro- 
ceedings of Garrison placed in Ellandonan by the 
Parliament after the Execution of Charles I.^-Fight 
between the Garrison and the Kintail Men. — Domhnull 
Og's Descendants. — Donnacha Mor Mac Alister killed at 
Sheriffmuir. — Maurice of Achyuran. — His Marriage and 
Descendants. — The Rev. John Macrae of Knockbain. — 
Eonachan Dubh and his Descendants. — Domhnull Mac 
Alister, Progenitor of the Torlysich Family. — Killed at 
Sheriffmuir. — His Marriage and Descendants. - - - 186 


Finlay, son of Christopher of Aryugan. — Settled in Loch- 
carron. — Fionnla nan Gobhar. — His Family. — Donald 
Macrae of Achintee. — Ruling Elder of the Parish of Loch- 
carron. — His Marriage and Descendants. - 225 


Governor James Macrae of Madras. — Tradition about his 
Ancestry. — His Humble Birth. — Boyhood. — Goes to Sea. 
— Mission to Sumatra. — Governor of Madras. — Return to 
Scotland. — His Death. — His Heirs. — Their Marriages and 
Descendants. --------- 235 


A Romance of Sheriffmuir. — The Rev. James Macrae of 
Sauchieburn. — The Rev. David Macrae of Oban, and 
afterwards of Glasgow. — The Rev. David Macrae of 
Gourock, and afterwards of Dundee. ... - 242 


The Macraes of Wilmington. — Connection with the Macraes 
of Kintail. — Ruari Donn. — His Descendants. — General 
William Macrae. - - 248 


Ian Mac Fhionnla Mhic Ian Bhuidhe. — A Sheriffmuir Warrior. 
— His Descendants. 256 



The McCreas of Guernsey. — Descended from the Macraes of 
Kintail. — Connection with Ulster. — -Emigrated to America. 
— Jane McCrea, " The Bride of Fort Edward." — Major 
Robert McCrea in the American War of Independence. — 
Governor of Chester Castle. — Connection with Guernsey. 
— His Marriages and Descendants. ----- 259 


A Tradition of the Time of Montrose. — Macraes in Galloway. 
— Alexander Macrae of Glenlair married Agnes Gordon of 
Carleton. — Their Descendants. ? 281 


Legends and Traditions of the Clan Maci'ae. — How the 
Macraes first came to Kintail.— How St Fillan became 
the Greatest of Physicians and made the Inhabitants of 
Kintail Strong and Healthy. — How Ellandonan Castle 
came to be built. — How Donnacha Mor na Tuaigh fought 
at the Battle of Park.— How the Great Feud between 
Kintail and Glengarry began. — How Ian Breac Mac 
Mhaighster Fearachar made Lochiel retract a vow against 
the Men of Kintail. — Tradition about Muireach Fial. — 
Tradition about Fearachar Mac Ian Oig. — Tradition 
about the Glenlic Hunt. — Traditions about Donnacha 
Mor Mac Alister. — Traditions about Eonachan Dubh. — 
How Ian Mor Mac Mhaighster Fionnla killed the Soldiers. 
— A Tradition of SherifFmuir. — How a Kintail Man was 
innocently hanged by the Duke of Cumberland. — Some 
Macrae Traditions from Gairloch. 286 



Appendix A. — Rev. John Macrae's Account of the Origin of 
the Macraes --------- 331 

Appendix B. — The Prophecy of St Berchan. — The Dean of 
Lismore's Book -------- 338 

Appendix C. — Bond of Friendship between the Macraes of 

Kintail and the Campbells of Craignish, 1702 - - 341 

Appendix D. — The Seaforth Highlanders. — The Affair of the 

Macraes --------- 343 

Appendix E. — Kintail -------- 348 

Appendix F. — Royal Lineage of certain Families of the Clan 

Macrae - 369 

Appendix G.— The House of Kintail - - - - - 373 
Appendix H. — Rent Rolls of Kintail and Glensheil - - 376 
Appendix I. — Feadan Dubh Chintaille - - - 381 

Appendix J. — The Poetry of the Macraes ... - 383 
Appendix K. — Macrae Traditions in Gairloch - - - 410 
Appendix L. — The Macra Bursaries ----- 418 
Appendix M. — Extract from Minutes of Court held at Inver- 
ness to inquire into the Affair of Ath nam Muileach - 423 


Addendum I. - ....... 426 

Addendum II. - - - - - - - - - 429 

ERRATA - - - - - - - - - - 430 

INDEX 431 



Macrae Coat of Arms - - - - - 
Ruins of Ellandonan Castle 
Fac-simile Page of Fernaig MS. - 

McCrea Coat of Arms 

Kilduich Churchyard 

Fac-simile of Signatures to Bond of Friendship 
Map of the Macrae Country 

Facing page 




The Badge of the Macraes was the Fir Club-Moss (Lycopodium Sclago) ; 
Gaelic — Garbhag an t-sleibh, 



Country of the Macraes. — Meaning and Probable Origin of the 
Name. — ■ Its First Appearance as a Surname. — Traditional 
Origin of the Clan Macrae. — Macraes in the Districts of 
Clunes and Glenurquhart. — Migration to Kintail. — Campbells 
of Craignish said to be of Macrae Origin. — The Connection 
of the Macraes with the House of Kintail. — Also with the 
House of Gairloch. — The Macraes were Episcopalians and 
Jacobites. — Macraes in the Seaforth Regiments. — The Rev. 
John Macrae's MS. History of the Clan. 

The Macraes were a small but important clan in the 
district of Kintail, in the south-west of the county 
of Ross, where they are said to have settled in the 
fourteenth century, under the chieftainship of the 
Barons Mackenzie of Kintail. 

According to the most competent authorities, 
the name Macrae or Macrath, as it is written in 
Gaelic, means " son of Grace or Luck," * and, so far 
as at present known, it occurs first in TJie Annals of 
the Kingdom of Ireland by the Four Masters, under 

1 Macbain's Gaelic Dictionary. 


the year of our Lord 448, a certain " Macraith 1 the 
Wise " being mentioned in that year as a member of 
the household of St Patrick. We meet with it 
occasionally in Ireland from that date onwards, and 
in the eleventh and twelfth centuries it was fre- 
quently used in that country as the personal name 
of lords, poets, and more especially ecclesiastics. 

The name first appears in Scotland at a some- 
what later date. In a Gaelic manuscript of the 
eleventh century, called TJie Prophecy of Saint 
JBerchan, we find the term Macrath applied to one of 
the successors of Kenneth Macalpin, — King Gregory 
who reigned at Scone during the last quarter of the 
ninth century, and was one of the greatest of the 
early Scottish Kings. This seems to be the first 
instance of the name Macrae or Macrath in Scotland. 
Gregory the Macrath was not only prosperous in 
worldly affairs and in his wars his enemies, 
but was also a sincere supporter j,nd benefactor of 
the Scottish Church, which he delivered from the 
oppression of the Picts, and favoured with his 
support and protection. 2 Considering the meaning 
of the name, and the connection in which it first 
appears both in Ireland and in Scotland, it is not 
unreasonable to suppose that it may have been first 
given as a distinguishing personal name to men who 
were supposed to be endowed with more than an 
ordinary measure of sanctity and grace. The name 
Macrae had thus in all probability an ecclesiastical 

1 Raith in Macraith is the old genitive form of Rath. 
2 Appendix B. 


In a genealogy of the Mackenzies contained ia 
The Black Book of Clanranald, we find it stated 
that Gilleoin of the Aird, from whom the , old Earls 
Gillanders of Ross and the Mackenzies of Kintail are 
traced, was the son of Macrath (McRrath). 1 Supposing 
the genealogy to be correct, this Macrath would have 
lived not earlier than the tenth century. By that 
time Christianity was fairly established in the High- 
lands of Scotland, and as the name Gilleoin means 
the servant of St John, it is not at all unlikely that 
Macrath also may have been so named from some 
family connection with the early Church in the 
Highlands. 2 

The name Macrae (McRaa) occurs also in The Dean 
of Lismore's Book under circumstances which might 
well have entitled the bearer of it to be called, if 
not a son of grace, at all events a son of luck. 3 

In those times there were no family or hereditary 
surnames in this country. Family surnames ap- 
pear in England about the twelfth century, but it 
was not until much later that they became common 
in the Highlands of Scotland. For instance, the sur- 
name Mackenzie, which is a comparatively old one, 
arose in the early part of the fourteenth century. 
The use of Macrae as a surname is probably of an 
earlier date than the surname Mackenzie, and that 

1 Reliquiae Celticae, Vol. II., page 300. 

2 In a Gaelic MS. of 1450, containing genealogies of several Highland 
families, and published with an English translation in The Transactions of the 
Iona Club, an ancestor of the Macleans is also mentioned as Gilleoin, son of 
Macrath (Gilleain mc Icrait). This helps to confirm the tradition mentioned 
below, that the Macraes, Mackenzies, and Macleans were of the same ancestry, 
but it is not easy to make anything satisfactory out of those old genealogies. 
3 Appendix B. 


it grew iii the first instance out of a personal name 
is evident from the fact that in Gaelic the Macraes 
are always spoken of as " Clann Mhicrath," that is 
the " descendants of Macrath." 

So far as at present known, the name Macrae is 
first mentioned as a surname in the year 1386, in an 
agreement made, at Inverness, between the Bishop 
of Moray and Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, 
better known as the Wolf of Badenoch, with regard 
to some land in Bothiemurchus, in Inverness-shire, 
which was formerly occupied by a certain Cristinus 
M'Crath (Christopher Macrae), who was then dead. 1 
From that date onwards the name is frequently met 
with as a surname in various parts of Scotland, not 
only in the Highlands, but also in Ayrshire and in 
the south of Berthshire. 

Tradition relates that the Macraes came originally 
from Ireland, and were of common ancestry with the 
Mackenzies and the Macleans, and ifc is said that a 
company of them fought at the battle of Largs in 
1263, under the leadership of Colin Fitzgerald, the 
reputed progenitor of the Mackenzies of Kintail. 
The Fitzgerald origin of the Mackenzies is now 
discredited by Scotch historians ; but, whatever 
their origin may have been, it is oxtremely probable 
that the Macraes were in some way connected with 
the same stock, as a strong friendship and alliance 
existed between the two clans from early traditional 
times, and continued without intermission so long as 
the Mackenzies held the ancestral lands of Kintail. 
The Macraes who settled in Kintail are said to have 

IRegistrum Episcopatus Moraviensis (Bannatyne Club), page 196. 


lived originally at Climes, on the Lordship of Lovat, 
near the southern shore of the Beauly Firth, where 
the site on which stood the house of their chief is 
still pointed out. 1 So far as the date to which these 
traditions refer can be fixed, this would be about the 
middle of the thirteenth century. It is also said 
that the name was known in Glenurquhart 2 in the 
twelfth century, which is an earlier date than can 
well be assigned to any traditions that have come 
down to us with regard to the settlement at Clunes, 
but there appear to be no existing traditions con- 
necting the origin of the Macraes of Kintail with 
the district of Glenurquhart. There are, however, 
many traditions connecting them with the district 
of Clunes, and explaining the cause of the migration 
to Kintail. 3 

According to the Rev. John' Macrae, the most 
probable cause of the migration of the Macraes to 
Kintail, or, at all events, of that branch of them 
which afterwards became the most important, was 
that, though they do not appear to have been very 
numerous, they were becoming too crowded in the 
old home at Clunes. At the same time Lovat's own 
kindred and friends were becoming- so numerous 
that the country could not accommoda/te them all, 

1 The site of Macrae's house (Larach tigh Mhicrath) is on the southern 
slope of the Hill of Clunes, and is marked by a number of large stones, which 
are supposed to have formed the foundations of the house. Tradition says 
that the house was originally built in the course of one night by supernatural 
agencies, and the place has always been regarded as a favourite haunt of the 

2 Mackay's Urquhart and Glenmoriston, p. 12 ; and also the Rev. John 
Macrae's Account of the Origin of the Macraes, Appendix A. 

3 See chapter on legends and traditions of the clan, and Appendix A. 


and this was an additional reason for the Macraes 
to move to other places, as favourable opportunities 
arose. Three of the sons of Macrae of Clunes are 
said to have left home in this way, but the old man 
himself remained in Clunes all his days, enjoying 
the esteem and confidence of the Lords of Lovat, 
four of whom were fostered in his house. Of these 
three brothers, one settled at Brahan, near Dingwall, 
where there was a piece of land in the time of the 
Rev. John Macrae, called Cnoc Mhicrath (Macrae's 
Hill), and the well which supplied Brahan Castle 
with water at that time was called Tobair Mhicrath 
(Macrae's Well). The descendants of this man were 
then to be found in Strathgarve, Strathbran, 
Strathconon, ^rdmeanach, and one of them, John 
Macrae, was at that time a merchant at Inverness. 

Another son went to Argyleshire, where he 
married the heiress of Craioriish. His successors after- 
wards adopted the name Campbell, and maintained a 
friendly intercourse with the Macraes of Kintail for 
many generations. A contract of friendship, drawn 
up between the Campbells of Craignish and the 
Macraes of Kintail about two hundred years ago, 
has been kept in the family of Macrae of Inverinate 
ever since, and is now in the possession of Horatio 
Ross Macrae, Esq. of Clunes. 1 

Another of the sons of Macrae of Clunes is said 
to have gone to Kintail. This was probably during 
the first half of the fourteenth century, before the 
family of Mackenzie was very firmly established 
there. He might have been attracted to Kintail, 

lAppendix C. 


perhaps by family connections, but quite as likely 
by the fact that, as the Chief of Kintail was still 
struggling to establish his family there, the circum- 
stances of the country might afford opportunities of 
distinction and advancement for a man of enterprise. 
It is a singular fact that each of the first five Barons 
of Kintail had only one lawful son to succeed him. 
Mackenzie being thus without any male kindred of 
his own blood, earnestly urged Macrae to remain 
with him in Kintail. Mackenzie's proposals were 
accepted, and Macrae settled in Kintail, where he 
married one Macbeolan or Gillanders, a kinswoman 
of the Earls of Ross, by whom Kintail was held 
before it came into the possession of the Mackenzies. 
As the Macraes and Mackenzies were said to be of 
common ancestry, the Baron of Kintail expected 
loyal and faithful support from his newly arrived 
kinsman, and he was not disappointed. The Macraes 
were ever foremost in the cause of the chiefs of 
Kintail, and by their prowess in battle, their in- 
dustry in the arts of peace, and in many instances 
by their scholarly culture and refinement, they were 
mainly instrumental in raising the Barony of Kintail, 
afterwards the Earldom of Seaforth, to the important 
position it occupies in the annals of Scottish history. 
There do not appear to have been any Macraes 
settled in Kintail as landholders before this, but it 
is more than probable that several of them had 
already been in the service of Mackenzie. It is said 
that Ellandonan Castle was garrisoned by Macraes 
and Maclennans during the latter part of the 
thirteenth century, when it was first taken possession 


of by Kenneth, the founder of the House of Kintail. 1 
The newly arrived Macrae of Clunes, however, took 
precedence of the others, and he and his family 
gradually assumed a position of great importance in 
the affairs of Kintail. So loyal were the Macraes 
in the service of Kintail that they became known as 
Mackenzie's "shirt of mail." This term was generally 
applied to the chosen body who attended a chief in 
war and fought around him. It would thus appear 
that the bodyguard of the Barons of Kintail was 
usually composed of Macraes. But in addition to 
the important services they rendered as mere 
retainers of the House of Kintail, the Macraes were 
for many generations Chamberlains of Kintail, Con- 
stables of Ellandonan Castle, and sometimes Vicars 
of Kintail, so that the leading members of the Clan 
may be said to have taken, from time to time, a 
much more prominent part in the affairs of Kintail 
than the Barons themselves did. This continued to 
be the case until Kintail passed out of the possession 
of the Mackenzies in the early part of the present 

It was always the privilege of the Macraes to 
bear the dead bodies of the Barons of Kintail to 
burial. At the funeral, in 1862, of the Honourable 
Mrs Stewart Mackenzie, daughter and representa- 
tive of the last Lord Seaforth, the coffin was 
borne out of Brahan Castle by Macraes only. 2 The 
scene was not without a pathetic and historic 

lAppendix E. 
2 On this occasion the coffin was first lifted by Donald John Macrae of 
Inversheil, Donald Macrae of Achnagart, Peter Macrae of Morvich, and 
Ewen Macrae of Leachachan. 


interest. This lady was the last of Seaforth's race, 
who was a Mackenzie by birth, and it is a remark- 
able fact that at the funeral, in 1881, of her son, 
Colonel Keith William Stewart Mackenzie, in whose 
case the name Mackenzie was only an adopted 
one, the Macraes, although they claimed their old 
privilege, did not muster a sufficient number to 
bear the coffin, and the vacant places had to be 
supplied by the Brahan tenantry. With the funeral 
of Mrs Stewart Mackenzie, then, may be said to 
have ended for ever the intimate and loyal con- 
nection which existed for five centuries between 
the Macraes and the house of Kintail and Seaforth. 

But the loyal and valiant support which the 
Macraes gave the Mackenzies was not limited to 
the house of Kintail. They were mainly instru- 
mental also in establishing the family of Gairloch. 
About 1480 Allan Macleod, laird of Gairloch, with 
his two young, sons, was barbarously murdered by 
his own two brothers. His wife was a daughter 
of Alexander Ionraic (Alexander the Just), sixth 
Baron of Kintail, who died about 1490, and sister 
of Hector Boy Mackenzie, a younger son, who 
became progenitor of the lairds of Gairloch. Hector 
Boy took up the cause of his sister, and obtained 
from the Kinof a commission of fire and sword for 
the destruction of the Macleods of Gairloch. In 
this task, which proved by no means easy, Hector 
received his main support from the Macraes, one 
of whom had meanwhile encountered the two 
murderers and killed them both single-handed in 
fair fight at a spot in Gairloch, which is still pointed 


out. 1 In 1494 Hector Roy received a grant of 
Gairloch by charter from the Crown, but it was 
not until the time of his grandson, John Roy 
(1566-1628) that the Macleods were finally ex- 
pelled, and the supremacy of the Mackenzies fully 

It was in Gairloch that the Mackenzies obtained 
their first important footing outside of Kintail. At 
that time they were only a small clan, and the 
struggle which led to the conquest of Gairloch 
taxed all their strength, and was both fierce and 
prolonged. Hence the great number of legends and 
traditions connected with it. After the conquest of 
Gairloch their power and influence rapidly increased, 
and the other lands which they afterwards held 
in the counties of Ross and Cromarty came into 
their possession by easier and more peaceful means. 
Consequently there are no such stirring traditions 
in connection with the acquisition of those other 
lands as we find in the case of Gairloch, but 
wherever the Mackenzies settled some Macraes 
accompanied them, and some of the descendants 
of these Macraes are still to be found on all the 
old Mackenzie estates. It is in Gairloch, however, 
next to Kintail and Lochalsh, that we find the 
best and most interesting Macrae traditions and 
legends, and it may be mentioned that one of the 
Gairloch Macraes, called Domhnull Odhar 2 (Sallow 
Donald), who was a contemporary of John Roy, is 
represented as the crest of the Gairloch coat-of-arms. 
The Macraes were also very renowned archers, and 

1 J. H. Dixon's Gairloch, p. 26. 2 Appendix K. 


the sCene and range of some of their famous shots 
are still pointed out, both in Gairloch and Kin tail. 1 

During the long period of religious and civil 
warfare which preceded and followed the Revolu- 
tion of 1688, the Macraes supported the Episcopal 
Church and the House of Stuart, and as a result 
they suffered much, not only in property, but also 
in life and limb. In the Risings of 1715 a great 
many of them fell at the battle af Sheriffmuir, 
and tradition relates, as a proof of the loss. . they 
then sustained, that in the parish of Kintail alone 
fifty-eight women were made widows on that fatal 
day. In 1745, notwithstanding the fact that Seaforth 2 
remained loyal to the House of Hanover, a number 
of young and resolute Macraes left Kintail to join 
the army of Prince Charles, and it is said that 
many more would have followed if they had not 
been restrained by force. Of those who went no 
one ever again returned, and thus ended for ever 
their connection as a Clan with the fortunes of 
the ancient Scottish House of Stuart. 

During the closing decades of the last century, 
when the Highland regiments were raised, the 
Macraes entered loyally and readily into the mili- 
tary service of their country. Two regiments (in 
all four battalions) of Highlanders were raised on 

1 Appendix K. 

2 William, 5th Earl of Seaforth, having joined the Rising of 1715, his 
estates were forfeited, and his title passed under attainder. The estates were 
bought from the Crown in 1741 for the benefit of his son, Kenneth, who was 
known by the courtesy title of Lord Fortrose, which was the subordinate title 
of the Earls of Seaforth. Lord Fortrose was the " Seaforth " of the time of 
Prince Charles, but, notwithstanding his well-known Jacobite sympathies, he 
considered it more prudent to remain loyal to the House of Hanover. 


the Seaforth estates between 1778 and 1804, 1 and 
the Macraes were numerous in both. Many of them 
served also as officers, and frequently with distinction, 
in other Highland regiments, and during the Indian 
wars of that period, and the great European wars 
which followed the French Revolution, the Macraes, 
like so many of the other Highland Clans, added their 
full share of lustre to the honour of British Arms. 

The chief written authority for the early history 
of the Macraes is the MS. genealogy of the Clan, 
which was written towards the close of the seven- 
teenth century by the last Episcopalian minister 
of Dingwall, the Rev. John Macrae, who died in 
1704. The original MS., which appears to be now 
lost, is believed, without any apparent evidence, 
however, to have been at one time in the posses- 
sion of the late Dr W. F. Skene. A copy of 
it, with additions, was made by Farquhar Mac- 
rae of Inverinate in 1786. This transcript copy 
appears to have been taken to India by Farquhar's 
son, Surgeon John Macrae, where a copy of it, 
which is now in the possession of Captain John 
MacRae Gilstrap of Ballimore, was made by Colonel 
Sir John Macra of Ardintoul about 1816. Several 
copies of Sir John's transcript appear to have been 
made from time to time in Kintail and Lochalsh, 
and are still occasionally met with. A copy of it 
was printed at Camden, South Carolina, in 1874 ; 
and another copy, which belonged to the late Miss 
Flora Macra of Ardintoul, was published in The 
Scottish Highlander in 1887. The additions made 

1 Appendix D. 


by Farquhar of Inverinate appear to have been 
limited to his own family, and there is some reason 
to believe that the valuable additions now found in 
some copies of this MS., with regard to other 
families, were made by one of the Ardintoul family. 
At all events, Archibald of Ardintoul says, in a 
letter written in 1817 to his son, Sir John, then 
in India, that he will endeavour to add to the 
genealogy down to his own day. The oldest copv 
now known to exist is in the possession of Horatio 
Ross Macrae, Esq. of Chines, and bears on the fly- 
leaf of it the date 1760, but this is probably the 
transcript which was made by Farquhar of Inver- 
inate, and which, though said to have been finished 
only in 1786, may have been commenced much 
earlier. It is certainly not the original copy. The 
style of the MS., though somewhat quaint, is clear 
and forcible, showing considerable literary power 
and a perfect mastery of the English language, and 
there is about it a sobriety of tone which gives an 
impression that the writer was thoroughly ac- 
quainted with his facts, and that his statements 
may be accepted with confidence. 



I. Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd. — His Family. — II. Christopher 
and His Family. — Donnacha Mor na Tuagh. — Battles of Park, 
Bealach Glasleathaid, and Druim a Chait. — III. Finlay — 
Supports John of Killin against Hector Koy. — Finlay's son 
made Constable of Ellandonan Castle. — Ian Mor nan Cas. — 
Miles, son of Finlay, killed at Kinlochewe. — IV. Christopher, 
Constable of Ellandonan. — His Family. — Alister Dubh Chis- 
holm. — The Macraes of Strathglass. — V. Duncan Mac Gille- 
chriosd. — Donald Gorm Macdonald of Sleat besieges Ellandonan 
Castle, and is killed. — Duncan goes to the Lovat Country. — 
Returns to Kintail and Settles at Inverinate. — Duncan's 
Family. — General Monk in Kintail. 


According to the Rev. John Macrae, the founder of 
the Clan Macrae of Kintail was Fionnla Dubh Mac 
Gillechriosd (Black Finlay, the son of Christopher), 
who was removed by two or three generations from 
the man who came from Clunes. Finlay Dubh was 
a contemporary of Murdo Mackenzie, fifth chief of 
Kintail, who died in 1416, leaving an only child to 
succeed him. This child's name was Alexander, and 
is known as Alister Ionraic (Alexander the Upright). 
Alexander being a minor at the time of his father's 
death, was sent as a ward of the King to the High 


School in Perth, probably after the Parliament which 
was held at Inverness by James I. in 1427. During 
his absence at school, the Constable of Ellandonan 
Castle, whose name was Macaulay, appears to have 
been left in charge of affairs, but through the 
misconduct and oppression of certain illegitimate 
relatives of the young chief, serious troubles arose 
in Kintail. The Constable's position becoming now 
somewhat difficult, he became anxious for the return 
of his young master, and as he was himself unable 
to leave his post he proposed Finlay Dubh as the 
most suitable person to go to Perth to bring the 
young chief home, " who was then there with the 
rest of the King's ward children." This choice was 
approved by the people. Finlay accordingly went 
to Perth, and prevailed upon Alexander to escape 
from school without the consent or knowledge of the 
master. To avoid pursuit they went to Macdougal 
of Lorn instead of going straight home. Macdougal 
received them kindly, and Alexander made the 
acquaintance of his daughter, and afterwards married 
her. In due time they arrived in Kintail, and by 
Finlay's counsel and help, the oppressors of the 
people were soon brought under subjection, and 
order established throughout Mackenzie's land. The 
good counsel and judicious guidance of Finlay Dubh 
was not lost upon Alexander, who became a good, 
just, and prosperous ruler, and greatly increased the 
power and the influence of the House of Kintail. 
Finlay Dubh had two sons — 

1. Christopher, of whom below. 

2. John, who was educated at Beauly Priory, 


took holy orders, and became priest of Kintail, 1 in 
Sutherlandshire. He married, as priests in the 
Highlands often did in those days, and had a 
daughter Margaret, who was lady-in-waiting to 
the Countess of Sutherland, and who appears to 
have married John Gordon of Drummoy, son of 
Adam Gordon, Dean of Caithness, son of Alexander, 
1st Earl of Huntly. 2 From this marriage descended 
the Gordons of Embo, and for that reason we are 
told that " there was of old great friendship and 
correspondence betwixt the Gordons of Sutherland, 
come of this family, and the Macraes of Kintail." 

II. CHRISTOPHER, eldest son of Finlay Dubh, 
of whom very little is known, had four sons — 

1. Finlay, of whom below. 

2. Donald, whose descendants lived at Fortrose, 
where one of them, Alexander Macrae, was a well- 
known writer whose name appears frequently in 
legal documents from 1629 to 1673. 

3. Duncan, who was the most noted of Chris- 
topher's sons, is known in the traditions of Kintail 
as Donnacha Mor na Tuagh (Big Duncan of the 
Battle-axe). He was a man of great valour and 
personal strength, and many legends have been 
preserved of the brave deeds he performed in the 

1 Kintail was the old name of a district in the north-west of Sutherland- 
shire, which was divided, about the middle of the last century, into the 
parishes of Tongue and Durness. The name Kintail — Gaelic, Cintaille, or 
Ceanntaile — is said to mean the head of the two seas — a description which 
applies to the Sutherland Kintail as well as to the Ross-shire one. 

2 Reference is made at some length to this Margaret in The Earls of 
Sutherland by Sir Robert Gordon, who speaks of her in the highest terms. 
The Rev. John Macrae's account of the marriage does not agree with Sir 
Robert's in every point, but there is no doubt that Margaret was related 
to the Macraes of Kintail. 


contests of the Mackenzies and the Macraes with 
their common enemies. He greatly distinguished 
himself with his battle-axe at the Battle of Park, 
which was fought at Strathpeffer between the Mac- 
donalds and the Mackenzies shortly before the death 
of Alexander Ionraic, which took place in 1488. 1 
The circumstances which led to this famous fight 
were the following : — Coinneach a Bhlair (Kenneth 
of the Battle), the son and heir of Alexander Ionraic, 
had married Margaret, daughter of John Macdonald 
of Islay, who laid claim to the lordship of the Isles 
and the earldom of Ross. One Christmas eve 
Kenneth was insulted by Alexander Macdonald of 
Lochalsh, the nephew and heir of John of Islay. 
In revenge for the insult Kenneth sent his wife 
back to her father. The lady, who was blind of 
one eye, was sent away mounted on a one-eyed 
horse, attended by a one-eyed servant, and followed 
by a one-eyed dog. John of Islay and Alexander 
of Lochalsh, roused to fury by this outrageous 
insult, mustered all their followers, to the number 
of more than fifteen hundred warriors, and set out 
on an expedition to punish the Mackenzies. The 
Macdonalds, plundering and destroying as they 
went, directed their march to Kinellan, in Strath- 
peffer, where the Baron of Kintail was then residing. 
They arrived at Contin one Sunday morning and 
burned the church, together with the priest and a 

1 The exact date of the Battle of Park does not appear to be known, the 
official records relating to the Highlands at this time being exceedingly 
meagre. Sir Robert Gordon, in his History of the Earls of Sutherland, a book 
written about the close of the sixteenth century, says it was fought shortly 
after 1476. 



large congregation of aged men, women, and 
children, who were worshipping in it at the time. 

Meantime, on the approach of the enemy, Kenneth 
and his two brothers, Duncan and Hector Roy, 
sent their aged father for safety to the Raven's 
Rock, a prominent and precipitous hill overhanging 
the Dingwall and Skye Railway between Strathpeffer 
and Garve. They then led their followers, who 
numbered only six hundred men, against the Mac- 
donalds, and the battle was fought on the moor 
which is still known as Blar-na-Pairc, a well-known 
spot about a mile west of the Strathpeffer wells. 
The Mackenzies were led by Kenneth himself, and 
Alexander of Lochalsh seems to have acted as leader 
of the Macdonalds, while their chief warrior was 
Lachlan Maclean of Lochbuy, called Lachlan Mac 
Thearlaich (Lachlan, son of Charles). Duncan Mor, 
who was one of the personal attendants of Kenneth, 
thinking that he had been somewhat slighted in the 
arrangements made for the battle, showed unmistak- 
able signs of sulkiness. He was persuaded, however, 
by Hector Roy to take up a battle-axe and join in 
the fight. With his battle-axe he did so much havoc 
that the Macdonalds began to give way before him. 
Lachlan Mac Thearlaich, seeing this, put himself in 
Duncan's way in order to check his murderous career. 
The two champions met in deadly combat. Lachlan 
being a powerful man, clad in mail and well trained 
in the use of arms, seemed at first to be having the 
best of the fight, but, in an unguarded moment, he 
exposed himself to his opponent's battle-axe, which 
at one deadly stroke severed his head from his body. 


The superior strategy of Kenneth was already telling 
severely against the much larger army of the enemy, 
.and the Macdonalds, seeing their champion killed, 
gave up the struggle as lost, and fled. Duncan Mor 
took a foremost part in the pursuit, which was con- 
tinued on the following day as far as Strathconon, 
until most of the Macdonalds were either slain or 
taken prisoners. Both John of Islay and his nephew, 
Alexander of Lochalsh, were among the prisoners, 
but within six months they were both magnanimously 
released. This victory, to which Duncan Mor had 
.so greatly contributed, "put Kenneth in great respect 
throughout the North," and he was afterwards 
^knighted by James IV. " for being highly instru- 
mental in reducing his fierce countrymen to the 
blessings of a civilised life." 

Duncan Mor afterwards took a very prominent 
;and active part in the great feud between Hector 
Hoy and the Macleods of Gairloch. We are told 
that " Duncan, with his son Dougal, who was a 
rstrong, prudent, and courageous man, with ten or 
twelve other Kintail men, were always, upon the 
least notice, ready to go and assist Hector whenever, 
w^herever, and in whatever he had to do, for which 
cause there was a friendly correspondence between 
the family of Gairloch and the Macraes of Kintail." 
The greatest defeat that Hector Roy inflicted on the 
Macleods was at the battle of Bealach Glasleathaid 
mear Kintail. Both Duncan and his son Dougal took 
part in this fight, in the course of which Dougal was 
-attacked by four men at once. On being informed 
that his son was in great danger, Duncan calmly 


replied, "Leave him alone, if he is my son there is no 
fear of him," and so it turned out, for Dougal killed 
the four Macleods without receiving: anv serious hurt 
himself. At the battle of Druim a Chait 1 (the 
Cat's Back), which was fought on a subsequent 
occasion at the place so called on the west side 
of Knockfarrel, in Strathpeffer, between the Mac- 
kenzies under Hector Roy, and the Munros, Ding- 
walls, and Maccullochs, under Sir William Munro of 

Foulis, Duncan once more distinguished himself 
3 © 

and largely contributed to the defeat of the Munros 
and their allies, which was so complete that few of 
them escaped alive. " It is said of this Duncan that 
he was in many conflicts and combats, and always 
came off victorious, but never without a wound. 
He was a facetious < and yet a bloody man." 

Duncan Mor na Tuagh is sometimes spoken of' 
as Mackenzie's ploughman, but it is not at all likely 
that a member of what appears at this time to have 
been the leading family in Kintail next to the Baron 
himself should occupy such a position. The Gaelic 
term Scallag, which in this case has been translated 
ploughman, formerly meant any servant or retainer. 
In the MS. history of the Mackenzies, which was 
written by Rev. John Macrae, author of the Macrae 
Genealogy, it is stated that Duncan Mor happened 
accidentally to be present the day of the Battle 
of Park, on some other business, and that he was the 

1 This battle is sometimes called the Battle of Tobair-nan-Ceann (the well 
of heads). It is said that Hector and his men, being armed with battle-axes 
and two-edged swords, did so much execution among their enemies that no fewer 
than nineteen heads rolled down into a well in a hollow below a spot where 
they overtook a party of the enemy during the pursuit — hence the name 


principal officer of Kintail. Comparing the various 
traditional and MS. accounts of this remarkable 
man. perhaps the most natural conclusion to arrive 
at is that at this time he may have been young and 
untried ; that he first gave proof of his valour 
and prowess at the Battle of Park, and that he 
afterwards became either the factor of Kintail or 
perhaps the principal officer of the Baron's fighting 
men. It is not at all unlikely that Duncan Mor 
began his career as a page or personal servant, 
that is. as the .scallag of Mackenzie, probably of Sir 
Kenneth a Bhlair, but whatever the commencement 
of his career may have been, it is quite certain that 
a man around whose memory so many legends and 
traditions of a heroic kind have gathered must have 
been, in spite of possible eccentricities, an important 
and leading man among his own countrymen. 1 

The male succession of Duncan Mor na Tuagh 
failed in the person of Duncan Roy Macrae, who 
■died at Conchraia" of Tollie in 1679. 

4. Maurice, married and left issue. 

III. FINLAY, eldest son of Christopher, was 
the contemporary and chief counsellor of John of 
Killin, ninth Baron of Kintail, who fought at 
Flodden in 1513, and at Pinkie in 1547. John of 
Killin was a minor at the time of the death of his 
father, Sir Kenneth a Bhlair, in 1491. He was still 
a minor when, in consequence of the death of his 
eldest brother, Kenneth Og (Kenneth the younger), 
in 1497, he became Baron of Kintail. Kenneth Og - 

l For a more detailed account of the exploits of Duncan Mor na Tuagh, 
■see chapter on legends and traditions of the clan. 


was the only child of Kenneth a Bhlair's first wife,. 
Lady Margaret Macdonald, of whom her husband 
disposed in the ignominious manner already de- 
scribed. A few days after sending Lady Margaret 
away, Kenneth, at the head of a large body of his 
followers, went to Lord Lovat to demand his 
daughter, Agnes Fraser, in marriage. Lord Lovat, 
having no friendly feeling towards the Macdonalds 
at that time, delivered his daughter over to Kenneth, 
and they lived together ever after as husband and 
wife. John of Killin was the first issue of this 
irregular marriage, and although the marriage is 
said to have been legitimised by the Pope, Hector 
Roy declared his nephew, John of Killin, illegitimate, 
and seized the estates for himself. Hector being- a 
well known and a very popular man, appears to have 
received all but the unanimous support of the people 
of Kintail, and one of the Claim Ian Charrich Mac- 
raes, called Malcolm, was made Constable of Ellan- 
donan Castle. Finlay, however, took up the cause 
of John of Killin, between whose supporters and 
those of Hector Roy there arose a feud which lasted 
for some years. 

In course of time, however, John of Killin, 
young as he was, proved quite a match for his uncle, 
Hector Rov, whom he surprised one night at 
Fairburn, by a clever stratagem, and took prisoner. 
It was agreed between them that night that Hector 
should hold the estates until John attained the 
age of twenty-one, after which Hector promised to 
restore the estates, and to acknowledge John ever 
afterwards as his chief. John's supporters insisted. 


that Ellandonaii Castle, being the principal residence 
of the family, should be given up to him at once. 
As Malcolm Mac Ian Charrich refused, however, to 
surrender the Castle, John's supporters laid siege to 
it, and had Malcolm's cattle brought down to the 
seaside and there slaughtered to feed the besiegers. 
Malcolm, however, would not surrender without 
Hector's consent, and even when this was obtained, 
Malcolm still refused to surrender until compensated 
for the loss of his cattle. Hector eventually per- 
suaded Malcolm to yield, whereupon John of Killin 
dismissed him from the Constableship, to which he 
appointed Finlay's son, Christopher. It is said that 
the Clann Ian Charrich family of Macraes did not 
afterwards assume much importance in Kintail. 
Finlay is said to have had four sons. 

1. Christopher, of whom below. 

2. John, called Ian Mor nan Cas (Big John of 
the feet), a name which he is said to have received 
under the following circumstances : Roderick, 1 
brother of John of Killin, beinff charged with man- 
slaughter, King James Y. ordered him to be given 
up to justice. John of Killin accordingly set out 
with a party of men to apprehend him in Kintail, 
but Roderick, being a very powerful man, " and un- 
willing to be brought as a prisoner, while the party 
were struggling to bring him, and could not, this 
John took him by the feet, and so got him down, 
when each man having a leg, an arm, or some other 
hold of him, they carried him along until he con- 
sented to walk on his feet with them to the presence 

!This Roderick was progenitor of the Mackenzies, Aehilty, Fairburn, &c. 


of his injured brother." John Mor nan Cas left 
sons, and his descendants appear to have settled in 
Lochcarron and Kishorn, where several of them are 
said to have been living in 1786. 

3. Gilpatrick is also said to have left issue. 

4. Miles or Maolmuire was killed at Kinloch- 
ewe shortly before 1539 by the followers of Donald 
Gorm Macdonald, of Sleat. Part of a monument 
erected on the spot where Miles was killed is said 
to have been standing about 1700. Miles left 
numerous issue, some of whom appear to have lived 
in Gairloch, and others in Tain. 

IV. CHRISTOPHER, eldest son of Finlay, 
was appointed Constable of Ellandonan Castle, 
as already stated, probably about 1511. Very little 
is known about him except that he held the office 
with trustworthiness and success, until shortly 
before Donald Gorm's invasion of Kintail in 1539. 
His sons were — 

1. Christopher, called Christopher Beg (Little 
Christopher), whose male succession terminated in 

2. Duncan, of whom below. 

3. Farquhar, progenitor of the Torlysich 
family, of whom hereafter. The descendants of this 
Farquhar were called the Black Macraes, as dis- 
tinguished from the descendants of his brother 
Duncan, who were called the Fair Macraes. 

4. Finlay, called Finlay Dubh. He married 
Isabel, daughter of Sir Dougal Mackenzie, Priest 
of Kintail, who is spoken of as a very beautiful 
woman, but of doubtful character. Finlay lived 


at Aryugan, near Ardintoul. While his brother 
Duncan, who married Sir Dougal's widow, was 
living in Strathglass, as mentioned below, Finlay 
went to see him, and his wife went along with him 
to see her mother. During this visit Finlay 's wife 
made the acquaintance of a man called Alister 
Dubh, a son of Chisholm of Comer. Alister Dubh 
afterwards followed her to Kintail, and, taking 
advantage one day of Finlay's absence from home, 
eloped with her to Strathglass. She had a 
young boy called Christopher, whom she took with 
her. This Christopher settled in Strathglass, where 
he became a man of importance and means, and 
from him the Macraes of Strathglass were 
descended. Finlay, believing that his wife had 
encouraged Alister Dubh's plot, did not attempt to 
bring her back, and disowned her henceforth. 

5. John. 

6. Donald. 

V. DUNCAN, second son of Christopher IV., 
was called Donnacha Mac Gillechriosd. He was in 
his own day a prominent man in the affairs of 
Kintail, and gained great renown for himself by 
killing Donald Gorm Macdonald, of Sleat, at the 
siege of Ellandonan Castle, in 1539. 1 The circum- 
stances which led to that event were the following : 
Some time before this, Donald Gorm, having 
•devastated the lands of Macleod of Dunvegan, who 

1 There seems to be some doubt as to the date of this siege. 1539 is the 
•date usually given, but 1537 is also mentioned. As the feud appears to have 
•continued for some time, and as Donald Gorm made more than one raid into 
Kintail, it is possible that 1537 may have been the date of the first raid, and 
1539 the date of the one which resulted in his death. 


was an ally of John of Killin, passed over to the 
mainland, laid waste the district of Kinlochewe, and 
killed, among others, Miles, son of Finlay Macrae,, 
as already mentioned. John of Killin, naturally 
exasperated by this unprovoked invasion of his- 
own territory, as well as by the raid against his 
friend and ally, Macleod of Dun vegan, sent his son 
Kenneth to Sleat with a large body of followers k> 
retaliate on the Macdonalds. Thereupon Donald 
Gorm invaded Kintail with a strong party, carried 
off a great deal of booty, and aggravated matters 
further still by killing Sir Dougal Mackenzie, 1 
Priest of Kintail, who was then living at Achyuran, 
in Glensheil. It would appear that both parties 
made more than one raid into each other's terri- 
tories, and that the feud continued for some time. 
At all events, on a subsequent occasion, Donald 
Gorm, hearing that Ellandonan Castle was but very 
weakly garrisoned, made a sudden raid upon it with 
a number of birlins or galleys, full of his 
followers, in the hope of being able to take it 
by surprise. The Constable of the Castle at this 
time was John Dubh Matheson, of Fernaig, who 
had married Sir Dougal Mackenzie's widow, 

1 Sir Dougal Mackenzie appears to have been a member of the House of 
Kintail. A certain Sir Dougal Mackenzie is said to have been one of the 
Commissioners sent to the Pope in 1491 to procure the legitimisation of 
Kenneth a Bhlair's marriage with Agnes Fraser of Lovat. It is not impossible 
that this may have been the man who was killed by Donald Gorm nearly 
fifty years afterwards, even though he left a young and marriageable widow. 
The Sir Dougal who went to Home is said to have been made a " Knight to- 
the boot of Pope Clement VIII." The title Sir, however, as formerly applied 
to the Clergy, did not imply any superiority of rank. It simply meant that 
the bearer of it had taken only the degree of Bachelor of Arts, whereas the- 
title Mr indicated the higher degree of Master of Arts. 


and had recently been appointed to the Constable- 
ship in succession to Christopher Macrae. The 
rumour that reached Donald Gorm with regard to 
the unprotected state of Ellandonan was only too 
true, for John Dubh and the watchman were the 
only two in the Castle. The advance of the 
boats was noticed by the watchman, who gave 
the alarm ; but there was no time to gather 
men from the mainland before the enemy arrived. 
It so happened, however, that Duncan Mac Gille- 
chriosd was passing by on his way from Lochalsh r 
and, hearing the cry of alarm, he made for 
the Castle with all speed. He arrived there before 
the enemy, and thirsting for revenge against the 
Macdonalds for having lately killed his uncle Miles- 
at Kinlochewe, he took his stand at the postern 
gate of the tower and killed several of the crew of 
the first galley as they were landing. As the 
enemy crowded upon him in increasing numbers,, 
he made his way into the tower, and barricad- 
ing the gate behind him, joined the Constable and 
the watchman in defending the Castle. 

Donald Gorm immediately began a furious- 
battering of the gate, but the dauntless three had 
so strongly secured it with iron bars on the inside,, 
and they harassed the besiegers so much by throw- 
ing stones among them from within, that he was. 
obliged to withdraw his men. Both sides now 
began to use their bows and arrows. The Mac- 
donalds, who were suffering heavily themselves,, 
aimed at the embrasures, and in this way they 
unfortunately succeeded in killing the Constable. 


. Duncan was now left alone with the watchman and 
his last arrow to defend the fort. This arrow he 
resolved to save until a favourable opportunity 
occurred for making effective use of it. The oppor- 
tunity soon arrived, for at this stage Donald 
Gorm had the masts of some of his galleys taken 
•down for the purpose of trying to make a 
breach in the wall or to mount it, and as he 
moved round the Castle to discover the weakest and 
most suitable point of attack, Duncan, thinking the 
opportunity a favourable one, took aim with his last 
arrow, and struck him on the foot. The arrow was 
a barbed one, and in pulling it out of the wound an 
artery was severed. Every possible effort was 
made to stop the bleeding, but without avail. The 
wounded chief was then conveyed by his men some 
•distance away from the Castle to a reef, which 
is still called Larach Ugh Mhic Dhomhnuill, or the 
site of Macdonald's house, where he died. 

For this service against the Macdonalds, James 
V. gave John of Killin considerable additions of 
land in the county of Ross, and the Macraes were 
thus once more instrumental in increasing the 
substance and the honours of the House of Kin- 

Duncan now thought, with some reason, that he 
had a good claim to succeed John Dubh Matheson 
.as Constable of Ellandonan, but John of Killin 
thought him too rash and passionate for the post. 
He then put in a claim for his brother Farquhar, 
but, to avoid quarrels and bitterness between 
the Macraes and the Maclennans, who were also 


claimants for the post, it was decided to give it to 
John MacMhurchaidh Dhuibh (John, the son of 
Black Murdoch), priest of Kintail. Duncan was 
so much offended at the treatment he received 
in return for the excellent service he had rendered 
that he left Kintail in disgust, and went to the 
country of Lord Lovat, by whom he was kindly and 
hospitably received. Lord Lovat gave him the 
lands of Culigeran, in Strathglass, but Duncan 
killed so many deer in the neighbouring forest of 
Ben Vachart that Lovat was soon obliged to move 
him some miles away to a place called Crochel, 
where he lived for several years. While living at 
Crochel the Baron of Kintail paid him several visits,, 
and frequently invited him to return to Kintail. 
Duncan, who had all aloii£ retained an affection for 
his native place, at last decided to accept Kintail's 
offers. 1 Lord Lovat, however, being anxious to 
retain him, offered him for a small feu-duty the 
lands of Clunes which Duncan's predecessors formerly 
held. Duncan agreed to this proposal, and Lord 
Lovat being about to proceed to the south, promised 
him to have the necessary legal documents drawn 
up there before his return. When Lovat departed 

1 The year 1557 was probably the date of Duncan's return to Kintail. It 
was not until after the siege of Ellandonan Castle in 1539 that Duncan left 
Kintail and the first Lord Lovat, who died after that date, was Hugh, who 
was killed at the battle of lilar-na-leine near Loch Lochy in 1544. The news 
of his tragic end in such a famous battle could hardly have circulated as a 
rumour that he died at Braemar. Hugh's successor, Alexander, the fifth Lord 
Lovat, died at Aigas Island, in the Beauly River, in 1557. For some months 
previous to his death he had been travelling for his health, and it is quite 
possible that rumours of his death may have circulated during his travels, and 
may have influenced Duncan's decision to remain in Kintail. 


for the south, Duncan went to Kintail to inform 
his friends of the offer he had received and his 
intention of accepting it ; but while on this visit 
.a rumour reached him that Lord Lovat had died 
.at Braemar, and doubting whether Lovat's successor 
would be willing to confirm the agreement, he 
finally resolved to return to Kintail, where he 
received the quarter land of Inverinate and Doris- 
•duan. At Inverinate, a romantic spot on the 
north shore of Loch Duich, he lived for the rest 
•of his days, as did also his descendants after him for 
more than two centuries. Duncan married the 
widow of John Dubh Matheson, Constable of Ellan- 
•donan. She was a daughter of Duncan Ban of 
•Glenmoriston, and was first married to Sir Dougal 
Mackenzie, as already stated. By her Duncan had 
two sons and a daughter, who was carried away 
from her father's sheiling in Affric, by John Macin- 
taggart from Strathglass, who married her, and 
lay whom he had several sons and daughters. 
Duncan lived to a good old age. His sons were — 

(l). Christopher, of whom below. 

(2). John, who was " a resolute and warlike 
man," and took a very active part in the great feud 
which raged at this time between the Macdonalds of 
•Glengarry and the Mackenzies of Kintail. It is 
said that " few parties were sent out on desperate 
.attempts to infest or annoy the enemy but John 
was commander, and he seldom or never returned 
without bloodshed. He might be called an Hazael 
for speed of foot." His brother Christopher used 
to tell him that his cruelty and bloodshed would 


"bring judgment upon himself or upon his family ; 
and it is stated that, although he had three sons 
who lived to old age, their progeny were of no great 
■consequence. His sons were — 

a. Christopher. 

b. Duncan, who was also a warrior like his 
father, was an old man in 1654, when General 
Monk visited Kintail. It is said that, some time 
before this, Duncan consulted a local seer as to the 
manner in which he should end his days, and was 
informed that he would die by the sword. This 
appeared so improbable in the case of an old warrior 
who had taken part in so many bloody frays, and 
invariably escaped unhurt, that the question was 
referred to " Coinneach Odhar," 1 the Brahan Seer, 
who confirmed the first seer's prediction. Duncan, 
however, gave the matter no credit, but one day, 
while Monk and his army were in Kintail, the old 
man left his house in Glensheil, and went up 
among the hills, where he was met by some soldiers 
who were wandering about in search of plunder, 
and who spoke roughly to him in English, which he 

1 Kenneth Mackenzie, better known as Coinneach Odhar (Dun Kenneth), 
or the Brahan Seer, was one of those prophets of former times whose mystic 
utterances have so frequently puzzled and startled people by their literal 
fulfilment. He is said to have been born in Lews about the commencement of 
the seventeenth century, and to have subsequently moved to the neighbour- 
hood of Brahan, where he worked on a farm as a common labourer. Having 
brought upon himself, by certain unguarded utterances, the resentment of 
Lady Seaforth, he was by her orders apprehended, brought to trial as a 
wizard, and sentenced by the ecclesiastical authority to be burnt to death at 
Fortrose. This is said to have happened while he was still a young man. 
(For an interesting collection of the prophecies* ascribed to him by the 
traditions of Ross-shiie, see The Prophecies of the Brahan Seer, by Alexander 
Mackenzie, Inverness.) 


did not understand. Unable to brook such an 
insult the old man drew his sword, but was 
immediately overpowered and killed by the soldiers- 
This, we are told, was all the bloodshed committed. 
by General Monk and his soldiers in Kintail. 
c. Finlay. 



VI. Christopher. — Constable of Ellandonan Castle. — Origin of Feud 
between Kintail and Glengarry. — Kenneth, Lord Kintail, 
obtains Crown Charter for Glengarry's Possessions in Loch- 
carron and Lochalsh. — Christopher and his Family contributed 
to Kintail's success. — Christopher an enterprising Cattle 
Dealer. — His Convivial Habits. — His Friendship with Sir 
Donald Macdonald of Sleat. — Christopher's Marriage and 
Family. — Duncan called Donnacha Mac Gillechriosd. — One of 
the Biggest Men in the Highlands. — Ian Mor a Chasteil. — 
Duncan and a Companion take part in the Fight of Leac na 
Falla, in Skye. — Angus Og of Glengarry invades Lochcarron. 
— Lady Mackenzie and the Kintail Men prepare to intercept 
Angus Og on his return. — Fight at the Cailleach Rock. — Death 
of Angus Og. — His Burial at Kilduich. — Duncan robbed at 
Elycht Fair. — The Rev. John, son of Christopher VI. — Tutor 
or Governor to Colin, Earl Seaforth. — Other Descendants of 
Christopher VI. — The Rev. Finlay Macrae of Lochalsh. — 
Jacobite and Episcopalian. — Supports Rising of 1715. — De- 
prived of his Living. — His Marriage. — His Descendants.— 
Maurice, son of Christopher VI. — Christopher Og. — Domhnul 
na Smurich, and Donald Beg. 

VI. CHRISTOPHER,, eldest son of Duncan V., was 
for some time Constable of Ellandonan Castle. He 
is said to have been "prudent and solid in counsel 
and advice, bold, forward and daring when need 
required, yet remarkably merciful during the bloody 
wars 'twixt Mackenzie and Glengarry." The circum- 
stances which led to the great feud between Kintail 


and Glengarry 1 appear to have been somewhat as 
follows : — Donald Macdonald, who was Chief of 
Glengarry about 1580, when the feud broke out, 
inherited parts of Lochalsh, Lochcarron, and Loch- 
broom from his grandmother, Margaret, one of the 
sisters and co-heiresses of Sir Donald Macdonald of 
Lochalsh, while Mackenzie of Kintail acquired the 
portion of the other co-heiress, by purchase, in 1554. 
With the territories of two such rival clans as the 
Mackenzies and the Macdonalds, not only closely 
adjoining, but in some instances mixed up together, 
as those territories now were, trouble was bound to 
arise. Men were constantly coming and going 
between Lochcarron and Glengarry, and it appears 
that in passing through Mackenzie's territories they 
frequently committed acts of violence against the 
people. In such circumstances it was not difficult 
to find an excuse for a quarrel, and an incident soon 
occurred which brought matters to a crisis. One of 
Glengarry's men, having found it necessary for some 
reason to leave his old home, settled, with his family 
and cattle, in Glenaffric. Being a great hunter, he 
frequently resorted to the neighbouring deer forest 
of Glasletter, which then belonged to Mackenzie of 
Gairloch. One day, while hunting there, accom- 
panied by a servant, he was surprised by Gairloch's 
forester, who called upon him to surrender. The 
forester was a Macrae called Fionnla Dubh Mac Ian 
Mhic Dhomh'uill Mhoir, or Fionla Dubh nam Fiadh 

1 For an exhaustive account of this feud, see Mackenzie's History of the 
Mackenzies, new edition, chapters on Colin Cam and Kenneth, first Lord 


(Black Finlay of the Deer), 1 and he also was accom- 
panied by a gillie or servant. The hunter refused to 
surrender, whereupon Finlay Dubh and his companion 
killed both the hunter and his servant, and buried 
them under a bank. As soon as the murdered men 
were missed, suspicion fell upon the forester and his 
gillie, both of whom were brought to trial by Mac- 
kenzie of Kintail, but nothing could be proved 
against them. Shortly afterwards, however, the 
bodies of the murdered men were found by their 
friends, and, very little doubt being now left as to 
who were the perpetrators of the dark deed, a party 
of the Macdonalds set out to take vengeance. 
Arriving at Glenstrathfarrar, which then belonged 
to Mackenzie of Red castle, they plundered the place 
and killed a brother of Finlay Dubh, the forester, 
called Duncan Mac Ian Mhic Dhomh'uill Mhoir, 
whom they found ploughing in his own field. When 
tidings of this outrage reached Roderick Mor, who 
was then the Laird of Redcastle, and who had old 
grievances of a similar kind against the Macdonalds, 
he resolved at whatever cost, and in spite of the 
advice of more cautious friends, to take up the 
quarrel. Such, then, was the commencement of this 
feud, which lasted, with little intermission, for more 
than a quarter of a century, and which ended in 
favour of Mackenzie, who obtained a Crown charter 
for Glengarry's possessions in Lochcarron and Loch- 
alsh in 1607, and the superiority of all his other 
possessions. To this result, which added still further 

1 For the Kintail tradition of Fionnla Dubh nam Fiadh and his exploits on 
this occasion, see chapter on the legends and traditions of the clan. 


to the power and influence of the House of KintaiL; 
Christopher and his family greatly contributed, and 
we read that Kenneth, Lord Kin tail, " did always 
ask his advice in any matter of consequence he had 
to do in the Highlands." 

Not only was Christopher a bold and stout 
warrior, he was likewise an enterprising man of 
business. He was the first man in that part of 
the country whc sent cattle to the markets of the 
South. For that purpose he bought cattle yearly 
from the neighbouring estates, and made so much 
money in his cattle-dealing that " if he was as 
frugal in keeping as he was industrious in acquiring, 
he had proven a very rich man in his own country." 
But he appears to have been a man of decidedly 
convivial habits, and to have spent his money very 
freely, for when he went to Inverness, or to Fortrose> 
which was then a very important place and much 
frequented, " the first thing he did was to call his 
landlord the vintner, and with him pitched upon 
and agreed for the hogshead of wine that pleased 
him best, resolving to drink it all with his acquaint- 
ances before he left the town." He was on very 
friendly terms with Sir Donald Macdonald of Sleat, 
commonly called Donald Gorm Mor, grandson of 
Donald Gorm, who was killed by Christopher's father 
at the siege of EHandonan Castle in 1539. This 
Sir Donald was married to a sister of Kenneth, Lord 
Kintail, and being on one occasion in the South, 
along with his lady, he was detained there much 
longer than he expected, with the result that he 
ran short of money. There were no banking trans- 


actions in those days, and the credit of Highland 
Chiefs, at all event in the South, was not always 
good. In consequence of all this, Sir Donald was 
Obliged to go home for more money in order to 
enable his lady to travel in a manner suitable to 
her rank, and meantime she remained behind in 
Perth, to await the return of her husband. It so 
happened, however, that Christopher was at this 
time in the South with cattle, and hearing that 
Lady Macdonald, the sister of his own Chief, was 
in Perth, he went to pay her his respects. On 
learning the cause of her delay, he told her that he 
had with him money and men enough to meet all 
expenses, and to escort her safely and suitably to 
her home, if she would do him the honour of 
accepting his services. Christopher's offer was 
gladly accepted, and starting immediately for the 
North, they arrived at Sleat the next day after Sir 
Donald himself. Sir Donald, who was greatly sur- 
prised and much delighted, persuaded Christopher 
to remain with him for some days, with the result 
that a fast friendship was established between the 
two families, notwithstanding the fact that on one 
occasion during the visit, while the cups were 
circulating far too freely, Christopher made an ill- 
timed reference to the death of Donald Gorm, and 
so greatly roused the resentment of some of the 
Macdonalds who were present, that they would 
probably have killed him but for the interference 
and protection of his host. Christopher was after- 
wards greatly ashamed of what he said, and Sir 
Donald and he continued to be very fast friends. 


Christopher married a daughter of the Rev. Mur- 
doch Murchison, 1 Priest of Kintail, and Constable of 
Ellandonan Castle, who died in 1618, and by her 
he had seven sons, all of whom were prosperously 
settled before the death of their father. 

1. Duncan, called Donnacha Mac Gillechriosd, 
is said to have been one of the biggest and strongest 
men in the Highlands. " He was equal in height 
and bulk of body" to John Grant, the contemporary 
Laird of Glenmoriston, commonly called Ian Mor a 
Chasteil (Big John of the Castle). 2 We are told 
that Duncan could pass through the doorway of the 
Church at Kintail only by turning sideways, and it 
appears, from what the clan historian relates of 
him, that he was no less remarkable for his prowess 
and force of character than for his bodily size. 
" He was a stout, forward, and bloody man, and 
delighted much in arms." 

The following incident, which is related of 
Duncan, not only shows the pleasure which he 
himself found in fighting, but the light-heartedness 
and delight with which the Highlanders of those 
days joined in any affray, whether they were con- 
cerned in the quarrel or not. On a certain occasion 
Duncan and another Kintail man, called Ian Og 
Mac Fhionnla Dhuibh (Young John, the son of 
Black Finlay), were in the Isle of Skye buying 
horses. On their way home, by the Coolin Hills, 
they observed bands of Macleods and Macdonalds, 

l See Footnote, page 56. 
2 For an interesting account of Ian Mor a Chasteil, who was Laird of 
Glenmoriston from 1581 to 1637, see Mackay's Urquhart and Glenmoriston— 
page 125. 


between whom there was a feud at the time, 
gathering together and making preparations for 
battle. Neither Duncan nor John was in any way 
concerned in the quarrel, but Duncan thought 
that such an opportunity of exercising themselves 
in the art of war was too good to be thrown away, 
and he easily persuaded his companion to join in 
the fight. In order to avoid every appearance 
of injustice or partiality they resolved to take 
sides. John joined the Macleods, because his 
mother was of that clan, while Duncan joined 
the Macdonalds, . and was no doubt very glad to 
do so because of the friendship which had been 
established between his father and their Chief. 
Duncan had the support of a powerful servant, 
who managed to get possession of a pass across 
a rough stream for which both parties were con- 
tending. This position he held against the Mac- 
leods until the Macdonalds came up in full force, 
with the result that the Macleods were defeated 
with great slaughter. Tradition relates that this 
was a very fierce and deadly struggle, and a 
large flag-stone, which was covered with blood 
at the close of the fight, is still pointed out and 
known as Leac na falla 1 (the flag-stone of blood). 
As soon as the victory was decided, Duncan, 
who received the hearty thanks of the Macdonalds, 
went in search of his companion, John Og, and, 
when he found him, they resumed and continued 
their homeward journey as if nothing had hap- 

1 The fight at Leac na falla has been powerfully depicted on canvas 
by the well-known Highland artist, Mr Lockhart Bogle. 


pened. Both had the good fortune to escape 
without hurt or wound. Such were the stern 
amusements in which our bold Highland forefathers 
took most delight. 

In his youth Duncan took a prominent part in 
the great Glengarry feud. On one occasion, during 
the temporary absence of Kenneth, Lord Kintail, 
in Mull, Angus Og, son and heir of Macdonald of 
Glengarry, and one of the bravest and most daring 
of all his warriors, made a raid on Lochcarron in 
November, about 1602, and put to death as many 
of Kintail's supporters — men, women, and children 
— as he could lay hold of, seized the cattle and 
drove them to Slumbay on the north coast of 
Lochcarron, where his followers had left their boats. 
Meantime news of the raid reached Kintail, and a 
number of men immediately set out for Lochcarron, 
but before they arrived Angus Og had already put 
out to sea, and was beyond reach even of their 
arrows. The Kintail men now returned to Ellan- 
donan, but a few of the swiftest runners among 
them took the shortest cut to Inverinate, where 
they launched a newly-built twelve-oared galley 
belonging to Duncan's father, and proceeded with 
all speed to Ellandonan, their plan being, if possible, 
to intercept Angus Og before he could pass through 
Kylerea. At Ellandonan they found Kintail's lady 
superintending preparations for the expedition. 
The galley was quickly manned by eighteen of the 
best and the bravest men available, besides the 
rowers, and placed under the command of Duncan. 
Thev had also a small boat to attend on them, and 


on board the galley they had two small brass 
cannons and some ammunition, which the lady served 
out with her own hands, and before they started 
she gave them an eloquent exhortation to play their 
part bravely, and to maintain the honour of their 
clan and their absent Chief like good and true men. 
She then mounted the Castle wall and watched 
them as they sailed away under cover of the fast 
gathering shades of the winter night. 

They had not gone far when they met a boat 
coming to tell them that the Macdonalds were at 
Kyleakin, apparently waiting for the turn of the 
tide to help them through Kylerea, where the tidal 
current is usually so strong that a boat can make 
little headway against it. Shortly afterwards there 
passed by the Kintail men, without observing them, 
a small boat which they concluded to have been 
sent on by the Macdonalds to see whether Kylerea 
was clear. They allowed this boat to pass un- 
challenged lest any alarm should be raised. It was 
a calm moonlight night, with a covering of snow on 
the ground, which added to the light and made it 
easy to sail about even in narrow waters. The 
Kintail men, therefore, decided to direct their course 
at once towards the fleet of the Macdonalds, and 
having filled their row-locks with seaweed to pre- 
vent the pulsing noise of their oars, they steered 
towards Kyleakin. As they approached the Cail- 
leach Rock, which lies off the coast of Skye, and not 
far from the Lochalsh end of Kylerea, they observed 
the first of Macdonald's galleys drawing near. They 
soon discovered that this was Angus Og's great 


thirty-two oared galley, sailing some distance ahead 
of the rest of his fleet with " his best men and 
gentlemen " on board. Upon observing the Kintail 
galley, which was quickly approaching him, Angus 
challenged it two or three times, but the only answer 
he received was a broadside from the brass cannon, 
which, breaking some of the oars, disabled his galley 
and threw it on the Cailleach Rock. His men, think- 
ing they were driven ashore, crowded on to the rock. 
When they discovered their mistake, and found a 
stretch of water lying between them and the main- 
land, they became completely confused and fell easy 
victims to their assailants. Some of them at- 
tempted to escape by swimming, but they no sooner 
reached the shore than they were dispatched by 
men whom Duncan landed by the little boat for 
that purpose. Angus had about sixty men on 
board his galley, every one of whom was either 
killed or drowned. He himself was taken on board 
the Kintail boat alive, but was mortally wounded in 
the head and in the body, and died before the 
morning. The remainder of his fleet, to the number 
of about twenty galleys, hearing the sudden uproar 
and firing at the Cailleach Rock, turned back in 
confusion, and landing on the coast of Skye they 
made their way to Sleat, and thence crossed to the 
Mainland. " At this skirmish or little sea fight," 
says the Rev. John Macrae in his history of the 
Mackenzies, " not one drop of blood was shed of the 
Kintail men's, except of one called John Gauld Mac 
Fhionnla Dhuibh (John the Stranger, son of Black 
Finlay), whose dirk, being slippery with blood, ran 


through his fist and cut his four fingers. Certainly 
their skill and dexterity in that expedition and 
their unexpected victory and success ought not to 
be ascribed to them, but to God, whose vengeance 
justly followed those persons for their bloody 
murders of men, women, and children, and who can 
make any instrument prove powerful and effectual 
to bring His own purpose to pass." 

Meantime Lady Mackenzie was anxiously wait- 
ing at Ellandonan for the result of the expedition. 
She heard the firing of the cannon in the night, and 
from this she concluded that an engagement had 
taken place. At daybreak she saw her protectors 
returning, leading Angus Og's great galley along with 
them. She rushed down to the shore to salute them, 
and when she inquired if everything had gone well 
with them, Duncan replied, " Yes, madam, and we 
have brought you, without the loss of a single man, 
a new guest whom we hope is welcome to you." 
On looking into the galley she at once recognised 
the body of Angus Og of Glengarry, and immedi- 
ately gave orders that it should be properly attended 
to. On the following day Angus Og was buried in 
a manner suitable to his rank at Kilduich, in the 
same grave as some of Lady Mackenzie's own 
children. The common tradition in Kintail used 
to be that he was buried in the doorway of the 
church at Kilduich, but in a MS. history of the 
Mackenzies, written about the middle of the seven- 
teenth century, 1 and which may be regarded as 

l This MS., which is frequently quoted in Mackenzie's History of the 
Mackenzies as the " Ancient MS.," together with Rev. John Macrae's History 


conclusive on this point, the writer tells us that 
to say he was buried in the church door is a 
" malicious lie," because he himself had seen " the 
head raised out of the same grave and returned 
again, wherein there were too small cuts, noways 

Duncan, like his father, appears to have engaged 
in cattle dealing, and from the record of a meeting 
of the Privy Council held in Edinburgh on the 
11th December, 1600, it appears that at the Fair 
of Elcyht (Alyth?), on the 1st of November, 1599, 
he was robbed by a certain Oliver Ogilvy and 
others of twenty-six cows and four hundred silver 
marks. Duncan died without male issue, but left 
several daughters. 

2. The Be v. Farquhar, second son of Chris- 
topher, will be mentioned hereafter. 

3. The Rev. John, third son of Christopher 
VI., was "a man of an able and strong body, a 
sharp and sagacious mind, and somewhat more 
curious in his learning than his elder brother, Mr 
Farquhar." Mr John was governor or tutor to 
Colin Mackenzie, first Earl of Seaforth, at the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh, and appears to have gained 
a great influence over his pupil, whose " early and 
unexpected death (in 1633) did so dispirit him that 
he afterwards lived in the Highlands more obscurely 
than was expected of him. " He also studied medicine, 
and left behind him a great reputation among his 

of the Mackenzies, which , is known as the Ardintoul MS., form the chief 
authorities for this account of the death of Angus Og. 


own countrymen for his skill as a physician. He 
was married to a daughter of Dugald Matheson of 
Balmacarra, and lived to a great age. He left 
three sons — Christopher, Donald, and Duncan. The 
following extract, from the Rev. John Macrae's 
history, is interesting as showing what an expen- 
sive luxury tobacco was in the days of Mr John : — 
" I remember that after Mr John's death, when his 
friends were examining his papers, there was among 
them a letter directed to him at Edinburgh from 
Alexander Mackenzie, the first of the family of 
Kilcoy, and son of Colin Cam, XI. of Kintail, 
telling he had received the pound of tobacco sent 
him, and blaming Mr John for not sending him 
more of it, as he got it so cheap as twenty pounds 
Scots the pound," that is £1 13s 4d sterling. It 
need hardly be added that this sum meant much 
more then than it does now. 

4. Finlay, fourth son of Christopher VI., and 
VII. from Finlay Dubh Mac Gille Chriosd, is said 
to have been a handsome man, and of good ability 
according to the education he received. He was 
frugal and industrious, and left considerable means 
to his children. He did not live long, but left 
four sons, the eldest of whom was 

(viii.) Donald, called Domhnull Dubh. He is 
spoken of as an able, strong man, of good sense, 
and well to live. He had five sons and three 
daughters — 

(1.) Christopher, "a well-humoured, free-hearted 
gentleman," died young and without issue. 

(2.) Donald, mentioned below. 


(3.) FlNLAY. 

(4.) Duncan. 

(5.) Farquhar. 

(6.) A daughter, who married Alexander Macrae 
of Achyark, son of Alexander of Inverinate. 

(7.) Margaret, who married Farquhar, son of 
Alexander of Inverinate. 

(8.) A daughter, who married Alexander, brother- 
german of Murdoch Mackenzie of Fairburn. 

(ix.) Donald, son of Donald Dubh, was called 
Donald Og (Donald the Younger). He is said to 
have been well known in the North, and in many 
parts of the South, for an "affable, generous gentle- 
man." He was endowed with great natural parts 
and ready wit, and though he got little education, 
he was Chamberlain of Kintail for several years, 
and discharged the duties of the post with exact- 
ness and success. He married, first, Anne, daughter 
of Alexander Macrae of Inverinate, who died within 
a year of her marriage, without issue. He married, 
secondly, Isabel, daughter of John Grant of Corri- 
mony, by whom he had several sons and daughters, 
though the names of only three are recorded — 

(1.) Alexander, for whom he made liberal pro- 

(2.) The Rev. Finlay, mentioned below. 

(3.) The Rev. Duncan, who was a youth of great 
promise, and an eloquent preacher. He was edu- 
cated at Aberdeen, and was tutor in the family of 
Mackenzie of Findon, where he died in November, 
1690. He was buried in Dingwall. 

(x.) The Rev. Finlay, second son of Donald Og, 


was educated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews, 
and obtained his degree on the 24th July, 1679. 
He officiated for a time in the Island of Cumbray, 
in the Firth of Clyde, which he left at the time 
of the Revolution in 1688. He was afterwards 
presented to the parish of Lochalsh by Frances, 
Countess of Seaforth, in 1695. Being a strong 
Jacobite and Episcopalian, he refused to conform 
to Presbytery, or to take the prescribed oaths, and 
was consequently looked upon as an intruder by 
the Presbyterians. In 1715 he strongly urged his 
parishioners to take up arms on behalf of the House 
of Stuart, under William, Earl of Seaforth, and it 
was, no doubt, to some extent owing to his influ- 
ence that so many of the men of Lochalsh joined 
in that rising. His sympathy with the House of 
Stuart cost him his parish, of which he was de- 
prived on the 21st September, 1716. The Rev. 
Finlay is said to have been " a great philosopher 
and divine, a clear preacher, of ministerial and 
dignified appearance, and much given to hospitality 
and charity." He married Margaret, daughter of 
Duncan Macrae of Inverinate, with issue, and died 
not later than 1728, as his son, John, was served 
heir on the 15th October of that year. So far as 
it can now be traced, the succession of the Rev. 
Finlay is as follows — 

(1.) John, mentioned below. 

(2.) Hector, who was tacksman of Ardelve, and 
was alive in 1761, as he is said to have been tutor 
or guardian to the family of John Macrae of 
Conchra, who died in that year. 


(3.) Donald, called Donald Bane, married Bar- 
bara Macrae, widow of John, son of the Rev. 
Donald Macrae of Kintail, with issue — 

(a.) Finlay, called Finlay Fadoch, a well-known 
schoolmaster in Fadoch, and afterwards in Ardelve, 
about the close of the last and beginning of the 
present century. He afterwards went, when a 
very old man, to America. He married a daughter 
of John Macrae (Ian Mac Mhurachaidh), the Kin- 
tail poet, and had issue — (al) Duncan, born 1803 ; 
(a2) Anne, who married Duncan Macrae, Drudaig, 
and went to America ; (a3) Barbara, who married 
Kenneth Mackenzie, Lochcarron, with issue — Ken- 
neth, Malcolm, and Thomas. 

(b.) Jane, who married Murdoch Macrae, who 
had a son, Malcolm, who married Janet Macrae 
and had a son, John, now living at Dornie, and a 
daughter, Isabella, married to Roderick Matheson at 
Totaig Ferry. 

(4. ) Marion, daughter of the Rev. Finlay, married 
John Matheson, and had, with other issue, a son, 

(a.) Alexander, who was for some years tenant of 
Reraig, in Lochalsh, and afterwards merchant and 
schoolmaster at Dornie. He married Catherine 
Matheson of the Bennetsfield family, and had with 
other issue — - 

(al.) John, who married Isabella, daughter of 
Donald Macrae, and had a large family, of whom 
are Alexander Matheson, shipowner, and Betsie 
Matheson, shopkeeper, both living at Dornie. 

(a2.) Farquhar, who married Isabella, daughter 
of Kenneth Mackenzie, Kishorn, of the Applecross 


family, and had a large family, one of whom is 
Kenneth Matheson, merchant, Salen, in Argyllshire, 
who is married, with issue. Another is the well- 
known Dr Farquhar Matheson, of London. After 
studying .at the Universities of Glasgow and Aber- 
deen, and graduating in medicine, Dr Farquhar 
Matheson went as a young man to London, where 
he has risen to eminence in his profession, and is 
particularly recognised as an experienced and skil- 
ful specialist in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat. 
He is one of the surgeons to the Royal Ear and 
Throat Hospital, London. For many years he has 
been one of the best known and most influential 
Highlanders in London, and is at the present time 
(1896) President of the Gaelic Society of London, 
Joint Secretary of the Highland Society, Governor 
and Surgeon to the Royal Scottish Hospital, a 
Justice of the Peace for the County of London, and 
a Fellow of several learned and scientific Societies. 
Dr Matheson is married and has issue, two daujj-h- 
ters, Isabel and Barbara, and a son, Farquhar, at 
present a student of Cambridge University. 

(a3). Margaret married Farquhar Matheson, and 
had, with other issue, a daughter, Margaret, who 
married Duncan Matheson, innkeeper, Dornie, and 
had issue : — Donald, now living in Glasgow, married 
Christina Macpherson, with issue ; Farquhar, now 
living at Dornie, married Jane Macrae (Auchtertyre 
family) ; Mary married Andrew Ross ; Margaret 
married Farquhar Macrae how living at Inversheil. 1 

This statement of the descendants of Marion, daughter of the Rev. 
Finlay Macrae, is taken from a full: and interesting account of her descendants, 
given to the author by the above-mentioned Miss Betsie Matheson of Dornie, 
in August, 1896. 


(5). Isabel, who married Duncan, son of Alex- 
ander Macrae of Concbra, with issue. 

(xi). John, eldest son of the Rev. Finlay, was 
served heir on the 15th October, 1728. Tradition 
says he was one of the best swordsmen of his 
time in the Highlands, 1 and he appears to have been 
a man of mark in his own country. He had a son — 

(1). Alexander, who married, as his first wife, 
Isabella Macrae, and had issue, 

(a). Hector married Anne Macrae, with issue ; 
Alexander, now a blacksmith at Bundalloch, married 
with issue; and John, who died about 1890, leaving 

(6). Isabella. 

Alexander, son of John, son of the Rev. Finlay, 
married, as his second wife, Kate Macrae, and had 

(c). Duncan, who married Flora, daughter of John 
Macrae by his Avife, Catherine, daughter of John 
Og, son of the Rev. Donald Macrae of Kintail, and 
by her had issue — (cl) John, married with issue, in 
America ; (c2) Alexander, who died unmarried ; 
(c3) Donald, now living at Fadoch, married a 
daughter of the late Alexander Macrae, commonly 
known as Alister Mor na Pait (Big Alexander of 
Patt), and has issue : — Duncan, Helen, Alexander, 
John, now living in London, and by whom this 
statement of the descendants of his grandfather, 
Duncan, was given to the author in November, 1896. 
Catherine, Duncan, Farquhar, James, Donald, 
Flora ; (c4) Anne, married with issue, in America ; 

1 See chapter on legends and traditions of the clan. 


{cb) Isabella ; (c6) Flora ; (c7) Helen, married in 
Strathglass ; (c8) Catherine, married Donald Mac- 
•donald, with issue — 

(c/). John; (e). Farquhar, married with issue, and 
went to America ; ( f). Mary ; (g). Catherine ; (h). 

5. Maurice, fifth son of Christopher VI., is 
said to have been a strong and industrious man, 
wrho loved Kintail better than any other place. 
He had advantageous offers from Earl Colin to go 
to Kinlochewe ; but he would not go, and the Earl, 
appreciating his devotion to his native place, gave 
him his choice of a tack in it. He was a man of 
means, and gave money to the Laird of Chisholm, 
for which he and his successors had grazing in Glen 
Affric till the principal was paid. Maurice was 
drowned in Strathglass on his way home from 
Inverness, and was buried in Kintail. He left 

6. Christopher, sixth son of Christopher VI. , 
was called Christopher Og. He left sons and 

7. Donald, seventh son of Christopher VI., was 
■called Domhnull na Smurich, 1 or Domhnull Beg. 
He was of short stature, " but so remarkable for 
strength and nimbleness that few would venture 
to compete with him, since all that did were worsted 
in such exercises as required strength and dexterity. 
He was a great drover, lived well but not long, and 
left no male issue." 

1 Smurich, ganitive of smurach, which means dross or dust. 



VII. Rev. Farquliar Macrae. — Birth. — Education. — Scholarship. — 
Chosen to be one of the Regents of Edinburgh University. — 
Appointment opposed by ■ Lord Kintail. — Headmaster of Fort- 
rose Grammar School. — Admitted to Holy Orders. — Appointed 
Vicar of Gairloch. — Ironworks in Gairloch. — Sir George Hay 
and Mr Farquhar. — Sir George appointed High Chancellor 
of Scotland, and created Earl of Kiunoull. — His subsequent 
Career and Death. —His Offers to Mr Farquhar. — Mr Farquhar 
persuaded by the "Tutor of Kintail " to decline them. — Mr 
Farquhar visits Lews. — Death of Lord Kintail. — Mr Farquhar 
appointed Vicar of Kintail and Constable of Ellandonan 
Castle. — Earl Colin's periodical visits to Kintail. — Wadsets to> 
Mr Farquhar and his Sons. — Earl Kenneth receives his Early 
Education from Mr Farquhar. — Complaints made to the 
Bishop of Mr Farquhar's worldliness. — Preaches before the- 
Bishop. — Complaints dismissed. — Leaves Ellandonan Castle. — 
General Monk's Visit to Kintail.— The Rev. Donald , Macrae 
appointed to Kintail as Assistant to his Father. — Social cir- 
cumstances of Kintail in Mr Farquhar's time. — His Marriage 
and Family. — His Death. 

son of Christopher (VI.), was born at Ellandonan : 
Castle in 1580. IJe was a delicate child, but grew 
up to be a man of good physique and great bodily 
strength. His father, perceiving that he possessed 
good ability and a talent for learning, sent him to 
school at Perth, where he remained for four or five 
years, and became very proficient in Latin. Some 


of his exercises and discourses in that language are 
mentioned as being still preserved in the year 1704. 
From Perth he proceeded to the University of 
Edinburgh, where he studied under James Reid, 
one of the Regents or Professors of the University, 
and soon surpassed all his fellow students in the 
study both of classics and of philosophy. His 
repute for learning and scholarship was so great at 
the University that he was unanimously chosen in 
1603 to succeed James Reid as Regent, but 
Kenneth, Lord Kintail, who was in Edinburgh at 
the time, earnestly opposed the appointment, as he 
was anxious to secure Mr Farquhar's services for his 
own people in the Highlands. Mr Farquhar himself 
was not anxious to accept the appointment either, 
as his great desire was to become a preacher of the 
Gospel, and with a view to that calling he had 
already studied divinity at the University. He 
therefore fell in readily with Lord Kintail's pro- 
posal, and about this time left the University to fill 
the post of headmaster of the Fortrose Grammar 
School, which then enjoyed a great reputation in the 
North, and where he remained for about fifteen 
months. He appears to have passed his " trials " or 
examinations for the Church while he was at Fort- 
rose, and having been admitted to Holy Orders he 
very soon acquired celebrity as a "sound, learned, 
eloquent, and grave preacher." 

About this time some ironworks 1 were commenced 
at Letterewe, on Loch Maree, in the parish of Gair- 

1 For an interesting account of the historic ironworks, not only in 
Gairloch but in other parts of the Highlands, see J. H. Dixon's Gairloch, page 
75, &c. 


loch, by Sir George Hay, who afterwards figured 
prominently in Scottish history as the Earl of Kin- 
noull and High Chancellor of Scotland. Sir George- 
introduced a colony of Englishmen to carry on the 
works. It therefore became necessary to provide 
for that parish a clergyman who could preach well 
in English, and Bishop David Lindesay, who then 
held the diocese of Ross, selected the young Mr 
Farquhar as the most suitable man at his disposal.. 
He was accordingly appointed Vicar of Gairloch in 
1608, and continued to hold that office until 1618. 
We read, however, that another Vicar, the Rev. 
Farquhar Mackenzie, was admitted to the parish of 
Gairloch about the year 1614. The probability is 
that the two clergymen shared the work of the 
extensive parish between them, and that the Rev. 
Farquhar Macrae restricted his ministrations to the 
English-speaking ironworkers, and to the part of 
the parish which lies to the north of Loch Maree, 
and which was then regarded as part of the parish 
of Lochbroom. Mr Farquhar's ministrations gave 
great satisfaction, not only to the native people of 
Gairloch, but also to the ironworkers, and more 
especially to Sir George Hay himself, who found 
great pleasure in his society, and became much 
attached to him. Sir George was a learned lawyer 
and a man of science, and probably did not find the 
contemporary Laird of Gairloch — John Roy Mac- 
kenzie 1 — such congenial company as the scholarly 
and cultured Vicar. John Roy does not appear to 

1 John Roy Mackenzie was Laird of Gairloch from 1566 to 1628. He was 
a warrior of renown, and among his bravest followers were some of the 
Macraes of Kintail. See chapter on the legends and traditions of the clan. 


Lave been a very loyal supporter of the Church, for 
in 1612 we find Mr Farquhar raising an action 
against him for payment of the teinds or tithes. 
The action went on for several years, and was won 
by Mr Farquhar, who, in 1616, let the tithes of 
Gairloch to Alexander Mackenzie, Fiar of Gairloch, 
for the yearly sum of £80 Scots. 1 Mr Farquhar 
lived at Ardlair, which is only about four miles from 
Letterewe, 2 where Sir George lived, and as there 
were probably very few men of scholarly and scien- 
tific tastes in Gairloch in those days, Sir George and 
Mr Farquhar were, no doubt, a good deal in one 
another's company. There is a large and prominent 
rock of a peculiar shape at Ardlair called the 
" Minister's stone," which is still pointed out as one 
of the places where Mr Farquhar used to preach, 
both in Gaelic and in English. 3 

About 1616 Sir George Hay left Letterewe for 
the south, in 1622 he was appointed High Chancel- 
lor of Scotland, and was afterwards created Earl of 
Kinnoull. His subsequent career was one of great 
distinction and usefulness until his death in 1634, 
at the age of sixty-two. So much was Sir George 
attached to Mr Farquhar, that when he was leaving 
Letterewe he strongly urged him to leave Gairloch 
and seek a wider field for his talents in the south. 
Sir George offered him a choice of several parishes 
which were in his own patronage. He also promised 

1 Mackenzie's History of the Macken/.ies, New Edition, pages 415-416. 

2 Both Ardlair and Letterewe are situated on the North -East Coast of 
Loch Maree. 

3 There is an illustration of this stone in Mr J. H. Dixon's book on Gair- 
loch (page 81), which also contains several interesting and appreciative 
references to Mr Farquhar. 


him a yearly pension, and undertook to get ...him 
ecclesiastical promotion. Mr Farquhar decided, to 
accept this liberal offer, and to accompany Sir George 
to the south, and considering his own ability and the 
great influence of his patron, it is quite possible that 
if he had done so his career in the Church would 
have been a very successful and distinguished one. 
But Colin, Lord Kintail, or more probably his uncle 
Roderick, the celebrated " Tutor of Kintail " — for 
Colin was then a minor — interposed, as Lord Kenneth 
had done in Edinburgh, being resolved at whatever 
cost to retain Mr Farquhar's services for his own 
people, and promising him the vicarage of Kintail 
in succession to the occupying incumbent, the Rev. 
Murdoch Murchison, Mr Farquhar's uncle, 1 who 
at this time must have been well advanced in years. 
Mr Farquhar once more sacrificed bright and 
promising prospects out of a sense of loyalty to the 
House of Kintail, and remained in Gairloch. 

It was during Mr Farquhar's incumbency of Gair- 
loch that Kenneth, Lord Kintail, finally brought the 
island of Lews under his rule. In 1610 his lordship 

1 It would appear from Fasti Ecclesue Scoticance that Mr Farquhar 
succeeded his grandfather as Constable of Ellandonan and Vicar of Kintail, 
as it is there stated that Christopher Macrae, that is Mr Farquhar's father, 
married a daughter of Murdoch Murchison, Constable of Ellandonan and 
Vicar of Kintail, Mr Farquhar's predecessor, who would thus be also his 
grandfather ; but according to the Rev. John Macrae, Mr Farquhar succeeded 
his uncle in the Vicarage of Kintail. There are three men of the name 
Murchison mentioned in connection with Kintail during this period : — (1) 
John Murchison, called John Mac Mhurchaidh Dhuibh (John, the son of Black 
Murdoch), Priest of Kintail, who was made Constable . of Ellandonan, in 
succession to John Dubh Matheson, who was killed by Donald Gorm in 1539 ; 
(2) John Murchison, who was Reader of Kintail from 1574 to 1614 (the 
Reader was a man appointed to read the Scriptures and the new Protestant 
Service Book of this period) ; (3) Murdoch Murchison, who was Vicar of 


visited the island, and with a view to revive the 
religious life of the people, which was then at a very 
low ebb, he took Mr Farquhar along with him. The 
state of matters in Lews may be imagined from the 
fact that for forty years previous to Mr Farquhar's 
.visit no one appears to have been baptised or married 
in the island. The people had practically lapsed into 
heathenism, but Mr Farquhar's visit worked a change 
and his mission proved thoroughly successful. Large 
numbers of the people were baptised, 1 some of them 
being fifty years of age, and many men and women 
were mairied who had already lived together for 
years. The success of this mission went far to re- 
concile the . inhabitants of Lews to Lord Kintail's 
rule, to which they all the more cheerfully and 
readily submitted upon his promising that he would 
provide for the permanent settling among them of 
such another man as Mr Farquhar. Having suc- 
ceeded in establishing good order and contentment 
in the island, no doubt largely by the aid of Mr 
Farquhar, who appears to have remained there for 
some time, his lordship, who was seized by sudden 
illness, returned to Fortrose, where he died shortly 

Lochalsh from 1582 to 1614, when he became Vicar of Kintail, until his death 
in 1618. These men were undoubtedly members of the same family, but it is 
not clear what their relationship was to one another. From an examination of 
the dates it would seem probable that the last two were brothers, and the sons 
of the first. In that case, if Murdoch was Mr Farquhar's uncle,, as he almost 
certainly was, Mr Farquhar's mother would be a daughter, not of the Hew 
Murdoch Murchison, as stated on page 38 of this book, but of John Murchison, 
Priest of Kintail, who was made Constable of Ellandonan in 1539. 

1 According to one of the traditions of Kintail, the number that came to 
be baptised by Mr Farquhar was so great that, being unable to take them 
individually, he was obliged to sprinkle the water at random on the crowd with 
a heather besom. 


afterwards, in 1611, and was succeeded by his son 
Colin, who was subsequently created first Earl of 

In 1618 the vicarage' of Kintail became vacant 
by the death of the Rev. Murdoch Murchison, who 
was also Constable of Ellandonan Castle, and Mr 
Farquhar was appointed to fill both offices. The 
deed by which those appointments were conferred 
upon him was drawn up at Fortrose in that year. 1 
At Ellandonan Castle he lived for many years in 
" an opulent and flourishing condition, much given 
to hospitality and charity." Colin, Earl of Seaforth, 
lived most of his time at Fortrose, but made period- 
ical visits to Ellandonan in "great state and very 
magnificently," Referring to these visits, the Rev. 
John Macrae, of Dingwall, grandson of Mr Farquhar, 
savs — " I have heard mv grandfather say that Earl 
Colin never came to his house with less than three 
and sometimes with five hundred men. The Con- 
stable (of Ellandonan) was bound to furnish them 
victuals for the first two meals, till my lord's officers 
were acquainted to bring in his own customs." 
When Earl Colin visited his West Coast estates the 
lairds and gentlemen of the neighbourhood and of 
the Isles, including Maclean, Clanranald, Raasay, 
and Mackinnon, used to come to pay him their 
respects at Ellandonan Castle, where they feasted in 
great state, and consumed the wine and other 
liquors " that were brought from Fortrose in the 
Earl's train. When these lairds and gentlemen left 
the castle Earl Colin called together all the principal 

1 The Rev. John Macrae's history of the Macraes. 


men of Kintail, Lochalsb, and Lochcarron, who went 
with him to the forest of Monar, where they had a 
great hunt, and from Monar he used to return to 

Earl Colin died at Fortrose in 1633, and was 
succeeded by his brother, Earl George, who con- 
firmed Mr Farquhar in his various appointments 
and offices, and renewed his wadset rights to the 
lands of Dornie, Inig, Aryugan, Drumbuie, and other 
places in Kintail. Not only did Mr Farquhar secure 
these rights during his own lifetime, but on payment 
of a certain sum of money to the Earl he received 
an extension of them for some years in favour of his 
son, the Rev. John Macrae, of Dingwall, while the 
wadset rights of Inverinate, Dorisduan. and Let- 
terimmer, which appear to have been already in the 
family for some generations, were confirmed in favour 
of his son Alexander on payment of a sum of six 
thousand merks Scots. 

When Earl George's son and heir, Kenneth, who 
was born at Brahan Castle in 1635, was about six 
years of age his father placed him under the care of 
Mr Farquhar of Ellandonan, where the sons of 
neighbouring gentlemen were brought to keep him 
company. Here the young heir remained for several 
years without suffering any disadvantage, for we 
read that under the wholesome rather than delicate 
diet prescribed by Mr Farquhar, he began to have 
a " healthy complexion," and grew up so strong that 
he was able to endure much labour and fatigue, 
and so great in stature that he became known as- 
Coinneach Mor — big Kenneth. He also became so 


.'thoroughly acquainted with the language and cir- 
cumstances of the people, that he was considered, 
in rhis own time, to be the best chief in the High- 
lands and Islands of Scotland. Nor was his book 
learning neglected, for when he was taken from 
Ellandonan to be placed in a public school, he gave 
•every evidence, not only of ability, but of good 
training also. He entered King's College, Aberdeen, 
in 1651, but the troubles of the Civil War prevented 
him from finishing his course, which, as far as it 
went, did full credit to Mr Farqubar's tuition. 

But the influence and prosperity of Mr Farquhar 
•excited the envy and jealousy of some of his neigh- 
bours, who made complaint to Patrick Lindesay, 
Bishop of Ross, that he was becoming too worldly 
.and was neglecting his ministerial duties. Upon re- 
ceiving these complaints the Bishop called upon Mr 
Farquhar to preach before the next provincial 
Assembly of the Diocese or Synod. The Bishop him- 
self preached on the first day from the text, "Ye are 
the salt of the earth." It was Mr Farquhar's turn 
to preach the second day, and he had unfortunately 
chosen the same text as the Bishop. Mr Farquhar 
told some of his brother clergymen of this fact, and 
it eventually came to the ears of the Bishop, who 
sent for Mr Farquhar and told him on no account to 
change his text. Mr Farquhar acquitted himself on 
this occasion with such eloquence and ability that it 
was " a question among his hearers whether the High- 
land salt or Lowland salt savoured best," and the 
Bishop himself was so impressed with the sermon 
that he not only dismissed the complaints as ground- 


less but received Mr- Farquhar into special favour.- 
This must have occurred comparatively earlv in Mr 
Farquhar's incumbency ofKintail, as Bishop Patrick 
Lindesay's rule of the Diocese of Ross terminated in 
1633, and it was probablyr some time before that 
date, as we are told thatJie was " held in esteem by 
the Bishop ever after "—a phrase which would seem 
to imply that the Bishop's' personal acquaintance 
with him extended over . several years. Bishop 
Patrick Lindesay was succeeded by Bishop John 
Maxwell, who invited Mr Farquhar on more occasions- 
than one to preach before him. His brother clergy- 
men were always greatly pleased with his perform- 
ances in the pulpit, and on one occasion when the- 
Bishop himself was asked for his opinion, he declared 
Mr Farquhar to be "a man of great gifts, but un- 
fortunately lost in the Highlands, and pity it were 
his lot had been there." Had Mr Farquhar chosen 
to carry his services to the more tempting fields of 
work afforded by the large towns of the South, no 
doubt his career might have been very much greater 
and. more distinguished from a worldly point of view, 
but the memories which he left behind him in Gair- 
loch,; and more especially in Lochalsh and Kintail,. 
where his name is still remembered with affection 
and pride, clearly proves that his talents were not 
lost even in the Highlands, and that his work among* 
the people bore rich fruit. 

In 1651, Mr Farquhar left Ellandonan Castle,, 
after a residence of thirty-three years, under cir- 
cumstances described as follows by the Rev. John 
Macrae in his history of the Mackenzies :— After . 


the defeat of the supporters of King Charles II. at 
Dunbar, on the 3rd September, 1650, and while Earl 
George was absent in Holland, we find his son, 
Kenneth, then a lad of about sixteen, raising men in 
Kintail for the Royalist service. He was accom- 
panied by his two uncles, Thomas Mackenzie of 
Pluscardine and Simon Mackenzie of Lochslin, 1 
Roderick Mackenzie of Dochmaluag^, and others. 
For some reason or other, not explained, Mr 
Farquhar incurred the displeasure of Lochslin, who 
was acting as leader, and who would not march off 
with the men until Mr Farquhar was removed from 
Ellandonan Castle. Mr Farquhar, however, "refused 
to go without violence, lest his going voluntarily 
might be interpreted as an abdication of his right, 
.a yielding to the reason pretended against him, and 
when all the gentlemen of my lord's friends there 
refused to put hands on him, and the young laird 
{Kenneth), his foster, refused to lay his commands 
on them to remove him, Young Tarbat, 2 being vexed 
for delaying the march of the men for the King's 
service, and Lochslin himself, led him to the gates 
of the Castle, and then Mr Farquhar told them he 
would go without farther trouble to them, for he 
was well pleased to be rid of the Island, because it 
was a bad habitation for a man of his age and 
corpulency." It is said, also, that he found it too 

1 Simon Mackenzie of Lochslin was the father of Sir George Mackenzie 
of Rosehaugh, Lord-Advocate of Scotland, a well-known historian and lawyer, 
and who, in consequence of his severe administration of the law against the 
Covenanters, has sometimes been called the "Bloody Mackenzie." 

2 Young Tarbat was George Mackenzie, afterwards first Earl of Cromartie, 
and at this time about twenty years of age. 


cold for his old age, which is not unlikely, consider- 
ing the exposed nature of the site on which the 
castle stood, nor is it unlikely either that the duties 
of Constable were becoming too heavy for a man 
of his advanced years. The question of Mr 
Farquhar's expulsion from Ellandonan Castle came 
before the Presbytery of Dingwall on the 5th July, 
165 1, 1 when a letter was read from Mr Farquhar, 
who excused himself from attending, " being unable 
to travel so far " ; while Simon of Lochslin excused 
his absence from the same meeting on the ground 
that he was employed in the " present expedition " 
— that is the expedition which ended in the defeat 
of the Royalist Army at Worcester on the 3rd 
September, 1651. The collapse of the Royalist 
party at Worcester led to fresh ecclesiastical 
developments in the Presbytery of Dingwall, and 
this case does not appear to have come under 
consideration again. On leaving the castle Mr 
Farquhar took up his residence at a sheltered spot 
in the neighbourhood, called Inchchruter, " where 
he lived very plentifully for eleven years, some 
of his grandchildren, after his wife's death, 
alternately ruling his house, to which there was 
a great resort of all sorts of people, he being very 
generous, charitable, and free-hearted." When 
General Monk's army visited Kintail in 1654, 2 they 
took away three hundred and -sixty of Mr Far- 
quhar's cattle, for which his friends strongly urged 
him to put in a claim for compensation when King 

1 Inverness and Dingwall Presbytery Records, edited by William Maekay. 

2 For an account of General Monk's visit to Kintail, see Appendix E. 


Charles II. was restored in 16 ; 60, but the old man 
refused to-do so,/, being so loyalto the -House of 
Stuart that he' considered the successful' restoration 
of the King sufficient compensation fOr'air^'loss he 
migfht have suffered in the Iiovalist cause. '" 

In*' 1656 Mr Farquhar, who was then seventy-six 
years of age, is described as " being how aged and 
infirm; and so unable to do duty as formerly, or as is 
necessary to embrace or exercise the office and 
function of the ministry at the said kirk (of Kintail) 
as their lawful and actual minister." Accordingly 
the Presbytery of Dingwall, at a meeting held on 
the 14th February in that year, 1 granted an Act of 
Transportation to Kintail on' behalf of Mr Donald 
Macrae of Urray (Mr Farquhar's son), who had 
received a call from the congregation of Kintail with 
the consent of Mr Farquhar himself and the 
approval of the Earl of Seafdf th. Mr Donald was 
admitted to Kintail as fellow-labourer and "con- ; 
junct" minister with his father, on the 20th July 
following, by the Rev. Alexander Mackenzie of 
Lochcarron. A lengthy document, drawn up on the 
24th June by the Presbytery, after " long and 
mature deliberation," and' setting forth in great 
detail the conditions of this "conjunct ministrie," 
is preserved in the Records of the Presbytery of 
Dingwall. Notwithstanding the care with which 
this document was drawn up, difficulties arose 
between the father and the son with regard to the 
possession of the vicarage, and the matter was 
discussed, privately, by Mr , Donald's request, at a 

1 Inverness 'arid "Dingwall Presbytery Records,' edited by William Mackay. 


meeting of the Presbytery of Dingwall, held on the 
29th of December, 1657, when Mr Donald promised 
to abide by the decision of the Presbytery. The 
Presbytery gave its decision in favour of Mr Far- 
quhar, who appears to have spent the remainder of 
his days in peace. 

It is so frequently the custom to speak only of 
what was wild and unsettled in the Highlands of 
two or three centuries ago that, to anyone interested 
in the social history of that part of the country, it 
must be very pleasant to contemplate the life-long 
work of such a man as Mr Farquhar in a parish so 
Highland and so outlying as Kintail ; but there were 
many such men in those days — men whose scholarly 
and cultured refinement was a source of sweetness 
and light to the community among whom their lot 
was cast ; and though the memory of many of them 
may have passed away in the great social changes 
which the Highlands have been undergoingfor the last 
century and a half, yet they were the salt of the earth 
to their own generation, and the silent and hidden 
influence of their lives and their labours may still be 
seen in the politeness and culture which is some- 
times to be found even in the humble cottage of the 
Highland crofter. In the days of Mr Farquhar, 
Kintail was well peopled, and, being the ancestral 
home of one of the most powerful noblemen in Scot- 
land, it was a place of considerable importance. 
The principal men of the district came into very 
frequent personal contact with the Earl himself, 
with the natural result that they also became 
keenly interested in the great religious and political 


movements with which the Chiefs of Kintail were 
in various ways so intimately associated. Conse- 
quently w T e find among the people of Kintail, in a 
very marked degree, the high political and religious 
tension which so frequently marks a period of civil 
and revolutionary warfare. Perhaps in no other 
district of the Highlands was the religious and 
political feeling of the people more pronounced 
at this time than in Kintail and the neierh- 
bourhood. This fact is fully borne out by the 
tone of the Fernaig Manuscript, which is a 
collection of Kintail poems of this period, and to 
which reference is made elsewhere in this book. 
Such, then, were the circumstances of the Highland 
community of which Mr Farquhar was for nearly 
half-a-century the central figure, and the chief guide 
not only in spiritual things, but in things temporal 
as well. Though the sphere of his work and 
activity was limited to a remote Highland parish, 
his long life was thus a very eventful and anxious 
one, and covered one of the most stirring periods of 
Scottish history. It was during his University 
career that James VI. succeeded to the throne of 
England, and the Royal House of Scotland rose to 
the zenith of its ill-starred greatness. Then, in the 
course of time there came the Covenanter movement 
and the Civil War, which ended in the execution of 
Charles I. and the exile of his family. Mr Farquhar 
himself was a staunch Royalist and an Episcopalian, 
so that he belonged to the losing cause of what, so 
far as Scotland as a whole was concerned, was 
only the minority ; but though the army of the 


enemy overran his country and plundered his 
property, he held stoutly to his principles like a good 
man and true. Those principles were doomed in 
course of time to be all but totally renounced 
and rejected by the people of the Highlands, and 
this is not the place to discuss whether in doing so 
they did rightly or wrongly, but the steadfastness 
with which Mr Farquhar and his family supported 
the Scottish Episcopal Church and the Scottish 
Royal Family must call forth the admiration of all 
who appreciate what is loyal and true in human 
nature. He lived for two years after the restoration 
of King Charles II., and thus had the satisfaction 
in his old age of seeing the E,oyal House of Stuart 
enjoying a fitful return of power and popularity, and 
then he died before the true character of the re- 
stored King had time to become generally apparent. 
And so his end was peace. He died in the midst 
of a prosperous grown-up family, regretted and 
mourned by all his countrymen, and leaving behind 
him memories of goodness and worth which the 
lapse of more than two centuries have not effaced. 

Mr Farquhar married on the 1st December, 1611, 
Christina, eldest daughter of Macculloch of Park, 
Strathpeffer, and by her, who died before him, he 
had eight sons and two daughters, viz.: — Alexander, 
John, Donald, Miles, Murdoch, John, Christopher, 
Thomas, Isabel, and Helen. He died in Januarv, 
1662, at the age of eighty-two, and was buried 
with his ancestors at Kilduich, in Kintail. 

Christopher and Thomas died apparently with- 
out issue, as their nephew, Finlay, son of John, is 


mentioned as their heir on the 28th July, 1696. x 
The other sons of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae will 
be mentioned hereafter. 

Isabel, eldest daughter of Mr Farquhar, married 
Malcolm Macrae, son of Ian Og Mac Fhionla Dhuibh, 
" a pretty, young gentleman, bred at school and 
college," who was killed at the battle of Auldearn 
in 1645. After his death, she married William, son 
of the Rev. John Mackenzie, of the Dochmaluag 

Helen, second daughter of Mr Farquhar, married 
John, younger son of John Bayne of Knockbain. 

1 Register of Retours. 



VII. Alexander of Inverinate. — Chamberlain of Kintail. — His 
Marriages and Family. — Rev. John Macrae, last Episcopalian 
Minister of Dingwall. — Difficulties Connected with the Appoint- 
ment of his Successor. — Author of Histories of the Mackenzies 
and of the Macraes. — His Marriage and Family. — Rev. Alex- 
ander Macrae founds a Roman Catholic Mission in Kintail. — 
Alexander Macrae, merchant, Bristol, leaves Money for the 
Education of Boys of the name Macrae. — Other Descendants 
of the Rev. John Macrae of Dingwall. — The Rev. Donald Mac- 
rae, last Episcopalian Minister of Kintail. — He supports the 
Jacobite Cause. — Battles of Sheriffmuir and Glenshiel. — Kintail 
Church Destroyed by the Crew of a Man-of-War. — Episcopal- 
ianism in Kintail. — The Rev. Donald Macrae's Marriage and 
Descendants. — Farquhar of Morvich and his Family. — Ian Mac 
Mhurachidh, the Kintail Poet. — Murdoch, son of Alexander 
of Inverinate. — His Tragic End. — The Glenlic Hunt. — Tradi- 
tions and Poems connected therewith. 

VIII. ALEXANDER, son of the Rev. Farquhar 
VTL, is commonlv known as Alexander of Inver- 
mate. His father procured for him a wadset of the 
lands of Inverinate, Dorisduan, and Letterinimmer, 
for the sum of six thousand marks, and he is men- 
tioned in the Valuation Roll of the Countv of Ross 
in 1644, as possessed of lands in the parish of Kintail 
of the yearly value of £266 13s 4d Scots. He was 
Chamberlain of Kintail under Kenneth Mor, third 
Earl of Seaforth, who, as already stated, received 


his early education at Ellandonan Castle, from Alex- 
ander's father, and by whom Alexander himself was 
much esteemed. It is stated in the Rev. John Mac- 
rae's History of the Mackenzies, that when General 
Middleton and Lord Balcarres were in the High- 
lands raising an army to support Charles II. against 
Cromwell, probably about 1651, they paid a visit to 
Seaforth, who welcomed Balcarres in a special man- 
ner, and sent Alexander of Inverinate to bring Lady 
Balcarres, who was a daughter of Colin, first Earl 
of Seaforth, to Kintail, which, " with some hazard 
and difficulty, Alexander performed," bringing the 
lady safe to Ellandonan Castle, where she lived for 
some time with her husband. Alexander married, 
as his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Murdoch 
Mackenzie, second laird of Redcastle, by whom he 
had two sons, Duncan and John, and two daughters, 
Catherine (or Christina) and Mary. He married, as 
his second wife, Mary, daughter of Alexander Mac- 
kenzie, fourth laird of Dochmaluag, by whom he had 
seven sons, Alexander, Donald, Christopher, Far- 
quhar, Murdoch, Allan, and Hugh, and at least two 
daughters, Isabel and Margaret. The descent of 
both his wives can be traced to the Royal Houses of 
Stuart and Plantagenet. 1 

1. Duncan, eldest son of Alexander by his first 
wife, Margaret Mackenzie of Redcastle, will be men- 
tioned hereafter. 

2. The Rev. John, second son of Alexander by 
his first wife, was educated at Aberdeen University, 
and was laureated, that is, took his degree, on the 

1 See Royal Pedigrees. Appendix F. 


12th July, 1660. When the first school was opened 
in Dingwall he was appointed master of it. This 
was before the 21st July, 1663, as- he is mentioned 
on that date as schoolmaster of Dingwall and Clerk 
to the Session. He was ordained in 1667 to the parish 
of Kilmorack, and was translated in 1674 to the 
parish of Dingwall, where he lived and laboured for 
thirty years, and of which he was the last Episco- 
palian minister. He is mentioned in various docu- 
ments of the period as Treasurer of Ptoss. He is 
said to have been a great favourite in the family of 
the Earl of Seaforth, who gave him a wadset of the 
lands of Dornie, Dronaig, Aryugan, &c, in Kintail, 
for the sum of seven thousand five hundred marks. 
His influence in Dingwall and the neighbourhood 
appears to have been very great, and so loyal was 
the feeling of the people, both to his memory and to 
the Church to which he belonged, that on his death 
they so persistently opposed the introduction of 
Presbyterianism among them, that, in spite of 
repeated attempts, it was found impossible to settle 
a Presbyterian minister in Dingwall until 1716, 
twenty-eight years after the Revolution, and this 
settlement was made not by patronage or by a 
" call " from the people, but by the Presbytery 
acting -under warrant from the Privy Council. 1 

1 From the record of a meeting of the Privy Council of Scotland, on 
the 25th April, 1704, and under the heading " The Agent for the Kirk against 
Macraes and others," we learn something of the first attempts made to introduce 
Presbyterianism into the Royal burgh of Dingwall after the death of the Rev. 
John Macrae. The Rev. William Stewart of Kiltearn, having been delegated by 
the "United Presbyteries of Ross and Sutherland" to supply the vacancy, repaired 
to Dingwall accordingly, on Sunday, the 16th January. Finding the aspect of 
affairs on his arrival rather threatening, he decided to appeal to the magistrates 


The Rev. John Macrae was the author of an 
important History of the Mackenzies, to which fre- 
quent reference is made in this book. The clan 
historian, Alexander Mackenzie, frequently refers to 
it also, in his History of the Mackenzies, as the 
Ardintoul MS. He was also the author of a His- 
tory and Genealogy of the Macraes, which has 
already been described in the first chapter of this 

The Rev. John married, before the 21st July, 
1673, Janet Bayne, of Knockbain. There is a 
sasine of that date to Mr John Macrae, Treasurer of 
Ross, and Janet Bayne, his spouse. By her he had 
issue as below. He died in January, 1704. 

a. Alexander, eldest son of the Rev. John, was 
educated for the Church, but, as the Episcopal 
Church was proscribed in Scotland after the Revolu- 
tion of 1688, he threw in his lot with the Roman 
Catholics rather than become a Presbyterian. For 
many years he discharged the duties of a Roman 
Catholic priest between Brahan and Strathglass, 

for protection. The magistrates, however, could not be found, and meantime 
the ringleaders of the mob surrounded the house in which the minister was, 
and made the outer door fast with nails. The minister then made a strong 
appeal to the people from the window of the house, and eventually succeeded, 
by the help of Sir Robert Munro of Foulis and others from Kilt earn, in 
regaining his liberty and effecting an entrance into the church. But when 
the " worship was begun and almost finished," there arrived a company of 
armed men from the country, among whom the chief ringleaders were John 
Macrae vie Alister Oig, Hugh Macrae, father (it ought to be brother) to the 
said deceased Mr John Macrae, late incumbent at Dingwall ; Kenneth Macrae, 

brother german to Farquhar Macrae rf Inverinate ; and Macrae, son to 

Christopher, brother german to the said deceased Mr John Macrae, all in the 
parish of Kintail. These men having entered the church "upon pretence 
that they were coming to attend the worship," the said John Macrae vie 
Alister went up to the door of the pulpit and " presented a pistol to the 


and was probably the last who said mass in Brahan 
Castle. He was the first Macrae who became a 
Roman Catholic after the Reformation, and was the 
founder of the mission which that Church still 
carries on in Kintail. His first converts were his 
own cousins, Alexander Macra of Ardintoul and 
John Og, son of the Rev. Donald Macrae, last Epis- 
copalian minister of Kintail, and another man called 
Ian Buidhe Mac Dhonnachaidh (Yellow John, the 
son of Duncan). In his old age he retired to the 
Scotch Roman Catholic College at Douai, in France, 
and there died. The Kintail Mission was well sup- 
ported by the Macraes, and was afterwards carried 
on by the Rev. John Farquharson, a celebrated 
priest of Strathglass, the Rev. Norman Macleod, and 

b. John, who married Margaret, daughter of the 
Rev. Roderick Mackenzie, minister and Laird of 
Avoch. He is also said to have married, as her 
second husband, Anne, daughter of Alexander 
Mackenzie, third Laird of Applecross, who survived 

minister, threatening to kill him until stopped by the hearers, whereupon the 
rest of the armed men approached nearer, and scrambling over the seats to 
the pulpit with menacing countenances and arms in their hands, they com- 
manded Mr Stewart to come down and begone, which constrained him to 
retire." The disturbance continued as he passed out through the churchyard, 
until at last " the minister, finding himself like to faint through the violence 
he had suffered, prayed some gentlemen, his friends, to carry him off any way, 
which was done." Nor did Sir Robert Munro and his friends escape without 
blows, and " further, these rabblers cried loudly and frequently King Willie is 
now dead and their King is alive." The ringleaders were summoned by the 
Privy Council, but failed to compear, whereupon they were declared rebels, 
and their goods and gear forfeited to the Crown. Various other unsuccessful 
attempts were made to introduce Presbyterianism into Dingwall, and though 
the Rev. Daniel Bayne was appointed to the living in 1708, it was not until 
1716 that he was able to enter upon possession of it. 


him, and afterwards married, as her third husband, 
Colin Mackenzie of Inverness. 1 

bl. Alexander, who was served heir to his 
grandfather, the Rev. John Macrae, minister of 
Dingwall and Treasurer of Ross, on the 24th of 
June, 1741. Having afterwards recovered from 
Seaforth the money for certain wadsets which he 
held in Kintail, and sold some property which 
he held about Dingwall, he went into business in 
Bristol, where he became a prosperous and wealthy 
merchant, and died without issue in April, 1781. 
He left a sum of fifty thousand marks 2 to the 
King's College, Aberdeen, for educating boys of the 
name Macrae who could be traced in the male 
line from his great-grandfather, Alexander of In- 
verinate, " in preference to all others." 3 Several 
students of the name Macrae held this bursary in 
past times. 

b2. Margaret, who married John Matheson, 
Durinish. 4 

03. Mary, married to James, son of Alexander 
Matheson of Bennetsfield, 4 and had, with other issue, 
Catherine, who married Alexander Matheson, some 

1 Only the first marriage is mentioned in the MS. history of the Macraes, 
but both are mentioned in Sir James Dixon Mackenzie's Genealogical Tables of 
the Mackenzies. The probability is that he was twice married, and that his 
family was by the first wife. 

2 Fifty thousand merks Scots mortified by the late Alexander Macrae, of 
Dornie, and left under the management of the King's College of Aberdeen, for 
educating the children of the nearest descendants from Alexander Macrae, son 
of Mr Farquhar Macrae, the first Protestant minister in the parish of Kintail. 
— Old Statistical Account. 

3 Appendix L. 

4 For the descendants of this marriage, see Mackenzie's History of the 


time schoolmaster, Dornie, who has been already 
mentioned on page 48. 

c. Christopher, baptised at Dingwall in Novem- 
ber, 1682. 

d. Roderick, baptised at Dingwall, 18th August, 

1692, and mentioned, in 1763, as the deceased Mr 
Roderick Macrae in the will of his nephew, Alex- 
ander Macrae, some time of Bristol. He married a 
daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, Chamberlain of 
Ferintosh, and had issue — 

d\. John. 

d2. Duncan, who went to Maryland in America, 
was a lieutenant in the "Provincials" during the 
American War of Independence, and was killed in 
the expedition under General Forbes against Fort 
Duquesne in 1757. 

dS. Helen, married to Thomas Maclean, a 
schoolmaster at Ord. 

dA. Janet. 

e. Mary, who married Roderick Dingwall of 
Ussie. There is a sasine on disposition by Roderick 
Dingwall of Ussie in favour of Mary Macrae, relict 
of the said Roderick, in liferent of the lands of 
Wester Ussie and Bogachro, &c, in the parish of 
Fodderty, 6th January, 1745. They had issue, 
at least one son, called John. 

f. Janet, baptised at Dingwall, 8th October, 

1693, married John Tuach of Logereit. 

A daughter of the Rev. John Macrae, last 
Episcopalian minister of Dingwall, was married to 
John Oo% son of John Mackenzie, second laird of 
Applecross, and had issue. 1 This John Og was one 

1 Sir James Dixon Mackenzie's Genealogical Tables of the Mackenzies. 


of the famous "Four Johns of Scotland" who were 
killed at Sheriffmuir in 1715. 

3. Alexander, eldest son of Alexander of Inver- 
inate by his second wife, Mary Mackenzie of Doch- 
maluag, was called Alister Og, and lived at Achyark, 
in Kintail. He married a daughter of Donald, son 
of Finlay, son of Christopher VI., and had issue — 

a. John, who was a well educated man and was 
one of the Seaforth Captains at Sheriffmuir. He 
was probably the John Macrae vie Alister Oig who 
took part as ringleader in the riot at Dingwall 
church in 1704, which has been already referred to. 
He married and had a son John, who had a daughter 
Isabel, who married William Morrison, farmer of 
Baloagie, on the Fairburn estate. 

4. The Rev. Donald, second son of Alexander 
of Inverinate by his second wife, Mary Mackenzie 
of Dochmaluag, and IX. in descent from Finlay 
Dubh Macorillechriosd, was for some time school- 
master at Fortrose, and became Vicar of Kintail in 
1681. He was an ardent Jacobite and Episcopalian, 
and at the revolution of 1688 he refused to conform 
to Presbytery, so that Kintail remained Episco- 
palian for at least another quarter of a century. His 
name is mentioned in a list of "Episcopal Ministers 
who enjoy Churches or Benefices in Scotland" in 
March, 1710, and of whom it is said ; " Some of them 
pray for the Pretender ; others do not refuse to pray 
for the Queen (Anne), and some pray only for their 
sovereign without naming anybody, but it is gen- 
erally thought they mean the Pretender." 1 The 

1 The Case of Mr Greenshields — printed in 1710. 


Rev. Donald and his family took a prominent part 
in the Rebellion of 1715, and he had two sons and 
a son-in-law killed at Sheriffmuir. He appears also 
to have been involved in the attempt which was 
made to revive the cause of the Stuarts in Kintail 
in 1719, and which ended in the defeat of the Jaco- 
bite party at the battle of Glenshiel, on the 10th of 
June in that year, for we read that his church was 
destroyed by the crew of one of the ships of war 
that sailed into Loch Duich at that time. 1 He died 
shortly afterwards, and with him ended the Epis- 
copal Church in Kintail. The Episcopal form of 
worship in the Highlands at this time differed very 
little, if any, from the Presbyterian form, as there 
appears to have been no prayer book used, so that 
the Rev. Donald would conduct his services after 
the abolition of Episcopacy and the establishment of 
Presbyterianism exactly as he did before. This no 
doubt explains to a great extent the apparent readi- 
ness with which the common people of those times 
seem to have passed from the one form of worship to 
the other. The leading men of Kintail, however, were 
not to be satisfied with the mere outward appear- 
ance of things. Many of them looked at the under- 
lying principles of their religion as well. The heavy 
loss sustained at Sheriffmuir, and the treatment to 
which they had so recently been subjected at the 
time of the Battle of Glensheil, had produced among 
them a particular dislike of the Whig party, with 
which Presbyterianism was so closely associated, and 
rather than conform to Presbyterianism, after the 

l Appendix E. 


death of the Rev. Donald Macrae, many of them 
joined the Roman Catholic Mission which had recently 
been established among them by the Rev. Alexander 
Macrae already mentioned. The Rev. Donald Mac- 
rae married Catherine Grant 1 of Glenmoriston, by 
whom he had issue. 

(l). Alexander, mentioned below. 

(2). Mr John, who married a daughter of the 
Laird of Chishohn, but left no issue. The Mr pre- 
fixed to his name suggests that he was a University 
graduate. He appears to have been well educated, 
and was tutor to Norman Macleod of Macleod, with 
whom he is said to have travelled abroad, and who 
settled on him and his heirs the sum of " 1000 
pounds Scots per bond." Mr John died in 1741, 
leaving this sum to his youngest brother, John Og. 

(3). Duncan married and left issue. 

(4). Colin ; (5). Christopher, both killed at 

(6). John Og, who, on the death of his father, 
and the final suppression of Episcopacy in Kintail, 
became a Roman Catholic, and was the fourth to 
join the mission referred to above. He died young, 

1 The tradition in Kintail is that this Catherine Grant was a daughter of 
John Grant, Laird of Glenmoriston, 1703-1736, commonly called Ian a 
Chragain, by his second wife, Janet, daughter of Sir Ewen Cameron of 
Lochiel. Janet died in 1759, aged 80 years. This places her birth in 1679, so 
that in 1715, the year of the Battle of Sheriffmuir, she was 36 years of age. 
Now, the Rev. Donald Macrae had two sons and a son-in-law killed at Sheriff- 
muir. These, according to the Kintail tradition, would be the grandchildren 
of Janet Cameron, who, at the time of their death, was only 36 years of age. 
The son-in-law (John of Conchra), who was killed at Sheriffmuir, left two 
children ; this would make Janet Cameron a great grandmother at the age of 
36, and, therefore, if the Rev. Donald was married only once, the probability 
is that Catherine Grant was a sister, and not a daughter, of Ian a' Chragain. 


and was attended by Father Farquharson of Strath- 
glass on his death-bed. He married Barbara Mac- 
rae, daughter of Farquhar, son of Christopher, son 
of Alexander of Inverinate, and by her had issue — 

(a). Isabella, who married Alexander Macrae 
of Achtertyre, of whom hereafter. 

(b). Helen, who married Duncan Macrae, Fa- 
doch, also mentioned hereafter. 

(c). Catherine, who married John Macrae, a 
descendant of John Breac, son of the E-ev. Farquhar 

(d). Christina, married with issue. 

John Og''s widow afterwards married Donald, son 
of the Rev. Finlay Macrae of Lochalsh, with issue. 

(7). Mary. 

(8). Isabella, who married, first, John Macrae 
of Conchra, who was killed at Sheriffmuir, and of 
whom hereafter. She is said to have married, 
secondly, Alexander Mackenzie of Applecross, son 
of John, who was killed at Sheriffmuir, and thirdly, 
George Mackenzie of Fairburn. 

(9). Katherine married Donald Macrae of Tor- 

On the other hand, it is stated in an old Genealogical Tree of the Macraes, 
that the Rev. Donald had a daughter, Mary, by " his first marriage with 
Chisholm's daughter." In that case, it may be possible that he was twice 
married, and that his second marriage was with Catherine, daughter of Ian a' 
Chragain. The disparity of their years, however, would be very great, and 
they might have had one child, John Og, mentioned below. This explanation 
may be regarded as not altogether improbable, as the tradition is certainly an 
old one, and was related to the writer in a very circumstantial manner by one 
of John Og's descendants, a man whose information he has invariably found 
reliable. Janet Cameron must have married at a very early age, and some of 
her descendants must have done so also, because we read that there were 
great-great-grandchildren at her funeral. 


(10). Christina married Donald Macrae of 
Morvich, son of Farquhar, son of Alexander of 

(x.) Alexander, eldest son of the Rev. Donald 
Macrae, appears to have lived at Ruroch in Kin- 
tail. He married Florence, daughter of Ewen Mac- 
kenzie Vll. of Hilton, by whom he had two sons — 

(1). Farquhar. 

(2). John, who married a daughter of Chisholm 
of Muckarach. His circumstances becoming reduced, 
he, along with many others from Kintail, emigrated 
to North Carolina in 1774, where he died, shortly 
after his arrival, from the bite of a snake, which he 
received while clearing some ground for a plantation. 
He left one son there, called John. 

Alexander had three daughters. 

(xi.) Farquhar, eldest son of Alexander, by 
Florence Mackenzie of Hilton, married, first, the 
widow of John Macrae of Achyark, by whom he had 
one daughter. He married, secondly, Margaret (or 
Mary), daughter of Duncan Macrae of Balnain, by 
whom he had three sons. 

(1). Christopher, a sergeant in the regiment 
which was raised by Lord Seaforth in 1778 (the 
78th, afterwards the 72nd). He served abroad, and 
died in India. He was the author of several Gaelic 
songs, which used to be very popular, and may still 
be heard in Lochalsh and Kintail. 

(2). Colin married with issue — Alexander and 
four daughters. 

(3). Alexander was tacksman of Inchcro, in 
Kintail. He married Mary, daughter of Duncan 


Macrae, Fadoch, who was descended from Miles, son 
of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae, with issue— 

(a). Christopher, who, along with his brother, 
was for some time tacksman of Inchcro. He was 
married, but died, without issue, in or near Dingwall 
about 1860. 

(b). Duncan, who died, unmarried, in New Zea- 
land about 1882. 

(c). A daughter, who married John Macrae, 
Dornie, who was commonly called Ian Dubh Nan 
Dorn (Black John of the Fists), so called from the 
extraordinary strength he possessed in his hands. 

5. Christopher, third son of Alexander of 
Inverinate and Mary Mackenzie of Dochmaluag, 
is mentioned hereafter. 

6. Farquhar, fourth son of Alexander of Inver- 
inate and Mary Mackenzie of Dochmaluag, lived at 
Morvich. He married with issue, one of whom — 

a. Murdoch, who is mentioned as taking a pro- 
minent part in the skirmish at Ath nam Muileach 
(the ford of the men of Mull), in Glenaffric, on the 
2nd October, 1721, when Donald Murchison of 
Auchtertyre, with about three hundred followers, 
met and repulsed William Ross of Easter Fearn, 
near Tain, who was proceeding to Kintail under the 
escort of a company of soldiers to collect rents on 
the Seaforth Estates on behalf of the Forfeited 
Estates Commissioners. 1 Murdoch married Mary, 
daughter of Farquhar X., and left with other issue — 

John, the celebrated Kintail poet, commonly 
called Ian Mac Mhurachaidh , whose Gaelic songs are 

1 Appendix E. 


still well known in Kintail and Lochalsh. These 
songs are of very high poetical merit, and this, 
together with the strong and effective local colour- 
ing they possess, helps to account for the deep 
and lasting impression which the poet made on 
his countrymen, and the prominent place which 
his name occupies among the traditions of Kintail. 
The poems deal chiefly with the pursuits and de- 
lights of such a country life as he himself led among 
his native glens and mountains, many of which he 
has invested with associations which must continue 
classic and sacred to his countrymen so long as any 
of them are left in Kintail to speak the Gaelic 
tongue. About 1770 a great many of the people 
of Kintail emigrated to America, and the poet 
resolved to seek his fortune there also. His friends 
endeavoured to persuade him to remain at home, 
but nothing could shake his resolution. It is said 
he was so greatly esteemed in the Highlands that, 
when his intention to leave the country became 
known, several neighbouring lairds offered him valu- 
able lands on their estates if he would only remain 
in the country. But the spirit of adventure was 
then abroad in Kintail, and, notwithstanding the 
prospects held out to him at home, the poet was 
as much as anyone under its influence. There are 
various traditions as to the motives which induced 
him to leave the country, but the chief motive was 
undoubtedly the adventurous desire to seek fortune 
in a new field beyond the Atlantic, as so many of 
his countrymen did at this time. On the day of his 
departure, many of his friends accompanied him to 


the heights of Auchtertyre inLochalsh, and the spot 
is still pointed out where he took his farewell of 
them. But things went hard with him in America. 
When the War of Independence broke out, he cast 
in his lot with the Loyalists, whose cause soon 
became the losing one, and, after sharing in the 
hardships and defeat of the British armies, he at 
last perished a fugitive among the primeval woods. 
During the time of his adversity in America, he 
composed several songs, which were brought back 
to Kintail, and in which he expresses with much 
beauty and pathos the yearning of his soul to return 
to the scenes and the friends of happier days. 1 He 
married before he left Kintail. It is doubtful who 
his wife was, but the tradition in Kintail is that she 
was Christina Macrae, daughter of Alexander Roy 
of the Torlysich family. 2 He had three sons, 
Charles, Murdoch, and Donald. He also had 
a daughter whom he left behind him a child in 
Kintail, and who afterwards married Finlay Mac- 
rae, who was schoolmaster at Fadoch, in Kintail, 
a grandson of the B,ev. Finlay Macrae, with 
issue, as already mentioned. 

b. Farquhar, called Farquhar Og (Farquhar the 
younger), had, with other issue, a son called Donald 
Ban, who had a son Murdoch, who had a son, the 
Bev. Donald Macrae, who was born in 1802, 

1 Appendix J. 

2 In Sir J. D. Mackenzie's genealogical tables of the Mackenzie*, it is 
stated that about this time Winifred Mackenzie, of the Dochmaluag family 
by her father and the Fairburn family by her mother, married John Macrae, 
a poet of Kintail. At all events, the poet lived on terms of the closest 
friendship with the Fairburn family. 


ordained a minister of the Free Church by the 
Presbytery of Lews in 1844, and died at Cross, in 
Lews, on the 15th November, 1876, with issue, six 

c Alexander is mentioned as taking part in the 
affair of Ath nam Muileach. He appears to have 
had a son John, who is also mentioned in connection 
with the same affair. 

d. Anne, married Alexander Mac Gillechriosd 
Macrae, in Strathglass, and had issue — Christopher ; 
Isabel, who married as his second wife Alexander 
Macra of Ardintoul ; Margaret, who married Dun- 
can MacAlister Mac Gillechriosd, and had a son a 

7. Murdoch, fifth son of Alexander of Inver- 
inate and Mary Mackenzie of Dochmaluag, came to an 
ultimely and tragic end. He was out hunting in 
Glenlic one day in the early winter, and, according 
to tradition, found a man stealing his goats. Hav- 
ing captured the thief, Murdoch was leading him 
along, but as they were passing the brink of a 
precipice called the Carraig (Rock), the prisoner suc- 
ceeded in pushing Murdoch over the rock, at the foot 
of which his body was found after a search of fifteen 
days. The death of Murdoch was such a myster- 
ious affair that there arose a belief in Kintail that 
the dark deed was the work of an evil spirit, 
and the spot where the body was found was 
long believed to be haunted, but it is said that, many 
years afterwards, an old man in Strathglass con- 
fessed on his deathbed that he was the murderer, 
and gave a full account of the event. Another 


version of the same tradition says that the goat- 
stealer was accompanied by his little grandson, who 
was a witness of the murder, and who afterwards 
went to America, where he lived to a very advanced 
age, and related the circumstances of the murder on 
his deathbed. The Glenlic hunt and the death of 
Murdoch occupy a very prominent place in the tradi- 
tions of Kintail. 1 Several elegies composed on the 
occasion have been preserved, and some of them are 
of a very high order. The traditions with regard to 
those elegies are somewhat vague, and it is not 
easy to arrive at definite facts, but some of them 
are believed to have been composed by John Mac- 
donald, Ian. Lorn, 2 the Lochaber Bard, who was the 
contemporary of the sons of Alexander of Inverinate. 
It is said that Ian Lom's life being at one time in 
danger in his own country, he fled for refuge to Kin- 
tail, where he was living with the Inverinate family 
at the time of Murdoch's death, and that on each of 
the fifteen days during which the search lasted, he 
composed an elegy. Another tradition says that 
some of the elegies were composed by Murdoch's 
brother, Duncan. In any case, the fragments that 
have been preserved are of great merit, and not un- 
worthy even of such poets as Ian Lom and Donnacha 
nam Pios. One of the elegies contains a verse in 
which all Murdoch's brothers are mentioned, except 

1 See chapter on legends and traditions of the clan. 

2 John Macdonald, or Ian Lorn (Bare John), was a celebrated Gaelic poet 
of the family of Keppoch. He was a personal friend and a devoted supporter of 
the Earl of Montrose. One of his chief productions is a descriptive poem on 
the victory gained by Montrose over the Earl of Argyll at Inverlochy, in 1645. 
Ian Lom died at a very advanced age about 1710. 


Alexander, who may possibly have died before : 

'S tuirseach do sbeachd braithrean graidh, 
Am parson ge h-ard a leugh, 
Thug e, ge tuigseach a cheaird, 
Aona bharr-tuirs air each gu leir. 

Bho thus dhiubh Dounachadh nam Pios. 
Gillecriosda, 's an dithis de'n chleir, 
Fearachar agus Ailean Donn, 
Uisdean a bha trom 'n ad dheigh. 1 

The parson mentioned in the first of these verses 
was undoubtedly Murdoch's brother — the Rev. 
Donald of Kintail, who, from the reference here made 
to him, seems to have written an elegy on this 
occasion, but the manner in which Donnacha nam 
Pios is mentioned would seem to imply that he 
himself was not the author, at all events of the 
poem from which these verses are quoted. 

Murdoch left a young widow, and at least two 
sons, who grew up and married with issue. 

8. Allan, sixth son of Alexander of Inverinate 
and Mary Mackenzie of Dochmaluag, left no male 

9. Hugh, seventh son of Alexander of Inverinate 
and Mary Mackenzie of Dochmaluag, will be men- 
tioned hereafter. 

10. Christina, daughter of Alexander of Inver- 
inate by his first wife, Margaret Mackenzie of Red- 
castle, married Alexander Matheson of Achtaytoralan, 
in Lochalsh, an ancestor of the Ardross family. 

l Sad are thy seven beloved brothers, — the parson though profound is his 
learning, — though his office is one of giving comfort, yet he surpassed the 
others in his grief. 

First among them is Duncan of the silver cups, then Christopher and the 
two clergymen, Farquhar, Allan of the auburn hair, and Hugh, who was sad 
after thee. 



IX. Duncan, called Donnachadh nam Pios. — His Character and 
Attainments. — Traditions about Him. — The Silver Herring. — 
The Oak Trees at Inverinate. — Duncan as a Poet. — The 
Fernaig Manuscript. — A Valuable Contribution to Gaelic 
Literature. — Religion and Politics of the Poems contained in 
it. — Professor Mackinnon's Estimate of Donnachadh nam Pios 
and his Work. — His Tragic End. — His Marriage and Family. — 
X. Earquhar. — His Marriage and Family. — XL Duncan. — His 
Marriage and Family. 

IX. DUNCAN, eldest son of Alexander of Inver- 
inate (VIII.), by his first wife, Margaret Mackenzie 
of Redcastle, was commonly known as Donnachadh 
nam Pi5s, which means Duncan of the silver cups, 
a name said to have been given to him probably be- 
cause of the magnificence of his table service. He 
was a man of high character, a poet, and a skilful 
mechanician, and many anecdotes and traditions 
illustrative of his attainments are still related about 
him in Kintail and Lochalsh. It is said that when 
he was a student in Edinburgh he assisted in 
forming a plan for bringing the water into that 
city. There is a tradition that on one occasion a 
strange ship had her mast broken in passing through 
Kyle Hea. The captain, unable to proceed any 
further, was advised to appeal to Duncan for help. 


Duncan took the matter in hand himself, and spliced 
the broken mast so skilfully that the joining could 
hardly be seen, and in return for this service the 
grateful captain gave him a silver herring, which 
remained for a long time an heirloom in the family, 
and which was commonly believed by the people of 
Kintail to possess the magic power of attracting 
herring into Loch Duich. It is also said that the 
oak trees at Inverinate were reared by him from 
acorns that he brought from France. There is 
reason, however, to believe that Duncan's trees have 
been cut down, and that the present trees are not 
so old as his time. 

It is, however, as a poet that Duncan achieved 
his greatest distinction. Fragments of poetry 
ascribed to him still survive orally among the people 
of Kintail, and Professor Mackinnon of Edinburgh 
University, has proved 1 beyond any reasonable 
doubt that he was the compiler of the Fernaig 
Manuscript and the author of many, if not of most, 
of the poems contained in it. This manuscript, 
which has recently been printed 2 consists of two 
small volumes of paper in pasteboard covers, about 
eight inches long and three broad. The two 
volumes together consist of one hundred and 
twenty-eight pages, of which about one hundred 
and five are closely and neatly written upon in 
the handwriting of the period. It contains about 

1 Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness, Volume XI. 

2 Reliquiae Celtics, left by the late Rev. Alexander Cameron, LL.D., 
edited by Alexander Macbain, M.A., and the Rev. John Kennedy, and pub- 
lished by the Northern Counties Newspaper and Printing and Publishing 
Company, Limited, Inverness, 1894. 


four thousand two hundred lines. It was com- 
menced in the year 1688, and the latest date 
mentioned in it is the year 1693. The spelling 
is phonetic and very difficult, if not quite un- 
readable, for one who is accustomed only to the 
modern Gaelic spelling. In addition to poems by 
Duncan himself, the manuscript contains poems also 
by writers who can easily be identified as his 
relatives and kinsmen, such as his great-grand- 
father, Macculloch of Park ; his father-in-law, Mac- 
leod of Raasay ; his brother, the Rev. Donald 
Macrae of Kintail. There are poems also by Bishop 
Carswell of the Isles ; Alexander Munro, teacher, 
Strathnaver, and others. The history of the 
manuscript from the time of the writer until the 
present century is unknown. In the year 1807, it 
was in the possession of Mr Matheson of Fernaig, 
father of the late Sir Alexander Matheson of 
Ardross. Hence the name by which it is now 
known. We afterwards find it in the possession of 
Dr Mackintosh Mackay, on whose death, in 1873, 
it was handed over to Dr W. F. Skene. It is 
now in the keeping of Mr Alexander Macbain, of 

The Fernaig Manuscript is a valuable contribu- 
tion to Gaelic literature, and next to the Dean of 
Lismore's book it is said to be the most important 
document we possess for the study of older Gaelic. 
But it possesses more than mere philological value. 
Its poetry, which is mainly religious and political, 
affords an agreeable glimpse of the religion and the 
politics of the remote Highlands at the time of the 


Revolution. In Politics the authors of these poems 
are Jacobites, in Religion they are ardent Episco- 
palians, and they evidently had a clear, intelligent, 
and comprehensive grasp of the great questions of 
the day, not simply as those questions affected their 
own local interests, but as they affected the 
kingdom as a whole. Though the poems deal with 
the state of the country in unsettled times of 
warfare and revolution, they nevertheless breathe, 
even against political and religious opponents, a 
spirit of kindly toleration which must afford, at 
all events to patriotic Highlanders, a pleasing 
contrast with the narrow bigotry and religious 
intolerance which formed so striking- a feature of 
this period in the south of Scotland. 

" He (Donnachadh nam Pios) was undoubtedly," 
says Professor Mackinnon, "a remarkable man and 
a character pleasant to contemplate. I have no 
reason to doubt that there were many like-minded 
Highland gentlemen living in those days — cultured, 
liberal, and pious men ; but undoubtedly Duncan 
Macrae, the engineer and mechanician, the ardent 
ecclesiastic, the keen though liberal-minded 
politician, the religious poet, and collector of the 
literature of his countrymen, is as different from the 
popular conception of a Highland Chief of the 
Revolution as can well be conceived. We have 
it on the testimony of Lord Macaulay that Sir 
Ewen Cameron of Lochiel was not only a great 
warrior, not only eminently wise in council, eloquent 
in debate, but also a patron of literature. It is a 
high character to attain in that rude age, and from 


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so severe a judge of Highlanders as Lord Macaulay 
undoubtedly was. Duncan Macrae did not possess 
the great gifts, mental and physical, of Eoghan 
Dubh. 1 With kindly exaggeration the English 
historian calls Lochiel the Ulysses of the Highlands. 
By no figure of speech would we be justified in 
claiming such a high sounding title as this for 
Donnachadh nam Pios. And yet, the Highland 
chief who, among the distractions of Civil War and 
in the scanty intervals of leisure wrested from a 
useful, honoured, and industrious life, sat down 
to compose Gaelic verse and to collect the poems 
composed by his countrymen and neighbours, is 
highly deserving of our affection and admiration. 
Such a man was Duncan Macrae. 

Altogether, the Fernaig Manuscript appears to 
me to be an important contribution to our stock 
of Gaelic literature ; the political and religious 
intelligence, the devout and tolerant spirit, the 
strong sense and literary power displayed by the 
various writers in rude and turbulent times, are 
creditable to our people, while the enlightened 
compiler is a Highland Chief of whom not only the 
Macraes, but all his countrymen, may well be 

d" 2 

But Duncan was not merely a mechanician and 
a poet, he was also a practical man of the world, 
and prospered in his affairs. His end, however, was 

1 Eoghan Dubh (Black Ewen) is the name by which Sir Ewen Cameron of 
Lochiel was usually known in Gaelic. 

2 Professor Mackinnon, on the Fernaig Manuscript in the Transactions of 
the Gaelic Society of Inverness, Volume XI. 


tragic. Having gone on one occasion to the " Low 
Country " to negotiate the purchase of the lands 
of Auric from The Chisholm, he was returning home 
accompanied by a single attendant, who possessed 
the fatal and involuntary power of causing anyone 
whom he might happen to see in the act of fording 
a river to be drowned. 1 The homeward journey was 
accomplished by Duncan and his servant without 
accident or mishap, until they reached Dorisduan in 
the Heights of Kintail. Here it was necessary to 
cross the River Conag, which happened to be in 
flood. The servant forded the river in safety, and 
then threw himself on his face on the ground lest he 
might chance to see his master in the water. Hav- 
ing remained in that attitude long enough, as he 
thought, for his master to gain the bank, he turned 
round and caught sight of his master, who was 
still struggling in the water, and who immediately 
lost his footing in the stream. Duncan succeeded, 
however, in recovering himself, and in getting 
sufficiently near the bank to seize hold of the 
branch of a tree, but the unfortunate servant, 
losing all presence of mind in his anxiety, still felt 

1 This fatal power was called, at all events in some parts of the Highlands, 
" Or na h'aoine " (the charm of the fast or of Friday), and was believed to he 
possessed by some men in Kintail within very recent times. A man well 
known to the author was, on one occasion about forty years ago, returning 
home from church, with his wife, on a wet afternoon, in Strathconon. They 
were accompanied by a shepherd from Kintail, and on the way they had to 
ford a stream which was in high flood. When they reached the stream the 
shepherd plunged in, waded to the other side, and then stood still on the 
opposite bank, with his back to the stream, until the other man and his wife, 
who had great difficulty in crossing, came up to him. The man, struck by the 
strange behaviour of the shepherd, said to him — " You were going to allow 
my wife and myself to get drowned without offering to help us." " Perhaps," 


constrained to look at his master, who vainly- 
struggled for some time to gain the bank, but finally 
lost his hold and was drowned. By this accident 
the family is said to have lost " much property," 1 as 
Duncan had valuable papers on his person at the 
time, and among them the title deeds of Affric. 
Many local traditions have grown round the death 
of Donnachadh nam Pios, and the sad and tragic 
event has been commemorated both by elegies and 
pibroch s. The exact date of Duncan's death is not 
known, but it was some time between 1693 and 

Duncan married Janet, daughter of Alexander 
Macleod, fifth laird of Raasay, and sister of John, 
sixth laird, commonly called Ian Garbh. Ian Garbh, 
who was drowned off the north coast of Skye while 
returning from a visit to the Lews, left no issue, 
and so the succession to the estates of Raasay came 
to Janet and her sister, Giles, who were served heirs 
in 1688. But Janet and her sister, being anxious 
to maintain the dignity of their own clan, resigned 
or sold their rights in 1692 to their cousin, Alex- 
ander Macleod, who succeeded as the seventh chief 

replied the shepherd, " it is a good thing for you and your wife that I did not 
offer to help you." The shepherd believed that he possessed the same fatal 
power as the servant who accompanied Donnachadh nam Pids, and that if he 
saw the man and his wife in the stream they would both be drowned. 

1 Though there seems to be no documentary evidence of this loss, yet 
Duncan undoubtedly held lands in the Chisholm country. There is a sasine on . 
charter of apprising under the Great Seal in favour of Duncan Macrae of 
Inverinate, of the lands of Meikle Comer, Comerroy, and others, in the parish 
of Kilmorack and shire of Inverness. At Edinburgh, 10th July, 1674, and 
sasine on 12th September, 1674, in presence of Christopher Macrae, in Beolak, 
in Kintail, and others. Alexander Macrae, in Achachaik (Achyark V). as Sheriff 
and Bailie in that part, gives sasine. 


of the family. It is said that the words of the 
satirical ditty known in the west of Ross-shire as 
Cailleach Liath Rasaidh (the greyhaired old woman 
of Raasay) were composed, on hearing of this trans- 
action, by a Kintail wit, who was probably zealous 
for the dignity of the Inverinate family, and had 
perhaps hoped that Raasay might come into their 
possession. Janet herself appears to have possessed 
poetic talent, and is said to have composed an elegy 
on the death of her husband. By her Duncan had 
issue — 

1. Farquhar, mentioned below. 

2. Kenneth, who was one of the ringleaders of 
the riot at Dingwall Church in 1704, which has been 
already referred to. He married and left issue. 

3. John married and left issue. There is a John 
Macrae of Inverinate mentioned as taking a pro- 
minent part in the affair of Ath nam Muileach, 
and this was probably the man. 

4. Margaret, who married the Rev. Finlay 
Macrae of Lochalsh, with issue, as already men- 

5. Another daughter, wmose name is not recorded. 
X. FARQUHAR, eldest son of Duncan IX., 

about whom very little is known, married, in 1694, 
Anne, daughter of Simon Mackenzie, first laird of 
Torridon, and died in 1711, with issue — 

1. Duncan, mentioned below. 

2. Christopher, who married and had issue, 
at least one son, Farquhar, called Ferachar Ban 
(Fair Farquhar) of Fadoch. He married Mary, a 
sister of Archibald Macra of Ardintoul. This Mary 


died shortly before the 6th June, 1823, after a 
married life of sixty-two years. Her husband was 
alive at the time of her death, but he was com- 
pletely blind and almost deaf with age. He died 
before 1826. They left issue — Hector; Duncan; 
Alexander, who appears to have been educated at 
at Aberdeen, and to have graduated M.A. in 1803 ; 
John ; and several daughters, one of whom, Isabel, 
w r as married to a Duncan Macrae, who was dead 
in 1826. 

3. John, who is said to have been a man of 
great physical strength, and of whom it is related 
that on one occasion, at Loch Hourn, he carried away 
from a boat, across the beach, a large barrel of salt 
under each arm, one of which a man of ordinary 
strength could, with difficulty, lift from the ground. 1 
John is witness to a sasine by his brother, Duncan 
Macrae of Inverinate, to Florence Mackenzie, his 
spouse, at Coul, 10th August, 1725. 

4. Janet, married Christopher Macrae, at Dru- 
daig, a descendant of the Rev. Donald, son of the 
Rev. Farquhar Macrae VII. 

1 The following extract from a letter written in Kintail in 1826 refers to 
this incident, and is worth quoting as an instance of the usual tendency to 
magnify the " good old days " : "I have heard my father remark that the 
people of his native country are much degenerated in strength, as many 
anecdotes, still well known, will show. One trial of strength he often spoke of 
as being particularly well authenticated. John Macrae, uncle to Farquhar 
Macrae, late Fadoch, was at Loch Hourn with Simon Murchison, brother of 
Alexander of Auchtertyre, when they observed a man carrying up salt from 
the seaside to the beach, a barrel at a time. ' Do you see,' says Macrae, ' that 
man is boasting,' He then went and took up a barrel under his arm. ' Will 
you,' says he, ' help me to take up this other to my haunch V Simon did so 
with very great difficulty, and Macrae swaggered away with both up to the 
beach. This was related to my father by the above Simon Murchison." 


5. Mary, who married Murdoch, son of Far- 

quhar Macrae of Morvich, and had, with other 

issue, John, the Kintail poet, already mentioned. 

6. Anne, who married Duncan Macrae, son of 

Donald, in Glensheil. 

XI. DUNCAN, eldest son of Farquhar X., was 
served heir on the 19th March, 1725. He married 
Florence, daughter of Charles Mackenzie of Cullen 
(Kilcoy family), by his wife, Florence, daughter of 
John Mackenzie, second laird of Applecross, and 
died in 1726, leaving issue — 

1. Farquhar, mentioned below. 

2. Anne, who married Captain Home and 
resided with him in France. Mrs Home is said 
to have been the first to bring tea to Kintail. The 
caddy in which the tea was brought is now in the 
possession of Mrs Mackenzie, of Abbotsford Park, 
Edinburgh, the great-granddaughter of Mrs Home's 
brother, Farquhar of Inverinate. 



XII. Farqnhar, Last of Inverinate. — His Marriages and Family. — 
Alexander. — -Captain Duncan Macrae and his Descendants. — 
Colonel Kenneth Macrae. — Jean married the Rev. John 
Macqueen of Applecross. — Her Descendants. — Dr John 
Macrae and his Descendants. — Dr Farqnhar Macrae. — 
Represents Colin Fitzgerald iii Benjamin West's Painting 
in Brahan Castle. — Killed in a Duel. — Madeline Married 
the Rev. John Macrae of Glensheil. — Her Descendants. — ■ 
Anne married Lachlan Mackinnon of Corriechafachan. — Her 
Descendants. — Florence married Captain Kenneth Mackenzie 
of Kerrisdale. — Her Descendants. — XIII. Colin. — His Marriage 
and Family. — XIV. John Anthony. — His Marriage and Family. 
— XV. Colin George. — His Marriage and Family. 

XII. FARQUHAR, son of Duncan XL, was the 
last of the family who held Inverinate and acted as 
Chamberlain of Kintail. Like so many more of his 
Clan, he was an ardent Jacobite, and narrowly 
escaped trouble in 1745. Considering all that the 
people of Kintail had suffered at the hands of the 
supporters of the House of Hanover, both in 1715 
and again in 1719, it is no matter for surprise that 
in 1745 they once more showed signs of strong 
Jacobite sympathies. It is said that, notwith- 
standing Seaforth's loyalty to the House of 
Hanover at that time, the army of the Prince was 
joined by a number of Macraes, not one of whom 


ever again returned to Kintail, and that Farquhar, 
who was then a very young man, was so strongly 
suspected of Jacobite sympathies that he was placed 
for some time under arrest. There is a tradition 
that on one occasion he was mistaken by a party of 
the King's soldiers for the Prince himself, who had 
recently passed a day or two in Kintail in the course 
of his wanderings after the battle of Culloden, and 
that they took him to Fort-William, where his 
mother succeeded in satisfying the authorities as to 
his identity, and so secured his release. Farquhar 
made some additions to the Rev. John Macrae's 
Manuscript History of the Clan, but those additions 
appear to have been limited to the merest outline of 
his own family. He married first, on the 22nd 
April, 1755, Mary, daughter of Alexander Mac- 
kenzie, eighth laird of Dochmaluag, on whose death 
he married, as his second wife, Elizabeth, widow of 
Richard Orel, of Inverness, and daughter of John 
Mackenzie, son of Alexander, seventh laird of 
Dochmaluag, by whom he had no issue. He died 
at Inverness in December, 1789, and was buried in 
Kintail. By his first wife, Farquhar left numerous 
issue — 

1. Alexander, born 10th May, 1756, and died 
unmarried in Demerara. 

2. Duncan, born 8th June, 1757. He received 
an Ensign's Commission in the 78th Highlanders, 
which was raised by Lord Seaforth in 1793, and 
served with that regiment in India. He was 
promoted Captain in 1797, and retired on half-pay 
in 1805. He was connected at various times with 


other regiments than the 78th. He died about 
1825. Captain Duncan is said to have been a man 
of very handsome personal appearance, a good 
Highlander, and a generous man. He married first, 
on the 4th August, 1784, Janet, daughter of Alex- 
ander Murchison of Tarradale. He married, as his 
second wife, Christina, daughter of the Rev. William 
Bethune of Kilmuir, Skye. By his first wife he had 
issue — 

a. Kenneth, born 19th May, 1785. He was 
educated at Kino-'s College, Aberdeen, and" went 
to London in 1803 "to be placed in a mercantile 
house." He was afterwards a planter in Demerara. 

b. Mary, born 20th August, 1786, died in infancy. 

c. Alexander, born 28th August, 1787. He was 
educated at Aberdeen, and was afterwards a planter 
in Demerara, where he ,was resident for half a 
century. He is the author of a "Manual of 
Plantership in British Guiana," which was published 
in 1856. Alexander married and left three daughters 
— Christina, Mary, and Flora — but no male issue. 
He died at Southampton in 1860 from the effects 
of an accident he met with on the homeward 
vova^e from Demerara. 

d. Mary and Margaret, born 1st February, 
1789, died in infancy. 

Captain Duncan had issue also by his second 
wife, as follows — 

e. John 

f. Duncan, who entered Aberdeen University 
in 1820, and attended for four sessions, but did not 
■graduate. He died unmarried in Demerara. 


g. Mary, who was born at Inverinate, and married 
Lieutenant- John Robertson- Macdonald of Rodel, in 
Harris, with issue, one daughter, Jane, unmarried. 

h. Jessie, who married Hector Mackinnon of the 
Island of Egg, with issue : — • 

hi. Duncan, died in Australia. 

h2. Lachlan also died in Australia. 

>£3. Jessie, who married a Mr Crawford. 

hi. Flora, who married a Mr Morrison, with 

h5. Alexandrina, who married a Mr Finlayson. 

i. Flora, who, on 2nd February, 1826, married 
Alexander Macdonald of Vallay, North Uist, with 
issue — 

it. Alexander Ewen, in Australia, married, with 

i2. William John, a Senator of Vancouver 
Island, married, with issue — Flora ; Edith ; Chris- 
tina ; Reginald, in the Royal Artillery ; William, in 
the Royal Navy ; Douglas. 

i3. Duncan Alexander Macrae, in Australia. 

ii. Colin Hector, in Australia, married, with 

i5. Duncan, in Australia. 

i6. Christina Mary, married the Rev. John 
William Tolmie, of Contin, with issue: — (1) John, 
married Alexandrina, daughter of Donald Macrae, 
Luskintyre, in Harris, son of the Rev. Finlay 
Macrae; (2) the Rev. Alexander Macdonald Cornfute 
of Southend, Kintyre ; (3) Margaret, married the 
Rev. Archibald Macdonald of Kiltarlity, joint author 
of the History of Clan Donald, with issue, Marion 


Margaret Hope ; Christina Mary ; Flora Amy Mac- 
ruari ; (4) Mary Macrae ; (5) Flora, married Charles 
Hoffman Weatherall, M.R.C.V.S., in India, with 
issue ; (6) Hugh Macaskill, in New Zealand ; (7) 
•Gregory, in New Zealand ; (8) Williamina Alex- 

i7. Harriet Margaret married Alexander Allan 
Gregory, of Inverness, with issue: — (1) Alexander, 
married Miss Stewart (of Murdostoun, Lanarkshire), 
with issue ; (2) Margaret Maclean, married Francis 
Foster, with issue ; (3) Harriett, married William 
Lindsay Stewart (of Murdostoun) ; (4) Catherine 
Christina, married Charles William Dyson Perrins, 
Esq. of Davenham, Worcestershire, and of Ardross 
Castle, with issue ; (5) William ; (6) Neil ; (7) 
Mary ; (8) John, in the Royal Navy ; (9) Reginald. 

iS. Mary Isabella married the Rev. Kenneth 
Alexander Mackenzie, LL.D., of Kingussie, with 
issue : — John, died young ; Mary Flora, married 
Walter Frederick Rodolph De Watteville, M.B., &c, 
•of Edinburgh University ; Elizabeth. 

3. Kenneth, born 16th July, 1758. He re- 
ceived a Commission in the old 78th, afterwards the 
72nd Highlanders, which was raised by the Earl of 
Seaforth in 1778. He afterwards served in the 
76th Foot, in which regiment he was promoted 
Major in 1795, and Lieutenant-Colonel in 
1804. He served with his regiment in India with 
much distinction. In one of his dispatches from 
India, dated 26th December, 1804, and giving an 
account of the capture of Deig, General Lake says : 
- — " I myself feel under the greatest obligation to 


Lieutenant-Colonel Macrae, to whose conduct on 
this occasion I attribute the ultimate success of the^ 
attack" (on Deig, on the 23rd December, 1804).. 
Colonel Kenneth also took a prominent part in the 
siege and capture of Bhurtpore in the following 
year. Among the casualties at the siege at Bhurt- 
pore, there was a Lieutenant D. Macrae of the. 76th 
killed, and a Lieutenant J. Macrae of the same 
regiment wounded, on the 21st January, 1805. 
Colonel Kenneth Macrae was afterwards Paymaster- 
General of Jamaica, where he died about 1814. He 
married a Miss Mackay in Jamaica, but left no issue. 

4. Jean, born 23rd August, 1759. She married, 
in 1781, the Be v. John Macqueen, of Applecross,. 
and died in 1847. She was called in Kintail " The 
Sunbeam of Tullochard " because of her beauty. 
She left issue — 

a. Donald, a planter in Demerara. 

b. John, a Major in the Army ; married a 
daughter of Judge Bliss, of New Brunswick, and 
left a son, John, a Lieutenant in the Rifle Brigade,, 
and other issue. 

c. George, a Captain in the Rifle Brigade. 

d. Archibald, who was Clerk of Arraigns in 
Demerara, and died unmarried. 

e. Dr Kenneth, H.E.I.C.S., married, but left no 
surviving- issue. 

f. Farquhar, a Captain in the Indian Navy,. 
married and left issue. 

g. Mary ; h, Jane ; i, Jessie ; Jc, Beatrice. 

5. John, born 3rd November, 1760, was a Doctor 
of Medicine, H.E.I.C.S. (Calcutta and Chittagong). 


He married the daughter of a Colonel Erskine, with 
issue — 

a. John, also a Doctor of Medicine, H.E.I. C.S., 
married and left one daughter. He died at Monghyr, 
in India, early in 1864. 

b. Farquhar, who was a Lieutenant in the Indian 
Army, served in the first Burmese War, 1824-6, 
and died in 1847. 

c. Ellen married Mr Lee Warner, without issue. 

d. Dora married James Fraser of Achnagairn, in 
Inverness-shire, with issue — 

d\. Dora, who married Robert Reid, brew T er, 
London, without issue. 

d'2. Jane, who married Eyre Lambert, without 

d3. Helen, who married, first, Huntly George 
Gordon Duff of Muirtown, with issue : — (l) Emily 
Dora, who died young ; (2) Georgina Huntly, who 
married Francis Darwin of Elston, Notts, and of 
Muirtown, Inverness, without issue. Helen mar- 
ried, secondly, Charles Middleton of Middleton 
Lodge, Ilkley, Yorkshire, with issue ; (3) Charles 
Marmaduke ; (4) Reginald Charles ; (5) Lionel 
George ; (6) Mary Hilda. 

e. Georgina, who married, 3rd March, 1831, 
Edmund Currie of Pickford, Sussex, with issue — 

el. The Very Rev. Edward Reid Currie, D.D., 
Dean and Vicar of Battle, in Sussex, married, first, 
Geraldine Dowdeswell, only child of Richard Tyrrell, 
Esq., with issue; Edward George. He married, 
secondly, Frances Emma, only daughter of the Rev. 
William Frederick Hotham. 


e2. Georgina married Sir Augustus ■ Rivers 
Thompson, K.C.S.I., Lieutenant Governor of Bengal. 

e3. Eliza Fredrica married George William 
Moultrie, of the Bank of Bengal. 

ei. Mary Catherine. 

e5. Dora married Nathaniel Stewart Alexander, 
Bengal Civil Service. 

6. Charles, born 26th June, 1762, died young. 

7. Farquhar, born 30th March, 1764. He was 
a Doctor of Medicine, and was appointed Medical 
Officer to Lord Macartney's Embassy to China in 
1792-4. He was afterwards killed in a duel Math a 
Major Blair in Demerara in 1802. He left no issue. 
He is said to have been " handsome and comely in 
personal appearance, and strong in proportion." 
His portrait is represented as Colin Fitzgerald, 
the reputed founder of the House of Seaforth in 
Benjamin West's celebrated deer hunt painting in 
Brahan Castle. There is an interesting tradition 
with regard to the manner in which Farquhar came 
to be chosen as the model for Colin Fitzgerald. It 
is said that the artist accidentally saw him one day 
in Hyde Park, and, being struck by his appearance, 
asked him if he would sit as a model for the founder 
of the House of Seaforth, which he readily consented 
to do. Farquhar was not only a native of the 
ancestral country of the Seaforths, but was also 
closely related to that family, and it is a remarkable 
fact that he should have struck the artist, to whom 
he is said to have been a perfect stranger, as a 
suitable representative for the hero of the painting. 

8. Madeline, born 2nd October, 1765. She 


married, on the -27th June, 1782, the Rev. John 
Macrae, M.A., minister of Glensheil, and died on the 
21st January, 1837. The Rev. John Macrae, who 
was a native of the neighbourhood of Dingwall, was 
educated at Aberdeen. He was ordained to the 
parish of Glensheil in 1777, and died there in 1823, 
.aged seventy-five years. By him Madeline had 
issue — 

a. Alexander, born in 1783, died young. 

b. Mary, born in 1785, married in 1814, Donald 
Munro (of the family of Lealty, in Ross-shire), and 
died in 1844, leaving issue — 

bl. Madeline, who married the Rev. Alexander 
Fraser Russell, M.A., Free Church minister of Kil- 
modan, in Argyleshire, with issue : — (1) Sir James 
Alexander Russell, M.D., LL.D., &c, Lord Provost 
•of Edinburgh, 1891-94. He married Marianne Rae, 
■daughter of James Wilson, Esq., of Edinburgh, and 
niece of Professor Wilson (Christopher North), with- 
out issue; (2) The Rev. John Munro Russell, M.A., 
B. D., minister of the Scottish Church, Cape Town. 
He married Nancy Eliza, daughter of the Rev. 
Robert Elder, D.D., Free Church minister of Rothe- 
;say, with issue — Alexander Fraser ; Robert Elder ; 
Madeline Mary ; Ian Robson ; (3) Donald George, a 
tea planter in India, died in Edinburgh in 1897 ; 
{4) William John, M.B., died at Wandsworth in 
1883; (5) Duncan Kenneth Campbell, a Civil 
Engineer ; (6) Tindal Mackenzie, died young ; (7) 
Alexander Fraser, M.A., M.B., &c, Army Medical 
Department, married Laura Charlotte, daughter of 
•Colonel Frederick Presoott Forteath of Newton, 


Elginshire, with issue — James Forteath, Margaret 
Marianne; (8) Mary Florence Beatrice, died young. 
62. Isabella, now (1897) residing at Abbotsford 
Park, Edinburgh, married John Mackenzie, Leguan, 
British Guiana, with issue: — (1) Gilbert Proby,. 
Surgeon - Major Indian Medical Service, married- 
Jane Scott, and died in 1890, leaving issue — John, 
Indian Staff Corps ; Thomas Rennie Scott ; George- 
Kenneth; Isabella; Emma; Gilbert Proby ; (2) Donald 
George, Captain, Indian Staff Corps, married Mary 
Ruth, daughter of Captain G. M. Prior, P. A., and 
died in India in 1885, leaving issue — Isabella 
Florence Ruth ; Ethel Lucy; (3) Charles Tindal. 
Grant, died young. 

6-3. John died unmarried in Australia. 

64. Anne married Allan Cameron, with issue. 

65. Christina Flora married George Ross in 
Demerara, with issue. 

66. Donald married Maggie Muir, with issue. 

c. Isabella, born 1786, married John Campbell,, 
farmer, Duntulm, in Skye, and died in 1849, leaving 
numerous issue. 

d. Florence, born 1788, married Duncan Macrae- 
of the Torlysich family, and died in 1865, with 
issue, one son, Francis Humberston, who married 
in Tasmania, and left issue, two sons and one- 

e. Beatrice, born 1790, married the Rev. Alex- 
ander Campbell, minister of Croy, and died in 1877,. 
with issue — 

el. Rev. Patrick Campbell, minister of Kil- 
learnan, in Ross-shire, died unmarried. 


e2. Madeline married James M'Inroy, with issue. 

e3. Jane married the Rev. James M. Allardyce,. 
D.D., minister of Bowden, in Roxburghshire, with 
issue, one son, who died young. 

e4. Duncan died in Calcutta. 

e5. Charlotte married Captain. Hamilton,, 
H.E.I.C.S., with issue, one son, Dr Archibald 

e6. Rev. Colin A. Campbell, minister of Lyne,. 

f. Duncan, born 1796, died in Florida. 

g. Christina, born 1798, married Lieutenant 
Farquhar Macrae of the 78th Highlanders, Torly- 
sich family, of whom hereafter. 

h. Rev. John Macrae, born 21st November, 
1799. He succeeded his father as minister of 
Glensheil in 1823, became minister of Glenelg in 
1840, and died on the 7th July, 1875. He married 
in 1826 Jamesina Fraser, daughter of Norman 
Macleod of Ellanriach, Glenelg, and by her, who 
died in 1852, he had issue — 

hi. John Kenneth, who was Deputy-Commis- 
sioner at Rangoon, and married Elizabeth Dunbar, 
with issue ; John Dunbar ; Norman Farquhar ; 
Hugh ; Madeline ; Catherine ; Florence. 

h2. - Norman James, an Indian missionary, mar- 
ried Jessie, daughter of Dr John Junor, Peebles r 
without issue. 

7i3. Alexa married Hugh Bogle, Esq., of Glasgow,, 
with issue : — (l) Margaret Kennedy married Frank. 
Crossman ; (2) Madeline Macrae married Harry 
Calthorpe, with issue ; (3) Gilbert married Alic& 


•Galloway, with issue ; (4) John Stewart Douglas ; 
{5) William Lockhart, a distinguished artist, whose 
paintings of Highland subjects are well known at 
the annual exhibitions of the Royal Academy. He 
is married to Margaret, daughter of Peter Maclean 
of Dunvegan, Skye ; (6) Rosalind De Vere ; (7) 
Mary limes married George Kynoch ; (8) Norman 
Archibald died in Burmah in 1894. 

hi. Madeline Charlotte married the Rev. Colin 
A. Campbell, minister of Lyne, Peeblesshire, without 

hb. Forbes. h6. Catherine Christina Sibella. 

i. Kenneth, born in 1802, died unmarried in 

9. Anne, born 21st March, 1768, married in 
1794 Lachlan Mackinnon, Esq. of Corriechatachan, 
in Skye, who died in 1828, aged 56 years, leaving 
issue — 

a. Lachlan, who married, first, Catherine, 
daughter of Duncan Macdougall of Ardentrive, by 
whom he had issue, five daughters, one of whom 
married Archibald Roberts Young, of the Bengal 
Civil Service, with issue. He married, secondly, 
Charlotte, daughter of General Sir John Hope, 
without surviving issue. 

b. Anne, who in 1815 married the Rev. John 
Mackinnon, minister of Strath, in Skye, with 
issue — 

hi. The Rev. Donald Mackinnon, D.D., also 
minister of Strath. He married, first, Flora, 
•daughter of Dr Farquhar Mackinnon of Kyle, in 
Skye, and secondly, Emma Flora, daughter of 


Colonel William Macleod, of the Madras Army, 
and by her had issue — John William Macleod ; 
Lachlan Kenneth Scobie ; Donald ; Charles John ; 
Archibald ; Godfrey William Wentworth ; Emma 
Flora ; Annie Emily. 

62. Lachlan, of Melbourne, in Australia, and of 
Elfordleigh, in Devonshire, who was one of the 
original founders of The Melbourne Argus. He 
married, first, Jane, daughter of Robert Mont- 
gomery, of Belfast, and secondly, Emily, daughter 
of Lieutenant Bundock, R.N. 

53. John Murray Macgregor of Ostaig House, 
Skye, who married Christina, widow of Archibald 
Smith, Esq. 

64. Charles Farquhar, of Melbourne, Australia, 
died unmarried. 

65. Surgeon-General Sir William Alexander 
Mackinnon, K.C.B., LL.D., &c, Knight of the 
Legion of Honour in France, &c, who was born in 
1830, and educated at Edinburgh and Glasgow 
Universities. He joined the army in 1853, and 
was appointed Assistant-Surgeon to the Forty- 
Second Highlanders. He served with that regi- 
ment during the Crimean War, being present at 
Alma, Balaclava, Kertch, and Sebastopol, for which 
he received the medal with three clasps ; was 
appointed Knight Commander of the Legion of 
Honour ; and received the Turkish medal. He 
afterwards served on the personal staff of Lord 
Clyde in the Indian Mutiny in 1857, taking part 
in the campaigns of Rohilcund and Oude, and in the 
actions of Bareilly and others. He served in New 


Zealand from 1862 to 1866 as Surgeon of the Fifty - 
■Seventh Regiment ; was appointed Sanitary Officer 
and Field-Surgeon to the New Zealand forces, and 
was present at various engagements. For these 
services he received the Companionship of the 
Bath. He was Assistant-Professor of Clinical and 
Military Surgery at the Army Medical Hospital 
from 1867 to 1873. In 1874, he was appointed 
principal Medical Officer in the Ashantee War, and 
was promoted to be Deputy-Surgeon-General. He 
was principal Medical Officer also at Aldershot and 
Colchester, and in China, Malta, and Gibraltar, and 
is Honorary Surgeon to the Queen. In 1889, he 
attained the highest rank in his profession, being 
appointed in that year Director-General of the 
Army Medical Department. In 1891, he was 
created a Knight Commander of the Bath, and 
finally, after forty-three years of service, retired 
from the army on the 7th May, 1896. His career 
has thus been one of great distinction. Lord Clyde, 
General Sir Duncan A. Cameron, and others have 
borne the strongest testimony to his fearless and 
efficient devotion to duty on active service ; and on 
the 3rd July, 1894, the Secretary for War declared 
in Parliament that " there could be no more efficient 
or just chief of the Army Medical Department than 
Sir William Mackinnon." 1 

b6. Colin Macrae married Anne, daughter of 
Robert Saunders Webb, Esq., with issue. 

b7. Godfrey Bosville, of Melbourne, Australia, 

1 A portrait and biographical sketch of Sir William Mackinnon appeared in 
the Celtic Monthly for August, 1896. 


married Maggie, daughter of Charles Macdonald, 
Esq. of Ord, Skye, with issue : — John ; Annie ; 
Mary Anne ; Charles Macdonald ; William ; Neilly. 

b8. Ann Susan, died young. 

69. Mary Jane, died young. 

hlO. Catherine Charlotte, died in 1890. 

611. Louisa Houptoun, . married John Henry 
■Stonehouse Lydiard, son of Admiral Lydiard, B.-.N., 
with issue, and is now living* - in Melbourne. 

5 12. Flora Downie, now of Duisdale House, 

c. Mary, married Lieutenant-Colonel Duncan 
Mackenzie, with issue : — George and Lachlan, both 
in the Indian Service. 

d. Charles, married Henrietta, daughter of Cap- 
tain Studd, H.E.I.C.S., with issue — 

dl. Victoria, married Major- General Colin Mac- 
kenzie, of the Indian Army, with issue : — (l) Colin 
John, Major 2nd Battalion Seaforth Highlanders 
(Ptoss-shire Buffs). He served in the Egyptian 
Campaign, the Burmese Campaign, the Black Moun- 
tain Expedition, and the Hunga Nagar Campaign 
in Cashmere. (2) Charles Alexander ; (3) Bonald 
Pearson, M.D.; (4) Mary Charlotte ; (5) Henrietta 
Studd ; (6) Victor Herbert, of the British East 
Africa Company, died in 1892 ; (7) Kenneth 
Lascelles; (8) Frederick William, B.N.; (9) Henry 
Studd; (lO)Morna; (11) Annie Stuart. 

c/2. Anne, married General John Stewart, of the 
Indian Army. 

d3. .Flora Jane, married Dr Clarke, of the Indian 
Army, with issue. 


c?4. Harriet, married Colonel Prinsep, of the 
Indian Army, with issue. 

c/5. Jessie, married Captain Poynter, with issue. 

d6. Mary, married Captain Murray, with issue. 

d7. Susan Margaret, married, in 1877, Algernon 
St Maur, fifteenth Duke of Somerset. 

dS. Henrietta, married a Mr Sargent, with issue. 

e. Farquhar, Lieutenant H.E.I.C.S., died at the 
Cape of Good Hope in 1825. 

f. Flora, died unmarried. 

g. Margaret, married Captain D. Macdonald, of 
the 42nd Highlanders, with issue : — 

gl. Farquhar; g2 Archibald; gS Lachlan ; gi 

gb. Catherine, married, first, Donald Reid, Esq., 
and secondly, General Macleod. 

g6. Ann Mary, married M. H. Court, Esq., of 
Castlemans, Berks. 

h. Alexander Kenneth, married, first, Flora, 
daughter of the Rev. Alexander Downie, D.D., of 
Lochalsh, with issue — 

hi. Alister, died in India in 1860. 

h2. Annabella, married Admiral Rutherford, 

Alexander Kenneth married, secondly, Barbara, 
daughter of Captain Daniel Reid, R.N., with issue — 

h3. Flora Downie. hi. Catherine. 

h5. Annie Flora, married Robert Currie, 
H.E.I.C.S., with issue. 

h6. Charlotte. 

h7. Lachlan Charles, of The Melbourne Argus, 
married, as his second wife, Emily Grace Bundock 


Mackinnon, adopted daughter of his cousin, Lachlan 
Mackinnon, of Elfordleigh, with issue. 

A8. Daniel, died unmarried. 

h9. Charles, married Constance, daughter of 
Colonel Wright, with issue. 

hlO. Thomas Mackenzie. 

i. Kenneth, a Doctor H.E.I.C.S., married Jessie, 
daughter of Captain Kenneth Mackenzie, of Kerris- 
dale, with issue — 

il. Catherine Mary, married Robert Scott Mon- 
crieff, with issue : — (1) Jessie Margaret, married 
George Scott Monerieff, Sheriff of Inverness, with 
issue — Colin ; John. (2) Charlotte, married Charles 
Watson, grandson of the Rev. Thomas Chalmers, 
D.D., with issue ; (3) Susan ; (4) Mary Catherine, 
married Wellington Ray, MA., with issue; (5) 
Robert Lawrence, in Buenos Ayres, married 
Victoria Troutbeck ; (6) Kenneth, an electrical 
engineer in India ; (7) William Elmslie, Indian 
Medical Service; (8) Catherine, B.A., of London 
University ; (9) David. 

i2. Flora Anne, married Major John Ross, of 
Tilliscorthy, Aberdeenshire, with issue : — (1) John, 
British Consul, Fiji Islands ; (2) Alexander, British 
Consul at Biera ; (3) Helen, married W. J. Bundock 
Mackinnon ; (4) Jessie ; (5) Charles ; (6) Robert. 

iS. t Jessie, married Dr A. Halliday Douglas, 
Edinburgh, with issue : — (1) Kenneth Mackinnon, 
M.D., married Florence Amy Leslie, with issue — 
Jessie Margery ; Kenneth ; Archibald. (2) Rev. 
Andrew Halliday Douglas, M.A., Presbyterian 
minister, Cambridge, married Isabel Lumsden Love, 


with issue ; Margaret Isabel Mackinnon ; (3) Charles 
Mackinnon, D.Sc, Lecturer, Edinburgh University, 
married Anne Tod. 

ii. Charles Kenneth, Colonel in the Indian Army, 
married Miss Broadfoot. 

id. Kenneth Hector, died unmarried. 

j. Jessie, married Hugh Macaskill, of Mornish. 

h. Johanna, married the Rev. James Morrison, 
of Kintail, with issue — ■ 

hi. Iiev. Roderick Morrison, born 1839, also 
minister of Kintail, who died at Kintail Manse 11th 
June, 1897. 

h2. Annie, married William Dick, Esq. 

h2>. Jane. 

I. Susannah and Jane (twins), died unmarried. 

10. Hector, born September, 1722, died young. 

11 Florence married Captain Kenneth Mac- 
kenzie of Kerrisdale, in Gairloch, younger son of 
Sir Alexander Mackenzie, third baronet of Gairloch, 
with issue — 

a. Alexander, a Captain in the 58th Regiment, 
married Ellen, daughter of William Beibly, M.D., 
President of the College of Physicians, Edinburgh, 
with issue — 

al. Kenneth, a planter in Bengal. 

a2. William, Deputy Postmaster-General in 
India — retired. 

aS. Julius, an engineer in Birmingham, married, 
with issue. 

#4. Frank, a planter in India, married, with 

b. Hector died unmarried in Java. 


c. Farquhar went to Victoria, where he married 
and left issue: — Hector; John; Violet ; Mary; Flora. 

d. Jean married William H. Garrett, of the 
Indian Civil Service, with issue — 

dl. Edward. d2. William. 

dS. Eleanor, married, first, Dr Calder, H.E.I.C.S., 
with issue : — (1) William, died without issue ; (2) Ed- 
ward, Captain, Mercantile Service, married, with issue. 

Eleanor married, secondly, Gershom Gourlay, 
Esq., of the firm of Gourlay Brothers, engineers, 
Dundee, with issue ; (3) Henry, of the firm of 
Gourlay Brothers ; (4) Jane, died young ; (5) 
Miriam, died young; (6) Frederick, a civil engineer, 
married Acmes, daughter of the Venerable Arch- 
deacon John Edward Herring, with issue ; (7) 
Florence, died young ; (8) Charles, of the firm of 
Gourlay Brothers, married Fanny Gordon ; (9) 
Morris, died young ; (10) Margaret, married J. 
Campbell Penney, with issue; (11) Kenneth Mac- 
kenzie, married Grace, daughter of D. M. Watson 
of Greystone, with issue ; (12) Frank, a Doctor of 

c#4. Flora died young. d5. Emily. 

d6. Elizabeth married James Bell, Esq., Dundee, 
with issue : — (1) James, merchant in Dundee, mar- 
ried, with issue ; (2) Morris, a civil engineer, 
married, with issue ; (3) Grace married, with issue ; 
(4) Jane married, with issue ; (5) Thomas ; (6) 
William ; (7) Son. 

e. Mary married, first, Dr Macleod, Dingwall, 
without issue, and secondly, Murdo Mackenzie, 
Calcutta, also without issue. 


f. Christian Henderson married John Mackenzie, 
solicitor, Tain, a son of George Mackenzie, third of 
Pitlundie, with issue : — George ; Kenneth. 

g. Jessie married Dr Kenneth Mackinnon, of the 
Corriechatachan family, H.E.I.C.S., Calcutta. 

12. Colin, of whom next. 

XIII. COLIN, youngest son of Farquhar Macrae 
of Inverinate and Mary Mackenzie of Dochmaluag, 
was born on the 14th March, 1776. He was a 
merchant and planter in Demerara, where he rose to 
a position of importance and prominence. He was 
Colonel Commandant of the Colonial Militia, a 
member of the Colonial Legislation, and one of the 
negotiators of the cession of Demerara to England 
after the Peace of 1814. He married Charlotte 
Gertrude, daughter of John Cornelius Vandenheuvel, 1 
Esq., of Demerara, who was for some time Governor 
of that Colony when it belonged to the Dutch, and 
by her had issue, as below. Colin died in Edin- 
burgh on the 25th October, 1854. 

1. Charlotte married Captain Edward Brook 
Vass, with issue :— Charlotte Gertrude ; Catherine 
Murat ; Maria Cornelia. 

1 The Vandenheuvel family came originally from Germany, which they 
were obliged, to quit at the time of the Reformation in consequence of their 
adhesion to the Protestant cause. This they did, however, with the permis- 
sion of the Emperor Charles V., and settled for a time in Brabant. Shortly 
afterwards the head of the family rendered an important military service to 
the Emperor, for which he received a patent of nobility, the addition of a 
sword to his coat-of-arms, and a medal which was recently, and is probably 
still, in the possession of his descendants. One of his sons eventually returned 
to Germany, and, having made profession of the Roman Catholic religion, he 
obtained possession of the old family estates. The eldest son, however, 
remained in the Netherlands, and from him was descended in a direct line the 
said John Cornelius Vandenheuvel, of Demerara. 


2. Farquhar, drowned in 1838 off Cape Hatteras, 
in America, while trying to rescue another man. 

3. Maria Cornelia married Dr James Sewell, 
son of Chief Justice Sewell, of Quebec, with issue — 
James ; Justine ; Colin ; Edward ; Hope ; Horace. 

4. John Anthony, who succeeded as representa- 
tive of the Inverinate family, and of whom hereafter. 

5. Colin Wilson married Louisa Elliott, without 

6. Justine Henriette married, 26th December, 
1833, Horatio Ross, Esq. of Rossie, Forfarshire, and 
Wyvis, Ross-shire, Captain in the 14th Light 
Dragoons, and some time M.P. for Aberdeen and 
the Montrose Burghs. She died at Southsea in 
1894, leaving issue — 

a. Horatio Senftenberg John, Esq., of the Indian 
Civil Service, married Caroline Latour St George, 
daughter of Sir Theophilus St George, Bart., with 

b. Hercules Grey, Esq., of the Indian Civil 
Service, who distinguished himself during the Indian 
Mutiny, married, with issue. 

c. Colin George, Esq., sometime of Wyvis, and 
later of Gruinards, Ross-shire, married, with issue. 

d. Edward Charles Russell, who was winner of 
the Queen's prize at the first Wimbledon Meeting 
in 1860, Chairman of the Board of Lunacy, &c, 
married Margaret Seymour Osborne, with issue. 

e. The Rev. Robert Peel, a clergyman of the 
Church of England, some time Rector of Drayton 
Bassett, in Staffordshire, married with issue. 

7. Alexander Charles, M.D., formerly In- 


spector-General of Hospitals, Army Medical Depart- 
ment, married Charlotte Reid, with issue — 

a. Fanny Catherine Ousley married on the 26th 
April, 1866, Robert George, son of Sir Frederick 
Larkins Currie, Bart., and died on the 17th 
September, 1870, leaving issue, a son and two 

b. Charles Colin, born 1843, M.A. University 
College, Oxford, barrister-at-law in London, and of 
Oakhurst, Oxted, Surrey, formerly Secretary of the 
Legislative Council of Bengal, married Cecilia, 
daughter of Samuel Laing, Esq., M.P., with issue — 
Charles Alexander ; Frank Laing. 

c. Louisa. 

Isaac Vandenheuvel, born 12th June, 1819, 
a clergyman of the Church of England, and now 
(1897) Vicar of Brassington, in Derbyshire. He 
married Elizabeth Johnson, with issue — 

a. Christina Elizabeth married, 6th September, 
1894, John Eaton Fearn, with issue — Francis; 
Russel Colin. 

b. Colin John. 

9. Robert Campbell married, 25th October, 
1853, Jane Eliza, eldest daughter of Vice- Admiral 
Mark John Currie, and died 11th February, 1896, 
leaving issue — 

a. Farquhar Campbell. 

b. Mark Reginald married Nancy Dill, with issue. 

c. Junita Gertrude married Harry William Antill, 
with issue. 

d. Justine Alice married William Mathias Lan- 


e. Harold John married Maggie von Broda. 

/ Colin Tisdall. 

g. Horace Duncan died unmarried in 1885. 

h. Marshall. 

*. Hilda married William Arthur Warwick Her- 
ring, with issue. 

j. Mary Edith married Peter Felix Mackenzie- 
Richards, with issue. 

10. Margaret Elizabeth married John Ken- 
nedy, Esq., of Underwood, Ayrshire, and died in 
1893, leaving issue — 

a. John, D.L. for County of Ayr, W.S., and a 
Parliamentary solicitor, Westminster, married and 
has issue. 

b. Neil James, B.A., LL.B. and advocate in 
Edinburgh, married 10th September, 1895, Eleonora 
Agnes, only surviving child of Robert William 
Cochran Patrick, Esq. of Woodside and Ladyland, in 
the County of Ayr, some time M.P. for North Ayr- 
shire, on whose death, in 1897, Mrs Kennedy having 
succeeded to the estates, Mr Neil J. Kennedy 
assumed the name of Cochran Patrick. 

c. Charlotte Maria died unmarried, 1896. 

d. Justine Henriette married, 1884, Alan John 
Colquhoun, C.B., son of John Colquhoun, author of 
" The Moor and the Loch," a nephew of the late Sir 
James Colquhoun of Luss, Bart. He was formerly 
Captain in " The Black Watch," and is now (1897) 
Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding the Duke of Edin- 
burgh's Own Edinburgh Artillery Militia, and has 

e. Elizabeth Theodora Mary married John 


William M'Kerrell Brown, of the Bank of Scotland, 

f. Adelaide Emily Jane. 

XIV. JOHN ANTHONY, LL.D., Esquire of 
Wellbank, Forfarshire, J. P., and a Writer to the 
Signet in Edinburgh, second son of Colin XIII. , 
was born on the 1st February, 1812. Mr Macrae 
raised the first Volunteer Company in Scotland in 
1859, and, at his death, was Major of the Queen's 
R.V. Brigade. He married Joanna Isabella Maclean, 
daughter of John Maclean of Dumfries estate, in 
the Island of Carriacou, West Indies, and died on 
the 23rd May, 1868, leaving issue — 

1. John Anthony, born 23rd November, 1842 ; 
died 5th March, 1852. 

2. Colin George, of whom below. 

3. Horatio Boss, Esquire of Clunes, 1 Inverness- 
shire, is a Justice of the Peace for the County of 
Inverness, a Writer to the Signet in Edinburgh, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Queen's Bifle Volunteer 
Brigade. He married Letitia May, daughter of Sir 
William Maxwell of Cardoness, Bart., with issue — 
Alexander William Urquhart, born 18th April, 

4. Jessiclora married in 1884, Sir William 
Francis Maxwell of Cardoness, Bart., Kirkcudbright- 
shire, with issue — 

William Francis John, born 7th Jul) 7 , 1885 ; 
Joanna Mary ; Dorothea Letitia May. 

1 Mr Macrae's estate of Clunes is situated in the district which, according 
to tradition, was the original home from which the Macraes migrated to 
Kintail. — See Chapter I. 


XV. COLIN GEORGE, eldest surviving son of 
John Anthony XIV., is now the lineal representa- 
tive of the Macraes of Inverinate, and is fifteenth in 
descent from Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd, the 
founder of the Clan Macrae of Kintail. He was 
born 30th November, 1844, is a Writer to the Signet 
in Edinburgh and a Justice of the Peace for the 
City of Edinburgh and for the County of Forfar. 
He was educated at the Edinburgh Academy and at 
the University of Edinburgh, where he had a dis- 
tinguished career and graduated Master of Arts. 
As a student, he was for two years President of the 
University Conservative Club, and since his entry 
upon public life has taken a prominent part in the 
affairs of his native city. At the present time 
(1897) he is Chairman of the School Board of Edin- 
burgh, a position which he has occupied for the past 
seven years with conspicuous success and with the 
cordial support of his follow- citizens. 1 He is also a 
loyal member and supporter of the Church of Scot- 
land, in connection with which he has done much 
active and valuable work, having sat in the General 
Assembly almost continuously for twenty years. 
His interest in the Highlands, and more especially 
in young Highlanders coming to Edinburgh, has 
always been great, and has frequently been shown 
in a kindly and practical manner. 2 Mr Macrae 

1 . . . He ia a man who, as an educationist, has done much sterling and 
unselfish work for the city, and his opinions must command respect even from 
those who disagree with him. . . . It is undeniable that the Edinburgh 
Board has done admirable public work, and never more than in the time of 
Mr Macrae himself. . . . — The Scotsman, 19th February, 1897. 

2 A portrait and biographical sketch of Mr Colin George Macrae appeared 
in The Celtic Monthly for November, 1896. 


married, 23rd June, 1877, Flora Maitland, daughter 
of John Colquhoun, Esq., author of the well-known 
work entitled " The Moor and the Loch," and has 
issue — 

1. John Anthony, born 19th May, 1883. 

2. Frances Maitland Dorothea. 



Christopher, son of Alexander of Inverinate. — ■ Tacksman of 
Aryugan. — His Marriage and Descendants. — Mathesons of 
Lochalsh and the Rev. Dr Kennedy of Dingwall Descended 
from him. — Other Descendants of Christopher. — John, son of 
Christopher. — His Marriage and Descendants. 

IX. CHRISTOPHER, son of Alexander of Inverinate 
and Mary Mackenzie of Dochmaluag, and ninth in 
descent from Fionnla Du Mac Gillechriosd, was 
tacksman of Aryugan, in Kintail, and was commonly 
known as " Gillecriosd Mor a Chroidh " (Big Chris- 
topher of the Cattle). He was alive on the 15th 
August, 1723, as his signature appears on a bond of 
caution drawn up on that date for the protection 
of their rights by the wadsetters on the estates of 
Macdonald of Sleat, which the " Forfeited Estates 
Commissioners " were then proposing to sell. It is 
uncertain who his wife was, but it is said that he 
was twice married, and that his first wife was of the 
Murchisons of Auchtertyre, and that his second wife 
was a Chisholm. He left a large family, all of whom 
are said to have married and to have left issue. 
Many of his descendants are still living in Kintail 
and Lochalsh. 

1. Duncan. He is witness to a sasine on the 
19th March, 1700, and was killed at the Battle of 
Sherifrmuir in 1715. He is said to have married 


Margaret, daughter of John Mackenzie of Loch- 
broom, and left issue, as below, so far as it has been 
found possible to trace them — 

a. John, who had a son. 

a\. Duncan, who married Janet, daughter of 
Christopher, son of Finlay, son of John Breac, son 
of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae, and had (1) John, 
who had issue — John ; Donald ; Farquhar ; Ken- 
neth ; Christopher. (2) A son called Christopher 
Tailor ; (3) Isabella ; (4) Christina. 

a2. John, who had issue — John, Christopher, 
Alexander, Duncan. 

a3. Anne, who married Christopher, at Druidaig. 

a4. Christina, who married Ian Mac Callum. 

b. Alexander, called Alister Ruadh (fled Alex- 
ander), who had issue — 

bl. John, called the Red Smith, who had sons — 

(1) Alexander, who was a blacksmith at Ardelve ; 

(2) Finlay. 

62. Finlay, who went to America. 

2. Alexander had a son Duncan, who had a 
son Christopher, a priest, and other issue. 

3. Donald, who had a son Duncan, who had a 
son John, who had a son Alexander, admitted to the 
Grammar School, Aberdeen, with a Macra bursary 
in 1806, entered the University in 1809, and 
graduated M.A. in 1813. 

4. Christopher, mentioned as taking part in 
the affair of Ath nam Muileach on the 2nd October, 

5. Murdoch, also present at the affair of Ath 
nam Muileach. 


6. Farquhar, who was also present at the affair 
of Ath nam Mnileach, married, it is said, a Macdonald 
of Sleat, and had a daughter, Barbara, who married 
first, John Og, son of the Rev. Donald Macrae of 
Kintail, with issue, and secondly Donald, son of the 
Rev. Finlay Macrae of Lochalsh, also with issue. 

7. John, mentioned below. 

8. Finlay. 

9. Mary married, in 1695, Farquhar Matheson 
of Fernaig, and had, with other issue — 

a. John, who, in 1728, married, as his second 
wife, Margaret Mackenzie of Pitlundie, and died in 
1760, leaving issue — Alexander, who, about 1763, 
married Catherine Matheson, and died in 1804, 
leaving issue— John, who, in 1804, married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Captain Donald Matheson of 
Shinness, and died in 1826, leaving, with other 
issue — Sir Alexander Matheson, Bart, of Lochalsh, 
who married, as his second wife, Lavinia Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Stapleton of Carlton, York- 
shire, and died in 1886, leaving, with other issue — 
Sir Kenneth James Matheson, Bart, of Lochalsh. 

b. Donald, who married Margaret, daughter of 
Roderick Mackenzie, Sanachan, of the Applecross 
family, and had a daughter — Mary, who married 
Donald Kennedy of Kishorn, by whom she had, 
with other issue — the Rev. John Kennedy of Red- 
castle, one of whose sons was the Rev. John 
Kennedy, D.D., who was Free Church minister of 
Dingwall from 1844 until his death in 1884, and 
occupied throughout his whole career a foremost 
place among the greatest preachers of Scotland. 


10. Marian married John Macrae, a descendant 
of Miles, son of the Rev. Farquhar. 

11. Anne. 

12. Christina. 

13. Catherine married Colin Mackenzie, ninth 
laird of Hilton. There is a sasine by Colin Mac- 
kenzie of Hilton 1 in favour of Catherine Macrae, his 
spouse, in liferent of his pecklands of Easter 
Casichan in the parish of Contin and shire of Ross, 
on the 26th August, 1749. Catherine left issue — 

a. John, who died before his father. 

b. Alexander, tenth of Hilton. 

c. A daughter who married, as his first wife, 
John Macdonell, twelfth of Glengarry, and had, 
with other issue — Alexander, who carried on the 
representation of that family. 

14. Janet. 15. Isabel. 

16. Margaret, who married Finlay Macrae, 

X. JOHN, 2 son of Christopher of Aryugan, 
called Ian Ban, was educated at Aberdeen, and is 
mentioned in some copies of the MS. history of the 
Clan as " Mr John, graduate in Aberdeen." He is 
said to have married Annabella, daughter of Duncan 
Macrae, tutor of Conchra, by his wife Isabel, 
daughter of the Rev. Finlay Macrae, with issue — 

1 The property of this family, which was formerly known as Hilton, was 
situated in Strathbran, and is now traversed by the Dingwall and Skye 
Eailway between the stations of Achnault and Achnasheen. 

2 The succession of Christopher of Aryugan is continued here in his son 
John only for convenience of arrangement, and not because John's descendants 
are the oldest lineal representatives of Christopher. 


1. Finlay, who lived at Achmore, and married 
Isabella Macrae, daughter of Farquhar Mac Ian of 
the Torlysich family, with other issue — 

a. Alexander. 

6. John, who married Kate, daughter of Duncan 
Macrae, and had, together with several daughters, 
the following issue — 

61. Christopher, who married Mary, daughter 
of Christopher Macrae, Carr, with issue — (1) Alex- 
ander ; (2) John, married Isabella, daughter of 
Duncan Maclennan, Sallachy, with issue — Mary ; 
Jemima ; Christopher ; Ewen ; Mary Anne ; Duncan ; 
(3) Christopher; (4) Janet; (5) Isabella ; (6) Mary. 

62. Finlay. 63. Alexander. 

64. Duncan, who was for many years a farmer 
at Kirkton, Lochalsh, and is now (1897) living at 
Durinish, Lochalsh. He married Jessie, daughter 
of Alexander Maclennan by his wife Mary, daughter 
of Alexander Macrae, Achtertyre, and by her, who 
died 11th April, 1882, aged sixty-seven, had issue — 
(l) Mary, who married John Maclennan, Strathglass, 
with issue — Duncan ; John ; Donald Ewen ; Jessie ; 
Annie ; Catherine ; Mary ; Mary Anne ; Margaret ; 
Lexy ; (2) Catherine, who married Captain William 
Mackenzie of the Merchant Service, with issue — 
William ; (3) Mary Anne, who died unmarried on 
the 19th January, 1893. 

65. Annabella, married Duncan Macrae, with 
issue — (1) John, married Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Macrae, with issue ; (2) Finlay married Annabella 
Macdonald, with issue ; (3) Duncan ; (4) Annabella 
married, with issue. 


2. Duncan married and had issue — at least one 
son — 

a. John, who married, and had, with other issue — 

al. Duncan, who married Grace, daughter of 
Colin Mackenzie, Kishorn, and died at Dingwall on 
the 19th December, 1895, aged seventy-nine, leaving 
issue : — (l) Donald, in America, married Jessie 
Kennedy, with issue ; (2) Marjory married Andrew 
Robertson, with issue ; (3) Catherine married John 
Murchison, builder, Dingwall. 

al. Alexander, in Kishorn, married a daughter 
of Duncan Mackenzie of Lochcarron, and sister of 
the Rev. Murdoch Mackenzie of the Free Church, 
Inverness, with issue : — (l) Duncan, living at Kyle- 
akin ; (2) Murdoch, a minister of the Free Church 
of Scotland. Alexander has also three daughters. 

aS. Murdoch, living at Strome Ferry, married, 
without issue. 

3. Farquhar married Mary Macrae, with issue — 
a. Duncan married Christina Mackenzie, and 

died in 1864, with issue — 

al. Alexander, a schoolmaster in Lochcarron, 
married, first, Mary Mackenzie, without surviving 
issue. He married, secondly, Catherine, daughter 
of John Macpherson, and died in 1892. By his 
second wife he had issue : — (l) John, a doctor, 
married Sarah Wilson, and died at Gateshead-on- 
Tyne in 1889, leaving issue — Ethel; Charles; (2) 
Alexander married Agnes Reid ; (3) Farquhar, 
Lieutenant, Army Ordnance Department, married 
Martha Bessie Rafuse, with issue — Albert Edward ; 
"William Farquhar ; Catherine Macpherson ; James 


Norman ; (4) the Rev. James Duncan, minister of 
Contin, married Catherine, daughter of Peter 
Robertson, with issue — Catherine Macpherson ; 
James Peter Robertson ; (5) Mary Elizabeth mar- 
ried John Macleod, with issue. 

a2. Farquhar, married Mary Macrae and died in 

aS. John was holder of the Macra bursary at the 
Grammar School, Aberdeen, in 1831, and afterwards 
entered the shipbuilding business and was drowned 
at the launching of the Daphne, on the Clyde, on 
the 3rd July, 1883. He married Margaret Gillies, 
with issue — (l) Alexander, a joiner in Glasgow, 
married, with issue ; (2) Mary, married, with issue. 

ai. Donald, married Margaret Macrae, with 
issue — Colin ; John ; Farquhar. 

a5. Kenneth, married Flora Macmillan, with 
issue — -Donald; John; Helen; Jane; Christina Anne. 

a6. Margaret, married Lachlan Matheson, with 

a7. Helen, married Christopher Macrae, with 

a8. Christina, married John Macrae, with issue. 

6. John, married, first, a Macdonald, with issue 
• — (6l) Kenneth, who went to Australia ; (62) Mary ; 
(63) Jane ; (64) Anne, married John Gait, Elgin. 

John married, secondly, Catherine Mackenzie 
and died in 1867. By his second marriage he had 
a son. 

65. The Rev. Farquhar Macrae, who is now a 

Presbyterian minister in Manitoba, and is married, 

with issue- — 



c. Christopher married in 1839, Mary Finlay son, 
who died on the 17th August, 1897, aged ninety- 
two. He died in 1872, aged eighty-one years, 
leaving issue — 

cl. Alexander, born 15th October, 1843. He 
married, in 1872, Catherine Maclean, and is now 
living in New Zealand, with issue — John; Catherine; 
Mary ; Alexandrina ; Margaret. 

c2. Farquhar, born 12th November, 1845, and is 
now living at Dornie. He is a good genealogist, 
and is well versed in the legends and traditions ot 
the Macrae country. He married, first, Mary 
Maclennan, and secondly Margaret, daughter of 
Duncan Matheson, Dornie. 

c3. John, born on the 27th June, 1848, married 
18th May, 1877, Williamina Macdonald, with issue 
— Farquhar ; Mary Finlayson ; Catherine Finlay - 
son, died in infancy ; Christopher ; Ninian Finlay- 
son ; Alexander ; Catherine Finlayson ; Jessie 
Isabella Anne Finlayson ; Malcolm John Duncan 

c4. Duncan, born 18th January, 1851, married, 
in 1883, Catherine Finlayson, with issue — Far- 
quhar; Alexander; Mary; Christopher; Catherine; 
Donald Roderick ; Anne. 

cl. The Rev. Farquhar Macrae, born at Camus- 
lunie on the 25th November, 1805. He received 
his early education from a well-known Kintail 
schoolmaster, Finlay Macrae, commonly called 
Finlay Fadoch. In 1816 he was admitted to a 
Macra bursary at Aberdeen Grammar School, where 
he had for his teacher the celebrated classical 


scholar and Gaelic poet, Ewen Maclauchlan. He 
entered the University in 1819, and after a disting- 
uished career, graduated M.A. in 1823. He studied 
Divinity from 1823 to 1827. From 1825 to 1833 
he was schoolmaster of Lochcarron, and was licensed 
by the Presbytery of Lochcarron in 1829. In 1833 
he was ordained to the charge of South Uist, where 
he remained for eight years, and in 1841 became 
minister of Braemar. At the Disruption of the 
Church of Scotland in 1843 he cast in his lot with 
the Free Church, and in 1849 became minister of 
the Free Church in Knockbain, in succession to his 
well-known fellow-clansman, the Rev. John Macrae. 
Here he lived and laboured, trusted and respected 
by his people until his death, which occurred at 
Nairn on the 20th December, 1882. He was a man 
of much culture and sound scholarship, and an able 
and eloquent preacher, equally good both in Gaelic 
and in English. The Rev. Farquhar married Anne 
Murray and had issue, one surviving son — Francis 

e. Christina married Roderick Mackenzie at 
Camusluinie, with issue. 

f. Isabel married Thomas Macrae at Camusluinie, 
with issue. 



IX. Hugh, son of Alexander of Inverinate. — X. Alexander of 
Ardintoul. — Was at the Battles of Sheriffmnir and Glensheil. 
Traditions about Him. — IX. Archibald of Ardintoul. — Hia 
Marriage and Descendants. — Colonel Sir John Macra. — Alex- 
ander of Hushinish. — His Marriage and Family. 

IX. HUGH, the youngest son of Alexander of 
Inverinate by his second wife, Mary Mackenzie 
of Dochmaloaig. He is mentioned as one of the 
leaders of the disturbance in connection with the 
vacancy at Dingwall church in 1704, 1 and took part 
in the Jacobite rising of 1715. He was wounded 
in the battle of Sheriffmuir, and his name appears on 
a list of "Gentlemen Prisoners" taken to Stirling 
on the following day. It is said that he was 
removed from Stirling to Perth, where he remained 
in hospital until he was sufficiently recovered from 
his wound to be able to accomplish the homeward 
journey. Hugh was living at Sallachy in 1721. 
He married Margaret Macleod of Swordlan, in 
Glenelg, and by her had issue — 

1. Alexander. 

2. John, went to America 1774. 

3. Roderick, went to America 1774. 

4. Duncan. 

1 See note page 71. 


5. Barbara, married Farquhar, son of Alex- 
ander, with issue. 

6. Mary, married G. Macculloch. 

X. ALEXANDER, eldest son of Hugh, was 
appointed local factor of Kintail, and lived at 
Aryugan or Ardintoul. He was one of the first 
to join the Roman Catholic Mission, which has 
already been referred to. As a young man he 
fought on the Jacobite side, both at Sheriffmuir 
and at Glensheil, and is mentioned as taking 1 
jjart in the affair of Ath nam Muileach in 
1721. After the battle of Glensheil, he was for 
three days among the hills without any food except 
one drink of milk. It is said that on one occasion 
when " Colonel Alexander Mackenzie, the next 
Protestant heir to the Seaforth estates, had come to 
the country with a view to take up the rents, but 
finding that the people would not come into his 
views nor pay him the rents they judged belonged 
to Lord Seaforth, he went up from Ardelve to 
Kintail with a large boat well manned, that he 
might arrest some of the people and send them to 
Fort- William. Alexander was up in Kintail at the 
time, and observing a fellow carrying his own father 
on his back to put him into the boat, his indignation 
was roused. ' You silly, dastardly rascal,' said 
Alexander, ' is it putting your own father in you 
are,' and he set the old man at liberty. The 
Colonel was in the stern of the boat and came up to 
him. They grappled, and Alexander getting hold 
of his thumbs, held him there until he yielded," 1 and 

1 Old letter from Kintail. 


left the people alone. Alexander married, first, a 
daughter of Fraser of Guisachan (or Cnlbokie), and 
by her had a daughter, who married John Macrae, 
Strathglass. On one occasion Alexander sustained 
such heavy losses through a severe winter that he 
became somewhat straitened in his circumstances, 
and it is said that his vale, who was unwilling to 
share the lot of a poor man, took advantage of a 
temporary absence of her husband from home, to 
pack up her effects and leave him. Circumstances, 
however, turned out more favourable for Alexander 
than his wife anticipated, and the tide of his 
prosparity soon turned. His wife hearing of this, 
decided to join him once more, and returned to his 
sheiling at Glasletter, but he refused to receive her. 
On her death, which occurred shortly afterwards, he 
married, as his second wife, Isabel, daughter of 
Alexander Macgilchrist (Macrae) of Strathglass, by 
his wife, Anne, daughter of Farquhar Macrae of 
Morvich, and by her had issue — 

1. Archibald. 

2. Alexander. 

3. Farquhar, who went to America. 

4. John, a doctor. He went as surgeon of an 
emigrant ship to America about 1817. The vessel 
was wrecked on the return voyage off Prince Ed- 
ward Island, but no lives were lost. In 1821 Dr 
John himself left for Canada, along with "Alex- 
ander, a brother of Mr Macrae, Dornie," and several 
others from Lochalsh and Kintail, and he is men- 
tioned as being at Glengarry in Canada in 1826. 

5. Anne married John Macrae of Conchra. 


6. Margaret married Donald Macrae, Torly- 

7. Mary married Farquhar Macrae, Fadoch. 
She died in 1823, leaving issue. 

XL ARCHIBALD, eldest son of Alexander by 
his second wife, Isabel Macrae, was born in 1744. 
He was educated in the house of Archibald Chis- 
holm of Fasnakyle, probably by a priest, to whose 
instructions he did no small credit. He was a 
devout Catholic, a man of sound judgment and 
high character, " a courtly old gentleman, shrewd, 
practical, but warm-hearted and unobtrusively re- 
ligious ; able, too, to face difficulties, the common 
lot of all mortals, with the clear conscience and 
stout heart of a strong and upright man." For 
fully half-a-century he occupied a foremost place 
in the affairs of the Seaforth estates, of which he 
was for many years chamberlain. Lie was created 
a free Burgess and Guild Brother of the Burgh of 
Dingwall on the 16th October. 1789. Archibald 
married on the 9th September, 1783, Janet, daughter 
of John Macleod, the tenth chief of Raasay. John 
Macleod was one of the Highland chiefs who enter- 
tained Dr Samuel Johnson in the course of his 
celebrated tour in the Hebrides in 1773. Writing* 
of his host on that occasion, Dr Johnson says : — 
" The family of Raasay consists of the laird, the 
lady, three sons, and ten daughters. For the sons 
there is a tutor in the house, and the lady is said 
to be very skilful and diligent in the education 
of her girls. More gentleness of manners, or a 
more pleasing appearance of domestic society is not 


found in the most polished countries." 1 Archibald 
died about 1830, leaving issue — 

1. Flora, born 9th September, 1783, died un- 
married in 1852. 

2. Colonel Sir John Macra, K.C.H., who was 
born on the 14th February, 1786. He obtained an 
Ensign's commission in the 79th Highlanders in 
1805, and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant 
in the same year. His subsequent promotions were 
as follows: — Captain, 1812; Major, 1818; Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, 1821; Colonel, 1837. He was 
created a Knight of the Order of Hanover (K.C.H.) 
in 1827. His military career was both disting- 
uished and eventful. He was present at the siege 
and surrender of Copenhagen in 1807, and went to 
Sweden with the army under Sir John Moore in 
1808. Later on in the same year he accompanied 
the British force which was sent to Portugal, and 
was present in all the operations of that campaign, 
including the retreat of Sir John Moore and the 
battle of Corunna, on the 16th January, 1809. 
From Spain he accompanied his regiment in the 
Walcheren expedition, and was present at the siege 
and capture of Flushing in August the same year. 
At Walcheren he suffered from the fever which 
caused so much havoc among the British troops, 
and from the effects of which he never completely 
recovered. The following }^ear, however, he was in 

l The China tea service used by the Kaasay family at the time of Dr 
Johnson's visit is now in the possession of Captain John MacRae-Gilstrap of 
Ballimore, Tigh-na-bruaich, Argyllshire, great grandson of the above-men- 
tioned Janet Macleod. 


the Peninsula, and served with his regiment 
throughout the campaigns of 1811 and 1812, being 
present at all the operations in which his regiment 
took part, including the battles of Fuentes D'Onoro, 
•on the 5th May, 1811, and Salamanca, on the 22nd 
July, 1812, the siege of Burgos in September and 
October, 1812, and many smaller engagements. In 

1813 he joined the staff of the Marquis of Hastings, 
then Lord Moira, who in that year was appointed 
Governor-General of India, and who was married to 
-Sir John's cousin, Flora Campbell, daughter of the 
fifth Earl of Loudon, by his wife Flora, daughter of 
John Macleod, tenth chief of Raasay. The Marquis 
of Hastings was one of the ablest and most success- 
ful of our Indian statesmen, and his rule, which 
extended from 1813 to 1823, was a period of great 
importance in the history of that country. In 

1814 and 1815, after some severe fighting, he 
^succeeded in subduing the Goorkhas, who had 
•established a power of considerable strength in 
Nepaul. But the circumstances and events to which 
Lord Hastings owes his great celebrity as an Indian 
ruler and statesman arose in another quarter. The 
centre of India was at this time occupied by the 
great Princes of the Mahratta nation, who, although 
partly subdued, were still powerful, and evidently 
preparing to make an effort to recover their former 
greatness. Besides these restless and active enemies 
there existed also a formidable body of freebooters 
called the Pindarees, who had established them- 
selves along the south of the Vindhya Mountains. 
During the Goorkha War the Pindarees, secretly 


supported by the Mahrattas, crossed the British 
frontiers and plundered and destroyed more than 
three hundred villages. Lord Hastings resolved 
to put an end to these robbers, and having 
obtained permission to proceed against them on a 
great scale, he collected forces from all parts of 
India, and brought into the field the "grand army," 
with which, after a war of two years' duration — 
1817-18 — the Pindarees and the Mahrattas were 
completely conquered. Other native powers were 
subdued at the same time, and Lord Hastings had 
thus the honour of being the first to render British 
authority absolutely supreme in India. In all these 
operations Sir John Macra, who held the post of 
Military Secretary to the Governor-General, took 
an important part. He was in the field throughout 
the war against the Goorkhas in 1814 and 1815, 
and was with the grand army in 1817 and 1818. 
At the end of 1818 he was sent home with de- 
spatches announcing the successful termination of 
the war, and returning immediately to India, he 
continued to serve under the' Marquis of Hastings, 
who was now in a position to rule in peace and 
to effect wise and useful changes for the good of 
the people of India. The importance of Lord Hast- 
ings' measures, which have been fully justified by 
time, was not then appreciated by the Directors 
of the East India Company, and this, together 
with failing health, for he was now an old man, 
induced him to leave India in 1823. In the follow- 
ing year he was appointed Governor of Malta, where 
Sir John, after a short visit home, joined him once 


more in the capacity of Military Secretary, until 
the death of the Marquis, which took place in 1825. 
Sir John retired in May, 1826, after a most dis- 
tinguished career of more than twenty years, which 
were nearly all passed in active service. After his 
retirement he lived chiefly at Ardintoul and Raasay,. 
where he is still remembered by old people as a 
man of frank and generous disposition and a genuine 
Highlander. He was an excellent performer on the 
bagpipes. He was also an amateur maker of bag- 
pipes, and it is said that some of those which he 
made are still to be found in the West Highlands. 
He died on the 9th August, 1847, and was buried 
in Kintail. A plain iron cross, which has been 
placed by his nephew, Captain A. M. Chisholm, on 
the wall of the old ruined church of Kilduich, marks 
the place of his last rest. 

3. Alexander was born on the 3rd of May, 
1787. He obtained an Ensign's commission in the 
75th Highlanders in 1806. He joined that regi- 
ment the following year and served with it for 
some time. He was for many years tacksman of 
Hushinish in Harris, and was a Justice of the 
Peace and a Deputy-Lieutenant of the county of 
Inverness. He was a good Catholic, and was well 
known in the West Highlands as a liberal and 
large-hearted man. He was " pre-eminently a man 
without guile,'"' and it was said of him at the time- 
of his death, that the poor on the West Coast 
lost in him "a friend who always kept his heart 
open to their wants, and assisted them without 
ostentation." As an amateur musician he possessed 


unusual taste and cultivation, and was an excellent 
violinist. He had also a keen appreciation of the 
national music and poetry of the Highlands, and 
was himself an excellent type of the old Highland 
gentleman, dignified, cultured, generous almost to 
a fault, and in full and kindly sympathy with all that 
was best and noblest in the character and traditions 
■of his countrymen. He died on the 25th January, 
1874, and was buried at Kilduich. He married 
Margaret, daughter of Farquhar Macrae, and by 
her, who died at Strathpeffer on the 10th July, 
1896, and was buried at Kilduich, had issue — 

a. Janet Macleod. 

b. Isabella Christian married Alister Macclonald 
Maclellan of Portree, Ceylon. 

c. Archibald Alexander. 

d. John. 

e. Marion Flora. 

4. Isabella was born on the 6th April, 1789, 
and married, in 1808, Major Colin Macrae (75th 
Highlanders), Conchra family, with issue. 

5. Jane was born on the 8th April, 1791, and 
married, at the end of 1816, or beginning of 1817, 
Donald Macrae of Achtertyre, with issue. 

6. Christina, born 11th January, 1793, died 

7. Mary, who was born in June, 1794, married 
in 1821, Dr Stewart Chishohn, of the Royal 
Artillery, who was at the battle of Waterloo, and 
attained the rank of Deputy Inspector-General of 
Army Hospitals. He died at Inverness in 1862, 
leaving 1 issue — 


a. Archibald Macra, born 6th July, 1824, late 
Captain 42nd Royal Highlanders, now of Glassburn. 
He is a J.P. for the counties of Ross and Inverness. 
He married, 14th October, 1853, Maria Frances, 
only daughter of William Dominic Lynch, and 
granddaughter of the late Lewis Farquharson Innes 
of Balmoral and Ballogie, 1 without issue. 

b. Loudon, who served in the 43rd Regiment 
H.E.I.C.S., and was killed in the Burmese War in 

c. Mary Stewart, who married Philip Skene, 
Esquire of Skene, and died at Inverness on the 4th 
January, 1895, aged 72 years, without issue. 

d. Jessie Macleod married Charles 0. Rolland of 
Ste. Marie Monnoir, near Montreal in Canada, with 

8. James, born 30th October, 1796, was an 
Army Surgeon, and died, unmarried, in India, in 

9. Anne, born 1st October, 1798, married 
Captain Valentine Chisholm, with issue, John and 

1 A biographical sketch, with a portrait, of Captain Chisholm, appeared 
in the Celtic Monthly for February, 1893. 



VIII. The Rev. John Macrae of Dingwall.— Birth and Education. 
■ — Appointment to the Living of Dingwall. — He Supports the 
Episcopal Party. — Mr Thomas Hogg and Mr John Mac- 
killican. — Ecclesiastical Affairs in Dingwall after the Restora- 
tion of Charles II. — Mr John's Marriages and Family. — The 
Macraes of Balnain and their Descendants. — IX. Alexander 
Macrae of Conchra. — His Marriage and Family. — X. John of 
Conchra. — One of the " Four Johns of Scotland." — Killed at 
Sheriffhmir. — His Marriage and Family. — XI. John of Conchra. 
— His Marriage and Family. — XII. Major Colin of Conchra. — 
His Marriage and Descendants. 

Till. JOHN, son of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae of 
Kintail, was born at Ardlair on the 13th March, 
1614. He received his early education at Fortrose 
Grammar School, and thence proceeded to St 
Andrews, where he studied under Mr Mungo 
Murray, and became one of the most distinguished 
students of the University. We read that he had 
for his " antagonist " at St Andrews the Duke of 
Lauderdale, who afterwards played so prominent a 
part in public affairs during the reign of Charles II. 
Upon completing his course, and taking the degree 
of M.A. at St Andrews, he went to Aberdeen, where 
he studied Divinity for three years under Dr Robert 
Barrow, and became " a great divine and profound 
schoolman." In 1638, when the Presbyterians 
gained the ascendancy in the Church of Scotland 


and deposed the clergy who would not subscribe 
the National Covenant, 1 Mr John wished to leave 
the country, but was prevented by his father, who 
kept him with himself in Kintail. He had several 
offers of a living at this time, but refused to accept 
any because of the necessity of signing the National 
Covenant, an act which would mean the abjuration 
■of Episcopacy. In 1640 the severity of the Presby- 
terian measures was somewhat relaxed, and George, 
Earl of Seaforth, presented Mr John to the living of 
Dingwall, from which the previous incumbent had 
been ejected for refusing to acknowledge the Acts of 
the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 
which met in Glasgow in 1638. Mr John entered 
into possession of the living of Dingwall without 
subscribing the Covenant, and continued a staunch 
Episcopalian until his death. His learning and 
force of character soon brought him to the front, 
and he became the leader of his own party in the 
Presbytery, so that there was frequent and sharp 
contention between himself and the Presbyterian 
party. In 1654 the noted Covenanter, Mr Thomas 
Hogg, became minister of Kiltearn, and three years 
later his almost equally noted friend, Mr John 
Mackillican, became minister of Fodderty. To Mr 
John and his followers these two men and their 

1 In 1638 the Presbyterians of Scotland drew up and signed The National 
Covenant, by which they bound themselves to defend their religion and their 
freedom of conscience with their lives. Hence the term Covenanter. In 1643 
this term received a further meaning in consequence of an alliance entered 
into by the Covenanters and the English Parliament, called The Solemn League 
and Covenant, by which both parties pledged themselves to mutual defence 
•against the king. 


views on Church government were specially objec- 
tionable, and the strife between the opposing parties 
soon became very bitter. In 1658 Hogg's party 
appear to have been in the majority. He himself 
was Moderator of the Presbytery, while his friend 
Mackillican was Clerk, and they took their 
revenge on their opponents by recording against 
them in the minutes several entries which show 
much personal animosity and very little of that 
spirit of Christian charity which is sometimes 
claimed in Ross-shire for Mr Hogg and his party. 
In these entries they record Mr John's " needless 
strife, his great miscarriage deserving censure, 
his litigiousness, needless contention and intract- 
ableness, his stubbornness and wilfulness, his 
wearying tediousness, his misapplication of scrijD- 
ture, and his pertinacity and loquaciousness." 1 
Matters had come to such a pass that some of the 
brethren were forced to declare that the meetings of 
Presbytery were " bitterness to them," and to wish 
the Presbytery to be dissolved and annexed to other 
Presbyteries. It was probably as a result of this 
quarrel that there was no meeting of the Presbytery 
from April, 1658, to May, 1663. The restoration of 
Charles II. led to the establishment of Episcopacy 
once more. One result of the change was the 
deposition of Hogg and Mackillican, and when the 
Presbytery met again in 1663 2 the objectionable 

1 Inverness and Dingwall Presbytery Records, edited by William Mackay. 

2 The clergy still continued to meet as a Presbytery after the Restoration 
of Charles II. and the re-establishment of Episcopacy, but it appears that 
their acts, in order to have any force, had to receive the sanction of the Bishop. 


minutes recorded against Mr John were deleted and 
marked on their margin as "shameless lying" and 
" the spirit of lieing and malice." Mr John s party 
was now in the ascendant, and as far as ecclesi- 
astical matters were concerned the remainder of his 
days were passed in peace. It is said of him. that 
"he was more fit for the chair" of a Professor "than 
for the pulpit," and that " he gave such evidence of 
his learning as the place wherein and the society he 
was among would allow, and of his piety and vigil- 
ance such as they could desire or expect from any," 
while his public life was creditably free from that 
religious intolerance which formed so marked a 
feature of the age in which he lived. He appears 
also to have been a man who prospered in his 
worldly affairs. He held the wadset rights of 
Dornie, Aryugan, Inig, and other places in Kintail 
for some years in succession to his father, and there 
is a sasine in his favour, on the 18th April, 1672, of 
three Oxgates of the town and lands of Craigskorrie 
and several others, including the quarterlands of 
Balnain in the parishes of Contin, Fodderty, and 
Urray. Mr John married, first, Agnes, daughter 
of Colin Mackenzie, first laird of Kincraig, and, 
secondly, Florence Innes, 1 heiress of Balnain. He 
died in 1673, and was buried in Dingwall. His 
tombstone was to be seen in Dingwall Churchyard 
until,, very recently, but a search made in 1897 
failed to discover any trace of it. By his first wife 
he had issue- — 

1 After the death of Mr John, Florence Innes married, as her second 
husband, Colin Mackenzie, uncle of Murdoch Mackenzie of Fairburn. 



1. Alexander, mentioned hereafter. 

2. Duncan, who was some time Bailie of Ding- 
wall. He was attorney for his father in the above- 
mentioned sasine on the 18th April, 1672. He 
appears to have been the father of Harry Macrae, 
Bailie of Dingwall, who is mentioned in 1697, and 
also subsequently, as lawful son of the late Duncan 
Macrae. Bailie Harry Macrae is frequently men- 
tioned in the Burgh Records of Dingwall. He is 
said to have left no male issue. 

3. Catherine married Donald Boss of Knock - 
artie. By the marriage contract, dated 25th March, 
1672, " the said Donald Ross disposed to the said 
Catherine Macrae in liferent the lands of Culrichics, 
in the parish of Kilmuir and shire of Ross." There 
is a " renunciation by Catherine Macrae, with con- 
sent of Donald Ross, late of Knockartie, and now of 
Rosskeen, her spouse, in favour of the Laird of Bal- 
nagovvn, of her liferent right by contract of marriage 
of the lands of Tormore, Gartie, and Knockartie, 
&c. At Apidale, 26th February, 1699." 

4. Isabel, married Lachlan Mackinnon of Corrie- 
chatachan, with issue. There is a tombstone to her 
memory in the old Church of Kilchrist, in the parish 
of Strath, Skye, bearing the date 1740. 

Mr John is said to have had another daughter 
by his first wife, who married Mr George Tuach. 

By his second wife, Florence Lines, Mr John had 
issue — 

5. John, of whom below. . 

6. James, who succeeded, in right of his mother, 
to the estate of Balnain, his elder brother John 


being for some reason passed by. There is a sasine 
on the 11th June, 1673, on disposition by his father, 
dated at Fortrose, 15th August, 1672, to James and 
the " heirs male to be gotten of his body, whom 
failing, to return to any other son to be gotten 
betwixt the said Mr John Macrae and his said 
spouse (Florence Lines), and the heirs to be gotten 
of that child's body ; whom failing, to John Macrae, 
eldest lawful son procreated between the said Mr 
John Macrae and his said spouse, his heirs male and 
assignees whomsoever, of the Quarterland of Balnain, 
in the parish of Urray and shire of Ross." James 
married Isabel, third daughter of Alexander Mac- 
kenzie of Ballone. Contract dated 29th June, 1697. 
He is mentioned in 1703 as having been invited to 
the funeral of Hugh Munro of Teaninich, which took 
place on the 23rd September of that year. He left 
no issue. 

On the death of James, the estate of Balnain 
passed to a Murdoch Macrae, who, in the manuscript 
history of the Clan, is said to have been a brother of 
James. On the other hand, it is stated in the above- 
mentioned contract of marriage between James and 
Isabel Mackenzie, dated 29th June, 1697, that 
James was the " only lawful son now on life pro- 
created between the late Mr John Macrae, minister 
of Dingwall, and Florence Innes, his second .spouse::" 
Again, in Mr John's disposition of the lands of 
Balnain, in favour of his son James, dated loth 
August, 1672 (that is to say, a few months before Mr 
John's death), only two sons by Florence Innes are 
mentioned, viz., John and James, and James at that 


time was, or very nearly was, of age, as he was 
infefted in the lands of Balnain the following June, 
so that in all probability Mr John had only two 
sons by his second wife, Florence Innes. Taking 
these documentary evidences into consideration, and 
comparing them with the traditions of Kintail, 
which are very clear on this point, the proba- 
bility is that the Murdoch who is said to have 
succeeded to Balnain was a son of John, the eldest 
son of Mr John and Florence Innes. 

(x.) Murdoch, who was probably tenth in 
descent from Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd, " find- 
ing the lands of Balnain much encumbered, was 
.tampering about the disposal of them to Seaforth 
when he died." Murdoch is said to have married 
Mary, daughter of Donald Mac Fhionnla Mhic Gille- 
chriosd, by whom he had issue — 

(1). Duncan, who disposed of the estate of Bal- 
nain to Seaforth "for a verbal promise of a free 
liferent tack of Fadoch, in Kintail, which he held 
rent free only for five years, though he lived about 
forty years thereafter. Thus the estate of Balnain 
fell into the family of Seaforth for little money." 
He appears to be tho Duncan Macrae of Fadoch 
who is , mentioned in the Valuation Boll of the 
Seaforth estates in 1756. Duncan married and left 
a large family — 

(a). John. 

(b). Donald, who had sons : — (bl) Donald, 
whose descendants are, still living in Kintail ; (b2) 
Farquhar, who is mentioned in a genealogical tree 
of about 1820 as " Dr Downie's herd." 


(c). Farquhar. 

(d). Mary or Margaret, who married Farquhar, 
son of Alexander, son of the Rev. Donald Macrae. 

(e). Isabel, who married Alexander Macrae, 
called Alister Buidh, in Fadoch, a descendant of 
Miles, son of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae, of whom 

(2). Farquhar. 

(3). Donald, of whom next. 

(4). Christopher. 

(xl) Donald, son of Murdoch of Balnain, was 
called Donald Ban. He is said to have married 
Mary, daughter of Alexander Macrae, with issue — 

(l). John married, with issue. 

(2). Christopher married, with issue. 

(3). Finlay, of whom next. 

(xn.) Finlay, who was called Fionnla Buidh 
(yellow-haired Finlay), was a farmer at Coilrie 
about 1760, and was married, with issue — 

(1). Donald, of whom below. 

(2). Christopher. 

(3). Alexander, who married and left issue — 

(a). Donald, who lived at Bundalloch, married 
and left issue, at least one son — Donald, also at 
Bundalloch, who married Christina, daughter of 
Duncan Macrae, Camusluinie, w T ith issue. 

(6). Finlay, went to America. 

(c). Duncan, who lived at Carndu, near Dornie, 
and married Christina, daughter of Murdoch Macrae. 

4. Malcolm, who left issue — 

(a) Donald, who had (al) Kenneth, who lived 
at Sallachy ; («2) John, who went to America. 


(6). John died unmarried. 

(xin.) Donald, son of Finlay, was called Donald 
Ban. He married Christina, daughter of Angus 
Macmillan, at Killelan, and by her, who died in 
1836, had issue as below. Donald died at Sallachy 
in 1840, and was buried at Killelan. 

(1). Donald, called Domhnull Ruadh (Red-haired 
Donald), married, with issue, and went to Canada. 

(2). Duncan, a farmer at Sallachy. He gave 
evidence before Lord Napier's Crofter Commission 
at Balmacara in 1883, and died at the advanced age 
of ninety-four in 1890. He married Margaret 
Macrae, with issue — (6l) Alexander; (62) Donald; 
(63) John ; (64) Christina ; (65) Anne ; (66) 
Margaret. . 

(3). Finlay. 

(4). Angus, born at Coilrie. He was for many 
years tacksman of Achnault, and subsequently 
leased the farms of Newhall Mains and Kinbeachie, 
in the Black Isle. He married Isabel, daughter of 
Donald Mackenzie, Lochcarron, who died at Kin- 
beachie on the 17th April, 1892, aged seventy-five 
years, and was buried at Cullicudden, by whom he 
had issue as below. Angus died at Kinbeachie on 
the 8th August, 1877, aged seventy-two years, and 
was buried at Cullicudden. 

(a). Murdoch, who by purchase acquired the 
estate of Kinbeachie in 1897. 

(6). Christina, married John Macniell, and died 
in Australia in 1891, without issue. 

(c). Helen, married Roderick Tolmie, and died 
in Queensland in 1890, with issue — (cl) Isabella ; 


(c2) James ; (c3) Christina ; (c4) Mary ; (cd) Ella ; 
(c6) Sarah; (c7) Agnes; (c8) Maggie; (c9) Roderick. 

(d). Margaret, married on the 7th February, 
1868, John Macdonald, Invergordon, with issue— 
(c/l) Donald Alexander ; (d2) Isabella Christina 
Mackenzie Macrae ; (c/3) Margaret Jane, married a 
Mr Graham, and died at Belize, British Honduras, 
27th February, 1895, aged twenty-three years; (d4) 
Angus, died young ; (d5) Hannah ; (c/6) John Evan ; 
(d7) Duncan Donald ; (dS) Grace Maclennan, died 
in infancy; (d9) Joseph ; (dlO) Helen, died in 
infancy ; ((ill) Murdoch Evan Macrae. 

(e). Donald, married Jeannie Hooper without 
issue, and died in New Zealand. 

(f). The Rev. Duncan Mackenzie, M.A., minister 
of the Free Church, Lochearnhead, married, 27th 
August, 1890, Jeanie Cooper, only daughter of 
Andrew Watters, Esq. of Inchterf, Glenample, Perth- 
shire, with issue — (fl) Jean Cooper McWhannell ; 
(/2) Angus ; (/3) Andrew Thomas Watters ; (/4) 
Duncan Mackenzie. 

(g). Sarah. 

(h). Evan Mackenzie, now of Brahan Mains. 

(i). Jane, married, first, John Macdonald, of Ach- 
nacloich, Nairnshire, without issue. She married, 
secondly, the Rev. Duncan Finlayson, Free Church, 
Kinlochbervie, Sutherlandshire, with issue — Isabel 

(5). Christina married Donald Macrae, and 
went to Canada about 1849. 

(6.) Mary married Ewen Maclennan, and went 
to Australia. 


IX. ALEXANDER, eldest son of the Rev. John 
of Dingwall and his first wife, Agnes Mackenzie of 
Kincraig, received a wadset, dated 13th and 24th 
January and 26th February, 1677, of the lands of Con- 
chra and Ardachy, in the parish of Lochalsh, which 
was held by his family for some generations. There is 
a sasine on the 6th March, 1683, in favour of Alex- 
ander, eldest son and heir, "served and retour^d" 
to the late Mr John Macrae, minister of Dingwall, 
of a portion of the lands of Easter Rarichies, in the 
parish of Nigg. There is also a sasine by Alex- 
ander, on the 14th April, 1699, in favour of Hugh 
Baillie, writer in Fortrose, and John Tuach, writer 
in Dingwall, of the towns and lands of Little Kin- 
dease, in the parish of Nigg. He appears to have 
been a man of considerable means, and is said to 
have been "a sensible, good countryman," and to 
have lived to an advanced a^e. He married Flor- 
ence Mackinnon of Corrichatachan, by whom he had 
at least two sons — 

1. John, who succeeded him. 

2. Duncan, commonly called the " Tutor of 
Conchra," because he acted as guardian to the 
children of his brother John, who was killed at 
Sheriffmuir. In this capacity his name appears 
frequently in connection with the proceedings of the 
Forfeited Estates Commissioners in Lochalsh and 
Kintail, after the Rebellion of 1715. Duncan 
married Isabel, daughter of the Rev. Finlay Macrae 
of Lochalsh, with issue — 

a. Farquhar. 

b. Alexander. 


e. Isabel, said to have married Duncan, son of 
the Rev. Donald Macrae of Kintail. 

d. Annabel, e. Mary. 

f. Janet, who married Alexander Matheson, at 
Sallachy, where he died in 1793, leaving a son, 
Roderick, who was farmer of Immer, in Lochcarron, 
and wrote a manuscript history of the Mathesons. 
He married and left issue. 

X. JOHN, eldest son of Alexander, succeeded to 
the wadset rights of Conchra, and is commonly 
known as " John of Conchra." He took a pro- 
minent part in the Jacobite rising of 1715, and was 
Captain in one of Seaforth's regiments on that occa- 
sion. He was one of the famous " Four Johns of 
Scotland" 1 who so greatly distinguished themselves 
at the battle of Sheriffmuir, where he fell along 
with many of his clansmen. The memory of John 
of Conchra still enters largely into the traditions of 
Lochalsh and Kintail, and many anecdotes about 
his strength and prowess are preserved in that 
country. It is said that on the march to Perth, 
where the Highlanders assembled in 1715, a horse 
carrying provisions fell into a hole. The men who 
were near at the time endeavoured to lift it out, 
but all their efforts were in vain until the arrival of 
John of Conchra, who succeeded in pulling the horse 
out by himself. This incident made him known at 
once to the Highlanders as one of the strongest men 

1 The " Four Johns of Scotland," Ceither Hainan na h' Alba, were so called 
by Highlanders from their valour at the battle of Sheriffmuir. They were 
John Macrae of Conchra, John Murchison of Auchtertyre, John Mackenzie of 
Applecross, and John Mackenzie of Hilton. All of them were officers in Sea- 
forth's regiments, and fell in the battle. 


among them, and a man of whom great deeds would 
be expected in the day of battle. The Highlanders, 
however, were but poorly supplied with firearms, 
and while discussing the expectations formed about 
him, with Alexander of Ardintoul, John of Conchra 
remarked — " If it was to measure manly strength of 
arm that we were going to meet the Whig rabble I 
should meet them with good courage, but I fear the 
little bullets." 1 It is said that on the day of the 
battle the herdsmen of Conchra saw an apparition 
of their master walking about among the cattle, and 
that when they went home and told his wife about 
it, she at once concluded that he was slain. The 
fate of the " Four Johns of Scotland" is lamented in 
a Gaelic elegy by Kenneth Macrae of Ardelve, who 
was an old man when the battle of Sheriffmuir was 
fought, and who makes the following reference to 
John of Conchra : — 

G'un thuit an t' oganach amis an t' sreup, 
An t' Ian o Chonchra 's bu mh6r am bend, 
An curaidh laidir le neart a ghairdean, 
A cur nan aghannan diubh gu feur. 
Be sud Ian Chonchra a bha gun sgath, 
Be 'n duine marbhteach e aims a' bhlar, 
Ri sgoltadh cheann fhad's a mhair a lann da 
'S bha fir gun chaint ann as deigh a laimh. 2 

1 Old letter from Kintafl. 

2 And there fell in the combat the young hero, John of Conchra, and 
great was that loss ; the strong warrior who by the strength of his arm laid 
heaps of them down on the grass. Such was John of Conchra, the dauntless, 
a deadly man was he in the fight, cleaving skulls as long as his blade lasted, 
and behind him lay men made speechless by the work of his hand. 

See also Appendix J. 


The dirk worn by John of Conchra at Sheriff- 
muir has been preserved by his descendants. It 
was taken to America about 1770 by one of his 
grandsons, in whose family it remained until 1894, 
when it came into the possession of Duncan Macrae, 
Esq. of Karnes Castle. John of Conchra married, as 
her first husband, Isabel, daughter of the Rev. 
Donald Macrae of Kmtail, by his wife Catherine 
Grant of Glenmoriston, with issue. 

1. Alexander, who died young and unmarried. 
His name is frequently mentioned in connection 
with the proceedings of the Forfeited Estates Com- 
missioners on the Seaforth estates, after the Rebel- 
lion of 1715. He is mentioned as a minor under 
the guardianship of his uncle, Duncan, Tutor of 
Conchra, on the 29th July, 1728, and probably lived 
for some years after. 

2. John, of whom next. 

XL JOHN is said to have been an active, 
industrious man who prospered in his affairs. There 
is, under date 12th April, 1754, a renunciation by 
him in favour of Kenneth, Lord Fortrose, of the 
town and lands of Conchra, Croyard, &c, in which 
he is described as John Macrae of Conchra, eldest 
son and heir of the late John Macrae of Conchra, 
and grandson and heir of the late Alexander Mac- 
rae of Conchra, eldest lawful son of the late Mr 
John Macrae, Minister at Dingwall. He married 1 

l There is some confusion in the Mackenzie Genealogies with regard to 
this marriage, and also with regard to the marriage of James Macrae of 
Balnain with another Isabel Mackenzie of Ballone (page 147). See Sir J. D. 
Mackenzies' Genealogical Tables, sheet 10, and Mackenzie's History of the 
Mackenzies, pages 575-6. 


Isabel, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, third of 
Ballone, and died in 1761, with issue : — 

1. John, described in an old " Tree" as last of 
Conchra, a Captain in the 80th Regiment, was killed 
on the 8th February, 1804, on board the Admiral 
Applin, in the Bay of Bengal, by the French, while 
returning as a passenger to India to join his regi- 
ment. His son, James, who was with him at the 
time, was taken prisoner to Mauritius, along with 
the ship. Captain John married Anne, sister of 
Archibald Macra of Ardintoul, who, on the death of 
her husband, received two pensions, one from the 
Government and another from the East India 
Company. By her Captain John left issue : — 

a. James, Captain in the 11th Devon Regiment, 
was drowned off the Lizard on the 21st February, 
1811, while on his way to the Peninsular War. 

b. Florence, married Captain James Grant, with 
issue : — bl. Patrick James, Major 7th Fusiliers, mar- 
ried Sarah Graham ; '1)2. Anne, married Allan Ord, 
w T ith issue : — Thomas, Captain 2nd Dragoon Guards, 
died 1870 ; Jane ; Patrick ; Catherine. 

2. Duncan, born at Conchra, 26th April, 1754, 
and died 27th November, 1824. He married, first, 
in 1785, Sarah Powell, with issue :— 

a. Flora, born 1786. 

b. Powell, born 1788. 

He married, secondly, in 1789, Mary Chesnut, 
with issue : — a. Isabella Scota, who married John 
Macrae of Conchra ; b. Margaret ; c. Harriet ; 
d. Flora ; e. Duncan ; f. Sarah ; g. Mary ; h. Sarah ; 
i. John. 


3. Colin, of whom below. 

4. Florence, married Murdoch Matheson, with 
issue : — 

a. Alexander, who settled in Charleston, U.S.A., 
about 1830, and married a daughter of Captain Bate, 
with issue : — Murdoch ; Alexander ; John ; Flora. 

XII. COLIN, son of John of Conchra and Isa- 
bella Mackenzie of Ballone, was Major in the 75th 
(Abercromby's) Highlanders. He served in India,, 
and came home in command of the regiment in 1806. 
He married, in 1808, Isabella (who died in 1827),. 
daughter of Archibald Macra of Ardintoul, by his 
wife Janet, daughter of John Macleod, tenth Baron 
of Raasay, with issue as below. Major Colin died 
at Banff on the 10th March, 1821, and by his own 
dying request was buried with his forefathers in 
Kintail. His father-in-law, Archibald Macra of 
Ardintoul, and his brother-in-law, Donald Macrae of 
Auchtertyre, went to Banff to arrange the funeral. 
The men of Lochalsh and Kintail went as far as 
Cluanie to meet the hearse, and bore the coffin for 
the rest of the way on their shoulders. 1 

1. John went to South Carolina about 1828. 
He married his cousin, Isabella Scota, daughter of 
Duncan Macrae and his wife, Mary Chesnut, and 
died without issue. 

2. Archibald lived at Bruiach, in Inverness- 
shire, married Fanny Taylor of Aiding Grange,. 
Durham, and died at Kemerton Priory, in Gloucester- 
shire, with issue, Mary and Flora, both of whom 
died young. 

l Letter from, 1821. 


3. James died young at Banff, and was buried 

4. Colin went to South Carolina about 1850, 
and lived with his brother John until the death of 
the latter, when he succeeded as lineal representative 
of the Conchra family, and thirteenth in descent 
from Fionnla Dubh MacGillechriosd, the founder of 
the Clan Macrae of Kintail. He lives at Camden, 
in South Carolina, and is unmarried. 

5. Duncan, born 8th October, 1816. He served 
in the H.E.I.C.S., and married, November, 1852, 
Grace, daughter of Donald Stewart, representative 
of the Stewarts of Overblairich (cadet of the 
Stewarts of Garth), with issue as below. Mr Macrae 
resides at Karnes Castle, Rothesay, and is a J.P. 
and D.L. for the County of Bute. 

a. Stewart, married December, 1891, Ethel 
Evelyn, eldest daughter of Martin Ridley Smith, of 
Hayes Common, Kent, and his wife, Emily, 
daughter of Henry Stuart of Montford, Bute, with 
issue :—a\. Kenneth Stewart; a2. John Nigel; 
u3. Grace Emily. 

b. Sophia Fredrica Christina Hastings, married 
13th November, 1879, R. P. Henry-Batten-Pooll, of 
Road Manor, Somersetshire, and Timsbury, Wilt- 
shire, with issue : — b\. Robert Duncan, died 12th 
August, 1894; b2. Walter Stewart; b3. Mary 
Margaret ; 64. John Alexander ; b5. Arthur Hugh. 

c. John MacRae-Gilstrap, of Ballimore, Argyle- 
shire, Captain Forty -Second Royal Highlanders, 
The Black Watch, served in 1884 and 1885 in 
Egypt, the Soudan, and the Nile Expedition, was 


present at all the engagements in which his 
regiment took part, and was mentioned in dis- 
patches. Captain MacRae-Gilstrap 1 married on the 
4th March, 1889, Isabella Mary, daughter of the 
late George Gilstrap of Newark-on-Trent, and niece 
of the late Sir William Gilstrap, Bart, of Fornham 
Park, Suffolk, under whose will he assumed, 9th 
January, 1897, by Royal Licence, the additional 
surname and arms of Gilstrap, and has issue :- — 
el. Margaret Helen ; c2. Janet Isabel ; c3. Ella 
Mary ; c4. Elizabeth Barbara Katherine ; c5. Flora 
Sybil ; c6. John Duncan George. 

d. Anna Helena. 

e. Isabella. 

f. Colin William, Lieutenant in the Forty- 
Second Highlanders, The Black Watch. Lieutenant 
Colin, who is an accomplished performer on the 
bagpipes, is possessor of the " fedan dubh " or Black 
Chanter of Kintail. 2 This chanter, which was one 
of the heirlooms of the "High Chiefs" of Kintail, 
was given by the last Earl of Seaforth to the late 
Colonel Sir John Macra of Ardintoul. By him it 
was given to his nephew, Captain Archibald Macra 
Chisholm of Glassburn, late of the Forty -Second 
Royal Highlanders, The Black Watch, w T ho, in 
1895, gave it to Lieutenant Colin. 

6. Francis died young. 

7. Jessie died young at Banff, and was buried 

1 A portrait and biographical sketch of Captain MacRae- Gilstrap, and also 
a portrait of Mrs MacRae-Gilstrap, appeared in the Celtic Monthly for July, 1896. 

2 Appendix I. 



Vin. The Rev. Donald Macrae, son of the Rev. Farquhar. — Vicar 
of Urray. — Chaplain to Seaforth's Regiment. — Commissioner to 
the General Assembly. — Viear of Kintail.— His Marriage and 
Descendants. — The Drudaig Family. ■ 

VIII. REV. DONALD, son of the Rev. Farquhar 
Macrae of Kintail, became Vicar of Urray in 1649. 
He was chaplain to the regiment contributed by 
Seaforth to the expedition which ended in the 
defeat of the Royalist troops at Worcester on the 
3rd September, 1651, but does not appear to have 
accompanied it to England, as he was chosen 
Commissioner to the General Assembly of the 
Church of Scotland in that year, and was present, 
after his return from the Assembly, at a meeting of 
the Dingwall Presbytery at Contin on the 19th 
August in that year, when the brethren expressed 
their satisfaction with the manner in which he had 
performed his duties as their Commissioner. In 
1656 he was translated to Kintail as fellow labourer 
and "conjunct" minister with his father, under 
circumstances which have already been referred to 
in some detail. 1 On the death of his father in, 1662 
Mr Donald became sole Vicar of Kintail until his 
.own death, which occurred about 16.81. Mr Donald 

l See page 64. ■•-,-, 


married Isabel, daughter of Murdoch Mackenzie, 
fifth of Hilton, and by her had issue- — . 

1. Alexander, of whom below. 

2. John, who left one son, Kenneth, who married 
and had two sons. After the death of their father 
these two sons went to North Carolina in 1774 with 
their mother, who had married a second husband. 

3. Colin married and left, together with 
daughters — 

a. Kenneth. 

6. Alexander was tacksman of Achantighard, 
where his widow was living in 1756. He married 
Janet, daughter of Donald Macrae, and had issue — 

61. Christopher, who was for some time tacks- 
man of Leachachan. He afterwards lived at Kyle- 
akin. He married Janet, daughter of Donald 
Macrae, Dornie, with issue : — (l) Christopher ; (2) 
Alexander, died in Demerara, leaving issue ; (3) 
Colin, died in Demerara ; (4) Donald ; (5) James ; 
(6) Christina, who married Christopher Macrae, 
Kyleakin ; (7) Janet, 1 who, on the 13th March, 
1838, married Malcolm Macrae, Dornie, and died on 
the 25th October, 1893, leaving issue — Jean, died 
young ; J essie ; Barbara, married Thomas Paton, 
Glasgow ; Christopher, died in America ; Jane ; 
Murdoch, died young ; Christina ; Isabella, married 
Roderick Matheson, Totaig ; John, now living at 
Dornie ; Christina ; Mary Anne. 

62. Mary, married Murdoch Macrae. 

63. Christina, married Fionnla Og Mor of Corrie- 

1 Mentioned also on page -18. 


64. Anne, married Duncan Macrae. 
4. Mary, married John Matheson of Bennets- 
lield, with issue. 

IX. ALEXANDER, son of the Rev. Donald, 
was settled by his father in the lands of Drudaig, 
where his descendants lived for some generations. 
He is said to have married a daughter of Fraser of 
Belladrum, and had issue — - 

1. Christopher, of whom below. 

2. Donald, who married Anne Matheson of 
Fernaig, with issue — ■ 

a. Donald, who had at least four sons — Alex- 
ander ; Donald ; Christopher ; Duncan. 

6. Duncan, who was living at Achantighard 
in 1756. He married Isabel, daughter of Maurice 
Macrae, with issue — - 

61. Donald, who had at least four sons — Chris- 
topher ; Duncan ; Allan ; John. 

62. Farquhar. 

63. Alexander, who was in the Seventy-Eighth 

64. Christopher, also in the Seventy - Eighth 
Highlanders, was killed in India on the 29th Nov- 
ember, 1803. 1 

X. CHRISTOPHER, son of Alexander, is men- 
tioned in an old letter, as having been at the Battle 

l The following extract is from a letter written by a cousin of Christopher 
at Bombay, and refers to his death : — "You will no doubt be sorry for poor 
Christopher's fate, who was killed in battle on the 29th November, 1803. You 
heard, I daresay, of his marriage. He left a promising young daughter, with a 
pretty good fortune of £600 sterling. His fate was unexpected, so that he left 
his affairs unsettled. His wife is now married to another man in the military 
service, and has the guardianship of the child." 


of Sheriff muir. He is described as "a tall, slender 
man, but very spirited." He was one of the first 
adherents of Presbyterian ism in Kintail, and was 
one of the first and firmest supporters of the Rev. 
John Bethune, who was appointed first Presbyterian 
minister of the newly-formed parish of Glenshiel 
in 1727. Christopher married Janet, daughter of 
Farquhar Macrae of Inverinate, and died in 1765, 
leaving issue — 

1. Christopher, of whom below. 

2. Margaret married Farquhar Macrae. 

3. Florence married Christopher Macrae at Dall, 
son of Finlay, son of John Breac, with issue. 

4. Anne married Duncan, son of Maurice Macrae 
of Achyuran, with issue. 

XL CHRISTOPHER, son of Christopher, was 
tacksman of Drudaig and Glenundalan. 1 He married 
Anne, daughter of John Macrae, son of Duncan, 
and died young, leaving issue — 

1. Donald, who lived at Drudaig, and after- 
wards went to America. He married Margaret, 
daughter of Farquhar Macrae, Fadoch. 

2. Duncan married Christina Macrae, with issue 
at least three sons — John ; Christopher ; Alexander. 

3. Christopher married Margaret, daughter of 
Alexander Macrae of Auchtertyre, and went to 
Canada about 1816, where he died, leaving issue — 

a. Donald, married Mary Macgregor about 1841, 
and died at Woodside, Manitoba, on the 18th July, 
1886, leaving a large family, one of whom is called 
Duncan, by whom the information here given about 

1 Glenundalan is in Glensheil, above Slieil House. 


the family of Christopher and Margaret Macrae was 
communicated to the author in 1896. 

b. Alexander, who went to France as a young- 
man and was never agfain heard of. 

c. Margaret, married Kenneth Macgregor, and 
died at Ashfield, Ontario, leaving issue — two sons 
and two daughters. 

d. Isabella, married Donald Macgregor, and died 
also at Ashfield, Ontario, leaving a large family. 

e. Duncan, married and had a large family. He 
died about 1891, and was the last survivor of the 

f. Annie, married John Macrae, with issue. 

g. John, died in Indiana about 1866, leaving a 
large family. 

4. Alexander, married Flora Macrae, with 
issue — 

a. Duncan, b. Donald. 

c. Alexander, who was living in 1887 with his 
son, a chemist in Edinburgh. 

5. Anne, married Donald Macrae at Achnagart, 
and had, with other issue, the Rev. John Macrae of 
Knockbain, of whom hereafter. 

6. Margaret. 

7. Mary. 

8. Janet. 

9. Isabel. 



VIII. Miles, son of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae. — Receives a joint 
wadset of Camusluinie. — His Marriage and Descendants. — The 
Camusluinie Family. — VIII. Murdoch, son of the Rev. Farquhar 
Macrae. — His Descendants. 

VIII. MILES or MAOLMOIRE, son of the Rev. 
Farquhar Macrae of Kintail, received, about 1646, a 
joint wadset with his brothers Murdoch and John 
Breac, of Camusluinie, which the family held until 
1751, when the wadset was redeemed. He married, 
it is said, a Murchison, and left issue, at least one 

IX. DONALD, who is said to have been "an 
active and spirited man." He married and left 
issue, at least one son. 

X. JOHN, who married Marian, daughter of 
Christopher Macrae of Aryugan, by whom he had 
issue — 

1. Alexander, of whom below. 

2. Farquhar, who had two sons, Donald and 

3. Duncan died unmarried. 

XL ALEXANDER, son of the above-mentioned 
John, was called Alister Buidh. He married, first, 
Isabel, daughter of Duncan Macrae of Balnain, by 
whom he had issue — 


1. Duncan, of whom below. 

2. John, called Ian Ruadh (Red-haired John), 
married Isabella Macrae, with issue— 

a. Donald, who married, first, Christina Mac- 
lennan, by whom he had a son. 

a\. Duncan, who went to New Zealand. He 
married Isabella, daughter of Farquhar Maclennan, 
Camusluinie, with numerous issue. 

Donald married, secondly, Christina, daughter 
of Christopher Macrae, Carr, and died in 1883, 
leaving issue. 

a'2. John, a farmer at Ardelve, married Mary 
Macrae, with issue — Jessie; Donald; Isabel; Chris- 
tina ; Alexander ; Duncan ; John. 

a3. Christopher died at Ardelve in 1887. 

a4. Alexander, a farmer at Ardelve, married 
16th December, 1886, Zeller, daughter of Donald 
Macrae, Auchtertyre family, with issue — Farquhar ; 
Frederick ; Donald ; Margaret ; Duncan. 

b. Farquhar died unmarried at Ardelve in 1887. 
Alexander, called Alister Buidh, married, secondly, 

Mary, daughter of Alexander Macrae, Camusluinie, 
with issue — 

3. Farquhar, called Ferachar Ban. He was a 
Sergeant in the Seventy-Eighth Highlanders, served 
in India, and afterwards lived as a Pensioner at 
Dornie. He married Anne, daughter of Murdoch 
Murchison, with issue — 

a. Alexander, a Roman Catholic Priest, was for 
some time at Beauly, and was afterwards drowned 
at Cape Breton. 

b. Janet ; c, Mary. 


XII. DUNCAN, eldest son of Alister Buidh, is 
spoken of as " an industrious and religious man." 
He lived at Fadoch, and afterwards at Ardelve. 
He married Helen, daughter of John Og, son of 
the Rev. Donald Macrae of Kintail, with issue. 

1. Mary, born 14th September, 1774, married 
Alexander Macrae, Inchcro, with issue. 

2. Alexander, who went to Canada in 1821. 
He married Anne, daughter of John Mackenzie, 
by his wife, Christina, daughter of Alexander 
Macrae, Auchtertyre, and had, with other issue — 

a. Duncan. 

b. John Alexander, an American Railway Con- 
tractor, now living at Niagara Falls. He married, 
first, Agnes Anne Ross, who died on the 22nd August, 
1891, and was buried at St Catherine's Cemetery, 
Ontario. She left one son, William. John Alex- 
ander married, secondly, Julia Perham. 

c. Christopher. 

3. John, called Ian Ban, born at Ardelve 30th 
January, 1777, died 14th August, 1848, and was 
buried at Kilduich. He married Isabel, daughter 
of Alexander Macpherson, Gairloch, and by her, who 
died on the 6th March, 1861, had issue — 

a. Duncan, died unmarried 8th May, 1886, aged 
seventy-two years. 

b. Anne, died unmarried 18th July, 1858, aged 
forty -one years. 

c. Kate, died unmarried 10th February, 1883, 
aged sixty-two years. 

d. Hannah, died unmarried. 
c. Margaret, died unmarried. 


d. Alexander, for many years Postmaster It - 
Strome Ferry, died unmarried on the 25th June, 
1896, aged seventy-one years. 

VIII. MURDOCH, son of the Rev. Farquhar s 
Macrae of Kintail, had a joint wadset with his' 
brothers, Miles and John Breac, of Camusluinie. 
He married and had issue, at least one son. 

IX. DONALD, who married and left issue, at 
least one son. 

X. MURDOCH, who married Giles or Julia, 
daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie, merchant, Ding- 
wall, by whom he had issue two sons, as mentioned 
below, and four daughters, of whom nothing appears 
to be known. 

1. Donald, who married Anne, daughter of 
Alexander Mackenzie of Lentran, second son of 
Simon Mackenzie, first laird of Torridon. Donald 
died at an advanced age about 1790, and had issue — 

a. Murdoch, who emigrated to North Carolina 
in or about 1773. He was engaged on the Loyalist 
side in the American War of Independence, and 
" was killed in the engagement 'twixt the Loyalists 
and the Americans at More's Bridge in that country 
in February, 1776." 

b. John, who was a planter in Jamaica. 

c. Colin, who was a printer in London. 

d. Alexander, who was a merchant in New York. 

e. Abigail ; f, Giles or Julia ; g, Florence. 
These three daughters were married, h, Janet. 

2. Alexander, who married a Maclean, niece of 
the Rev. John Maclean, first Presbyterian Minister 


of Kintail, by whom he is said to have had issue, one 
son and four daughters. 

It has been found impossible, so far, to trace the 
descendants of Murdoch, son of the Rev. Farquhar 
Macrae, any further. 



VIII. John Breac, son of the Rev. Farquhar. — Foster Brother of 
Kenneth, third Earl of Seaforth. — Under Factor or Chamber- 
lain of Kin tail. — -His Marriage and Descendants. — The Anchter- 
tyre Family. — Finlay, son of John Breac. — Killed at the 
Battle of Glensheil. — His Marriage and Descendants. — The 
Carr Family. 

VIII. JOHN, probably the youngest son of the Rev. 
Farquhar Macrae of Kintail, was called Ian Breac. 
He was tacksman of Achyaragan in Kintail, and is 
spoken of as " an active and successful farmer, who 
left means behind him." He also had a joint 
wadset of Camusluinie with his brothers Miles and 
Murdoch, for which his father gave ten thousand 
marks to George, second Earl of Seaforth. With 
regard to this wadset the clan historian says that 
" whether the other two paid off John or not, his 
successors got none of the money when the wadset 
was redeemed in 1751." In addition to being an 
" active and successful " farmer, John Breac was 
under factor or chamberlain of Kintail under 
Kenneth Mor, third Earl of Seaforth, who, it will be 
remembered, was brought up as a boy and received 
his early education in the family of the Rev. 
Farquhar Macrae. 1 John Breac was Kenneth Mor's 

1 See page 59. 


foster brother, and there is some reason to believe 
that the reputation which Kenneth had of being the 
best chief in the Highlands of Scotland was in some 
measure due to the influence of his foster brother, 
to whose strong sense of justice and kindly con- 
sideration for the rights and the feelings of the 
people the traditions of Kintail and Lochalsh still 
testify. It is said that about the year 1670, while 
there was a rearrangement of farms and a revision 
of leases being made on the Seaforth estate of 
Kintail, John Breac was ill of a fever and unable to 
take any part in the proceedings. On hearing, 
however, that a certain Kenneth Mackay of Sallachy 
was to be removed against his own wish from a 
farm which his family had held for several genera- 
tions, John Breac, ill as he was, got out of bed, 
wrapped himself well up in a blanket and set out 
across the hills of Attadale in pursuit of Seaforth, 
who had, only that day, left Kintail for Brahan. 
John Breac overtook him at Camalt Inn, Attadale, 
and refused to part with him until he promised to 
let Mackay remain in undisturbed possession of his 
ancestral home. It is said that this Mackay's 
descendants are still living at Sallachy. From all 
accounts John Breac was a man of weight and 
influence among his countrymen, and his death was 
lamented in an elegy, of which a few fragments 
have been orally preserved in Lochalsh and Kintail 
to the present day. 1 

John Breac was married, but it is uncertain who 
his wife was. He had at least three children, and 

1 Appendix J. 


his eldest son, Duncan, was born before his marriage. 
One tradition says that the mother of this Duncan 
was a daughter of Munro of Foulis, who was living 
at the time with Lady Seaforth at Ellandonan 
Castle. Another tradition, which can be traced 
back among Duncan's descendants for more than a 
hundred years, and which, for other reasons also, 
appears to be a more authentic one, says that Dun- 
can's mother was a daughter of Mackenzie of Hilton, 
and that she afterwards became John Breac's wife. 
This tradition is to a certain extent supported by the 
Manuscript History of the Clan, in which it is stated 
that John Breac "had a son by his wife before mar- 
riage," but does not say who his wife was. In any 
case it was Finlay, the second son, who was served 
heir to John Breac, who died before the 28th of 
July, 1696, that being the date of the service. John 
Breac left at least the following issue — 

1. Duncan, of whom below. 

2. Finlay, of whom hereafter. 

3. Catherine, who married Murdoch Matheson, 
and had a son John, who had a son Kenneth, who 
married a daughter of Roderick Mackenzie of Rissel, 
Lochcarron, and had a son John, who died without 
issue at Kishorn in 1849, aged seventy-two years. 

IX. DUNCAN, son of John Breac, is mentioned 
on an old genealogical tree as " Mr Duncan," and 
was probably educated for the Church. There is a 
tradition that he occupied some post of importance 1 
on the Seaforth estate of Kintail. He lived at 
Coilrie, was married, and left issue— 

1 Gaelic, " Fear dreachd," which means a man holding an office of trust 
and rank. 


1. Alexander, of whom below. 

2. Murdoch, who had issue — 

a. Alexander, mentioned as a Schoolmaster in 
Easter Ross. 
_ b. John. 

3. Donald, married and had issue — 

a. John, who had a son called John Roy Og, 
who had two sons, viz., Thomas, who was drowned, 
and John, who had two sons, John and Thomas, who 
resided at Dornie in the first half of the present 

h. Alexander, c. Duncan Roy. 

4. Beatrice, who married Donald Macrae, and 
had a son Alexander, who had a son Alexander Og, 
who lived at Dornie. 

X. ALEXANDER, son of Duncan, married and 
had issue — 

1. Donald, of whom next. 

2. Duncan, married with issue. 

3. Mary. 

4. Catherine, married with issue. 

5. Rebecca, married with issue. 

XL DONALD, son of Alexander, was called 
Domhnull Mhic Alister. Having quarrelled for some 
reason with Seaforth, he left Kintail and went to 
Rannoch, in Perthshire. After a brief and appar- 
ently not very satisfactory sojourn in that part of 
the country he returned home, and afterwards took 
a grazing farm on Bern na Caillich, in Skye, where 
he lived for some time. He was drowned while 
crossing Kylerea Ferry during a storm, and his body 
was never found. He married Flora, daughter of 


Kenneth Mackenzie, Culdrein, Attadale (Dochma- 
luag family), by his wife Flora Mackenzie, whose 
father was Roderick, son of John, second laird of 
Applecross, and whose mother was Isabel, daughter 
of Kenneth Mackenzie, sixth laird of Gairloch. By 
her he had issue — 

1. Alexander, of whom below. 

2. Duncan, who married, and had issue. 

a. Flora, who, on the 17th March, 1788, married 
John Macrae, Sallachy, with issue — Duncan; Donald; 

b. Isabel, who married Malcolm Macrae, with 

bl. Duncan, who went to America, married, and 
had issue. 

Z>2. John, who died young. 

bS. Margaret, bA. Kate. 

b5. Flora, who married George Finlayson at 
Avernish, with issue — Duncan ; Kenneth, now living 
at Avernish ; John. 

XII. ALEXANDER, eldest son of Donald, was 
called Alister Donn (Brown Alexander). He was 
co-tacksman of Auchtertyre, with the famous Coll 
Macdonell, fourth of Barisdale, 1 and was in his own 
•day one of the leading men of the parish. He had a 
house built for himself at Auchtertyre, which is said 
to have been the first " white house" in the parish 
of Lochalsh, except the Minister's Manse. He mar- 
ried Isabel, 2 daughter of John Og, son of the Rev. 

1 For several references to Coll of Barisdale, see Antiquarian Notes (Second 
^Series) by Charles Fraser Mackintosh, LL.D. 

2 See page 79. 


Donald, son of Alexander of Inverinate, and by her 
had issue as below. He lived to a very advanced 
age, and was the oldest man in the parish for seveial 
years before his death, which occurred in June, 1832. 
He was buried at Kirkton, Lochalsh. 

1. Duncan, of whom below. 

2. Donald, born at Auchtertyre in 1775. He 
was a planter at Demerara, and afterwards tacks- 
man of Auchtertyre, and factor for Macleod of 
Raasay and Matheson of Attadale. He married, 
about the end of 1816 or the commencement of 
1817, Jane, daughter of Archibald Macra of Ardin- 
toul, by whom he had issue as below. He died 
on the 15th November, 1843, and was buried at 

a. John, a Doctor of Medicine, was surgeon in 
the East India Company's service, and died un- 
married at Cawnpore on the 21st January, 1857. 

b. James died unmarried. 

c. Archibald died unmarried. 

d. Jessy, who, in 1849, married John Stewart of 
Ensay (of the Stewarts of Garth), and died on the 
2fith of October, 1860, leaving issue — 

d\. Jane Macrae. 

d2. William, a Captain in the 91st Highlanders. 

d3. Isabella Christian married, in 1882, Gordon 
Eraser, and has issue. 

d4. Mary died in 1891. 

d5. Donald Alexander married, in 1894, Isabella 
Mary Anderson, with issue — Mary. 

d6. Jessy Chisholm married, in 1888, Thomas 


d7. Archibald died in childhood. 

3. Alexander, who died while studying 
medicine at Aberdeen on the 14th June, 1810, aged 
twenty-two years, and was buried at Kirkton. 

4. John, died unmarried, and was buried at 

5. Farquhar went to Canada about 1833, and 
was for some time a schoolmaster there. He is 
spoken of as "an excellent teacher and a most 
loveable man." 1 After a few years spent in Canada 
he returned to Lochalsh, and died unmarried on the 
4th October, 1839. He was buried at Kirkton. 

6. Christina married John Mackenzie, Auch- 
more, and had, with other issue, Anne, who married 
Alexander Macrae in America, a descendant of 
Miles, son of the Rev. Farquhar Macrae of Kintail, 
with issue as already mentioned. 2 

7. Mary married Alexander Maclennan, and 
had, with other issue, a daughter Jessie, who 
married Duncan Macrae, farmer, Kirkton, with issue 
as already mentioned. 3 

8. Margaret married Christopher Macrae 
(Drudaig family), went to America, and had issue 
as already mentioned. 4 

9. Barbara married Malcolm Ross, a native of 
Easter Ross. He was a road contractor, and made, 
among other roads, the one leading from Strome 
Ferry to Lochalsh. Barbara and her husband 
subsequently went to America. She died on the 
11th February, 1870, and her husband died on the 

1 Letter from one of his old pupils. 

2 Page 167. 3 p age 127. i Page 163. 


22nd April, 1877, both at a very advanced age. 
They left issue — 

a. John, who was born at Auchmore, in Loch- 
alsh, before his parents emigrated. He is a railway 
contractor in America. 

b. Catherine died at the age of twenty-one, on 
the 9th May, 1846, and was buried at Russelton 
Flats, Quebec. 

c. Alexander, married with issue. 

d. Isabella. 

e. Christina, married with issue. 

f. Donald Walter married Susan Macdonald. 
He died on the 26th December, 1877, and was 
buried at St Catherine's Cemetery, Ontario. 

g. Agnes Anne married John Alexander Macrae 
of Niagara Falls, with issue, and died on the 22nd 
August, 1891, 1 as already mentioned. 

10. Flora died unmarried. 

XIII. DUNCAN, eldest son of Alexander of 
Auchtertyre, was for some time a Sergeant in the 
Seventy-Eighth Highlanders. He was a farmer at 
Auchmore, and afterwards lived at Auchtertyre, 
where he died at a very advanced age on the 13th 
February, 1860, being for some time before his 
death the oldest man in the parish. He was buried 
at Kirkton. He married Christina, daughter of 
Murdoch Mackenzie, farmer at Braintra, 2 and by 
her, who died on the 10th of October, 1874, aged 

1 See page 167. 

2 The family to which this Murdoch Mackenzie belonged lived at Braintra 
for many generations, and is said to have been descended from Sir Dougal 
Mackenzie, Priest of Kiutail, who was killed by Donald Gorm Macdonald of 
Sleat in 1539. — See page 26. 


ninety years, and was buried at Kirkton, he had 
issue — 

1. Donald, born at Auchmore on the 15th of 
January, 1808. He lived at Avernish, where he 
died on the 3rd of April, 1888, and was buried at 
Kirkton. He married, on the 23rd of January, 1845, 
Margaret, daughter of Murdoch Matheson, and by 
her, who died on the 22nd of April, 1893, aged 
seventy-two years, had issue — 

a. Margaret, born on the 12th of November, 
1845, married on the 31st July, 1873, Ewen Mathe- 
son, at Plockton, with issue — 

al. Annabella Mary ; a2, Margaret Mary ; aS, 
Farquhar ; «4, Frederick Donald ; a5, Hectorina. 

6. Donald, born on the 22nd of January, 1847, 
a Sergeant of Police in Glasgow, married on the 5th 
of April, 1870, Janet, daughter of Thomas Mac- 
lennan, with issue — ■ 

61. Margaret, born on the 27th of March, 1871. 
married on the 15th October, 1896, Colin Campbell, 
in Glasgow, with issue. 

62. Jessie, born on the 22nd of April, 1873. 

63. Jane, born on the 14th of September, 1876. 

64. Catherine, born on the 18th of October, 

65. Frederick Donald, born on the 4th of April, 

c. Murdoch, born on the 25th of May, 1849, 
died unmarried in Minnesota, in the United States, 
in 1872. 

d. Catherine, born on the 10th of October, 1851. 

e. Frederick George, born on the 7th of Decern- 


ber, 1853 ; a Captain in the Merchant Service, 
drowned at sea in 1882. 

f. John Alexander, born on the 11th of March, 

g. Farquhar, born on the 17th of October, 1858. 
h. Zeller, born on the 26th of October, 1860, 

married Alexander Macrae, at Ardelve, with issue as 
already mentioned. 1 

2. Margaret, married on the 25th of April, 
1844, John Matheson, and died on the 2nd of 
January, 1846, without surviving issue. 

3. John, born at Auchmore in March, 1814. 
He lived for many years at Aultdearg in Kinloch- 
luichart, 2 and afterwards moved to Easter Ross. 
He died at Bridgend of Alness, in the jDarish of 
Hosskeen, on the 15th of April, 1865, and was buried 
at Kirkton, in Lochalsh. He married, on the 10th 
April, 1851, Flora, 3 bom 13th September, 1825, 
daughter of Alexander Gillanders, some time tacks- 
man of Immer and Attadale in Lochcarron, and left 
issue — - 

a. Pvev. Alexander, born on the 23rd of April, 
1852, a clergyman of the Church of England, now 
(1898) Assistant Master of Emanuel School, Wands- 
worth Common, anil Curate of St Helen's Church, 
Bishopsgate, in the City of London. He is the 
author of this book. 

b. Margaret, born on the 12th October, 1853. 

c. Duncan, born on the 29th of July, 1855, and 

1 Page 166. 

2 Kiulochluichart is a quoad sacra parish situated near the centre of the 
county of Ross, and traversed by the Dingwall and Skye Railway. 

3 Appendix F. 


now in America, married on the 19th July, 1887, 
Mary Anne, daughter of Roderick Macdonald, 
Dingwall, and by her, who died the following year 
at Toronto, Canada, had issue, one son, Roderick 
John, born on the 15th of March, 1888. 

d. Annie, born on the 14th of June, 1857, 
married, on the '3rd of December, 1886, Ivan Ingram 
Mavor, of Newcastle-on-Tyne (son of the Rev.' James 
Mavor, M.A., Glasgow) who was shortly afterwards 
killed in an accident at Birkenhead, and by whom 
she had issue, one son, Ivan, born on the 12th of 
September, 1887. 

e. Jeannie, born on the 20th of August, 1859, 
married, on the 12th of August, 1896, Farquhar 
Matheson, Dornie. 

f. Farquhar, born on the 20th of October, 1862, 
M.B. and CM., of Aberdeen University, now living 
at Alness. 

g. John, born on the 31st of October, 1865. 

IX. FINLAY, son of John Breac, son of the 
Rev. Farquhar Macrae. He was served heir to his 
father in July, 1696. 1 

Finlay is said to have " lived in plentiful circum- 
stances at Dullig," and was killed in the battle of 
Glensheil in 1719, fighting on the Jacobite side. 
" During the retreat he loitered behind to have a shot 
at two troopers who were following up close behind. 

1 Finlaus M'Cra in Achgargan haeres Joannis M'Cra nuper in Achgargan, 
filii legitinii quondom Magistri Farquhardi M'Cra aliquando Ministri verbi Dei 
apud ecclesiam de Kintaill patris. — Register of Retours, 28th July, 1696. 

Under the same date Finlay is entered as heir to his uncles Christopher 
and Thomas, legitimate sons of Mr Farquhar Macrae, formerly Minister of 


He killed one of the troopers, but the other killed 
him." 1 It is uncertain who his wife was, but she is 
mentioned on an old genealogical tree as Janet 
Nighean Lachlain Mhic Thearlich (daughter of Lach- 
lan, the son of Charles), and by her he had issue — 

1. Farquhar, of whom hereafter. 

2. Christopher, who lived at Dall, and is men- 
tioned as "a religious, honest man." He married 
Florence, daughter of Christopher Macrae, Drudaig, 
with issue — 

a. John, called Ian Ban, a carpenter or builder. 
He married Catherine, daughter of John Og, son 
of the Ptev. Donald Macrae, with issue — 

a\. Christopher, who had sons — (1) Farquhar, 
who had a son, Alexander ; (2) Donald ; (3) John. 

a2. Flora, who married Duncan Macrae, 2 a de- 
scendant of the R,ev. Finlay Macrae, Lochalsh. 

b. Janet, who is said to have married Duncan, 
grandson of Christopher of Aryugan. 3 

c. Flora, married Alexander Macrae, of the Mer- 
chant Service. He was called the Captain Dubh 
(the Black Captain). 

d. Anne, is said to have married " Farquhar of 
the Smith family." 

3. Flora, married Neil Mackinnon of Kyleakin, 
and had issue at least a son — ■ 

a. John, who married a Miss Macdonald, and 
had a son — 

al. Dr Farquhar Mackinnon of Kyleakin, who 
married and had issue — (l) John, who lived at 
Kyleakin. (2) The Rev. Neil Mackinnon of Creich, 

l Old letter from Kintail. 2 p age 50. 3 Page 124. 


who married Elizabeth Flora Anne, daughter of 
James Thomas Macdonald of Balranald, with issue— 
Farquhar ; Catherine, married James Ross, Polio, 
Kilmuir, Easter Ross, with issue ; James Thomas ; 
Jane ; Jemima ; Christina. (3) Margaret. 

4. Isabel, married, first, Kenneth Macleod of 
Arnisdale, Glenelg, commonly called Kenneth 
Mac Alister, with issue. She 1 married, secondly, 
Neil Mackinnion of Borreraig, one of the Corri- 
chatachan family. From this marriage were de- 
scended the Mackinnons of Strath. 

X. FARQUHAR, 2 son of Finlay, married, first, 
a daughter of Duncan Macrae of Aryugan, 3 who was 
killed at the Battle of Sheriffmuir, and had issue — 

1. Finlay, called Fionnla Ban, lived at Bun- 
dalloch ; married, and had issue. 

2. Donald, who went to America in 1774. 

3. Duncan, who also went to America in 1774. 
Farquhar married, secondly, a daughter of 

Alister Mor Mac Ian Mhic Dhonnachidh, and had 

4. Christopher, of whom below. 

5. Isabel, who married Christopher Macrae, 
Achyark, with issue — 

a. Farquhar, who lived at Ardelve and married 
Anne, daughter of John, son of Alister Ruadh 
Macrae, already mentioned, 4 and had issue — 

1 There is some reason to believe that this, and not the daughter of the 
Rev. John Macrae of Dingwall, is the Isabel whose name is mentioned on the 
tombstone referred toon page 146. 

2 The succession of Finlay is continued here in his son Farquhar only for 
convenience of arrangement. It is not maintained that, he was'the eldest son. 

3 Page 123. 4 Page 124. 


al. Duncan, now living at Ardelve, by whom 
this statement of the descendants of his grand- 
parents, Christopher and Isabel Macrae, was given 
to the author in 1890. Duncan gave evidence 
before Lord Napier's Crofter Commission in 1883. 
He married Mary, daughter of Duncan Macrae, 
with issue : — Anne ; Anne ; Duncan, who died at 
Dornie in 1883; Kate; Farquhar ; Maggie. 

a2. John. 

a3. Farquhar, married Janet Macrae, with issue : 
— Ajine ; Janet ; Maggie ; Isabel ; Mary ; Alex- 

ai. Christopher, married Kate Macrae, with 
issue : — Anne ; Duncan ; Margaret married Hector 
Macdonald ; Farquhar ; Christina ; Catherine ; Mary. 

b. Farquhar. 

c. Duncan, who was a soldier and served in 

d. Alexander. 

e. John, who was for many years a school- 
master at Sleat, and a well-known Gaelic scholar, 
folklorist, and genealogist. He married Catherine 
Macrae of the Torlysich family, and had issue — 

el. John ; e2, Christopher ; 

eS. The Rev. Godfrey, Minister of Cross, in the 
Island of Lews ; 

e4. Isabel ; e5, Annabel ; e6, Christina ; e7, Flora. 

f. Finlay, married a Miss Finlayson, with issue : 
— Mary ; Christopher ; Roderick ; Kenneth ; Far- 
quhar ; Duncan ; Annabel ; Isabel. 

6. Christina, married Duncan Macdonald, at 
Carr, with issue. 


7. Mary, married Farquhar Maclennan, a native 
of Kintail, and had issue at least one son. 

a. Roderick, called Ruaridh Mor (Big Roderick), 
who lived in Glenurquhart, and died in 1884. He 
married Mary Grant, and had, with other issue — 

a\. Alexander, who lived in Kingussie, where he 
died in 1892. He married Helen, daughter of 
Duncan Macrae, 1 with issue ; (l) The Rev. Duncan, 
M.A. of Edinburgh, Free Church, Laggan, married, 
in 1893, Isabella, daughter of Donald Macpherson, 
Factor of the Island of Eigg, by his wife, Mary, 
daughter of Farquhar Macrae of Camusfunary, with 
issue, Norman; (2) Mary, died young; (3) Rod- 
erick, M.A. of Aberdeen, now Headmaster of the 
Public School, Kingussie, married Flora, eldest 
daughter of the Rev. Neil Dewar, Free Church, 
Kingussie ; (4) John ; (5) Jane ; (6) Helen ; (7) 
Kenneth, M.A. of Aberdeen; (8) Mary Anne; (9) 

XL CHRISTOPHER, son of Farquhar, was a 
farmer at Carr. He married Isabel Macrae, with 
issue — 

1. William, lived at Carr. He married Anna- 

1 Some time during the last century two brothers of the name Macrae 
migrated from Kintail to Badenoch, where their descendents, who were men 
of good position, were known as Na Talich (the Kintail Men). From one of 
these brothers is descended the Rev. Alexander Macrae, Minister of the 
Scottish Church, Crown Court, London. From the other brother were 
descended, in the second or third generation — (1) the above-mentioned Duncan, 
who, in addition to his daughter, Helen, had two sons : (a) John, S.S.C., 
Procurator-Fiscal of Kirkwall, who died a comparatively young man, in 1890, 
leaving a widow and family, one of whom, Robert, is in the Indian Civil 
Service ; and (6) Kenneth, now living in London. (2) Kenneth, who had a son, 
John, a Doctor of Medicine, for many years Medical Officer of the Parish of 
Laggan, and now living with his family in Edinburgh. 


bel, daughter of Murdoch Macrae, Achnagart, and 
died in July, 1879, leaving issue — 

a. Alexander, went to South America ; b, Mary ; 

c, Donald ; 

d. Isabel, married Murdoch Macrae at Camus- 
lunie, with issue — William ; Elizabeth ; Alexander ; 
Donald ; 

e. Christopher ; 

f. Murdoch, now living at Seabank, in Gairloch. 

2. Christopher, a farmer at Carr, died in 1895. 
He left a son, Alexander. 

3. Finlay, a farmer a Carr. He married Mary, 
daughter of Donald Macrae, with issue — a, Mary ; 
b, Kenneth ; c, Christopher ; d, Isabel ; e, Jessie ; 

J", Donald. 

4. Christina, married Donald Macrae at Ar- 
delve, as already mentioned. 1 

5. Catherine, married Farquhar Macrae, Camus- 
funary, with issue, of whom hereafter. 

6. Janet, married Donald Macrae, Inverness, 
without issue. 

7. Mary, married Christopher Macrae, Durinish, 
with issue — a, Alexander ; b, John ; c, Christopher ; 

d, Mary ; e, Isabel ; f, Janet. 

iPaa-e 166. 



V. Farquhar, son of Constable Christopher Macrae of Ellandonan 
Castle. — Progenitor of the Black Macraes. — Fearachar Mac Ian 
Oig. — The Rev. Donald Macrae of Lochalsh. — Tradition about 
Ancestry of Governor James Macrae of Madras. — Domhnull Og. 
— High-handed proceedings of Garrison placed in Ellandonan by 
the Parliament after the Execution of Charles I. — Fight 
between the Garrison and the Kintail men. — Domhnull Og's 
Descendants. — Donnacha Mor Mac Alister killed at Sheriff- 
muir. — Maurice of Achyurau. — His Marriage and Descendants. 
— The Rev. John Macrae of Knockbain. — Eonachan Dubh 
and his Descendants. — Domhnull Mac Alister, Progenitor of 
the Torlysich Family. — Killed at Sheriffmuir. — His Marriage 
and Descendants. 

V. FARQUHAR, son of Christopher, 1 who was 
fourth in descent from Fionnla Dubh Mac Gille- 
chriosd, and was Constable of Ellandonan Castle in 
the time of John of Killin, ninth Baron of Kintail, 
was progenitor of the branch of the clan which was 
known as Clan 'ic Hath Dhubh (the Black Macraes). 
He married and had issue — 

1. Donald, of whom below. 

2. Maurice, who left issue. 

3. Christopher, whose descendants appear to 
have been well known in Kintail about the end of 
the seventeenth century, and of whom the Rev. 

1 Page 24. 


John Macrae of Dingwall says, in his manuscript 
history of the clan, that others in Kintail could give 
a more satisfactory account than he could. 

VI. DONALD, eldest son of Farquhar, married 
a daughter of Alexander Bain of Inchvanie, and by 
her had five sons, who are spoken of as " all bold r 
pretty, forward men." 

1. Alexander, mentioned as "an understanding 
active man." For some time he was " principal 
officer " or Chamberlain of Kintail, " a desirable 
and lucrative post." It is said that Sir Kenneth 
Mackenzie, first Baronet of Coul, was fostered and 
brought up in his house, and that this led to " a 
friendship 'twixt the family of Coul and the 
Macras." Alexander left no lawful son, but he had 
two illegitimate sons— John, who lived and died at 
Leault in Kintail, leaving numerous issue ; and 
Murdoch, who lived and died with Sir Kenneth 
Mackenzie at Coul. 

2. John, called Ian Og, married, and had issue — 

a. Alexander, who had issue : 

a\. John, who had a son, John, who lived at 

ct'2. Duncan, who had several sons, one of whom, 
John, was a gunsmith in Kintail. 

aS. Alexander, who left issue. 

b. Duncan, who was killed in the Battle of 
Auldearn in 1645, leaving issue, one son, Chris- 
topher, who was for some time principal officer of 
Kintail, and left issue. 

c Farquhar, called Fearachar Mac Ian Oig, 
whose name figures prominently in the traditions of 


Kintail. It is said that on one occasion, while 
Farquhar was out hunting, the ground officer or 
bailiff of Kintail entered his house, and seized some 
of his chattels in payment of certain dues, which the 
bailiff was endeavouring to levy on his own account, 
and w r hich Farquhar strenuously opposed. When he 
returned home his wife tauntingly informed him of 
what had happened, and he, giving way to the 
impulse of the moment, immediately set out in pursuit 
of the bailiff, whom he soon overtook and killed. 
For this deed of blood he was obliged to flee the 
country, but he soon returned, and for seven years 
concealed himself among the hills of Kintail. At the 
end of that time he made peace with the bailiff's 
friends, and paid them a ransom. He was now able 
once more to appear in public among his friends and 
his countrymen, who welcomed him back with great 
delight. The chief of Kintail, perhaps Colin, first 
Earl of Seaforth, refused, however, to allow Farquhar 
to come into his presence, but during a rebellion in 
the Lews, of which there w T ere more than one at this 
time, Farquhar joined the expedition sent there, 
unrecoo-nised, and, being a man of great valour, he 
conducted himself in a manner which led to a com- 
plete reconciliation between himself and his chief. 
Farquhar possessed considerable poetic talent, and is 
said to have composed several songs during his exile. 1 
Whatever truth there may or may not be in this 
tradition of Farquhar's exile, we know that during 
the chieftainship of Colin, first Earl of Seaforth, who 
lived in far greater state than any of his predecessors, 

1 Appendix J. 


the people of Kintail suffered greatly from the 
excessive rents which "were then levied upon them, 
and as Farquhar Mac Ian Oig is specially mentioned 
as one of those who suffered from the exorbitant 
raising of rent, it is quite possible he may have been 
a leader of resistance and opposition to the exactions 
of the chief and his officials, and may have been 
obliged in consequence to spend part of his life as an 
outlaw. The Rev. John Macrae of Dingwall, in his 
Manuscript History of the Mackenzies, explains, as 
an instance of the " grievous imposition " of Earl 
Colin's time, how the yearly rent of the tack of land 
called Muchd in Letterfearn, which was held by 
Farquhar Mac Ian Oig, was in a short time raised 
from sixty merks Scots to two hundred and eighty. 
It appears that while this process of rent-raising was 
going on, Farquhar left Muchd and moved to 
Achy ark. At all events tradition says it was at 
Achyark he was living when the bailiff seized his 
property. In the poem ascribed to Farquhar, as 
mentioned above, he calls his wife Nighean 
Dhonnachidh (Duncan's daughter), and by her he 
had, with other issue, a son. 

cl. The Rev. Donald of Lochalsh, who was 
educated at Aberdeen, where he graduated M.A, in 
1653. He was minister of Lochalsh before the 11th 
August, 1663, and was still there on the 12th April, 
1688. He is said to have lived until 1710. He 
married Annabel, daughter of William Mackenzie of 
Shieldaig, and by her had issue : — Mr John ; Donald ; 
Duncan ; Farquhar ; Maurice ; and Christopher. 

d. John, called Ian Dubh Mac Ian Our, who 


went to Greenock, and was, according to a Kintail 
tradition, 1 the grandfather of Governor James Mac- 
rae of Madras, of whom hereafter. 

3. Donald, mentioned below. 

4. Duncan, left a daughter but no male issue. 
" He was a pretty man and lived to a great age." 

5. Finlay, left issue, and his descendants were 
numerous in Kintail and Lochalsh. 

VII. DONALD, son of Donald VI. , had five 
•sons, " all pretty men, who outlived their father." 2 

1. John, was " bred a scholar," but does not ap- 
pear to have profited much by his learning, as he 
became one of Earl Colin's menial servants. He had 
a son called John, who married and had issue. 

2. Christopher, mentioned below. 

3. Duncan, who was eighth in descent from 
Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechrioscl, married and had 
issue at least three sons — John, who is described as 
" a great natural orator," and was accidentally killed 
in Strathconon in 1698 ; Ronald ; and 

(IX.) Farquhar, 3 who left a son. 
(X.) Christopher, who is said to have married 
& Maclennan, with issue — 

1 Tradition communicated to the author by Mr Alexander Matheson, 
shipowner, Dornie, in 1897. 

2 It is interesting to note how frequently the Clan historian refers to the 
good looks and handsome personal appearance of the different members of this 
branch of the Clan, who were his own contemporaries, and with whom he was 
perhaps personally acquainted- This is a characteristic which some members 
of this branch of the Macraes are said to have retained until the present time. 

3 The Rev. John Macrae's account of this family terminates with Farquhar 
(IX.) The continuation of the genealogy here given was communicated in 
outline to the author in August, 1896, by Councillor Alexander Macrae, 


(1). Farquhar, of whom below. 

(2). Christina, who married Donald Macrae, 
a farmer at Inverinate, and had, with other 
issue — 

(a). Duncan, commonly called Donnacha Seal- 
gair (Duncan the Hunter), who married and had 

(b). Alexander, who was Quarter-Master Ser- 
geant in the Seventy-Eighth Highlanders. He 
served with his regiment in India, and took part in 
the Battle of Assaye on the 23rd of September, 1803, 
and several other engagements. He was also present 
at the capture of Java in 1811, and retired from 
active serviee in 1815, "after twenty-five years 
of faithful, zealous, and gallant good conduct." 1 On 
the occasion of his retirement he was presented by 
his regiment with a valuable gold watch, in recogni- 
tion " of his long and faithful services to his good 
King and country." Sergeant Macrae afterwards 
lived at Kirkton, Lochalsh, where he died at the age 
of eighty-four, on the 16th of June, 1855, and was 
buried in Kirkton Churchyard. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, 2 fifth laird 
of Cleanwaters, by whom he had issue — 

1 Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel D. Forbes, Commanding 1st Battalion 
78th Highlanders, dated Java, 1st March, 1815. 

2 Cleanwaters was formerly the name of a small estate on the south side 
of Dingwall. The above-mentioned Alexander was a son of Alexander, fourth 
of Cleanwaters, son of Charles, son of John, son of Colin, second laird of 
Kilcoy, son of Alexander, first laird of Kilcoy, younger son of Colin, eleventh 
baron of Kintail, son of Kenneth, tenth baron of Kintail, by his wife the Lady 
Elizabeth Stewart of Athole, for whose descent from the Royal families of 
England and Scotland see Appendix F. For some account of the Mackenzies 
of Cleanwaters see Mackenzie's History of the Mackenzies, new edition, page 584. 


(hi.) Alexander, who married Jane Macdonald, 
and died in Australia, leaving issue. 

(b2.) Donald, who died at Inverness in 1891, un- 

(hS.) Jessie married Robert Forbes, with issue. 

(64.) David, in Australia. 

(65.) Christina married Alexander Macintosh, 
with issue — (l) John died unmarried in Dingwall in 
1896 ; (2) Elizabeth married Thomas Nicol, a well- 
known citizen and Magistrate of Dingwall, and has 
issue ; (3) Margaret married John Macrae, a soli- 
citor and Magistrate of Dingwall, with issue ; (4) 
Annie ; (5) Alexander ; (6) Mary ; (7) Donald, who 
was in the Seaforth Highlanders, and was killed in 
India ; (8) Robert ; (9) Charles ; (10) David. 

(b6.) Charles, a supervisor of Inland Revenue, 
died at Rothesa}^ on the 16th of September, 1885, 
aged fifty-four years, and was buried in Rothesay 
Cemetery. He was twice married. By his first 
wife he left a daughter, and by his second wife two' 
sons and five daughters. 

(XL) Farquhar lived at Inchcro. He married 
Margaret (?), sister of Alexander Macrae of the 
Merchant Service, commonly called the Captain 
Dubh (the Black Captain), and by her had 
issue — 

(XII.) Christopher, who lived at Fadoch, 
married Isabella Macrae. He was drowned in one 
of the rivers of Kintail, and left issue. 

(1). Duncan, who died at Glenose, in Skye, on 
the 19th August, 1877, aged seventy-two years. 
He married Margaret Maclennan, with issue — 


(a). Alexander in Australia. 

(b). Christopher, also in Australia. 

(c). Jessie Hannah. 

(2). Alexander, who married Flora, daughter 
of Duncan Macrae (the above-mentioned Donnacha 
Sealgair), and had issue— 

(a). Alexander, living at Inverinate, and now 
the County Councillor for the Parish of Kintail. He 
married Anne Maclennan, and has issue : — Mary ; 
Alexander ; Donald ; Farquhar ; Duncan ; Flora. 

(6). Donald married Mary Anne Macrae, with 
issue : — ■ Anne ; Farquhar ; Duncan ; Alexander ; 
Duncan ; Alexander ; Flora. 

(c). Isabella. 

(3). John died in Australia in 1888, married 
with issue. 

(4). James, who was commonly known as Seumas 
Ban (James the Fair). He was the author of several 
Gaelic songs 1 which are well known in Lochalsh and 
Kintail. He lived for many years at Ardroil, in 
Lews, where he was the neighbour and friend of the 
Rev. John Macrae, some time of Carloway, Lews, 
and formerly of Knockbain. James died at New 
Kelso, Lochcarron, on the 16th January, 1888, aged 
seventy-five years, and was buried in Lochcarron 
Churchyard. He married Flora, daughtei ^f 
Duncan Mackenzie, by his wife Christina, daughter 
of John Macrae, 2 and by her, who died at Hemel 

1 Appendix J. 

2 This John Macrae, commonly known as Ian Mac a Gobha — John the Son 
of the Smith — was the man who brought Ian Mac Mhurachaidh's poems and 
songs from America (page 83). He died at Carndu, Dornie, in 1839, aged 
ninety-three years. See also Appendix J. 


Hempstead, Hertfordshire, on the 18th of March, 
1895, and was buried in Lochcarron, had issue— 

(a). John, who is also a Gaelic poet 1 of consider- 
able talent, now living at Timsgarry in Lews. He 
married Elizabeth Eraser, with issue — John Eraser ; 
Duncan ; James ; Isabel Anne ; Alexander. 

(6). Isabella married Kenneth Murchison, Loch- 
carron, with issue — Margaret ; Roderick Impey ; 
James Alexander ; Flora ; Christina ; Isabella ; 
Finlay ; Kenneth ; Barbara. 

(c). Flora. 

{d). Christina, whose name was included in the 
Women's Roll of Honour for the Victorian Era in 
the Earl's Court Exhibition of 1897, for having been 
the means of saving the crew of a Danish ship — the 
Grana — which was wrecked on the coast of Lews on 
the 21st of October, 1896. For her conduct on that 
occasion the Danish Government presented her, 
through the Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury, with a 
marble clock, bearing a suitable inscription. 2 Chris- 
tina is married to Donald Mackay, Mangersta, Lews, 
and has issue — Flora Helen ; Andrina ; John ; 
Jemima ; Farquhar Alexander. 

(e). Barbara. 

(/). Farquhar, a graduate of Aberdeen Univer- 
sity, now a Medical Practitioner in London. 

(g). Alexander Mackenzie, now a student at the 
Presbyterian College, London. 

4. Donald, called Dahitar or Dyer, so called 

1 Appendix J. 

2 An account of the heroic conduct of Mrs Mackay on this occasion, together 
with a portrait of herself, appeared in The Strand Magazine, December, 1897. 


because he was taught the trade of dyeing, though 
he never followed it. He left sons and daughters.. 

5. Donald, who was eighth in descent from 
Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd, being the second 
member of the family who bore this name, was called 
Donald Og. He greatly distinguished himself in a 
skirmish which took place in 1650 between the men 
of Kintail and a garrison which had been placed in 
Ellandonan Castle by the Scottish Parliament after 
the execution of Charles I., with whose cause George 
Earl of Seaforth, after much wavering, finally cast in 
his lot. The garrison treated the people with great 
insolence, and among other things, as the autumn 
drew to a close, they insisted that the people should 
furnish them with a sufficient store of fuel for the 
winter. Accordingly, a party of soldiers, under a 
certain John Campbell and a Sergeant of the name 
Blythman, proceeded to the residence of the Cham- 
berlain at Inverinate in order to enforce their 
commands. The soldiers were met by a small party 
of ten men, probably a deputation appointed to 
remonstrate against this new imposition. The re- 
monstrance soon gave place to high words, and the 
officer in command ordered the soldiers to fire. This 
the soldiers did, but without doing the men any 
injury. The Kintail men, however, had old scores to 
settle, especially against John Campbell, who, it 
■seems, had on a former occasion attacked and 
wounded some people at Little Inverinate, so they 
immediately drew their swords, fell upon the soldiers, 
killed several of them, including John Campbell and 
Sergeant Blythman, and put the rest to flight. 


Donald Og, who was evidently the leader of the 
Kintail men, singled out Campbell for attack, and with 
one fierce stroke of his sword, "cut off his head, neck, 
right arm, and shoulder from the rest of his body." 
The place where this occurred was long known as 
Campbell's Croft. Sergeant Blythman was killed while 
attempting to cross a stream of water between Little 
Inverinate and Meikle Inverinate, at a spot which 
was afterwards called Blythman's Ford. Thus the 
ten Kintail men, without losing any of their own 
number, fought against the thirty soldiers, and put 
them to flight, After this the garrison made no 
further demand for fuel, nor did they make any 
effort to avenge their defeat. On the contrary, 
they felt so uneasy and so much afraid of the men of 
Kintail that shortly afterwards they left the country, 
and no further notice was ever taken of the matter. 
Donald Og left issue, 1 Duncan, and 

(ix.) Alexander, who had a son. 

(x.) Duncan, called Donnacha Breac, who had 
a son. 

(xi.) John, who had a son. 

(xn.) John, who had a son. 

(xiii.) Kenneth, who had a son. 

(xiv.) Alexander, who lived in Lochcarron,. 
and married Anne Macrae, with issue. 

(1). Alexander, who married, and had issue. 

(2). Donald, who married Helen, daughter of 

l The succession of Donald Og, as here given, was communicated to the 
author in 1897, in Kintail, by two independent genealogists, whose statements 
were in entire agreement, and were further confirmed by some family notes 
in the possession of the Rev. Donald Macrae of Lairg. 


Joseph Riddoch of Skeith,near Cullen,and afterwards 
ofFowlwood, Grange, and died in 1889, leaving issue. 

(a). Joseph Riddoch, born on the 4th of July, 
1855, and died on the 27th of August, 1874. 

(b). Anne, married Hugh Stewart, who died in 
1889, leaving issue — Jane ; John ; Nelly, who died in 

(c). The Rev. Donald, born on the 10th of January, 
1864, M.A. of St Andrews, B.D. of Aberdeen, 
Minister of the Parish of Lairg in Sutherlandshire, 
to which he was ordained in 1890. He married on 
the 15th of January, 1891, Anne, daughter of William 
Stephen of Oulrain House, and has issue : — 

(cl). Donald Alastair, born on the 26th oi 
October, 1891. 

(c2). Ronald Stephen Bruce, born on the 15th 
March, 1893. 

. (c3). Colin Frederick, born on the 19th of Feb- 
ruary, 1895. 

(c4). Charles Eric, born on the 16th of February, 

(c/). Alexander, born on the 18th September, 
1866, married Marie Don,' and is now living in East 
Liverpool, Ohio, in the United States. 

(e). Helen. 

(3). Kenneth, in Kansas in the United States, 
married, with issue. 

(4). Flora married John Macclonald, in Skye, 
with issue. 

VIII. CHRISTOPHER, son of Donald VII., is 
said to have been " a prudent and facetious man." 
He married and left a son. 


IX. ALEXANDER, who lived about the time 
of the Revolution of 1688. He married Margaret, 
daughter of Alexander Macdonald, of the Glengarry 
family, by whom he had six sons, " all pretty men." 

1. Donald, who was killed at the Battle of 
Sheriffmuir, and of whom hereafter. 

2. Duncan, who was called Donnachadh Mor or 
Donnachadh Mac Alister. He was noted for his 
prowess and strength, and was killed at the Battle 
of Sheriffmuir. It is said that as the Kintail men 
were passing through Glensheil, under the leader- 
ship of Duncan, to join the Jacobite Rising which 
ended in that battle, they came upon six men who 
were struggling to place a large stone in a wall they 
were building. Duncan told the men to stand 
aside, and, seizing hold of the stone, lifted it up 
and placed it in the desired position, and at the 
same time expressed a fervent hope that the Mac- 
raes would never be without a man who could lift 
that stone as he had done. This stone is still 
pointed out at Achnagart. Duncan's sword was 
picked up on Sheriffmuir after the battle, and was 
exhibited for many years in The Tower of London as 
" the great Highlander's sword." There are men 
still alive who remember seeing' this sword in The 
Tower. It is not there now, however, and -what has 
become of it is no longer known, though the proba- 
bility is that it may have been lost in the fire by 
which The Tower Armoury was destroyed in 1841. 
In the time of William Earl of Seaforth, Duncan 
was Captain of the Freiceadan or Guard, whose duty 
it was to protect the marches of the Seaforth estates 


from the plundering raids of the Lochaber cattle- 
lifters, and many are the traditions of his adventures 
and feats of arms against the Fir Chadla (the thin 
or lean men), as the Lochaber marauders were 
usually called in Kintail. 1 Duncan was also a poet, 
but it has been found impossible so far to recover 
any more than the merest fragments of his produc- 
tions. 2 He was married, and left issue. 

3. Maurice, son of Alexander, was tenth in 
descent from Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd. He 
lived at Achyuran, in Glensheil, and is said to have 
married Christina, daughter of Alexander Macrae, 
Camusluinie, with issue at least two sons, Alexander 
and Duncan. 

(xi.) Alexander, son of Maurice, was called 
Alister Ruadh (red-haired Alexander), and was 
ground officer of Kintail, It is said that while at 
school at Fortrose he married a Margaret Fraser of 
Belladrum, by whom he had one daughter, who 
married Duncan Macrae, Achnashellach. Alexander 
married, secondly, a daughter of John Macrae, 
Inversheil, with issue : — 

(l). Donald, called Domhnull Ruadh, who was 
a farmer at Achnagart, and in 1794 moved to Ard- 
elve, in Lochalsh, where he lived for nineteen years. 
In 1813 he moved to Morvich, in Kintail, where he 
died the same year. He married Anne, daughter of 
Christopher Macrae of Drudaig, 3 and by her had a 
large family, of whom at least four sons reached 
manhood, and there was a daughter alive and 

1 See chapter on the legends and traditions of the clan. 
2 Appendix J. 3 Page 164. 


unmarried in 1830. The four sons had the farm of 
Immer, in Lochcarron, between them for some time, 
and they were there as late as 1823. 

(a). Alexander is mentioned as the eldest of 
Donald Roy's sons in a letter written by himself to 
the Honourable Miss Mackenzie of Seaforth, on the 
22nd May, 1830. He married Isabella Crichton, 
who was descended from a Covenanting family, and 
had issue : — Marion, Donald, William Crichton, 
Alexander, John, Farquhar. 

(b). Christopher married and left a son, Donald, 
who is now living at Bundalloch, in Kintail, and is 
married with issue. 

(c). Farquhar. 

(d). The Rev. John, some time of Knockbain, 
and better known in the Highlands as Macrath Mor 
a Chnuicbhain (the great Macrae of Knockbain), 
said to have been the youngest of the sons, was 
born either at Achnagart or at Ardelve in May, 
1794. In his youth he was noted not only for 
physical strength but also for his mental capacity 
and intelligence, and numerous anecdotes about his 
great personal strength and courage are still floating 
about the Highlands. While living at Immer with 
his brothers he made the acquaintance of the Rev. 
Lachlan Mackenzie, of Lochcarron, who is said to 
have formed a high opinion both of his character 
and of his abilities. After leaving Immer he 
received a share in the farm of Ratagan, on the 
south side of Lochduich, and while there he acted 
for some time as superintendent of the workmen 
who were engaged on the. construction of the road 


leading: from Kintail across Mam Ratagan to 
Glenelg and Kyle Rhea. He afterwards held an 
appointment as teacher in a school at Arnisdale, in 
Glenelg;, where he became a centre of much influence 
for good. Upon deciding to enter the Church he 
succeeded in obtaining a bursary for Mathematics at 
Aberdeen University. In this subject he took a 
high position during his course, but failed to make 
a good appearance in Latin and Greek, having 
commenced the study of those languages too late in 
life to be able to acquire the familiarity which is 
: necessary for a complete mastery of their construc- 
tion and idiom. He was, however, a very proficient 
student of Hebrew. On completing his college 
course and obtaining licence, he acted for some time 
as assistant to the Rev. James Russell, of Gairloch. 
He became minister of Cross, in Lews, in 1833. 
Here he continued until 1839, when he became 
minister of the parish of Knockbain, in the Black 
Isle. 1 The great controversy which led to the 
Disruption of the Church of Scotland in 1843 w T as 
then at its height, and Mr Macrae soon became one 
of the ablest and most energetic of the leaders of 
the popular party in the Highlands. In 1843 he 
cast in his lot with the Free Church, and remained 
at Knockbain for some vears longer. In 1847, the 
death of his intimate friend, the Rev. Alexander 
Stewart, of Cromarty, made him wish for a change 
of locality, and in 1849 he accepted the Gaelic 
Church at Greenock, where he continued until town 

1 The Black Isle is the peninsula lying between the Beauly and Cromarty 
Firths, on the north-east coast of Scotland. 


life and labour began to tell so much on his health 
that he found it necessary to move to a quieter 
scene. Accordingly in 1857 he moved to the parish 
of Lochs in Lews, and then in 1866 to Carloway, 
also in Lews. Here he remained until 1871, when 
he retired from active duty, generously declining to 
accept the retiring allowance to which he was 
entitled from the Church. He died at Greenock on 
the 9th October, 1876, leaving behind him a 
memory and a name which Gaelic-speaking High- 
landers will not readily allow to perish. Mr 
Macrae's powers as a preacher were undoubtedly of 
the very highest order, and his influence among the 
people and his brother clergy was very great. It 
was said of him at the time of his death that no 
minister in • the Highlands during the last two 
hundred years had made so great an impression on 
so large a number of people. One writer says that 
Mr Macrae, "who was of fine personal appearance, 
was the type of a genuine Kintail man, well propor- 
tioned, beautifully shaped head and shoulders, 
herculean limbs, and deep chest, an excellent voice, 
and an impressive manner. The effects he produced 
upon his hearers were such as no preacher of the 
time except Dr Chalmers was known to produce. 
In Gaelic his powers came fully out, yet in English 
he often thrilled his hearers as he did when he 
spoke in his native tongue. His preaching was 
characterised by richness of thought, beauty and 
simplicity of illustration. He was a large-hearted 
man, sound in doctrine, liberal in sentiment, and 
esteemed by all." Another writer says that " His 


appearance as he presented himself before a congre- 
gation at once arrested attention, it suggested to his 
hearers the thought that this was a messenger 
from God." The Rev. John Macrae married 
Penelope, daughter of Captain Mackenzie of Bayble 
in Lews, and by her, who died on the 9th December y 
1859, aged fifty-four years, he had four- sons and 
two daughters. 

(cZl). John went to Australia, married. 

(d2). Donald went to New Zealand. 

(dS). Jane married the Rev. Donald Macmaster 
of Kildalton, in Islay, with issue : — John ; Donald' r 
Mary; Hugh; JEneas; Alexander; Ebenezer; Jane. 

(c?4). Ebenezer, in New Zealand, married, with 
a large family. 

(c/5). Annie married the Rev. Alexander Mac- 
rae of Clachan, in Kintyre, with issue : — John ; 
Alexander; Ebenezer James ; Duncan Graham. 

(d6). Alexander Stewart. 

(2). Farquhar, married Finguela, daughter of 
Duncan Macrae of the Torlysich family, with issue — 

(a). Donald, married Catherine Maclennan, with 
issue — 

(al). Donald. 

(a2). Murdoch, 1 now living at Cairngorm, in 
Kintail, married Margaret Finlayson, with issue — 
Donald ; John ; Alexander ; Murdoch ; Farquhar ; 

1 Mr Murdoch Macrae's name came into considerable prominence through- 
out the Highlands during the crofter agitation about 1884, in connection with 
proceedings instituted against him for damage alleged to have been done by a 
pet lamb belonging to him, in the cleer forest of Kintail, then leased by a 
wealthy American, the late Mr W. L. Winans. 


(a3). Farquhar, now living at Sallachy, married 
Anne Mackay. 

(a4). Isabella. 

(b). John married, and had issue. 

(c). Alexander, killed in Egypt. 

(d). Farquhar married Catherine Maclennan, and 
had issue. 

{ell). Alexander, who died at Strome Mor, 
Lochcarron, on the 28th August, 1895, aged 80 
years. He is the author of a treatise on " Deer 
Stalking," published by Blackwood & Sons, Edin- 
burgh. He married Anne, daughter of Duncan 
Macrae of Leachachan, with issue — Catherine ; 
Mary ; Christina, married Alexander Macrae, in 
New Zealand ; Duncan, at Strome Mor, Lochcarron ; 
the Rev. Farquhar, M.A., minister of the parish of 
Glenorchy, in Argyllshire; Donald, in New Zealand; 
Flora, married Joseph Ramsay, in Glasgow ; Alex- 
ander, in Western Australia ; Kate Anne ; Ewen. 

(d2). Flora, married Duncan Maclennan, with 
rs). Catherine ; (dA). Farquhar. 

(3). Christina (?), who, according to the traditions 
of Kintail, married Ian Mac Mhurachaidh, the poet. 1 

(4). Anne, who married Donald Macrae, of the 
Torlysich family, and had issue — a son, Maurice, and 

(xi.) Duncan", son of Maurice, son of Alex- 
ander IX., married Anne, 2 daughter of Christopher 
Macrae of Drudaig by his wife Janet, daughter 
of Farquhar Macrae of Inverinate, son of Duncan 

1 Page S3. 2 Page 163. 


of Inverinate, son of Alexander of Inverinate by his 
first wife, Margaret Mackenzie of Redcastle, 1 and by 
her had issue at least one son — 

(1). Duncan, called Donnachadh Og. He lived 
at Carr, and married Anne, daughter of Duncan 
Maclennan, Inchcro, and by her had issue — 

(a). Donald lived at Fernaig, and died 2nd 
December, 1858. He married Janet, daughter of 
Alexander Macrae of Morvich, and by her, who died 
on the 20th of May, 1897, aged seventy-eight years, 
had issue — 

(al). Peter, late of Morvich. 

(«2). Catherine, married Dr Cameron. 

(aS). Mary, married Roderick Macrae. 

(a4). Anne, married Duncan Maclennan of Ach- 
ederson, in Strathconon. 

(ab). Jessie, married Dr Duncan Macintyre, of 
Fort-William. She died in Edinburgh on the 30th 
of January, 1898. 

(a6). Duncan Alexander, late of Fernaig and 
Monar, married Barbara Mitchell, with issue — 

(6). Farquhar, who was tacksman of Camus- 
funary, in Skye, married Catherine, daughter of 
Christopher Macrae, Carr, with issue — 

(bl). Alexander, married Madeline, daughter of 
Captain Farquhar Macrae of Inversheil, with issue, a 
son, Farquhar, who is married, with issue ; and three 

(b2). Duncan, died in America. 

(63). Ewen, now at Fernaig, in Lochalsh. 

(64). John, also at Fernaig. 

1 Appendix F. 


(65). Thomas, in Leith. 

(66). Donald, in Australia. 

(67). Mary, married Donald Macpherson, Eig, 
with issue — (1) John ; (2) Catherine, married the 
Rev. John Smyth Carroll, M.A., Glasgow ; (3) 
Isabella, married the Rev. Duncan Maclennan, M.A., 
Laggan 1 ; (4) Mary, married David Boyd, Aberdeen ; 
(5) Farquharina, married John Macrae, Portree. 

(68). Jane, married Mr Mackintosh, with issue. 

(69). Anne. (6 10). Catherine. 

(c). Ewen, died at Fernaig. 

(d). Duncan, was a farmer at Leachachan. He 
married Mary, daughter of Donald Maclennan, Con- 
chra, and died on the 15th of January, 1862, aged 
sixty-four years, leaving issue — 

(dl). Christina, married Alexander Macrae. Ach- 
lorachan, in Strathconon. 

(d'2). Ewen, now at Borlum, near Fort- Augustus. 

(dS), Anne, married Alexander Macrae, with 

(cZ4). Isabella, married Robert Blair, with issue. 

(do). Lachlan, in Inverness, married, with issue. 

(d6). Christina. 

(d7). The Rev. Duncan, now minister of the 
parish of Glensheil. 

(<i8). Donald, a doctor, died in Bristol in 1889. 

(e). John, was tacksman of Braintra, in Lochalsh, 
where he died on the 1st of May, 1874, aged seventy- 
three years. He married Flora, daughter of 
Roderick Finlayson, Achmore, and by her, who died 
on the 6th of May, 1867, aged forty-five years, had 
issue — 

1 Page 184. 


(el). Anne, married Murdoch Matheson, of the 
Hudson Bay Company, with issue, Flora Catherine ; 
Joan Alexandrina Mary. 

(e2). Duncan, J. P., of Ardintoul. 

(e3). Roderick, M.D. of the University of Edin- 
burgh, Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian 
Medical Service. He served in the Afghan War in 
1878-1880, at the close of which he received a 
special staff appointment " for excellent services in 
the field," and now holds the important appointment 
of Chief Medical Officer of the District of Dacca, 
under the Bengal Government. 1 

(e4). Ewen, in New Zealand, married in 1891, 
Mary Eleanor Fantham, with issue — Flora Mary ; 
Annie Ethel Frances ; Robert Cunningham Bruce. 

(e5). Donald John, in Assam, married, 12th 
October, 1894, Catherine Isabella Gibbs, Daisy Bank, 

(e6). John Farquhar, M.B. and CM., Brighton, 
married, in 1886, Edith Lily Johns. 

4. Christopher, son of Alexander IX., and 
tenth in descent from Fionnla Dubh Mac Gille- 
chriosd, was called Gillecriosd Glas (Pale Chris- 
topher). He married and left issue — 

(xi.) Donald, who is said to have married 
Marion (?), a sister of the poet Ian Mac Mhurachidh, 
and had a son. 

(xn.) John, called Ian Dubh na Doiraig (Black 
John of Doiraig). He married Catherine Macrae, 
and had with other issue — 

1 A biographical sketch, with a portrait of Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel 
Macrae, appeared in the Celtic Monthly for December, 1896. 


(l). Donald, who was a farmer in Glengarry, 
where he died in 1860. 

(2). Alexander, who was a soldier in the Seventy - 
Eighth Highlanders. 

(3). Duncan, of whom next. 

(xiii). Duncan, 1 called Donnacha Ban Brocair 
(Fair Duncan the Foxhunter), lived for many years 
at Tulloch, near Dingwall, and was afterwards a 
farmer at Kernsary, near Poolewe, where he died in 
November, 1851. He married Margaret, daughter 
of John Macrae, farmer and miller in Lochbroom, by 
his wife Catherine, daughter of Alexander Macvinish 
of Achilty, in the parish of Contin, and by her, who 
died in Dingwall in 1859, aged fifty- three years, 
had issue — 

(1). Catherine, born in 1827, married Charles 
Macleod, a Free Church missionary, with issue, two 

(2). Isabella, born in 1829. She married Dun- 
can Mackenzie, and died in 1891, leaving issue, two 
sons and three daughters. 

(3). Duncan, born in 1832, now of Strathgarve, 
Dalveen, Queensland. He married on the 21st of 
September, 1869, Charlotte Jane, daughter of 
Loudon Hastings Macleod, with issue 2 — 

(a). Margaret Jane. 

(b). Addie Sophia. 

(c). Loudon Hastings Duncan, born on the 1st 
of August, 1876. 

1 The descent of this Duncan from the above-mentioned Christopher, son of 
Alexander IX., was communicated to the author in August, 1897, by Mr Alex- 
ander Matheson, shipowner, Dornie. 

2 A biographical sketch, with a portrait of Mr Duncan Macrae, appeared 
in the Celtic Monthly for May, 1897. 


(4). Alexander, born in 1834, now of Brixham, 
Devonshire, married in 1871, Anne Lorrimer, who 
died on the 5th of December, 1897, aged sixty-seven 
years, without issue. 

(5). Farquhar, born in 1836, now of Killiemore, 
in the Island of Mull. He married, in 1870, Maggie, 
daughter of Donald Macdougall of Port Ellen and 
Tyndrum, in the Island of Islay, and by her, who 
died in 1887, aged forty-two years, had issue — (a). 
Duncan ; (6). Kate Cameron ; (c). Grace Maclennan. 

(6). John, born in 1838, was for some time a 
farmer at Ardlair, on the shores of Loch Maree. 
He went to Queensland in 1873, and was killed 
there by a horse in 1880. He married and left 
issue — (a). Duncan ; (b). Ian ; (c). Grace. 

(7). Colin, born in 1843, married, in 1880, a 
Miss Young', and died in 1892 without issue. 

5. Farquhar, son of Alexander IX., was severely 
wounded at the battle of Sheriffmuir, and brought 
home by his nephew, John, who is mentioned below. 
Next day as this John was going over the field of 
battle he found his father and his uncle Duncan 
among the slain, and his uncle Farquhar lying 
wounded with a fractured leg. John tried to catch 
one of the stray horses that were wandering over the 
field in order to carry his wounded uncle away, but 
without success. It is said that the wounded man 
succeeded, however, by hailing one of the horses in 
English, to draw it near enough to seize it by the 
bridle, which he held until his nephew came up to him. 
But the horse, on hearing the beating of drums in 
the distance, became very restive, and the young man 


had great difficulty in managing' it. He succeeded, 
however, at last in getting his uncle mounted. They 
then set out on the homeward journey, and never 
halted until they reached, Fort- William, where Far- 
quhar remained for three months, until his wound 
was quite healed. He then returned to Kintail, 
taking the horse along with him. The horse was 
carefully kept until it became weak with age and at 
last died through sinking accidentally in a bog. 
The iron shoes it wore at Sheriffmuir were kept for 
many years in the Torlysich family as an heirloom, 
and were last in the possession of the late Alexander 
Macrae of Morvich. 

6. John, who was known as Eonachan Dubh 
(Black little John), is said to have been the youngest 
of the sons of Alexander IX. He w T as tenth in descent 
from Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd. He is said to 
have been a man of short stature, but of great 
strength, and there are traditions still preserved 
of his deeds of daring and prowess against the Loch- 
aber marauders, with whom, in his time, the men of 
Kintail had many a stout contest. 1 John married, 
and had issue at least one son. 

(xi.) Christopher, who lived at Malagan, in the 
Heights of Kintail, and in whose house Prince 
Charles passed a night, or part of a night, during 
his wanderings in that part of the country about the 
end of July, 1746. He is said to have married 
Anne, 2 daughter of Christopher Macrae of Aryugan, 
and had issue at least one son — 

l See chapter on the legends and traditions of the clan. 
2 Page 126. 


(xll) Alexander, who married Anne Macrae, 
Camusluinie, and had issue. 

(1). Murdoch, of whom below. 

(2). Christopher, who married Janet Macrae, 
with issue. 

(a). Isabel married Alexander Macrae at Reraig, 
in Lochalsh, and had issue. 

(al). Christopher died in Canada, married, with 

(a2). Malcolm died in Canada. 

(a3). Christina married Alexander Finlayson, 

(«4). Duncan, who was ground officer of Loch- 
alsh, and died in 1866, aged fifty years, 
i (a5). Mary, married James Macrae, Kirkton, 
Lochalsh, without issue. 

(a6). Hugh, in the Inland Revenue, died at 
Kirkton, Lochalsh, in 1891. He was married, but 
left no issue. 

(a7). Agnes, married Murdo Finlayson, of Kyle 
Inn, Lochalsh, with issue : — Catherine, who married 
Alexander Maclennan, of whom hereafter. 

(a8). Roderick, married Mary, daughter of 
Donald Macrae, Fernaig, 1 with issue, and died in 

(a9). Flora married Alexander Mackenzie, Oban. 
(alO). Alexander died young. 
(6). Annabella married Kenneth Maclennan, 

(c). Alexander, who died at Reraig, Lochalsh, 
and left a son. 

l Page 205. 


(cl). John, living in Paisley, and married with 
issue, a son, Alexander, and several daughters. 

(3). Alexander, married and had issue at least 
one son. 

a. John, who married Isabella, daughter of 
Farquhar Macrae of Torlysich, and had, with other 
issue — 

a\. Christopher, who lived in Glensheil, married 
and had issue. 

<%2. Alexander, who was a farmer in Glenmoris- 
ton from 1844 to 1868, when he removed to another 
farm in Badenoch, which he occupied until 1884, 
He married Anne, daughter of Duncan Macrae, Atta- 
dale, and died in Edinburgh, leaving issue — (l) 
John, living at Islip, New York, by whom this 
information about his own family was communicated 
to the author in 1898. (2) Duncan, living in North 
Wales, married with issue, a son, James Alexander. 

(3) Jane, married Colin Maclennan, Islip, New York.. 

(4) Catherine, married William Russell, New York, 
(xm.) Murdoch, lived at Sheil House, and died 

at Achnagart on the 17th of December, 1846, aged 
eighty-six years. He married Annabella, daughter 
of the Hev., Donald Mackintosh, of Gairloch, by his 
wife Catherine, daughter of William Mackenzie, 
fourth laird of Gruinard, 1 and by her, who died on 
the 15th of April, 1861, aged seventy-eight years, 
had issue— 

(1). Catherine, died young. 

(2). Alexander, died in Montgomery County, 
in Ohio, about 1856. He was married and left issue. 

1 Mackenzie's History of the Mackenzie*, new edition, page 618. 


(3). Anne, married Donald Macrae, a merchant 
in Jeantown, Lochcarron. 

(4). Donald, of whom next. 

(5). Annabella, married William Macrae, Carr, 
with issue. 1 

(6). Alexandrina, died unmarried on the 31st 
of January, 1860, aged "forty -two years. 

(7). Isabella, died at Seabank, Gairloch, on the 
2nd of November, 1896. 

(8). Christopher, a wool broker in Liverpool, 
died on the 15th of January, 1856, aged thirty-five 

(9). Christina, married John Mackenzie, Ard- 
roil, Lews. 

(xiv.) Donald, was for some time tacksman of 
Achnagart, and afterwards became proprietor of the 
estate of Kirksheaf, near Tain. He was a Justice 
of the Peace for the County of Ross. He married 
Anne Magdalen Gordon, only daughter of Thomas 
Stewart, J. P., of Culbo, and died in 1884, with issue 
one son. 

(xv.) Christopher Alexander of Kirksheaf, 
born in 1864, Captain in the 3rd Battalion Seaforth 
Highlanders. He died at Dover, while on the way 
to Algiers, on the 20th of December, 1894, and was 
buried in the St Duthus Cemetery, Tain. He 
married, in 1888, Helena Margarette, third daughter 
of the late Edward Griffith Richards, J. P., of Lang- 
ford House, Somerset, with issue — 

(1). Donald Christopher, born on the 3rd of 
March, 1889. 

l Page 184. 


(2). Kenneth Matheson, born on the 11th of 
September, 1890. 

(3). Eleanor Marjorie, born on the 2nd of 
August, 1893. 

X. DONALD, son of Alexander IX., and his 
wife, Margaret Macdonald, was the first of this 
family who lived at Torlysich. He married 
Rebecca (?), daughter of John Macrae, a former 
occupier of the lands of Torlysich, called Ian Mac 
Ian, 1 and was killed at the Battle of Sheriffmuir. 
By his wife Donald had issue — 

1. Donald, of whom below. 

2. John, who as a young man was at the Battle 
of Sheriffmuir, and brought his wounded uncle, 
Farquhar, home, as already mentioned. John was 
afterwards tacksman of Inversheil, and lived to a 
very advanced age, his descendants to the fourth 
generation being at his funeral in Kildnich. He 
married Anne Macrae, and had issue at least four 
sons — 

a. Alexander, who married Marion, probably a 
sister of Ian Mac Mhurachaidh the poet, and lived 
at Achyuran. He had a son. 

a\. Duncan, who had two sons, Duncan and 

b. Donald, called Domhnull Buidh (yellow-haired 
Donald), who married and had issue : — 

l Ian Mac Ian of Torlysich was the Chief of the Claim Ian Charrich Mac- 
raes (see pages 22-23). He is said to have been killed in a fight between the 
Kintail men and the Lochaber cattle lifters, at a place called Carndhottum, 
between Glenmoriston and Glengarry. His body was brought back to Kintail 
for burial, and Donald married his daughter and took possession of Torlysich. 


61. John, who married Isabella, daughter of 
Farquhar Macrae of Sheil Inn, and went to Canada. 

62. Donald, who married and went with his 
family to Australia. 

63. Duncan. 

c. Christopher, was a farmer at Achnagart, and 
married a daughter of John, son of Duncan Macrae 
of Glenelchaig, with issue at least three sons : — 

clt Farquhar, and c2, John, who both went with 
their families to Canada. 

c3. Alexander, who was for some time a faimer 
at Achnagart, and married a daughter of Donald 
Macrae, Inchcro, with issue : — (1), Christopher ; (2), 
Alexander ; (3), Donald ; (4), Catherine, who married 
John Maclennan, with issue — Alexander, tacksman 
of Linassie, in Kintail, of whom hereafter; (5), Mary, 
who married John Macrae (Ian Huadh) of the 
Torlysich family ; and (6) Isabella, who married his 
brother Allan. Both Mary and Isabella went to 
Australia with large families. 

d. Farquhar married and had issue — 
dl. Donald, a soldier. 

d2. Malcolm, who was sheriff- officer for Kintail. 

3. Duncan lived in Glensheil. He married, first, 
a Macrae, without surviving issue. 

He married, secondly, Annabella, daughter of 
Donald Matheson of Craig, Lochalsh, by whom he 
had issue — 

a. Donald, who married Anne, daughter of Alex- 
ander, son of Maurice of Achyuran, 1 and by her had 
issue, a son Maurice and several daughters. • 

iPage 204. 


Duncan married, thirdly, a daughter of Chris- 
topher Macrae, by whom he had, with other issue— 
b, Christopher ; c, Alexander ; d, John, a soldier, 
who served in India, and obtained a pension. He 
married and left issue. 

XI. DONALD, son of Donald X., succeeded his 
father in Torlysich, and had Glenquaich in joint 
wadsett with some cousins from Glengarry. He 
married Katherine, 1 daughter of the Rev. Donald 
Macrae of Kintail, with issue — 

1. Farquhar, of whom below. 

2. Duncan married and left issue. 

3. John married Abigail Macrae, Camusluinie, 
with issue — ■ 

a. John married Mary, daughter of Donald Mac- 
lennan, with issue — 

al. Christopher died in the West Indies. 

a2. Donald, who lived for several years at Aver- 
nish, Lochalsh. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Donald Macrae, and died at Carnoch, in the Heights 
of Kintail, on the 22nd of March, 1892, aged eighty- 
five years, leaving issue : — (l) Mary married Donald 
Mackenzie, with issue, and died on the 5th of July, 
1878 ; (2) John, in Wales, married Lilla Andrews; 

(3) Donald, at Killelan, married Janet Maclennan ; 

(4) Farquhar, in New Zealand ; (5) Christopher, at 
Carnoch ; (6) Anne married, on the 6th of January, 
1898, John Macrae, of Dornie, son of Malcolm and 
Janet Macrae. 2 

ci3. Farquhar went to Australia. 

i Page 79. • 2 Page 161. 


a4. Catherine married John Macrae, 1 school- 
master at Sleat, in Skye, with issue. 

a5. Helen, married Malcolm Macrae, and went 
to Australia in 1852 with her husband and family. 
She died there shortly after their arrival, and her 
husband died in 1872. They left, with other issue, 
a son Duncan, now a farmer at Donnybrook, in 

b. Donald, married Hannah, daughter of John 
Macrae, with issue — 

bl. John, who married Isabel, daughter of 
Roderick Matheson, with issue. 

Z>2. Farquhar. 

63. Donald, a gamekeeper at Cailleach, in Skye, 
married Catherine Munro, with issue. 

c. Alexander, married Anne, daughter of John 
Macrae, with issue. 

cl. John, went to Australia. 

c2. Donald, lived at Inversheil. He married 
Catherine, daughter of John Macrae, Durinish, with 
issue. > 

c3, Farquhar, went to Australia. 

c4. Catherine, went to Australia. 

d. Christopher, died without issue. 

John and Abigail Macrae had two other sons in 
the Seventy-Eighth Highlanders. He had also some 

4. Margaret, married Duncan, son of Alex- 
ander, son of Farquhar. 

5. Helen, married Kenneth Maclennan, . in 

-l Page 183 


XII. Farquhar, son of Donald XI. , succeeded 
his father at Torlysich. He married "Helen Grant 
of Dundreggan, in Glenmoriston, whose mother was 
a daughter of Colonel Grant of Shewglie, whose wife 
was a daughter of John Grant, commonly called Ian 
a Chragain, 1 by his second wife, Janet, daughter of 
Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel," 2 and by her had 
issue — 

1. Duncan, called Donnacha Mor, succeeded to 
Torlysich, and was extensively engaged in cattle 
dealing. When Seaforth sold the south side of Glen- 
sheil to Mr David Dick, Duncan left the old family 
home at Torlysich, about 1820, but got the farm of 
Achnagart, which still formed part of the Seaforth 
property. He married Florence, 3 daughter of the 
Rev. John Macrae, of Glensheil, with issue one son, 
Francis Humberston, who married in Tasmania, and 
left issue, now the lineal representatives of the old 
Torlysich family. 

2. Donald, tacksman of Cluanie, in the Heights 
of Kintail. He married Margaret, daughter of Alex- 
ander Macra of Ardintoul, with issue — 

a. Alexander, some time tacksman of Glenquaich, 
died unmarried in Australia. 

h. Hannah married Donald Macdonald, Loch- 

c. Isabella married Donald Stewart of Luskin- 
tyre, in Harris, with issue — 

1 For an interesting account of Ian a Chragain, who was Laird of Glen- 
moriston from 1703 to 1736, see Mackay's " Urquhart and Glenmoriston." 

2 Letter. 3 Page 106. 


cl. John, now of Ens.ay, married Jessy Macrae 
of Auchtertyre, with issue as already mentioned. 1 

c2. Donald died unmarried. 

c3. William died unmarried. 

c4. Robert died unmarried. 

c5. Alexander married Anne, daughter of Cap- 
tain Mackenzie. 

c6. Grace married Duncan Macrae of Karnes 
Castle, with issue as already mentioned. 2 

c7. Mary married, first, the Rev. Robert Mac- 
kintosh of Kirkmichael, and, secondly, Robert 
Anderson of Lochdhu, with issue. 

c8. Helen Grant married, in 1846, William Hill 
Brancker of Athline, in the Island of Lews. She 
died in October, 1897, and left with other issue, 
William Stewart, barrister-at-law, of the Inner 

c9. Richmond Margaret . married John Mac- 
dougall of Lunga, with issue : — Stewart, now of 
Lunga, late Major in the Ninety-Third Highlanders, 
and married with issue. 

clO. Hannah married Captain Ronald Mac- 
donald (Aberarder family) of the Ninety-Second 

d. Janet married Duncan Macrae of Linassie, 
who went with his family to Canada. 

Donald of Cluanie had also a natural son, John, 
who was a Sergeant in the Seventy-Eighth High- 
landers, and was killed after greatly distinguishing 
himself at the battle of El Hainet, in Egypt, in 
1807. Sergeant John Macrae is mentioned by 

l Page 175. 2p age 158. 


General David Stewart of Garth in his Sketches 
of the Highlanders. 1 

3. Alexander, tacksman of Morvich, married 
Jessie Cameron of .Climes, in Lochaber, who died 
on the 12th of March, 1858, aged eighty-two. years. 
-Alexander died on, the 27th of January, 1852, aged 
ninety-two years, and by his wife left issue — 

a. Janet married. Donald Macrae, Fernaig, with 
issue as already mentioned, 2 and died at a very 
-advanced age on the 20th of May, 1897. 

b. Helen, married Ewen Maclennan of Killelan, 
with issue — 

bl. Alexander, in Canada. 

b2. Anne Charlotte, married Alexander Mac- 
lennan, 3 tacksman of Linassie, with issue — Ewen 
Donald ; Percy Cameron ; Katie Christina ; John. 

Alexander of Morvich had also two natural sons 
— (l) Alexander, who was for many years a farmer 

lln Volume II., page 317, General Stewart, in speaking of the battle of 
El Hamet, says : — Sergeant John Macrae, a young man about twenty -two 
years of age, but of great size and strength of arm, showed that the broad- 
sword, in a firm hand, is as good a weapon in close fighting as the bayonet. 
. . . . Macrae killed six men, cutting them down with his broadsword (of 
the kind usually worn by sergeants of Highland corps), when at last he made 
a dash out of the ranks on a Turk, whom he cut down ; but as he was return- 
ing to the square he was killed by a blow from behind, his head being nearly 
•split in two by the stroke of a sabre. Lieutenant Christopher Macrae, whom 
I have already mentioned as having brought eighteen men of his own name to 
the regiment as part of his quota of recruits for an ensigncy, was killed in this 
affair, with six of his followers and namesakes, besides the Sergeant. On the 
passage to Lisbon in October, 1805, the same sergeant came to me one evening, 
crying like a child, and complaining that the ship's cook had called him Eng- 
lish names, which he did not understand, and thrown some fat in his face. 
Thus, a lad who in 1805 was so soft and childish, displayed in 1807 a courage 
and vigour worthy a hero of Ossian. 

2 See page 205, where her age is erroneously stated to have been seventy- 
eight — she was much older. 3 Page 215. 


at Achlorachan, in Strathconon. He married, first, 
Maria Margaret, daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie 
of Langwell and Corrie, in Lochbroom, with issue, a 
son, Kenneth Farquhar, late of Achlorachan, and 
now living in the State of Oregon, in America, and 
a daughter, Alice, who married Murdoch Mackenzie 
of Glenbeg, Kishorn. He married, secondly, Chis- 
tina, daughter of Duncan Macrae, Leachachan. 1 
(2) Duncan, who married and had issue. 

4. John, called Ian Ruadh, was for some time 
tacksman of Dalcataig, in Glenmoriston. He married 
Mary, daughter of Allan Grant of Dundreggan, and 
sister of Captain Grant of Reraig, Lochalsh, with 
issue — 

a. John, married Mary Macrae of Achnagart,. 
with issue, and went to Australia. 

b. Allan, married Isabella Macrae of Achnagart,. 
with issue, and went to Australia. 

c. Duncan, died unmarried. 

d. Angus, died unmarried. 

e. Jessie, married Duncan Macrae of Sheil House,, 
and went as a widow to Australia with her three- 
sons — Duncan; Christopher, who died on the voyage; 

f. Donald, who died at Inversheil in 1896, at a 
very advanced age, and whose portrait was painted 
some years before his death by Mr William Lock- 
hart Bogle. 

5. Christopher, was a Lieutenant in the Second 
Battalion of the Seventy-Eighth Highlanders, which 
was raised in 1804, and joined by many young men 

iPage 206. 


from Kintail. Coming back to the district as a 
recruiting officer, Christopher brought twenty-two 
recruits to his battalion, and, in recognition of his 
services, obtained an Ensign's Commission for his 
brother Farquhar. The departure of these men 
was commemorated in a pibroch called Lochduich. 
Lieutenant Christopher was killed, along with seven 
other Macraes, as already, mentioned, at the battle 
of El Hamet, in Egypt, in 1807. 

6. Farquhar joined the Seventy-Eighth High- 
landers at a very early age, and obtained an Ensign's 
Commission, as stated above, shortly after the rais- 
ing of the Second Battalion. He was promoted 
Lieutenant in 1808. He was present at the battle 
of Maida, in Italy, in 1806, and at El Hamet the 
following year. He served also in India and in 
Java, and was with the portion of his regiment 
which was wrecked in the Bay of Bengal while 
sailing from Java to Calcutta in November, 18 16, 
and had to remain nearly five weeks on the Island of 
Preparis, where they suffered great hardshhps before 
they were finally rescued. 1 He retired about 1825. 
On returning home he lived first at Cluanie, and 
afterwards became tacksman of Inversheil. He 
married, on the 12th of January, 1826, Christina, 
daughter of the Rev. John Macrae of Glensheil, 2 and 
died on the 18th of November, 1858, aged about 
seventy-two years, leaving issue as below. His wife 
died in Bute on the 4th of August, 1887, and was 
buried at Kilduich. 

l Historical Records of the 78th Highlanders, by James Macveigh, page 84. 
2 Page 107. 


a. Donald John, born on the 18th of April, 1830, 
who was tacksman of Inversheil and Cluanie, and 
who, according to the obituary notices of him which 
appeared at the time of his death, was one of the 
best known and most highly esteemed farmers in 
the North of Scotland. He married Margaret', 
daughter of Archibald Wallace, Esq. of Conrick, in 
Dumfriesshire, and died on the 14th of June, 1877, 
leaving issue — 

a\. Margaret Wallace. 

a2. Farquhar, in India. 

a3. Christian Isabella Stewart married, in 1894, 
R. D. Tipping, in India, with issue — Richard Percy 

a4. Archibald Wallace. 

a5. Fanny. 

a6. Donald John. 

a7. William Alexander Mackinnon. 

aS. Agnes Wallace. - 

b. Helen Elizabeth Grant, born 13th of March, 
1828, married Farquhar Finlayson, of Rothesay, with 
issue — Christina Madeline ; Duncan ; Mary Catherine. 

c. Madeline, born 18th of April, 1832, married 
Alexander Macrae, as already mentioned. 1 

7. Isabella, married John Macrae, as already 
mentioned. 2 

8. Janet, married John, son of Duncan Macrae, 
farmer, Conchra, with issue at least one daughter, 
Mary, who married a Mr Fraser, with issue. 

9. Catherine, married Alexander Maclennan 
Culagan, Lochcarron, with issue — 

1 Page 205. 2 p age 212. 


a. John, died in Trinidad. He was married and 
left issue, a son and a daughter. 

b. Farquhar, lived in Lochcarron, where he died 
in 1869, aged fifty-eight years. He married Janet, 
daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie, Morvich, by his 
wife, Anne Macrae, and left issue — 

61. Alexander, now living at Craig House, Loch- 
carron. He married Catherine, daughter of Mur- 
doch Finlayson, as already mentioned, 1 and has 
issue — Farquhar, now a Medical Student at the 
University of Aberdeen ; Agnes ; John ; Murdo 
Roderick Finlayson ; Duncan Lachlan. 

62. Hannah, married James Macleod in Australia. 
bS. John, died in Australia in 1869. 

64. Lachlan, in Queensland. 

65. Kenneth, at Monar. 

b6. Annie, married to Joseph Williams in Here- 
ford. b7. Catherine. 

c. Christopher, died in Australia, was married, 
and left issue. 

d. Duncan, died in Australia, unmarried. 

e. Lachlan, living at Clunes, Victoria, in Aus- 
tralia, is married, and has a large family. 

l Page 211. 



Finlay, son of Christopher of Aiyugan. — Settled in Lochcarron. 
— Fionnla nan Gobhar. — His Family. — Donald Macrae of 
Achintee. — Ruling Elder of the Parish of Lochcarron. — His 
Marriage and Descendants. 

X. FINLAY, 1 son of Christopher of Aryugan, 
and tenth in descent from Fionnla Dubh Mac 
Gillechriosd, left Kintail and settled in the neigh- 
bourhood of New Kelso, in Lochcarron, and there is 
no reasonable doubt that this was the Finlay Macrae 
known in Lochcarron as Fionnla nan Gobhar (Finlay 
of the goats), who lived at a place called Frassan, 
near New Kelso, during the first half of the eighteenth 
century, and was a man of means. This identity is 
further confirmed by the traditions of Fionnla nan 
Gobhar's descendants, who claim Christopher of 
Aryugan as their ancestor. Fionnla nan Gobhar 
married, and left issue at least two sons — 

1. Duncan, of whom next. 

2. Finlay, who married, and had issue at least 
one son, Duncan, who married Rebecca Macaulay, 
and had a daughter, Mary. 

XL DUNCAN, son of Finlay, married, and had 
issue — 

1. Donald, of whom next. 

iPage 125. 


2. Christopher, who emigrated to North Caro- 
lina about the end of the last century, and was living 
there in 1810. He married, and had issue at least 
one son and several daughters. 


XII. DONALD lived at Achintee in Lochcarron, 
He is said to have been a man of " great piety and 
much force of character," and was ruling" elder of the 
parish of Lochcarron under the ministry of the well- 
known Mr Lachlan Mackenzie. He married Mary, 
daughter of his cousin, Duncan Macrae, who is 
mentioned above, and by her had issue as below. 
He died on the 3rd of January, 1821, aged eighty 
years, and was buried in Lochcarron. 

1 Duncan, who died unmarried in 1804. 

2. The Rev. Finlay, born in 1792. He was 
educated at King's College, Aberdeen, graduated 
Master of Arts in 1812, and became minister of 
North Uist in 1818. '"Amid the bitterness and 
strife engendered by the veto controversy he was 
accused of maintaining erroneous opinions in a sermon 
preached at the opening of the Synod (of Glenelg). 
The case came before the General Assembly (of the 
Church of Scotland) in 1841, who referred it to a 
committee, who reported on the 31st of May, unani- 
mously, that unsoundness of doctrine was not 
chargeable." 1 He was not only acquitted of the 
charge of heresy, but was also complimented by the 
Assembly on the general ability of the sermon. He 
continued minister of North Uist until his death on 
the 15th of May, 1858. He married on the 16th of 
July, 1824, Isabella Maria (born 1800, died in 

1 Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae. 


Edinburgh 1882), daughter of Colonel Alexander 
Macdonald of Lynedale, Skye, and Balranald, North 
Uist, and by her had issue — 

a. Donald, born at Baleloch, in North Uist, in 
August, 1825. He married in March, 1851, Anna- 
bella, daughter of Captain David Miller, Royal 
Marines, of Pow, Perthshire, and died in 1893, 
leaving issue — 

al. David Miller, born in 1851, and died un- 
married in 1893. 

a2. Annabella Douglas, born in 1853. 

a3. Isabella Maria, born in 1855, died in childhood. 

a4. John Miller, born in 1857, died, unmarried, 
in 1882. 

ab. Elizabeth Anne, born in November, 1859, 
married, in 1887, Charles Gordon Mackay, M.B., 
Lochcarron, with issue. 

a6. Alexandrina Cornfute, born in November, 
1859, married, in 1887, John Tolmie, 1 of H.M. 
Register House, Edinburgh. 

a7 . Isabella, born in 1861, died in infancy. 

a8. Finlay Alexander, born in 1863, of the firm 
of Jackson, Gourlay, Taylor, & Macrae, Chartered 
Accountants, London and Glasgow. He married, in 
1886, his cousin, Mildred Augusta, daughter of 
Surgeon-Major Alexander Macrae, of whom below, 
with issue — (1) Florence Annabella, born in 1887 ; 
(2) Rita Mildred, born in 1888 ; (3) Dorothy Mary, 
born in 1890 ; (4) John Finlay Noel, born in 1891 ; 
(5) Nina Elizabeth, born in 1893. 

a9. Mary Jane Harris, born in 1865. 

l Page 100. 


alO. Caroline Isabella Craigdaillie, born in 1867, 
married Percy Maclean Rogers, London, with issue. 

all. Somerled James, born in 1870, died un- 
married, in 1893. 

b. Alexander, born at Baleloch, in North Uist, 
in 1828, a Doctor of Medicine. He was surgeon 
in the Army, first in the Ninety-Third Highlanders, 
and afterwards in the Ninth Lancers, with which 
regiment he served in the Indian Mutiny. He was 
afterwards promoted Surgeon-Major of the Ninety- 
Seventh Regiment, and died in London on his return 
from India, in May, 1862. He married, in 1851, 
Florence, daughter of Dr William Henry Maclean 
of the Royal Hospital, Greenwich, with issue — 

bl. Lachlan, born in 1858, married, with issue. 

Z>2. Mildred Augusta, born in 1859, married her 
cousin, Finlay Alexander, as mentioned above. 

63. Eva Florence Impey, born in 1862, married, 
in 1894, Thomas Southwood Bush, Bath. 

c. Duncan, born at Vallay, in North Uist, in 1 829, 
went to Australia, was married, and died in 1866, 
leaving issue, two sons, Duncan and Finlay. 

cl. John Alexander, born at Vallay, in 1832. He 
succeeded his father as minister of North Uist, and 
died unmarried in 1896. 

e. James Andrew, born at Vallay in 1834, Major 
in the Inverness Highland Light Infantry, died 
unmarried in 1873. 

/ Jane Ann Elizabeth, born at Vallay in 1838, 
married Captain Edward William Hawes, R.N., who 
served in the Crimean War and died in December, 
1874, and by whom she had issue : — Isabella Georgina 


Emily; Mary Margaret ; Elizabeth Alexandrina Mac- 

g. Godfrey Alexander, born at Vallay in 1840, 
a Doctor of Medicine, died unmarried in Edinburgh 
in 1884. 

3. Christopher, who in his youth was a great 
favourite of the Rev. Lachlan Mackenzie, succeeded 
to his fathers farm, and in 1842 became tacksman 
of Glenmore, in Kishorn, where he lived for many 
years. He was extensively engaged in cattle dealing, 
and was the first man who sold cattle on the present 
site of the Muir of Ord Market. He married 
Margaret, daughter of John Gillanders, of Kishorn, 
and by her had issue as below. Christopher died 
on the 5th of October, 1875, aged over eighty years. 
His wife died on the 26th of July in the same year, 
aged seventy-five, and both were buried in Lochcarron. 

a. Mary, married John Maclennan, and succeeded 
to her father's farm at Achintee. She has issue — 

ah Duncan, married with issue. 
a2. Anne, married Alexander Maclennan, with 

a3. John, died while studying at the University. 

ai. Christopher. 

ab. Christina, married, with issue. 

b. Flora, married Alexander Mackenzie, with 
numerous issue, one of whom is the Rev. Colin 
Mackenzie, of the Free Church, St Ninians, Stirling. 

c. Margaret, married Kenneth Macdonald, factor 
for Lord Dunmore, in Harris. She died on the 22nd 
October, 1863, without issue. 

d. Rebecca, died unmarried in Liverpool. 


e. Donald, a Doctor of Medicine, of The Firs, 
Beckenham, Kent, and a Justice of the Peace for the 
county of Inverness. He married on the 2nd of 
June, 1874, Harriet Parker Garth, daughter of 
Arthur Michel, Esq., of Eaton Square, London, 
with issue, one daughter. 

Emily Elizabeth Mary, married, on the 15th of 
September, 1897, Edward Oliver Kirlew, B.A., of 
Christ Church, Oxford. 

f. Jane, married William Coghill, of the Royal 
Engineers, without surviving issue. 

g. John, died in New Zealand on the 12th of 
July, 1895. 

h. Kate ; i. Isabella. 

4. John, a farmer at Achintee, married Kate 
Maciver, and died in 1835, leaving issue — 

a. Donald, born in 1826, succeeded to his father's 
farm. "He was a religious and a highly respected 
man." He married in 1850 Margery, daughter of 
Donald Macdonald, Lochcarron, by whom he had 
issue as below. He died in 1887. 

al. John, died young. i 

a2. Mary, born in 1852, married, in 1877, John 
Mackenzie, Lochalsh. 

aS. Donald, born in 1854, was a schoolmaster 
at Dunblane, and died in 1879. 

a4. John, born on the 25th of June, 1856, 
ordained minister of the Free Church at Aberfeldy 
in 1884. He married on the 20th of April, 1887, 
Catherine Campbell Mackerchar, with issue, Donald, 
born on the 16th of September, 1888. 

a5. Margaret, born in 1858, died in 1867. 


a6. Catherine, born in 1861, married, in 1882, 
to Murdoch Mackenzie, Auchnashellach, Lochcarron. 

a7. Isabella, born in 1865, married, in 1894, to 
John Stewart, Slumbay, Lochcarron. 

a8. Alexander, born in June, 1867, a minister of 
the Free Presbyterian Church at Kames, in Argyll- 

a9. William, born in 1869, succeeded to his 
father's farm at Achintee. 

alO. Margaret Isabella, born in October, 1873. 

b. Alexander, born in 1828, went to Australia in 
1852, settled near Ballarat, and died in 1890. He 
was married, and left a large family. 

c. Mary, born in 1830, died young. 

5. The Rev. Donald, born on the 12th of 
January, 1801. He was educated at King's College, 
Aberdeen, and graduated Master of Arts in 1823. 
He became minister of Pool.ewe, in Ross-shire, in 
1830. At the Disruption of the Church of Scotland 
in 1843, he cast in his lot with the Free Church, and 
was followed by his entire congregation. In 1845 
he became minister of the Free Church at Kilmory 
in Arran, where he continued until his death on the 
6th of August, 1868. He married on the 2nd of 
August, 1834, Jessie, daughter of the Rev. James 
Russell, M.A., of Gairloch, and by her had issue — 

a. Mary Johanna, married the Rev. John Stewart, 
for many years Free Church minister of Pitlochry, 
who died in 1882, and by whom she had issue — 

al. Jessie Russell. 

a2. Alexander, in South Africa. 

aS. Donald Macrae, a Presbyterian minister in 


«4. Margaret, married James Arthur Thompson, 
Lecturer in Biology in Edinburgh University. 
a5. William, in the United States. 
a6. Ella ; a7. Douglas ; a8. Ian. 

b. Donald, a medical practitioner in the city of 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, U.S.A., was for three years 
Mayor of that city. He married Charlotte Angelica, 
daughter of Joseph Bouchette, Surveyor-General of 
Canada, with issue, one son, Donald, who is also a 
medical practitioner, in partnership with his father, 
and is married, with issue. 

c. Isabella, died young in 1855. 

d. Jessie Russell, married the Rev. John Teed 
Maclean, minister of the Free Gaelic Church, Govan, 
Glasgow. She died in 1888, leaving issue. 

e. James Bussell, a farmer near Council Bluffs, 
U.S.A., married, with issue. 

f. Rev. John Farquhar, sometime minister of the 
Free Church , Cockpen , near Edinburgh , and afterwards 
of the Free Church, St Andrews. He is now minister 
of the Toorak Presbyterian Church, Melbourne, one 
of the most, important Presbyterian Churches in 
Australia, He married Bertha, daughter of Thomas 
Livingstone Learnmouth, of Park Hall, Polmont, 
with jssue — Frederick ; Norman ; Ethel ; Muriel ; 
Marjory Bertha. 

g. Rev. Duncan, now minister of the Presby- 
terian Church, Wood Green, London. He married 
Alice, daughter of Alfred Hawkins, solicitor, London, 
with issue — Irene, died in childhood ; Russell Dun- 
can ; Winifred Alice ; Kathleen Doris. 

h. Finlay Alexander, now living at Wood Green, 


London, married Myra, daughter of the Rev. Colin 
Campbell, minister of the parish of Lamlash, in 

6. Anne, married George Mackenzie, with issue. 

7. Jessie, married Finlay Matheson, a Senator 
of Canada, with issue. 

8. Rebecca, married Kenneth Macleod, with 

9. Mary, married in 1806, Christopher Mac- 
donald, Lonellan, Kintail, with issue — 

a. Kate, married, first, in 1826, Alexander Mac- 
rae, shipowner, Domie, with issue. 

al. Donald, born in 1827, died in Australia. 

a2. Margaret Catherine, married in 1859, Alex- 
ander Bremner, of the Inland Revenue, now in 
Dunblane, with issue, three sons, one of whom is Dr 
A. M. Bremner, Alyth, Perthshire. 

Kate, married, secondly, in 1841, John Murdoch, 
of the Inland Revenue, with issue — 

«3. John; ai. Mary; ab. Christopher; a6. Caro- 

b. Duncan, born in 1809, died in 1831. 

c. Mary, married Roderick Mackenzie, shipowner, 
Shieldaig, with issue — ■ 

cl. Isabella, married Duncan Macrae, Dornie, 
with issue. 

c2. Mary, married Christopher Macdonald, New 
Zealand, with issue. 

c3. Anne. 

c4. Christopher, merchant, Shieldaig. 

c5. Margaret, married Roderick Macrae, Loch- 


d. Christina, married, in 1841 , Charles Mackenzie, 
Lonellan, with issue — 

dl. Alexander Colin, born in 1842, schoolmaster, 
Maryburgh, near Dingwall, Major, First Volunteer 
Battalion Seaforth Highlanders, and a Justice of 
the Peace for Ross and Cromarty. 

d2. Christopher Duncan, born 1843, now in 
business in Middlesbrough, Yorkshire, married, in 
1870, Margaret Sclanders, daughter of John Mac- 
millan, Glasgow, with issue. 

d3. Annabella, married, in 1875, John Bell, at 
Bishop Auckland, Durham, with issue. 

dL Mary, died in 1894; d5. Margaret. 

e. Finlay of Drudaig, a Justice of the Peace for 
the County of Ross, married, in 1860, Jessie Mar- 
garet, daughter of Lieutenant John Macdonald, 
North Uist, and died in 1892, leaving issue — 

el. John Christopher, a planter in India. 

e2. Johanna Matheson. 

e3. Alexina Flora, married Dr Robert Moodie, of 
Stirling, with issue. 

e4. Mary Catherine, married James Gerrard, of 
Coorg, in India. 

e5. Jemima Margaret. 

e6. Duncan Alexander, died young. 

e7. James Andrew, died young. 

f. Alexander, born in 1820, drowned in 1834. 



Governor James Macrae of Madras. — Tradition about his Ancestry, 
— His Humble Birth. — Boyhood. — Goes to Sea. — -Mission to 
Sumatra. — Governor of Madras. — Return to Scotland. — His 
Death. — His Heirs. — Their Marriages and Descendants. 

There have been very few men who had a more 
romantic or a more successful and honourable career 
than Governor James Macrae of Madras, who, though 
by birth a native of the County of Ayr, is sometimes 
claimed as a descendant of the Macraes of Kintail. 
There is a Kintail tradition to the effect that some 
time during the first half of the seventeenth century a 
certain John Macrae, known in Kintail as Ian Dubh 
Mac Ian Oig 1 (Black John, son of John the younger), 
migrated to the south and settled for some time at 
Greenock, that either he or one of his sons after- 
wards moved farther south to the town of Ayr or 
its neighbourhood, and that he was the grandfather 
of Governor James Macrae of Madras. At the same 
time, the name Macrae or M'Cra appears more than 
once in connection with Ayr 2 many generations 
before the time to which this tradition refers, and it 
is quite possible that, notwithstanding the Kintail 

t Pages 189-190. 

2 In the Register of the Great Seal, 25th August, 1534, mention is made 
of Thomas M'Cra, Sergeant or Constable of the Sheriff of Ayr, but the name 
occurs in Ayr as far back as 1477. 


tradition, Governor Macrae may have belonged to 
an old Ayrshire family of that name. But, on the 
other hand, it may be mentioned that, besides this 
Kintail tradition, there are traditions * also among 
other families of the name to the effect that they 
are descended from certain Macraes who left Kin- 
tail and settled in the south-west of Scotland about 
the middle of the seventeenth century. 

Of Governor Macrae's ancestry, however, nothing 
beyond the Kintail tradition appears to be known. 
He was born in the neighbourhood of Ayr about the 
year 1677. His parents w T ere in poor circumstances, 
and at an early age James was employed in herding 
cattle. He lost his father while still very young, 
and his mother then moved to a small thatched 
cottage in one of the suburbs of Ayr. Here she 
earned her living as a washerwoman, while her son 
added to the earnings by serving as an errand boy 
in the town. By some means or other he contrived 
to acquire an education — perhaps through the kind- 
ness of a fiddler of the town of Ayr called Hugh 
Macguire, and about 1692 went to sea. It is 
generally supposed that he was not heard of again 
in Ayr until he returned home after an absence of 
about forty years. In 1720 he is mentioned as 
Captain Macrae, then serving under the Honourable 
East India Company, and conducting a special 
mission to the English settlement on the West 
Coast of Sumatra. So successfully did he fulfil the 
object of that mission, and deal with certain com- 
mercial abuses which prevailed there at the time, 

l These traditions are again referred to in Chapters XX., XXI. 


that he was appointed Deputy-Governor of Fort St 
David, with reversion of the Governorship of Fort- 
George. He was afterwards appointed Governor of 
the Presidency of Madras, and assumed charge of 
office on the loth of January, 1725. His rule is said 
to have been stern and arbitrary, but highly accept- 
able to the Company, as he reformed many abuses, 
reduced expenditure, and greatly increased the Com- 
pany's revenues. The first Protestant Mission was 
inaugurated at Madras during his rule in 1726, and 
in the following year a general survey of the town 
and suburbs was made under his direction. He 
is said to have been emphatically a commercial 
Governor, effecting fiscal reforms on all hands, cor- 
recting various abuses and , greatly developing and 
increasing the commerce 'of the Presidency, while 
many improvements of various kinds were carried 
out as the result of his intelligent and energetic 
polic} T . The old records of Madras reveal many 
facts most creditable to the rule of Governor James 
Macrae, who thus occupies a high and honourable 
place in the long list of eminent statesmen who have 
made our Indian Empire what it is. He resigned 
the Governorship on the 14th of May, 1730, and on 
the 21st of January, 1731, set sail for Scotland. 

On his return to Scotland he found himself a perfect 
stranger, but a diligent search led to the discovery of 
some relatives or friends, whom he treated with great 
kindness, and among whom he made a liberal distri- 
bution of his wealth. He bought several estates in 
the West of Scotland, and fixed his own residence 
at Orangefield, in Ayrshire. He was admitted a 


burgess of Ayr on the 1st of August, 1733, and in 
1735 he presented Glasgow with a bronze statue of 
William III. He died on the 21st of July, 1744, 
and was buried in Monktoun Churchyard, where he 
is commemorated by a monument which was erected 
in 1750. Governor Macrae died unmarried, and the 
exact degree of relationship between himself and the 
family which he adopted appears to be somewhat 
•doubtful. They were the grandchildren of Hugh 
Macguire, to whose kindness, as already mentioned, 
Governor Macrae is said to have been indebted for 
such education as he received in his childhood, and 
they are also mentioned as his sister's children. It 
is quite possible that a son of Hugh Macguire, also 
called Hugh, may have married Governor Macrae's 
sister. In that case, then, both descriptions might 
be correct. 1 

On obtaining some information about her, 
Governor Macrae is said to have written to his 
sister, Mrs Hugh Macguire, at Ayr, enclosing a 
large sum of money, and offering to provide for 
herself and family. The surprise of Mrs Mac- 
guire and her husband, who is said to have 
been a poor man, earning his living partly as 
a carpenter and partly as a fiddler, was, of course, 
unbounded, and " they are said to have given 
way to their delight by indulging in a luxury 

1 The writer of the article on Governor Macrae in the Dictionary of 
National Biography speaks of the family he adopted simply as the grand- 
children of his old benefactor, Hugh Macguire, but in J. Talboys Wheeler's 
Madras in the Olden Time (a work to which the author is indebted for most of 
the information contained in this chapter) they are mentioned as the children 
of Governor Macrae's sister, Mrs Hugh Macguire. 


which will serve to illustrate both their ideas of 
happiness, and the state of poverty in which they 
had been living. They procured a loaf of sugar and 
a bottle of brandy, and scooping out a hole in the 
sugar loaf they poured in the brandy, and supped 
up the sweetened spirit with spoons until the excess 
of their felicity compelled them to close their eyes 
in peaceful slumber." 1 Governor Macrae made liberal 
provisions for the Macguire family, as follows : — 

1. The eldest daughter married Mr Charles Dal- 
rymple, Sheriff-Clerk of Ayr, and received the estate 
of Orangefield. 

2. Margaret married Mr James Erskine, who 
received the estate of Alva, and was afterwards 
elevated to the bench under the title of Lord Alva. 

3. Elizabeth married William Cunningham, 
thirteenth Earl of Glencairn, in August, 1744, and 
died at Coats, near Edinburgh, on the 24th of June, 
1801, leaving issue — 

a. William, Lord Kilmaurs, died unmarried in 

b. James, fourteenth Earl of Glencairn, died 
unmarried on the 30th of January, 1791. This was 
the Earl of Glencairn so frequently referred to in 
the works of Robert Burns, and on whose death the 
poet wrote his well-known " Lament for James, Earl 
of Glencairn." 

c. John, fifteenth and last Earl of Glencairn, 
born in 1750, was an officer in the 14th Dragoons, 
but afterwards took orders in the Church of Eng- 
land. He married, in 1785, Lady Isabella Erskine, 

1 J. Talboys Wheeler's Madras in the Olden Time. 


second daughter of the tenth Earl of Buchan, and 
widow of William Leslie Hamilton. He died with- 
out issue on the 24th of September, 1796, when the 
title became extinct. 

d. Harriet married Sir Alexander Don, Bart, 
of Newton- Don, Roxburgh, and had a son — Sir 
Alexander Don, Bart., who succeeded to the barony 
of Ochiltree on the death of his grandmother, the 
Countess of Glencairn, in 1801. 

4. The fourth daughter married James Macrae, 
of whom next. 

JAMES MACRAE, who married the fourth 
daughter of Hugh Macguire, received the barony of 
Houston, in Renfrewshire. He appears to have been 
a young gentleman of doubtful origin, said to have 
been the nephew of Governor Macrae, but supposed 
to have been his natural son. 1 He was a Captain in 
the Army, and on the 4th of April, 1758, was served 
heir general to Hugh Macguire of Drumdow, 
who is there mentioned as his father, and who died 
in 1753. Captain Macrae died on the 16th of 
October, 1760, leaving issue, at least, one son — 

JAMES, of Houston, and afterwards of Holmains, 
in Dumfriesshire, was also a Captain in the Army. 
In consequence of an insult which Captain Macrae 
received, or thought he had received, one night at 
the theatre door in Edinburgh, from one of the 

l This account of James Macrae is from J. Talboys Wheeler's Madras in 
the Olden Time, but the writer of the article in the Dictionary of National 
Biography says that he was the son of Hugh Macguire (in which case he was 
probably the nephew of Governor Macrae), and that he adopted the name 
Macrae as one of Governor Macrae's heirs. This would seem to be borne out by 
his service of heirship, and in that case he could not, of course, have married a 
daughter of Hugh Macguire, as stated by J. Talboys Wheeler. 


servants of Sir George Ramsay, Bart, of Bamff, in 
Perthshire, a quarrel arose between Sir George and 
himself. The quarrel led to a duel between them 
on Musselburgh Links, in which Sir George Hamsay 
was killed, in 1790. After this Captain Macrae ap- 
pears to have lived abroad. He married, about 
1787, Maria Cecilia, daughter of Judge Le Maistre, 
of the Supreme Court of Judicature in India, and 
by her, who died in 1806, had issue as below. Cap- 
tain Macrae died in France on the 10th of January, 

1. James Charles, Esq. of Holmains, J. P. and 
D.L., was born on the 2nd of January, 1791. He 
married on the 26th of June, 1820, Margaret Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Sir Alexander Grierson, Bart. 
Mr Macrae sold Holmains, and went to live at 
Beading, where he died about 1876. He appears 
to have been the last representative in the male line 
of this family. 

2. Marie Le Maistre married J. P. Davis, Esq., 
of London. 



A Romance of Sheriffmuir. — The Rev. James Macrae of Sauchie- 
burn. — The Rev. David Macrae of Oban, and afterwards of 
Glasgow. — The Rev. David Macrae of Gourock, and afterwards 
of Dundee. 

Among the Macraes who fought at the battle of 
Sheriffmuir, a certain young man, covered with 
wounds and apparently dead, with his sword still 
in his grasp, was found on the field after the battle. 
On its being discovered that life was still in him, he 
was taken to a neighbouring farm house, where he 
was kindly cared for until his wounds were healed. 
Instead of returning home he settled in the neigh- 
bourhood and married the farmer's daughter. By 
her he had at least one son, 

DUNCAN, who joined the Highland army in 
1745 on its way south under Prince Charlie. Dun- 
can married and had at least one son, 

JAMES, who became a carpenter in the Perth- 
shire Highlands, married and had issue, at least one 

JAMES, who was trained for the ministry of the 
Established Church, but, owing to his objections to 
the Confession of Faith, left and became an Inde- 
pendent minister at Sauchieburn, in the parish of 
Fettercairn, in 1775. During the latter part of the 


century he made considerable stir in the Scottish 
ecclesiastical world as a vigorous and able champion 
of religious freedom and equality. He was in many 
respects considerably in advance of his times. His 
preaching is said to have been evangelical and full 
of power, and people flocked to his church from all 
the adjacent parishes. After a long and honourable 
course of labour he was forced by the increasing 
infirmities of old age to resign his pastorate, and 
shortly afterwards died at Laurencekirk in 1813. 
He had married Jean Low of Fettercairn in 1777, 
Try whom he had a large family, one of whom was 

DAVID, born on the 14th of October, 1796. He 
was educated at Aberdeen University, and gradu- 
ated M.A. in 1820. For some time he was teacher 
of Mathematics in one of the schools of Aberdeen, 
where he had as one of his pupils the late Professor 
John Stuart Blackie of Edinburgh University. He 
joined the Presbyterian (Secession) Church in Aber- 
deen ; was trained for the ministry of that denomina- 
tion, and on the 6th of March, 1827, was ordained 
minister of the Secession (now United Presbyterian) 
Church at Lathones, in Fife. Here he laboured for 
eleven years, when he accepted a call from the 
congregation of the United Presbyterian Church at 
Oban, and was inducted there on the 25th of April, 
1838. At Oban Mr Macrae engaged in many im- 
portant labours, and the energy and ability with 
which he set himself to work among the people 
during the famine which visited the Highlands in 
1845-47, had the effect not only of providing for the 
poor during a time of great trial and destitution, 


but also of creating habits of industry and independ- 
ence among them. The memory of his good works 
is warmly cherished by the people of that district, 
and many anecdotes of the earnestness and saintli- 
ness of his life may still be heard among them. Mr 
Macrae continued at Oban until 1852, when, at 
the urgent solicitation of the United Presbyterian 
Presbytery of Glasgow, he transferred the scene of 
his labours to that city. He commenced his work 
in Main Street, Gorbals, where he built up a large 
and flourishing' church, and laboured with much 
success until 1873, when he moved along with his 
congregation to a new church in Elgin Street. The 
jubilee of his ministry was celebrated in Glasgow 
amid many signs of respect, gratitude, and devotion 
by his congregation and numerous friends in April, 
1876. He died on the 19th of July, 1881, and 
was buried at Craigton, Glasgow. He had married 
on the 15th of April, 1828, Margaret, daughter of 
Gilbert Falconer, of Aberdeen, and sister of Forbes 
Falconer, the distinguished Orientalist, and Professor 
of Oriential Languages in King's College, London, 
and by her (who died on the 29th of November, 
1874, aged seventy-four years) had issue as below — 

1. James Gilbert, born at the Manse of Lathones 
in 1833 ; was at Umballa, in India, at the time of 
the Mutiny. He married, but without issue, and 
died in London on the 22nd of September, 1886. 

2. Jane Falconer, born at the Manse of Lathones 
in 1835. At a pic-nic party on the Island of Ker- 
rara, in Argyllshire, on the 30th of July, 1875, she 
slipped down a steep place, ruptured a blood vessel, 


and died on the hillside. A cross was erected to 
mark the spot where she expired. 

3. Rev. David, who is now one of the best known 
and ablest of the ministers of Scotland, was born at 
the Manse of Lathones on the 9th of August, 1837, 
and taken to Oban when he was only seven months 
old. At Oban he spent his boyhood, and received 
the rudiments of a liberal education, which was 
afterwards continued at the Universities of Glasgow 
and Edinburgh. In 1859 he was lamed for life by 
a fall on Arthur Seat. A serious illness followed, 
but he was able to resume his studies the following 
year. While going through the Theological course 
of the United Presbyterian Hall in Edinburgh, 
he travelled abroad between the Sessions, and to 
those early travels he no doubt owes in some degree 
the sympathetic and enlightened knowledge of men 
and things which has formed so marked a feature 
both of his public life and of his writings. He was 
ordained minister of the United Presbyterian Church 
at Gourock, in Renfrewshire, on the 9th of April, 
1872. He very soon came into prominence as a 
leading man in his own denomination, and m 1873 
he commenced a movement which resulted in a 
reform of the United Presbyterian Theological Hall. 
In 1876 he commenced another movement for the 
Revision of the Confession of Faith, which led to 
the adoption of what is now known in Scotland as 
the Declaratory Act, first by his own denomination, 
afterwards by the Presbyterian Church of England, 
and more recently by the Free Church of Scotland.- 
For going further still, and demanding a right to set 


aside the dogma of eternal punishment, Mr Macrae 
was expelled from the United Presbyterian Church, 
at a special meeting of its Supreme Court in Edin- 
burgh, in May, 1879. In the meantime he had been 
called to Dundee as successor to the Rev. George 
Gilfillan, who died in 1878, and, on being expelled 
from his own denomination, the call was renewed, 
Gilfillan's congregation declaring itself ready to leave 
the denomination with him. The call was accepted, 
and Mr Macrae commenced his ministry in Dundee 
in October, 1879, when the Rev. Baldwin Brown, 
Chairman of the Congregational Union of England 
and Wales, travelled specially from London to 
preach the induction sermon. In Dundee Mr 
Macrae organised a large congregation of more 
than thirteen hundred members, built the Gilfillan 
Memorial Church, and laboured there for eighteen 
years. From this ministry he retired in November, 
1897, and is now living in Glasgow. When leaving 
Dundee, he was presented with a remarkable testi- 
monial by his congregation, and with a public address 
from the citizens, which was presented to him in the 
Town Hall by the Lord Provost. In 1880, and sub- 
sequently, he took a leading part in the movement 
for the maintenance of Scotland's National Rights, in- 
cluding the petition addressed to the Queen in 1897, 
and signed by over one hundred thousand Scottish 
people of all ranks and classes, protesting against 
"the violation of the Treaty of Union in the un- 
warrantable substitution of the terms 'England' and 
'English' for 'Britain' and 'British,' even in official 
utterance and in treaties with foreign powers." Mr 


Macrae is the author of numerous books and pamph- 
lets, including The Americans at Home, originally- 
published in two volumes by Edmonston & Douglas, 
Edinburgh, giving the results of his observations 
during a long tour in America, from Canada to the 
Gulf States, at the close of the war, and when the 
coloured people had newly emerged from slavery, 
— and recording also his interviews with Longfellow, 
Emerson, Lowell, Henry Ward Beecher, General 
Grant, Confederate General Lee, and other noted 
soldiers both of the North and South. This book, 
which was most favourably reviewed by the press, 
both at home and in America, has passed through 
several additions, and has been translated into 
French and Italian. Amongst his other works are 
George Harrington ; Dunvarlich ; Diogenes among 
the D.D.'s, a book of ecclesiastical burlesques, be- 
ginning with the " Trial of Norman Macleod for the 
murder of Moses Law ; " Quaint Sayings of Children; 
Voices of the Poets ; Reminiscenes of George Gil- 
fillan; Lectures on Robert Burns; New Parables; 
&c. Mr Macrae married, on the 23rd of February, 
1875, Williamina Burton Craig, without issue. 

4. Margaret Forbes, born in Oban in 1839, a 
lady of " rare gifts and far-reaching sympathies." 
She was intimately associated in after years with her 
brother, David, in his work, and died suddenly of 
heart disease at Maryland House, Glasgow, on the 
20th of October, 1881. 



The Macraes of Wilmington. — Connection with the Macraes of 
Kintail. — Ruari Donn. — His Descendants. — General William 

About the year 1770, a certain Roderick Macrae 
emigrated from Kintail to America, and landed at 
Wilmington, in North Carolina. He was only one 
of many who left Kintail for America at that time, 
but he was a man of importance among them, and 
his descendants have since occupied a prominent 
and honourable place in the affairs of his adopted 
country. What his exact connection with the main 
stock of the Clan may have been is not fully known, 1 
but he was closely related to the Rev. Donald 
Macrae, 2 the last Episcopalian Minister of Kintail. 
He may have been a son of Alexander, eldest son of 
the Rev. Donald, or he may have been a son of Hugh, 3 
youngest brother of the Rev. Donald. At all events, 
Huo-h is said to have had a son, Roderick, who went 
to America about 1770 or 1774, and he is the only 
Roderick Macrae of whom there appears to be any 

l An American account of the Macraes of Wilmington says that they are 
descended from a certain Rev. Alexander Macrae of Kintail, who had two sons 
killed at Culloden. This, of course, is incorrect, and is clearly a mistake for 
the Rev. Donald Macrae who had two sons killed at Sheriffmuir. 

2 Page 76. 3 p a ge 132. 


record as having gone from Kintail to America about 
that time. The Roderick who landed at Wilmington, 
and of whom below, is said to have been accompanied 
by a brother and two sisters, viz. : — 

Philip (or Finlay), who is said to have served 
as a Lieutenant in the Army of Prince Charles 
in 1745, and who cherished such a hatred of 
the English, in consequence of the atrocities of 
the Duke of Cumberland, that he would never speak 
the English language, but spoke only Gaelic as long 
as he lived. 

Mary, who married a Macrae (?) with issue, and 
settled in Moore County. 

Catherine, who married Donald Macrae, who 
settled with his family in Georgia, where their 
descendants still live. 

RODERICK, called Ruari Donn (Brown Roderick), 
landed at Wilmington, about 1770, as mentioned 
above. Thence he proceeded to Chatham County, 
and lived for a time at Pocket Creek. Soon after- 
wards he moved to Crane's Creek, in the same 
County, and eventually settled at Little Rockfish, a 
few miles south of Fayetteville, in Cumberland 
County, North Carolina. Roderick married, first, 
Catherine Burke, apparently a widow, and by her 
had issue — 

1. Colin, of whom below. 

2. John, settled at or near Augusta, in Georgia. 
He married, and left issue. 

Roderick married, secondly, Christina Murchison, 
with issue. 

3. John, who was for a number of years teller of 


the Commercial Bank of Wilmington, and died un- 
married in 1863. 

COLIN, son of .Roderick, was a farmer at Little 
Rockfish, where all his family were born. He was a 
man of sound sense and good education, was for 
many years a prominent Magistrate of his County, 
and " was esteemed by all who knew him as an in- 
dependent, upright, and honest man." He married 
Christian, daughter of Duncan Black, and sister of 
John Black, some time Sheriff of Cumberland County, 
by whom he had issue as below. He died at a very 
advanced age on the 8th of July, 1865 — 

1. Alexander, of whom below. 

2. Archibald, born on the 17th of January, 

3. Isabella, born on the 9th of January, 1800. 

4. Donald, born on the 19th of January, 1802. 

5. Anne, born on the 26th of January, 1804. 

6. John, born on the 26th of July, 1806, died 
in 1883. 

7. Catherine, born on the 6th of July, 1808. 

8. Roderick, born on the 11th of October, 1810, 
died in 1882. 

ALEXANDER, son of Colin, was born at Little 
Rockfish, North Carolina, on the 26th of March, 
1796. When he was about eighteen years of age he 
moved to Wilmington, where he engaged in various 
pursuits. He was for many years president of the 
Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Company, and 
being a man of great energy and much public spirit 
was connected with most of the affairs of Wilmington 
during his long, useful, and honourable life. He 


volunteered as a private in the war of 1812-14, was 
soon made Sergeant, and was about to be promoted 
to a lieutenancy when the war ended. When the 
War of Secession broke out in 1861, although 
he was then sixty-five years of age, he was 
called upon because of his popularity and influence 
to raise a company to aid in the defence of 
Wilmington. So ready was the response to his 
appeal for recruits that instead of a company he 
raised a whole battalion, which became known as 
" Macrae's Battalion of Heavy Artillery," and which 
served under him with much distinction throughout 
the war. He died at Wilmington on the 27th of 
April, 1868. 

Alexander married first, on the 30th of April, 
1818, Amelia Ann, daughter of John Martin. She 
died on the 24th of August, 1831, leaving issue — 

1. John Colin, born at Wilmington, on the 10th 
of March, 1819, was a Colonel in the Confederate 
Army, and died unmarried on the 9th of February, 

2. Archibald, born at Smithville, on the 21st of 
September, 1820, was a Lieutenant in the United 
States Navy, and died on the 17th of November, 1855, 

3. Alexander, born at Wilmington, on the 1st 
of March, 1823, and died on the 18th of December,. 
1881. He married Elizabeth Chambers, with issue — 

a. Caroline Amelia. 

b. Elizabeth, married J. Fairfax Payne, with issue. 

4. Donald, born at Wilmington on the 14th of 
October, 1825, and died on the 15th of September, 
1892. He married, first, Mary Savage, with issue — 


a. Mary Savage, born on the 11th of December, 
1851, and died on the 10th of May, 1896. 

He married, secondly, Julia Norton, with issue — 

b. Norton, died in childhood. 

c. Agnes, born on the 20th of November, 1859, 
married Walter Linton Parsley, w r ith issue — 

cl. Julia, born on the 2nd of March, 1882. 

c2. Anna, born on the 14th of January, 1886. 

c3. Mary, born on the 25th of March, 1890, died 
in infancy. 

c4. Walter Linton, born on the 12th of January, 
1892, died on the 8th of December, 1897. 

c5. Donald Macrae, born on the 5th of October, 

d. Donald, born on the 3rd of May, 1861, now 
living at Wilmington, and by w T hom most of this 
information about the Macraes of Wilmington was 
communicated to the author in 1898. 

e. Julia, born on the 15th of December, 1862, 
died in infancy. 

f. Hugh, born on the 30th of March, 1865, now 
living: in Wilmington. He married Rena Nelson, 
with issue — ■ 

/l. Dorothy, born on the 26th of December, 1891. 

f2. Nelson, born on the 5th of June, 1893. 

fS. Agnes, born on the 7th of October, 1897. 

5. Henry, born at Wilmington on the 8th of 
May, 1829. He was a Major in the Confederate 
Army, and died on the 22nd of April, 1863. He 
was married and left issue — Alice ; Mary. 

Alexander married, secondly, on the 15th of 
March, 1832, Anna Jane, daughter of John Martin 


(his first wife's father) and his wife, Zilpah Mac- 
Clammy, and by her, who died on the 17th of 
October, 1842, aged thirty-five years, had issue — 

6, Robert Burns, born at Wilmington on the 
15th of December, 1832. He was a Major in the 
Confederate Army, and died on the 28th of Decem- 
ber, 1864. He was married, but left no issue. 

7. William, born at Wilmington on the 9th of 
September, 1834. He was a Brigadier-General in the 
Confederate Army, and one of its most distinguished 
soldiers. At an early age he displayed great apti- 
tude for mathematics and mechanics, and, having 
received an excellent education, he took up the 
profession of Civil Engineer. In this capacity he 
was employed for some time in surveying lines for 
projected railways in North and South Carolina, and 
also in Florida. On the outbreak of the war between 
North and South, in 1861, he volunteered as a pri- 
vate, but was soon elected Captain of a company of 
the Fifteenth North Carolina Regiment, which w T as 
placed at first in General Cobb's Brigade, and trans- 
ferred the following year to General Cook's Brigade. 
Macrae was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel in 1862, 
Colonel in 1863, and Brigadier- General in August, 
1864. His brigade consisted of five North Carolina 
regiments, and had already become famous in the 
war. Macrae never left it from the day he took over 
the command of it until the fighting ceased, with the 
surrender of General Lee, at Appomattox on the 9th 
of April, 1865. Under his command it attained the 
very highest degree of discipline and efficiency, and 
so unbounded was the confidence of the men in their 


leader, that they considered no foe too numerous to 
be attacked, nor any position too strong to be 
assailed, if the order came from General William 
Macrae. He fought in almost all the great battles 
of the war, and was repeatedly complimented by 
General Lee in general orders for personal valour 
and able handling of his troops. At the battle of 
Malvern Hill, he led into action a regiment three 
hundred strong, and came out with only thirty-five. 
At the battle of Fredericksburg, he was posted on a 
hill under terrific fire, but held the ground though 
he lost nearly half his men. He was in the great 
battles of the Wilderness in May, 1863. At the battle 
of Ream's Station, on the 25th of August, 1864, he 
captured nine pieces of artillery and more men than 
he had in his own command. In April, 1865, when 
General Lee, with the remnants of his brave army, was 
attempting to make his way from Petersburg to the 
mountains, Macrae's Brigade covered the retreat 
near Farmville, and, while advancing towards Appo- 
mattox, where preparations for surrender were 
already being made, he attacked and drove off a 
Northern force which had fallen on the waggon 
trains. This is said to have been the last fight in 
Virginia, and his brigade was the last of the Con- 
federate troops to stack arms and surrender. General 
Macrae was undoubtedly a soldier of the highest 
order, and a born leader of men, possessing in an 
eminent degree the power of imparting his own 
courage and enthusiasm to others. Though indif- 
ferent to danger himself, he was most careful of the 
lives of the soldiers who fought under him and were 


always ready to follow him with implicit trust. He 
was a stern disciplinarian, yet not one murmur was 
ever heard in his brigade against the most stringent 
orders issued by him. " It was said of his company, 
when he was Captain, that it was the best company 
in the regiment. It was said of his brigade, when 
he was Brigadier-General, that it was the best 
brigade in the division. It was truthfully said of 
Macrae that the higher he rose the more magnificent 
his character appeared." x 

After the close of the war General Macrae filled 
some important appointments as superintendent of 
railways. In these positions he displayed the 
highest order of ability, both as an engineer and 
as an organiser of men, and was widely known 
and universally respected as a man of humane and 
generous disposition, and wide and enlightened 
sympathies. He died unmarried at Augusta, Georgia, 
on the 11th of February, 1882, and was buried at 
Wilmington. 2 

8. Marion, born on the 30th of November, 1835, 
died in childhood. 

9. Roderick, born on the 13th of September, 1838. 

10. Walter Gwyn, born on the 27th of January, 
1841, Captain in the Confederate Army. 

Alexander married, as his third wife, Mary 
Herring, without issue, and as his fourth wife, 
Caroline A. Price, also without issue. 

1 Memorial Address on General William Macrae, delivered at Raleigh, 
North Carolina, by the Honourable B. H. Bunn. 

2 The above sketch of the career of General William Macrae is compiled 
mainly from a " Memorial Address " delivered at Wilmington, North Carolina, 
on the 10th of May, 1890, by the Honourable Charles M. Stedman, and from 
the Rev. David Macrae's book on " The Americans at Home." 



Ian Mac Fhionnla Mhic Ian Bhuidhe. — A Sheriffnnuir Warrior.— 
His Descendants. 

Among the Kintail warriors who fought at Sheriff- 
muir, and around whose names have gathered tradi- 
tions of that fatal day, was a certain John Macrae, 
known as Ian Mac Fhionnla Mhic Ian Bhuidhe 
(John, son of Finlay, son of Yellow John). In the 
course of the fight, he received no fewer than seven 
sw r ord cuts on his head, and was left for dead on 
the field. But during the night he revived, and 
resolved to make an effort, under cover of the dark- 
ness, to commence the homeward journey. Having 
had the misfortune to lose his shoes in the battle, he 
began to search for another pair with which to equip 
himself for the journey, and while thus engaged, came 
across Duncan Mor Mac Alister, 1 who was lying near 
him mortally wounded, and suffering from intense 
thirst. John recognised him by his voice, and having 
no other means of fetching water, he took one of 
Duncan's shoes and brought him a drink in it. 
Before Duncan expired he gave John an account of 
how he received his wounds, and this account is 

l Page 198. 


still preserved in the traditions of the Clan. 1 
John recovered from his own wounds, and made 
his way back to Kintail, where he lived to a 
very advanced age. He was a great hunter, and 
possessed a famous gun called An Nighean Alainn 
(the beautiful daughter), which he always carried 
with him, even in his old age, wherever he went. 
On one occasion, as he was passing down the hills, 
probably about Scatwell, on his way to Brahan 
Castle, he observed a magnificent stag, which he shot 
and carried on his shoulders all the way to Brahan 
as a present to Seaforth. John was married, and 
had issue at least one son, 

DONALD, who was a soldier, and was killed in 
battle in the Netherlands, probably at Fontenoy, in 
1745. He was married, and left one son, 

DUNCAN, who married, and left also an only son, 

JOHN, who was twice married. By his first wife 
he had a large family, all of whom went to Canada 
and settled in the district of London. By his second 
marriage also he had a family, the eldest of whom was 

ALEXANDER, who lived at Dornie, and went 
to Australia in 1852. He married in 1842 Christina, 
daughter of Donald Macmillan (a connection of the 
Torlysich family), and his wife, Helen, daughter of 
Alexander, son of Farquhar Macrae, a younger son of 
the Inverinate family, 2 and by her had issue — 

1 See chapter on legends and traditions of the clan. 

2 A comparison of dates leads to the conclusion that Alexander, the grand- 
father of the above-mentioned Christina, who married in 1842, could hardly 
have been Alexander, son of Farquhar of Morvich, mentioned on page 84 as 
having been present at the affair of Ath nan Muileach in 1721. He might 
possibly have been a grandson of Farquhar of Morvich, that is to say, a son of 
Farquhar Og (page 83), son of Farquhar of Morvich, younger son of Alexander 
of Inverinate. 



1. John, living in Victoria, Australia, married, 
with issue, four sons and one daughter. 

2. Donald, living at Gelantipy, near Melbourne, 
and by whom the information contained in this 
chapter was communicated to the author in 1898. 
He is married to Agnes, daughter of Hector Armour 
of Stewarton, Ayrshire, without issue. 

3. John (the younger), living in Victoria. 

4. Duncan, living in Victoria. 

5. Alexander, living in Victoria. 

6. Helen, married Angus Gillies, in Victoria, 
with issue. 




The McCreas of Guernsey. — Descended irorn the Macraes of Kin- 
tail. — Connection with Ulster. — Emigrated to America. — Jane 
McCrea, "The Bride of Fort Edward."— Major Robert McCrea 
in the American War of Independence. — Governor of Chester 
Castle. — Connection with Guernsey. — His Marriages and 

The McCreas of Guernsey are descended from the 
Macraes of Kintail, and their connection with the 
main branch of that Clan, though now lost, was 
known so recently as sixty or seventy years ago. 1 
This connection is borne out, not only by the tradi- 
tions of the family, but also by their personal 
appearance and features, which, in many instances, 
are strikingly typical of the Macraes of Kintail. 
The family tradition is that in the time of the 
Covenanters a certain Macrae of Kintail, who had 
adopted Puritanic principles, left his own country, 
where those principles were held in great disfavour, 
and eventually made his way to Ireland and settled 
among the Puritans of Ulster. It may be pointed out 

iMrs Carey, who was bern in 1819, and of whom mention is made here- 
after, a daughter of Major Robert McCrea of Guernsey, was shown her own 
name on a family tree while on a visit as a young girl to the country house of a 
gentleman of the name Macrae in Scotland. Mrs Carey died in 1878, and 
there does not appear at preBent to be any possibility of ascertaining who that 
gentleman was. 


that this tradition is not at all without an appearance 
of probability, for, although no trace of Puritanism ap- 
pears in Kintail until well into the eighteenth century, 
yet the Macraes of Kintail were closely associated 
with Dingwall during the whole of the Covenanter 
period, and as they were deeply interested in the 
political and religious movements of the time, it is 
not at all unlikely that some of them might come 
under the religious influence of the neighbouring 
family of Munro of Fowlis, who were among the most 
active supporters of the Covenanter movement in the 
Highlands, and to whom the chief Macrae families 
of the time were closely related. 1 The adoption of 
Puritanic principles would, of course, be extremely 
distasteful not only to the Macrae vicars of Dingwall, 
but also to the leading Macrae families of Kintail, 
who were such ardent Episcopalians. A Macrae 
holding such principles could hardly feel comfortable 
among his own people, and would not unnaturally 
seek a new home among people to whom his views 
would be more acceptable than they were to his own. 
countrymen. Whether it was the man, who left the 
Highlands, himself, or one of his descendants that 
afterwards went to America, is uncertain, but it was: 
probably one of his descendants. At all events, 
some members of the family remained behind in. 
Ulster, where their descendants are still living.. 
There is a tradition among the McCreas of Guern- 
sey that one of their ancestors took part in the 
defence of Londonderry during the famous siege 

l Appendix F. — Alexander Macrae of Inverinate married as his second wife 
a granddaughter of Hector Munro of Fowlis, who died in 1603. 


of 1689, but this ancestor may have been on the 
female side, as there is a further tradition of some 
family connection with the Rev. George Walker, 1 
who organised the defence of Londonderry on that 
occasion, and was afterwards killed at the Battle 
of the Boyne, in 1690, shortly after being nominated 
to the Bishopric of Derry by King William III. 
From Ulster a certain William McCrea 2 emigrated 
to America, and from him the Guernsey family trace 
their descent as below. The McCreas of Guernsey 
are a family of soldiers, and have served with much 
distinction in every war we have been engaged in 
during the present century. There is perhaps no 
other family in the United Kingdom that has held a 
greater number of commissions in the Army and Navy 
during the reign of Queen Victoria than the descend- 
ants of Major Robert McCrea of Guernsey. 

WILLIAM McCREA went to America about 
1710 or 1715, and was an elder in White Clay 
Creek Church, near Newark, Delaware. His watch 
and seal were in the possession of his descendants in 
America in 1831. He married a Miss Creighton, 
and had a son, 

THE REV. JAMES McCREA, who was born at 
Lifford, in the county of Londonderry, in Ireland, 

1 One version of this tradition is, that the Rev. George Walker himself was 
a McCrea by birth, and that the surname Walker was only an adopted one. 

2 There is a tradition in the family that the ancestor who fled from Ross- 
shire changed his name from Macra or Macrae to McCrea, as a mark of his 
complete religious severance from his family, but the spelling of the name is a 
matter of no genealogical consequence whatever. At that time there was 
frequently no fixed spelling of names, and this name appears in various forms, 
M'Crea included, in Ross-shire documents of the period. 


before his father left that country. He is mentioned 
as a Presbyterian Clergyman of Scotch descent and 
devoted to literary pursuits. He married, first, a 
Miss Graham, who was dead before 1754, and, 
secondly, Catherine Rosebrooke, who, after his death, 
married Richard Macdonald. She died in July, 1813, 
and was buried next her son Philip at Sanaton. By 
his first marriage the Rev. James had issue — 

1. John, who was educated for the law, and 
settled in the city of Albany. " A man highly 
respected in his day." He was a Colonel in the 
American Army during the War of Independence, 
and was the Colonel John McCrea mentioned in 
connection with the murder of his sister Jane, 
of whom below. He died in May, 1811. He mar- 
ried Eva Bateman, by whom he had issue — 

a. Sally, who was dead in 1831. 

6. James, a Councillor at Law. He settled on a 
large estate at Balston, Central Saratoga, in the 
Province of New York, about 1816, and was alive in 
1842, but appears to have left Balston for Ohio. 
He married and had issue — 

61. John Beckman (or Bateman), who was a 
lawyer at Balston in 1831. 

62. James, who was living at Balston in 1831, 
and was then twenty-four years of age. 

63. Catherine Mary, who was living at Balston 
in 1831, and was then eighteen years of age. 

64. Stephen, who was also living at Balston in 
1831. He was then fourteen years of age, and 
was the possessor of a watch and seal which had 
belonged to his great-great-grandfather, William 


2. Mary, who married the Rev. Mr Hanna, an 
American, and had with other issue — 

a. James, who was " settled in Pensylvania " in 
1816, an Attorney-General. 

b. John, who was a " Member of Congress." He 
had a house and land " three miles south of Balston 
Spayor Springs," and was dead in 1816. 

3. William, who also had a house and land 
three miles from Balston Spayor Springs, and was 
dead in 1816. He married " General Gordons 
sister." She was alive in 1816, and had two 
children, one of whom was called 

a. Maria. She married a Mr Macdonald, who 
was dead in 1833, and by whom she had two 
children, who appear to have both died young. She 
married, secondly, a Mr Staat, apparently without 
issue. She was living in 1842. 

4. Jane, died young. 

5. James, who was born in 1745. He lived at 
Balston, and died on the 7th May, 1826. He 
married, and his wife was dead in 1816. He had 
issue, at least, one son, 

a. John, who was a Glergyman in Ohio in 1831, 
and was married and had daughters. 

6. Samuel, married a Miss Sloane, of New 
Jersey, who was dead in 1816. He settled at 
Balston, and had issue — 

a. Samuel, who with his wife and four daughters 
were living at Balston in 1842. He is mentioned in 
that year as the only member of the McCrea family 
then living at Balston. According to another 
account, there were descendants of the McCrea 


family still living at Balston and in other parts of 
the State of New York in 1888. 1 In 1842 he had 
issue — Mary Ann, Caroline, Elizabeth, Jane. 

b. William, dead in 1830. 

c. John, living in Virginia in 1831. 

d. Mary, married Judge Betts. 

e. Another daughter, unmarried in 1831. 

7. Gilbert, married a Miss Meshet, and had 
several children. He settled in Kentucky, and was 
dead in 1816. His widow was alive in 1842. 

8. Jane, who is said to have been born at Bed- 
minster (now Leamington), New Jersey, in 1753, 
though there is some reason to believe that she was 
born before that date. She is known as " The bride 
of Fort Edward," and was killed on the 27th of July, 
1777, at Fort Edward, near Albany, on the Hudson 
Biver, by an Indian, under circumstances which have 
given her name a very prominent place in Anglo- 
American history. She is described, on the authority 
of persons who kuew her, as " a young woman of 
great accomplishments, great personal attractions, 
and remarkable sweetness of disposition. She was 
of medium stature, finely formed, and of a delicate 
blonde complexion. Her hair was of a golden browm 
and silken lustre, and, when unbound, trailed on the 
ground." It would be quite impossible in the limited 
compass of the present notice to give even a summary 
of all that has been written about the death of this 
young woman, or of the various versions which exist 
of that tragic occurrence. The outstanding facts 

1 Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, published at New York 
in 1888. 


are as follows : — After the death of her father, Miss 
McCrea, who was engaged to a young man named 
David James, an officer in the British Army, appears 
to have lived with her eldest brother, John, who, as 
already mentioned, was a Colonel in the American 
Army. As a natural result of opposite sympathies 
with regard to the war, there arose an estrangement 
between Colonel McCrea and David James. 1 Miss 
McCrea resolved, however, to remain faithful to her 
lover, and when the time appointed for their marriage 
arnved, he sent a body of loyal Indians to escort her 
safely from her home to the British Camp, where the 
marriage was to take place. But on the way two of 
the Indians appear to have quarrelled as to who 
should have the honour of presenting her to the 
bridegroom and receiving the promised reward. In 
the course of the quarrel one of the Indians became 
furious, and resolving that if he himself could not 
receive the reward neither should his opponent, 
struck Miss McCrea on the head with his tomahawk, 
and killed her on the spot. He then carried the 
scalp of his victim into the British Camp, where it 
was soon recognised by the length and the beauty of 
the hair. On the following day her body was re- 
covered, and buried by her brother, Colonel John 
McCrea. David James never recovered from the 
shock caused by the tragic death of his bride. 
Shortly afterwards he resigned his Commission in 
the Army, and though he lived for many years he 

1 In " The Tartans and the Clans of Scotland," with historical notes by- 
James Grant, he is named " Jones." See also " Pictorial Field Book of the 
American Revolution," by B. J. Lossing. 


never married. Miss McCrea's remains were removed 
in 1852 to the Union Cemetery, between Fort 
Edward and Sandy Hill, where their resting-place 
is marked by a marble tombstone erected by her 
niece, Sarah Hanna Payne, and bearing a suitable 

9. Stephen, a Surgeon-General in the American 
Army. He married a Miss Rudyers, and was dead 
in 1816. He had two children, one of whom died 
young ; the other, a daughter, married and appears 
to have had issue. 

By his second marriage, also, the Rev. James 
McCrea had issue — 

10. Robert, of whom below. 

11. Philip, "killed in the war." He married 
and had a son Philip, who was living in Ohio in 
1831, and had a daughter. 

12. Creighton, formerly of New Jersey. He 
was a Captain in the 75th Highlanders, and was at 
the capture of Seringapatam. The family possesses 
a jewelled watch said to have been given to Captain 
Creighton by Tippoo Sahib. He also served on the 
Loyalist side in the American War of Independence, 
and was an Ensign in the 1st American Regiment 
(or Queen's Rangers) in 1782. 'At one time he 
resided at Guernsey, where he made a will, but he 
died in America on the 10th December, 1818. 

13. Catherine, who married a Mr Macdonald, 
son of a Colonel Macdonald, of the British Army, 
and was alive in Ohio in 1842. She had a large 
family, and her husband was "just dead" in July, 


ROBERT, son of the Eev. James McCrea by his 
second wife, Catherine Rosebrooke, was born on the 
2nd November, 1754. He fought on the Loyalist 
side in the American War of Independence, and was 
Major in the 1st American Regiment (or Queen's 
Rangers) in 1782. He was severely wounded at the 
battle of Brandy wine in 1777, and received a " pen- 
sion for wounds." He was for some time Governor 
of Chester Castle, and in 1788 was Captain of one 
of six Companies of Invalides stationed in Guernsey. 
He afterwards became Major Commanding the 5th 
Royal Veterans. He is mentioned as a man of fine 
presence, and at the age of seventy-five years is 
said to have looked like a man of fifty. 1 He died 
at Paris on the 2nd July, 1835, and was buried 
at Pere la Chaise, Paris. He married, first, Jane 
Coutart, a Guernsey lady of Huguenot descent, who 
was born on the 20th December, 1767, and died 
on the 8th April, 1796. He married secondly, on 
the 12th June, 1804, Sophia Le Mesurier, who 
was born on the 23rd January, 1780, and died on 
the 8th March, 1860. She was a sister of General 
William Le Mesurier, 2 of Old Court, Guernsey, who 
served in the Peninsular War. Major McCrea had 
issue by both marriages as below. By the first wife 
he had — 

1. Catherine Maria, born on the 28th Decem- 
ber, 1786, married Colonel Frederick Barlow, of the 
Sixty-First (Gloucestershire) Regiment, at the head 

l Letter dated 1831. 
2 A branch of these Le Mesuriers were formerly Hereditary Governors of 
the Island of Alderney. 


of which he was killed at the Battle of Salamanca, 
on the 22nd of July, 1812, and by him had issue one 

a. Jane, who married Philip de Sausmarez, 
Captain R.N., a younger brother of the Seigneur de 
Sausmarez, a iief for centuries in the possession of 
the family. 1 Captain Philip de Sausmarez entered 
the Royal Navy on the 18th of June, 1823, saw 
much service, including the China War, and retired 
on the 31st of March, 1866. By him Jane Barlow 
had issue — 

a\. Philip Algernon, born 1841, Captain West 
African Mail Service, and afterwards Consul at 
Rouen. He is married, and has issue — 

a2. William Howley, born 1845, died young. 

aS. Lionel Andros, born 1847, entered the Royal 
Navy 1860, Sub-Lieutenant 1866, and was for some 
time engaged in the suppression of the slave trade in 
South East Africa. He was present at the Bombard- 
ment of Alexandria in 1882, was mentioned in des- 
patches, and received the Egyptian medal with the 
clasp for Alexandria, the Khedive's bronze star, and 
the Order of Osmanjeh (fourth class). He received 
special promotion, and the Albert and Royal Humane 
Society's medals for having, while acting as officer of 
the watch on the 1st of June, 1868, on H.M.S. 
Myrmidon, lying in Banana Creek, River Congo, 
jumped overboard into the shark-infested river and 
rescued a seaman who could not swim. He retired 

iThe founder of the De Sausmarez family received from Henry II. the 
fief of Jerhourg, in the Island of Guernsey, and was appointed hereditary 
Captain of Jerbourg Castle, which was situated within the limits of the fief. 


with the rank of Commander in 1883. He married 
his cousin, Mary, daughter of Frances Charlotte 
McCrea and George Bell, and has issue — 

Lionel Wilfred, Lieutenant in the King's Royal 
Rifles, and daughters. 

ai. Frederick Barlow, born in 1849, M.A., Pem- 
broke College, Oxford, appointed one of Her Majesty's 
Inspectors of Schools in 1878. 

2. Mary Augusta, born on the 9th of February , 
1788, married at Kinsale on the 27th of December, 
1814, Lieutenant-Colonel Chilton Lambton Carter, 1 
of the Forty-Fourth Regiment, by whom she had 
issue — 

a. John Chilton Lambton, Captain in the Fifty- 
Third Regiment, sold out in 1852, and went to New 
Zealand. He married and left issue. 

b. William Frederic, Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Sixty-Third Regiment, Knight of the Legion of 
Honour and of the Order of Medjidie, served in the 
Crimea in 1854-5, including the Battles of the Alma, 
Balaclava, and Inkerman, the Expedition to Kerch, 
the Fall of Sebastopol, succeeding to the command 
of his Regiment at the last attack and the capture of 
Kimburn. He married, with issue, and died in 1867. 

3. Rawdon (so named after his godfather, Francis 
Rawdon, Marquis of Hastings 2 ), born on the 5th of 

1 Colonel Carter was descended from Robert Chilton of Houghton-le- 
Spring, who married Anne Lambton. — See Burke's Peerage, Earl of Durham. 

2 Francis Rawdon, Marquis of Hastings, known successively through his 
career as Lord Moira and Earl of London, was descended from Sir Arthur 
Rawdon, Bart, of Moira, in County Down, a man who distinguished himself in 
the defence of Londonderry and Enniskillen in the reign of William III. The 
Marquis of Hastings was not only a distinguished soldier, but also one of the 
most eminent of our Indian statesmen. Born 1754, died 1825. For his con- 
nection with the Macraes of Kin tail, see page 137. 


April, 1789, Captain in the Eighty-Seventh Regi- 
ment, served in the Peninsular War. He was one 
of the storming party at the taking of Monte Video 
in 1807, where he received five wounds. He was 
killed at the battle of Talavera on the 28th of July, 

4. Robert Coutart, 1 born on the 13th January, 
1793. He was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. He 
was at the battle of Trafalgar, 21st October, 1805, 
on H.M.S. Swiftshire, and saw much other service. 
He married, on the 10th of April, 1822, Charlotte, 
daughter of the Rev. Nicholas Dobree, Rector of 
Ste. Marie-de-Castro, Guernsey (by his wife, who 
was a sister of the first Lord de Saumarez), and by 
lier, who died on the 8th December, 1897, in her 
103rd year, had issue — 

a. Robert Barlow, born on 9th of January, 1823, 
Major-General Royal Artillery. He was present in 
the Revolution in Hayti, in 1859, when he landed in 
command of three batteries of the Royal Artillery 
and a detachment of the Forty-First Regiment, for 
the protection of Europeans. For his conduct on 
that occasion he received the brevet rank of Major, 
and the thanks of both the English and French 
Governments. He married, on the 9th August, 
1850, Harriet, daughter of John Maingay of Grange 
"Villa, Guernsey, and died at Ewell, Surrey, on the 
11th February, 1897. He was buried at Candie 
Cemetery, Guernsey. 

b. Frances Charlotte, married on the 3rd Febru- 

l Admiral McCrea acquired land in Australia known as McCrea Creek, 
Victoria, and still held by the family. 


ary, 1848, George Bell, of The Merrienne, Guernsey, 
eldest son of Thomas Bell, mentioned below, and 
died on the 11th July, 1854, leaving issue — one 
daughter, Mary, who married her cousin, Com- 
mander L. A. de Sausmarez, as already stated. 

c. James, born on the 19th of February, 1825, 
a Captain in the Forty-Fifth Regiment, served 
in the Kaffir Wars of 1846-7 and 1852-3. He was 
Colonel Assistant- Adjutant-General of the Royal 
Guernsey Militia, and died at Grange Villa, Guern- 
sey, on the 2nd September, 1885, in his 65th year. 
He married Mary Brock Potenger, and by her, 
who died at Guildford on the 27th January, 1886, 
had issue — 

cl. Victor Coryton Dobree, died in infancy. 
c2. De la Combe, born 15th March, 1857, died 
unmarried in Ceylon in 1878. 

c3. Flora, married Henry Roome, with issue. 
c4. Constance, died unmarried. 

d. Richard Charles, born on the 18th of 
Apr 1, 1826, Captain in the Sixty-Fourth Regi- 
ment. He was killed in action near Cawnpore on 
the 28th November, 1857. He is mentioned in 
Major-General Windham's despatch on that occasion 
as " that fine gallant young man," and was promised 
the Victoria Cross, had he lived to receive it. He 
married, on the 5th June, 1850, Anne De la Combe, 
daughter of Thomas Bell, of The Merrienne, Guernsey, 
and by her had issue — 

dl. Rawdon, born 28th February, 1851, late 
Captain 28th Regiment, now living in Guernsey. 
d2. Julia, married Colonel Anthony Durand, 


Bombay Staff Corps, who served in the Indian 
Mutiny, 1857-8; Abyssinian Expedition, 1867-8; 
and the Afghan War, 1880. She died in India. 

dS. Charles Brooke Potenger, born in 1855. 

e. John Dobree, an Admiral in the Boyal Navy, 
saw much war service, including the Baltic, 1855 
(medal). He married, on the 9th May, 1857, Marion, 
daughter of J. Anderson, of Cox Lodge Hall, 
Northumberland, and died on the 18th March, 1883, 
leaving issue — 

el. Bichard Francis, a Major in the Boyal 
Artillery, married Mabel Bomney. 

e2. Charles Dalston, died young. 

e3. Charles, a Lieutenant in the Boyal Navy, 
died at Gibraltar in 1896. 

e4. John Henry, married Olive Macdonald, with 
issue — John Dobree, died young ; Lena Marion, 
born 1893 ; Francis Dobree, born 1894. 

e5. Frederic, died young. 

e6. Alfred Cory ton, Lieutenant Indian Staff 
Corps, served in the Hazara Expedition in 1891, 
medal with clasp; and in Chitral in 1895, was with 
the Belief Force at the storming of the Malakand 
Pass, and in the action at Khar — medal with clasp. 
He married Emma Priestley. 

e7. Florence Marian. 

e8. Mary Evelyn, married Frederick W. D. Fisher, 
of the India Forest Service. 

e9. Frances Edith, died in 1890. 

f. Katharine Carterette, married on the 17th 
April, 1854, Major-General John Cromie Blackwood 
de Butts, B.E., son of the late General Sir A. de 
Butts, B.E., K.C.H., with issue. 


/l. Arthur John, born 1855, M.D., formerly Cap- 
tain Third Royal Guernsey Light Infantry Militia, 
married Alice, daughter of Colonel Martindale, R.E., 
C.B., with issue. He died at Folkestone in Febru- 
ary, 1898, and was buried at Ewell, Surrey. 

f2. Katharine Mary McCrea, born in 1855, 
married, in 1880, Edward Kenyon, 1 Major Royal 
Engineers, with issue — Herbert Edward ; Roger de 
Butts, died in childhood ; Kenneth, died in child- 
hood ; Catherine Mary Rose ; Ellen Blackwood ; 
Winifred Lillian ; Frances Margaret. 

y*3. Harriet Olivia, born in 1856, married E. 
Fairfax Taylor, Principal Clerk and Taxing Officer, 
House of Lords, with issue. 

f4t. Annie Georgina Louisa, born in 1858, married 
Major Norton Grant, R.E., with issue. 

y*5. Alice Maud Martindale, born in 1860, married 
Major James Henry Cowan, R.E., with issue. 

f6. Frederick Robert McCrea, born in 1863, 
Captain Royal Artillery, served in the Burmese War 
in 1886-7, was with the Indian Contingent at Suakim 
in 1896, and was killed in action at the Sampagha 
Pass, on the North -West Frontier of India, on the 
29th of October, 1897. He married Katharine, 
daughter of Captain Travers of the Seventeenth 
Regiment, with issue. 

f7. Brownlow Stanley Cromie, born in 1865, 
M.D., M.R.C.S. 

/8. Isobel Rhceta, born 1867. 

/9. Ellen Dobree, born 1872. 

g. Rawdon, died young. 

1 See Burke's Peerage, Kenyon. 


h. Mary Coutart, married on. the 10th September, 
1856, the Rev. Haydon Aldersey Taylor, M.A., St 
John's College, Oxford, Army Chaplain, who served 
in the Crimea. She died on the 13th of September, 
1890, leaving issue — 

hi. Lilian Aldersey, died on the 4th of June, 1873. 

h2. Charlotte McCrea, married Commander Ed- 
ward Lloyd, R.N. 

h3. Anna Katharine De Sausmarez. 

/*4. Haydon D' Aubrey Potenger, Major in the 
Gloucestershire Regiment, married. 

lib. Oswald Albon Aldersey, Captain in the Duke 
of Wellington's Regiment, married. 

h6. Marion Louise, married Lieutenant-Colonel 
Davidson, of the Black Watch. 

h7. Harriette Mary, married the Rev. William 
Philip Hurrell, M.A., Oriel College, Oxford, St 
James' Vicarage, Northampton. 

hS. Frances Arabella Joyce, married George 
Adams Connor of Craigielaw, Long Niddry, N.B. 

h9. Coutart De Butts. 

hlO. Leonora Eliot. 

i. Harriet Amelia, married, on the 4th of Sep- 
tember, 1861, Bro wnlow Poulter, M.A., Barrister-at- 
Law of Lincoln's Inn, a Justice of the Peace, and 
formerly Fellow of New College, Oxford, and has 
issue — 

il. Rev. Donald Francis Ogilvy, M.A., of Lin- 
coln College, Oxford. 

%2. Mabel Catherine, M.B., Ch.B. 

iZ. Creighton McCrea, Captain Indian Staff 
Corps, died March, 1896. 


»4. Aline Marian. 

i5. Arthur Brownlow, Cape Mounted Rifles. 
^6. Muriel Alice. 

i7. Douglas Ryley, Lieutenant in the Royal 

iS. Julia Harriette. 

^9. Richard Charles McCrea, solicitor. 

5. Jane, born 9th March, 1794, married on the 
5th October, 1815, Colonel George Augustus Eliot, 
who held a command in the British service in the 
American War of 1812, believed to have been then 
attached to the Royal Engineers. He left one son, 
who died young. 

6. James Creighton, died in infancy in 1796. 
By his second wife, Sophia Le Mesurier, Major 

Robert McCrea had issue — 

7. Sophia Maria Creighton, born on the 19th 
June, 1805, married Sir Charles Payne, Bart., 
Captain 25th Regiment of Light Dragoons, with 
issue one son, died young. 

8. Robert Bradford, born on the 18th of June, 
1807. He was Captain in the Forty-Fourth Regi- 
ment, and was killed at Cabul on the 17th of 
November, 1841. He married, on the 7th of 
August, 1832, Margaret Bushnan, and had issue — 

a. Frederick Bradford, born on the 4th of 
December, 1833, a Major in the Eighth (The 
King's) Regiment, who served at the taking of 
Delhi in 1857, and was afterwards present in 
the following actions, viz., Bohundshur, Ackabad, 
Mynpoorie, Battle of Agra, actions of Karonge and 
Alumbagh, relief of the garrison of Lucknow, 


battles of the 2nd and 6th December at Cawnpore, 
action of Fattehghur, and the Oude campaign of 
1858. Also, was in command of details of a force 
of about two thousand strong at Meerun-ka-Serai 
for about four months, and prevented the Nana 
Sahib and Feroh-Shah, the son of the King of Delhi, 
each, on two occasions, from crossing the Ganges, 
and so getting into Central India. For the services 
rendered on those two occasions, he was thanked by 
the General Officers of three Divisions. He has the 
Indian Mutiny medal with clasps for Delhi and the 
Relief of Lucknow, and is a F.R.G.S., F.R.H.S., and 
F.LI. In 1871 Major McCrea founded " The Army 
and Navy Co-operative Society," of which he has been 
a Managing Director ever since, and with a capital of 
£60,000 the Society has up to the 31st of January, 
1898, paid in bonuses and interest, £1,297,508, and 
accumulated reserve funds amounting to £270,449. 
Major McCrea married, on the 24th of January, 1864, 
Frederica Charlotte (who died on the 10th of June, 
1894), only daughter of Captain John Francis 
Wetherall, 41st Regiment, and has issue — 

a\. Frederick Augustus Bradford, born on the 
8th of October, 1865, late Captain in the Hampshire 

a2. Robert George, born on the 24th of Febru- 
ary, 1867. 

a3. Francis Bramston, born on the 3rd of 
November, 1868 ; married, on the 2nd October, 
1897, Edith, daughter of Charles Arthur Patton, 
Marpole House, Ealing. 

a4. Henrietta Mary, born on the 3rd of June, 


b. Osborn Leith. 

c. Henry Nepean died young. 

9. Henry Torrens (so called after his godfather, 
Sir Henry Torrens 1 ), born 15th June, 1812, Ensign 
2nd Queen's Royals, was drowned at Bombay on 
the 21st April, 1831, unmarried. 

10. Elizabeth Carey, born 10th June, 1813, 
married, on the 14th June, 1854, William Jones 
(an author) of Brent House, Brentford, Middlesex. 
He was Vice-Consul at Havre, and was instrumental 
in helping the flight of Louis Philippe, King of the 
French, in 1848. She died in London on the 31st 
of December, 1856, without issue. 

11. Louisa Creighton, born on the 3rd of May, 
1816, and married H. M. Arthur Jones, who after- 
wards took the name of Owen, a Welsh squire of 
Wepre Hall, near Flint. Issue — Lewis, who died 

12. Hale Sheaff (so called after his godfather, 
Sir Hale SheafF), born on the 17th of April, 1817, 
and died on the 20th September, 1820. 

13. Martha Eliza, born on the 3rd of Decem- 
ber, 1819, and married, on the 29th of June, 1850, 
the Rev. Carteret Priaulx Carey, M.A., Oxon, eldest 
son of John Carey 2 of Castle Carey, Guernsey. She 
died on the 15th of April, 1878, leaving issue — 

1 Major-General Sir Henry Torrens, K.C.B., a native of Londonderry, who 
was, in 1798, Aide-de-Camp to Lieutenant-General Whitelock, second in com- 
mand to the Earl of Moira (Note, page 269) at Portsmouth, was Secretary to 
the Duke of Wellington during the Peninsular War. He was afterwards 
appointed Adjutant-General, and, while holding that office, he revised the 
Army Regulations and introduced many important improvements. Born 1779, 
died 1828. 

2 The Careys of Guernsey have held a leading position there for upwards 
of six hundred years. 


a. John Herbert Carteret of Gastle Carey, Guern- 
sey, born on the 1 1th of April, 1851. He was for some 
time a Lieutenant in the Sixtieth Royal Rifles, after- 
wards Captain and Adjutant First Royal Guernsey 
Infantry, and was engaged in the reorganisation of 
the Royal Guernsey Militia ; retired on War Office 
pension as Major (Army rank) in 1894 ; Honorary 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Royal Guernsey Militia, 
1894. He is a member of the Societe Jersiaise 
and a member of the Council of the Guernsey His- 
torical and Antiquarian Society. He married, on 
the 24th of February, 1877, Isabella Anne, sole 
surviving child of the late James S. Scott, J. P., 
formerly of Lawnsdowne, Queen's County, Ireland, 
with issue, twin daughters, Eleanor Katherine Ma- 
tilda and Marguerite Blanche Isabel. 

b. Abdiel Archibald McCrea, born on the 4th of 
July, 1852, died young. 

c. Carteret Walter, born on the 13th December, 
1853, Lieutenant in the Seventy-Fourth Highlanders, 
12th November, 1873, Equery to H.R.H. the Duchess 
of Edinburgh in Malta, Captain 1882, Major 1890. 
He served in the Egyptian Expedition in 1882 as 
Adjutant of his battalion, and was present at the 
Battle of Tel-el-Kebir, where his horse was wounded. 
He received the Egyptian War medal with clasp, 
the Khedive's bronze star, and the Order of 
Medjidie, Fourth Class. In 1892, out of eighty 
competitors, he received the first prize — £100 — 
awarded by Lord Wolseley for the best essay on 
the " Reorganisation of the Volunteer Forces." He 
served as Second in Command of the Second Bat- 


talion of the Highland Light Infantry (74th High- 
landers), in the North-West Indian Frontier War, 
1897-98, including operations against the Boners, 
commanding the infantry in the reconnaisance in 
the Milandri Pass, operations against the Mah- 
munds, Pelarzais, and Shamozais, and was with the 
Reserves during the operations against the Utman 
Khels ; also in the Bonewal Campaign, 1898, in- 
cluding storming and capture of the Tangu Pass, 
and the capture and occupation of Kingergali, Jowar, 
Tursak, and Ambeyla. He married, on the 11th 
December, 1890, Florence Margaret, daughter of 
William Ravenhill Stock, with issue — Vera Carteret 

d. Samuel Robert, born on the 16th of March, 

1855, died young. 

e. William Wilfred, born on the 23rd of August, 

1856. Formerly Major in the First Royal Guernsey 
Light Infantry Militia. He was appointed Secretary 
to the British Commissioners, Egyptian States 
Domains, 1882, was present at the bombardment of 
Alexandria, and was attached to the Intelligence 
Department under Sir J. Goldsmid from July to 
September, 1882, receiving the thanks of Her 
Majesty's Government for his services. In 1883 he 
was appointed Inspector, and in 1897 Inspector- 
General of the Egyptian States Domains. He holds 
the Egyptian War medal, the Khedive's bronze 
star, the Order of Osmanlieh, Fourth Class, and the 
Order of Medjidie, Fourth Class. He married, in 
1880, Louisa Sophia, daughter of the late General 
Broadly Harrison, Colonel of the Thirteenth Hussars. 


14, Charlotte, born on the 9th of January, 
1822, and died on the 16th of January, 1884. She 
adopted the three orphan children of her brother, 
Herbert Taylor. 

15. Herbert Taylor (so called after his god- 
father, Lieutenant - General Sir Herbert Taylor, 
K.C.B.), born on the 3rd of May, 1827. He was a 
Lieutenant in the 94th Regiment and Paymaster 
in the 43rd Light Infantry. He served in the 
Kaffir War 1851-52-53. He married, on the 5th of 
January, 1851, Elizabeth, daughter of John Carey, 
Castle Carey, Guernsey, and died at the Cape of 
Good Hope, on his way home from India, on the 8th 
of April, 1855, leaving issue as below. His wife 
died in the Neilgherry Hills, Kotagherry, on the 
28th July, 1855— 

a. Herbert Carey Howes, born on the 28th of 
October, 1851. He married Maria, daughter of 
General Rolandi, of the Spanish Army, and has 
issue — Constance Isabella Rolandi. 

b. John Frederick, born on the 1st of April, 
1854, at Fort George, Madras. He was Surgeon- 
Major in the Cape Mounted Rifles. He saw much 
service in the Cape, won the Victoria Cross in the 
Basuto War, and was severely wounded in the 
action at Twee Fontein. He married, in 1887, Miss 
E. A. Watermeyer, and died on the 16th July, 
1894, without issue. 

c. Elizabeth Charlotte, born on the 20th of 
June, 1855, and died on the 20th of December, 



A Tradition of the Time of Montrose. — Macraes in Galloway. — 
Alexander Macrae of Glenlair married Agnes Gordon of 
Carleton. — Their Descendants. 

There is a tradition to the effect that after the 
defeat of Montrose at Philiphaugh, near Selkirk, on 
the 12th of September, 1645, two Highland brothers 
of the name of Macrae who served in his army, 
sought refuge in Galloway because it was the nearest 
place where Gaelic was then spoken. There they 
settled down and prospered. The same tradition 
relates that from one of these brothers was de- 
scended a certain 

ALEXANDER MACRAE, who, in 1744, married, 
as his first wife, Agnes, daughter of Alexander Gor- 
don, fifth of Carleton, by his wife Grizzell, daughter 
of Sir Alexander Gordon, Baronet of Earlston, 1 by 
his wife Marion, daughter of Alexander Gordon, 
fifth Viscount Kenmure, and sister of William, Earl 
of Kenmure, who was executed in 1716. Agnes 
Gordon brought him as her dowry the farm of 
Glenlair, in the parish of Parton, in Kirkcudbright. 
He is said to have married three other wives, and 
to have had issue, at least by some of them. By his 
first wife, Agnes Gordon, he had a son, 

1 See Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, Gordon of Earlston. 


ALEXANDER, born in 1745, in the parish of 
Parton, in Kirkcudbright, of Moreland estate, in the 
Island of Jamaica, where he lived for many years. 
He married, on the 17th of September, 1767, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Harvie, Professor of Greek in 
the University of Glasgow, and by her, who died in 
Jamaica, and was buried at Old Harbour, parish of 
St Dorothy, had issue as below. Alexander himself 
died in Edinburgh on the 14th of March, 1796, a 
few months after his return from Jamaica — 

1. William Gordon, of whom next. 

2. Alexander, a Captain in the First Royals. 

3. James, in the Thirteenth Light Dragoons, 
killed at Martinique in 1821. 

4. Thomasine married the Rev. Mr Maddison. 

WILLIAM GORDON McCRAE 1 was born near 
Ayr in 1768. He married Margaret Morison, 2 who 
was descended from the family of Lord Forbes of 
Pitsligo, and by her had issue — 

1. Mary Harvie, born 1797, married Dr Cob- 
ham, Barbadoes, with issue — 

a. Francis McCrae married, with issue. 

b. Richard married, with issue. 

1 He changed the spelling of the name from Macrae to McCrae. 

2 Margaret Morison was connected with the Pitsligo family as follows : — 
Rev. John Forbes (born 1643, died 1708), described on a marble slab on the 
wall of the old church of Kincardine O'Neill, Aberdeenshire, as of the noble 
family of Pitsligo (ex nobile Dominorum de Pitsligo oriundus familia), married 
Margaret Strachan, and had issue one daughter, Nichola Helen, who, on the 
30th October, 1707, married John, youngest son of Sir John Forbes, Bart, of 
Craigievar, and had a daughter, Margaret (baptised 17th October, 1710), who 
married George Herdsman, factor to the Earl Marischal, and had a daughter, 
Mary (born on the 28th of July, 1740), who married Andrew Morison, Clerk 
to the Court of Session, and had, with other issue, the above-mentioned 
Margaret, who married William Gordon McCrae. 


c. Elizabeth married Hon. Mark Nicholson, with 

d. Mary married Hon. James Graham, with issue. 
2. Alexander, born in 1799, Captain in the 

Eighty-Fourth Regiment, commanding the Grenadier 
Company, and afterwards Postmaster-General of 
Victoria, in Australia. He married Susanna Dan- 
nay, with issue — ■ 

a. Alexander died unmarried. 

b. George died unmarried. 

c. Margaret married Edward Graham without 

cl. Sarah Agnes married Dr W. G. Howitt with 
issue : — Sarah Muriel Susanna ; Phoebe ; Godfrey ; 
William Godfrey ; Alexander McCrae ; John Bake- 
well ; George Ward Cole ; Charles Hugh. 

e. Katherine Susannah married Thomas W. 
Palmer with issue : — Catherine Wrangham married 
H. P. Anthony ; Ethel McCrae married George 
Ogle Moore ; Agnes McCrae married Charlton 
Howitt ; Margaret Annie. 

f. Mary Harvie married W. F. Freeman with 
issue : - — Susanna McCrae ; Clara Annie married 
George Jennings ; Alfred William ; Marion Kate ; 
Harry Randall. 

g. William Gordon died unmarried. 

h. John Morison, born 1848, now living at Perth r 
West Australia, and by whom this information about 
his own family was communicated to the author in 
1898. He married, first, in 1870, Eleanor Harrison 
Atkin, with issue— Alexander ; John Morison. He 
married, secondly, in 1893, Bessie Fraser Brock, 
widow of F. A. Brock. 


i. Union Rose died in infancy. 

j. Thomasanne Cole married Maurice Blackburn 
with issue : — Maurice McCrae ; James ; Gertrude ; 

k. Agnes Bruce married George Loughnan with 
issue : — Marion ; Muriel ; John Hamilton ; George 
Richmond ; Agnes ; Valory. 

3. Andrew Murison, born in 1800. He was a 
Writer to the Signet in Edinburgh, and practised 
for some time as a Parliamentary Agent in London. 
He went to Australia in 1838. On arriving in 
Melbourne (after staying some time in Sydney) he 
was admitted a solicitor, and practised there for 
several years. He was afterwards a Stipendiary 
and Police Magistrate, and in that capacity served 
on several stations. He was also a Warden of the 
Gold Fields, a Commissioner of Crown Lands, and 
Deputy Sheriff. He died in 1874. He married, in 
1830, Georgina Huntly Gordon, and by her, who 
died on the 24th of May, 1890, aged eighty-six 
years, had issue — 

a. Margaret Elizabeth Mary, born in 1831, died 

b. George Gordon, born in Scotland in 1833, a 
retired Civil Servant, now living at Hawthorn, near 
Melbourne, and by whom most of the information 
contained in this chapter was communicated to the 
author in 1896. Mr George Gordon McCrae is a 
poet of recognised merit and standing. He married 
Augusta Helen Brown, with issue. 

c. William Gordon, born in Scotland in 1835, 
now living in West Australia. 


d. Alexander Gordon, born in Scotland in 1836, 
now living in New South Wales. 

e. Farquhar Peregrine Gordon, born in England 
in 1838, Inspector, Bank of Australasia, Sydney, 
New South Wales. He married Emily Aphrasia 
Brown, and has issue. 

f. Georgina Lucia Gordon, born in Australia in 
1841, married Robert Hyndman, with issue. 

g. Margaret Martha, born in Australia, married 
Nicholas Maine, with issue — Margaret Isabella. 

h. Octavia Frances Gordon, born in Australia, 
married George Watton Moore, with issue. 
i. Agnes Thomasina, died in infancy. 

4. Agnes, born 1802. 

5. John Morison, born in 1804, Lieutenant 
Seventeenth Native Infantry, Bengal. 

6. Farquhar, born in 1806, Surgeon in the 
Enniskillen Dragoons. He afterwards went to 
Australia, and died in Sydney. He married Agnes 
Morison, with issue. 

7. Agnes, born in 1808, married William Bruce, 
and had issue. 

8. Thomas Anne, born in 1810, married Com- 
mander George Ward- Cole, B.N., with issue. 

9. Margaret Forbes, born in 1812, married Dr 
David John Thomas, with issue. 


Legends and Traditions of the Clan Macrae. — How the Macraes 
first came to Kintail. — How St Fillan became the Greatest of 
Physicians and made the Inhabitants of Kintail Strong and 
Healthy. — How Ellandonan Castle came to be built.- — How 
Donnacha Mor na Tuai^h fought at the Battle of Park. — 
How the Great Feud between Kintail and Glengarry began. — 
How Ian Breac Mac Mhaighster Fearachar made Lochiel 
retract a vow against the Men of Kintail. — Tradition about 
Muireach Fial. — Tradition about Fearachar Mac Ian Oig. — 
Tradition about the Glenlic Hunt. — Traditions about Donnacha 
Mor Mac Alister. — Traditions about Eonachan Dubh. — How 
Ian Mor Mac Mhaighster Fionnla killed the Soldiers. — A 
Tradition of Sheriffmuir. — How a Kintail Man was innocently 
hanged by the Duke of Cumberland. — Some Macrae Traditions 
from Gairloch. 

Like every other clan, the Macraes of Kintail had 
their own legends and traditions, and in olden time 
their country was more than usually rich, even for 
the Highlands, in poetry, legend, and historic lore. 
It was formerly a well-known and universal custom 
in the Highlands for the people of a township to 
meet together in some central house in the long 
winter evenings, and pass much of the time in 
singing songs and reciting tales. This custom, which 
has survived to a certain extent in some districts 
down to our own times, was called the Ceilidh, a 
word w r hich means a meeting for social intercourse 


and conversation, and it is needless to say that at 
such meetings the Seanachaidh or reciter of ancient 
lore, who could relate his tales in fluent, sonorous 
language, and with a due admixture of homely, 
dramatic dialogue, a thing to which the Gaelic 
language so effectively lends itself, was a man whose 
company was always welcome. The Seanachaidh 
has now given place very largely to the political 
newspaper and other cheap forms of literature, and 
it may be questioned if, in itself, the change is 
altogether for the better. At all events, the reciter 
of Highland folklore endeavoured to entertain his 
listeners with tales of the courage, devotion, and 
chivalry which go to make a true hero, and to young, 
impressionable minds the effect of this could hardly 
fail to be, at least, as wholesome as the ceaseless 
appeal to human selfishness and covetousness which 
too frequently forms the chief stock-in-trade of the 
political newspaper. 

In this chapter an effort is made to preserve a 
few of the old legends and traditions of Kintail, and 
they are given almost in the very words in which 
they were communicated to the author by men who 
know Kintail and its people, and who, in almost 
every case, heard them related by old men at the 
Ceilidh many years ago. 1 There is no attempt made 

1 The author has great pleasure in acknowledging his indebtedness for 
most of the information contained in this chapter to Mr Alexander Matheson, 
shipowner, Dornie (p. 48) ; Mr Farquhar Macrae, Dornie (p. 130) ; Mr John 
Alexander Macrae,. Avernish (p. 179) ; Mr Farquhar Matheson, Dornie (p. 49) ; 
Mr Alexander Maclennan, Craig House, Lochcarron (p. 224) ; Mr Donald Mac- 
rae, Gelantipy, Victoria (p. 258) ; Mr John Macrae, Islip, New York (p. 212) ; 
and Mr Alexander Macmillan, an old man of Dornie, who died on the 13th 
May, 1896. 


to harmonise them, even when possible to do so, with 
the actual facts of the historic incidents to which 
they refer, and the reader will readily recognise some 
of them as local versions of legends which may be 
found in other lands as well as in the Highlands, 
but they are interesting as showing the light in 
which the people of the country looked upon their 
own history, and they serve to illustrate the whole- 
some pride of the clan in its own heroes, as well as 
their appreciation of the man of courage, presence of 
mind, and prompt action, who was bold and fearless 
in the face of a foe, loyal to his chief, true to every 
trust, as well as humane and gentle to the weak and 
helpless who were in any sense dependent upon him. 
It is not pretended for a single moment that such 
traits of character were universal in the Highlands 
any more than in other places, but they constituted 
the standard of life and conduct at which the true 
man was expected to aim, and it was only in as far 
as he succeeded in reaching that standard that his 
memory was held worthy of an honoured place in 
the traditions of his clan and country. 


Once upon a time, in Ireland, three young men of 
the Fitzgerald family, called Colin Fitzgerald, 1 
Gilleoin na Tuaigh,and Maurice Macrath were present 
at a wedding, and partook somewhat freely of the 

1 Colin Fitzgerald was the reputed founder of the Clan Mackenzie, and 
Gilleoin na Tuaigh of the Clan Maclean. 


good cheer which was provided for the guests. On 
the way home they got so seriously implicated in a 
quarrel that they thought it prudent to seek safety 
in flight. While crossing a ferry they took violent 
possession of the ferryman's boat, and putting out to 
sea with it they sailed across to Scotland. They 
landed at Ardnamurchan, and gradually made their 
way across the country to the Aird of Lovat. On 
arriving there late in the night, and very tired, they 
lay down under a hedge to rest until the morning 
before deciding what their next step was to be. But 
in the early morning they were awakened from their 
sleep by the clang of arms, and found two men 
engaged in a fierce fight quite near them. It turned 
out that one of these men was Bissett, the Lord of 
Lovat, while his antagonist was a redoubtable bully 
who, in consequence of some dispute, had challenged 
him to mortal combat. Maurice, observing that 
Bissett was on the point of being vanquished, pro- 
posed to go to his aid, but the other two thought it 
would be wiser and more prudent not to do so, as 
they did not know the merits of the case, and had 
already been obliged to leave their country through 
thoughtless interference in a quarrel which did not 
concern them. Maurice, however, would not be 
persuaded, and going to Bissett's assistance he cut off 
the bully's head with one blow. Bissett then invited 
his unexpected deliverer to his house, and being 
favourably impressed by him he offered him an 
important post in his service, and gave him the lands 
of Clunes to settle on. When the Frasers became 
Lords of Lovat the Macrae family was still living at 


Climes, and the head of the family was appointed 
Lord Lovat's chief forester. One day there hap- 
pened to be a great hunting expedition in the Lovat 
forest, and among those who took part in it was a 
bastard son of Lovat, who began to abuse Macrae for 
not giving his hounds a better chance. One of 
Macrae's sons, called John, who happened to be 
present at the time, took up the quarrel on behalf of 
his father, who was an old man, and settled the 
matter by killing the bastard. As the old man had 
rendered him so much loyal and valuable service in 
the past Lovat decided to overlook this unfortunate 
mishap, but at the same time advised him to send his 
Sons out of the country, at all events for a time, for 
fear of the vengeance of the Fraser family. The four 
sons took the hint and quietly left the Lovat country. 
They journeyed together as far as Glenmoriston, and 
at a place called Ceann a Chnuic (the end of the 
hillock) they parted. One of them, called Duncan, 
went to Argyllshire, married the heiress of Craignish, 
and became the ancestor of the Craignish Campbells. 
Another, called Christopher, went to Easter Ross. 
The third, who was called John, went to Kintail and 
spent his first night there in the house of a man 
called Macaulay, at Achnagart. He was such a 
restless man that they called him Ian Carrach, which 
means twisting or fidgety John. Macaulay's 
daughter, however, fell in love with him and per- 
suaded him to remain there. In course of time they 
were married. Their first child was born at Achna- 
gart, and he was the first Macrae born in Kintail. 
The family of Ian Carrach was one of the chief families 


of Kintail until Malcolm Mac Ian Charrich, Con- 
stable of Ellandonan, lost his influence by supporting 
Hector Roy's claim for the estates of Kintail against 
John of Killin. 1 A fourth son of Macrae of Clunes, 
called Finlay, after wandering about for some time, 
finally made his way to Kintail and settled there- 
near his brother John. He was called Fionnla Mor 
nan Gad. 2 Fionnla Mor nan Gad was the ancestor 
of Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd, with whom the 
recorded genealogy of the Macraes of Kintail com- 




While St Fillan was travelling on a pilgrimage in 
France with a hazel staff from Kintail in his hand, 
he went one day into the house of an alchemist. 
The alchemist told the Saint he would give him a 
fortune if he would bring him to France what was 
under the sod where the hazel staff grew. Upon 
being questioned by St Fillan the alchemist exjDlained 
that under that -«od there was a white serpent, of 
which he wished very much to get possession. St 
Fillan then undertook to go in search of the serpent, 
and the alchemist gave him the necessary instruc- 
tions how to capture it. When St Fillan reached the 

1 Pages 22, 23, and Footnote page 214. 

2 The meaning of Gad here is doubtful, it usually means a withe or switch, 
but in this case it may possibly mean spear. See Macbain's Gaelic Dictionary. 


spot where the hazel staff had been cut, at the north- 
east end of Loch Long, he kindled a fire and placed 
a pail of honey near it. The warmth of the fire soon 
brought a large number of serpents out of their holes, 
and among them the white serpent, which was their 
King. Being attracted by the smell of the honey, 
the white serpent crawled into the pail. Fillan then 
seized the pail and ran away with it, followed by an 
ever-increasing number of serpents, anxious to rescue 
their King. The saint knew he would not be safe 
from their pursuit until he had crossed seven running 
streams of water. The river Elchaiof was the seventh 
stream on his way, and when he crossed it he felt 
that he was now safe. When he reached the top of 
a small hill called Tulloch nan deur (the hill of tears) 
he paused for a short rest, and composed a Gaelic 
hymn or song, of which the following verse is all 
that appears to be known — 

'S mi 'm sheasidh air Tulloch nan deur, 
Gun chraicionn air meur na bonn, 
Ochadan ! a rhigh nan rann, 
'S fhada 'n Fhraing bho cheann Loch Long. 1 

St Fillan then continued his journey, and when 
he arrived at the end of it, the alchemist took the 
pail containing the honey and the serpent, put it in a 
cauldron to boil, and left the Saint alone for a little 
to watch over it, giving him instructions at the same 
time that if he saw any bubbles rising to the surface 
he was on no account to touch them. The alchemist 
was not long gone when a bubble rose, and Fillan 

1 Standing on the hill of tears with skinless soles and toes, 
Alas ! King of verses, far is France from the head of Loch Long. 


thoughtlessly put his finger on it. As the bubble 
burst it gave out such a burning heat that he 
suddenly drew his finger back and put it in his 
mouth to allay the pain, but no sooner did he do so 
than he felt himself becoming possessed of miraculous 
healing powers. This was how St Fillan became 
the greatest physician of his age. The alchemist 
intended to get this power from the white serpent 
for himself, but when he returned to his cauldron he 
found that all the virtue had gone out of it. St 
Fillan then returned to Kintail with his newly- 
acquired power, which he used among the people in 
such a way that in watching over their spiritual 
health he remembered their bodily health also, and 
so made them strong and well-favoured among their 


In olden times there lived in Kintail a wealthy chief 
of the same race as the Mathesons, who had an only 
son. When the son was born he received his first 
drink out of the skull of a raven, and this gave him 
the power to understand the language of birds. He 
was sent to Rome for his education, and became a 
great linguist. When he returned to Kintail his 
father asked him one day to explain what the birds 
were saying. " They are saying," replied the son, 
" that one day you will wait upon me as my servant." 
The father was so annoyed at this explanation that 
he turned his son out of the house. The son then 


joined a ship which was bound for France. Having 
learned on his arrival in France that the King was 
very greatly annoyed and disturbed by the chirping 
of birds about the palace, he went and offered to help 
the King to get rid of them. The King accepted 
the offer, and the adventurer explained to him that 
the birds had a quarrel among themselves, which 
thev wished the King to settle for them. By the 
help of his visitor the King succeeded in settling the 
dispute to the entire satisfaction of the birds, and was 
troubled by them no more. In gratitude for this 
relief the King gave his deliverer a fully-manned 
ship for his own use, and with this ship he sailed to 
far distant lands, but no land was so distant that he 
could not understand and speak the language of the 

On one occasion, in the course of a very long 
voyage, he met a native King, whom he greatly 
pleased with his interesting conversation. The King 
invited him to dine at the royal palace, but when he 
got to the palace he found it was so infested with 
rats that the servants had the very greatest difficulty 
in keeping them away from the table. Next time 
the adventurer visited the palace he brought a cat 
from the ship with him, under his cloak, and when 
the rats gathered round the table he let the cat 
loose among them. The King was so pleased with 
the way in which the cat drove the rats away, that 
in exchange for the cat he gave his guest a hogshead 
full of gold. With this gold the wanderer returned 
to Kintail, after an absence of seven years, and 
anchored his ship at Totaig. The arrival of such a 


magnificent ship caused a considerable sensation, 
and when the owner presented himself at his father's 
house, as a man of rank from a distant country, he 
was received with great hospitality. His father, 
who failed to recognise him, waited upon him at 
table, and thus fulfilled the prophecy of the birds. 
The son then made himself known to his father, and 
a birth mark he bore between his shoulders proved 
his identity to the entire satisfaction of the people, 
who received him with enthusiasm as the long lost 
heir. His ability and knowledge of the world after- 
wards brought him into the favour and confidence of 
King Alexander II., who commissioned him to build 
Ellandonan Castle to protect the King's subjects in 
those parts against the encroachments of the Danes. 


Shortly before the battle a raw but powerful looking 
youth from Kintail was seen staring about among 
the Mackenzies in a stupid manner as if looking for 
something. He ultimately came across an old, rusty 
battle axe of great size, and setting off after the 
others he arrived at the scene of strife just as the 
combatants were closing with each other. This 
youth was Donnacha Mor na Tuaigh, and Hector 
Roy, observing him, asked him why he was not 
taking part in the fight and supporting his chief 
and clan. Duncan replied : " Mar a faigh mi miadh 

l Page 17. 


duine, cha dean mi gniomh duine " (Unless I get a 
man's esteem I will not perform a man's work). 
This reply was meant as a hint that he had not 
been provided with a proper weapon. Hector 
answered him, " Dean sa gniomh duine 's 
gheibh thu miadh duine " (Do a man's work 
and you shall get a man's esteem). Duncan 
at once rushed into the combat exclaiming, 
" Buille mhor bho chul mo laimhe 's ceum leatha, 
am fear nach teich romham teicheam roimhe " (A 
heavy stroke from the back of my arm and a step 
to enforce it ; he who does not get out of my way 
let me get out of his). Duncan soon killed a man, 
and, drawing the body aside, coolly sat down on it. 
Hector Roy, observing this strange proceeding, 
asked Duncan why he was not still engaged along 
with his comrades. Duncan answered: " Mar a faigh 
mi ach miadh aon duine cha dean mi ach gniomh 
aon duine " (If I get only one man's due, I will 
do only one man's work). Hector told him to 
do two men's work and he would get two men's 
reward. Duncan, returning again to the combat, 
soon killed another man, and pulling the body aside 
placed it on the top of the first one, and again 
sat down. Hector repeated his question once more, 
and Duncan replied that he had killed two men, 
and earned two men's reward. " Do your best," 
replied Hector, "and let us no longer dispute about 
your reward." Duncan instantly replied : "Am fear 
nach biodh a cunntadh rium cha bhithinn a cunntadh 
ris " (He that would not reckon with me, I would 
not reckon with him), and rushed into the thickest 


of the battle, where he did so much execution among; 
the enemy that Lachlan Maclean of Lochbuy (Lach- 
lainn Mac Thearlaich), the most redoubtable warrior 
on the other side, placed himself in Duncan's way to 
check him in his destructive career. The two met 
in mortal strife, and Maclean being a very powerful 
man, clad in mail, and well trained in the use of 
arms, seemed likely to prove the victor ; but Dun- 
can, being lighter and more active than his heavily 
mailed opponent, managed, however, to defend 
himself, watching his opportunity, and retreating 
backwards until he arrived at a ditch. His op- 
ponent, now thinking that he had him in his power, 
made a desperate stroke at him, which Duncan 
parried, and at the same time jumped over the ditch. 
Maclean then made a furious lunge with his weapon, 
but instead of entering Duncan's body it got fixed 
in the opposite bank of the ditch. In withdrawing 
his weapon Maclean bent his head forward, and thus 
exposed the back of his neck, upon which Duncan's 
battle axe descended with the velocity of lightning, 
and with such terrific force as to sever the head from 
the body. This, it is said, was the turning-point of 
the battle, for the Macdonalds, seeing the brave 
leader of their van killed, gave up all for lost, and 
began at once to retreat. Duncan was ever after- 
wards known as " Donnacha Mor na Tuaigh " (Big 
Duncan of the Battle Axe). That night as Mac- 
kenzie sat at supper he inquired for Duncan, who 
was missing and could nowhere be found. " My 
sorrow," said Mackenzie, " for the loss of my scallag 
mhor (big servant) is greater than my satisfaction for 


the success of the battle." "I thought," replied one 
of those present, " that as the Macdonalcls fled I saw 
him pursuing four or five of them up the burn." 
The words were hardly spoken when Duncan came 
in with four heads bound together with a rope of 
twisted twigs. " Tell me now," said Duncan, as he 
threw the heads down before his master, " if I have 
not earned my supper." 


There was once a famous archer of the Clan Macrae 
called Fionnla Dubh nam Fiadlr (Black Finlay of 
the Deer). He was forester of Glencannich. While 
Finlay was occupying this position, a certain Mac- 
donald of Glengarry, who had fled from his own 
home for murder, took refuge in the forest, having 
obtained permission from one of the chief men of the 
Mackenzies, not only to take refuge there, but even 
to help himself to anything he could lay his hands 
on unknown to Finlay. One day Finlay and another 
man went out to hunt in a part of the forest which 
was the usual haunt of the best and fattest deer. 
To their great surprise they found Macdonald hunt- 
ing there also. Finlay asked him who gave him 

1 Pages 34, 35. 

2 Fionnla Duljh nam Fiadh belonged to a tribe of Macraes called Claun a. 
Chruitear (the descendants of the harper). Those belonging to this tribe 
were generally of a very dark complexion. It is said they were not of the 
original stock of Macraes, but were descended from a foreign harper, who was 
brought into the country by one of the Mackenzies, and who settled down 
there and adopted the name Macrae. 


permission to be there. " That's none of your busi- 
ness," replied Macdonald ; " I mean to kill as many 
deer as I please, and you shall not prevent me." 
Thus a quarrel arose between them, and the end of 
it was that Finlay shot Macdonald through the 
heart with an arrow, and cast his body into a lake 
called Lochan Uine Gleannan nam Fiadh (the green 
lake of the glen of the deer). After a time Mac- 
donald's friends in Glengarry began to wonder what 
had become of him, but at last a rumour reached 
them that he had been killed by Fionnla Dubh nam 

On hearing this they formed a party of twelve 
strong and able men to go to Glencannich to make 
inquiries, and, if necessary, to take vengeance on 
Finlay. On arriving at Glencannich the first house 
they came to was Finlay's. His wife met them at 
the door, and as they did not know that this was 
Finlay's house, they stated the object of their visit, 
and asked if she could give them any directions or 
information. She told them to come in and rest. 
They did so, and as they were tired and hungry they 
were not sorry to see her making preparations to 
show them hospitality. Meantime Finlay, who was 
in the other end of the house, began to amuse him- 
self by playing on his trump or Jews' harp. The 
Glengarry men were so engrossed and interested in 
the conversation of their hostess that they took no 
notice of Finlay's music. She, however, listened 
attentively to it, and from the tune he was playing 
she understood that he wished her to poison her 
guests. She accordingly contrived to mix a certain 


kind of poison, used by her husband to kill foxes, in 
the rennet with which she was preparing some curds 
and cream which she set before them. They partook 
freely of this dish, and eleven of them died from the 
effects of the poison shortly after they left the house. 
Finlay then went out and buried them. The twelfth 
man, however, managed to make his way back to 
Glengarry, where he told his fellow clansmen what 
had happened. 

The chief, hearing of it, chose eleven strong and 
brave men to return to Glencannich with this sur- 
vivor, who undertook to act as their guide and lead 
them straight to Finlay's house. Now, though this 
man had already been to Finlay's house, he had not 
actually seen Finlay himself, and would therefore be 
unable to recognise him. In due time the Glengarry 
men reached the brow of a hill opposite to Finlay's 
house, where they found a man cutting turfs. This 
was Finlay himself, but he received them with such 
calm indifference that they never suspected who he 
was. They asked him if he knew where Finlay was, 
or if he was at home. " Well," replied Finlay, 
pointing to his own house, " when I was at that 
house just now, Finlay was there too." The Glen- 
garry men, thinking the prize was now within their 
grasp, hurried to the house without looking behind, 
and so did not observe that Finlay was following 
after them. As they crowded in at the door, Finlay 
called to his wife through the back window to hand 
him out his bow and quiver. His wife did so, and 
Finlay then took his stand in a convenient position 
with his bow and arrows. " Come out," shouted he 


to the Glengarry men, " the man you want is here." 
They rushed out, but he shot them dead one after 
another before they were able to reach him. He 
then buried them along with his former victims, and 
shortly afterwards moved down to his winter quarters 
at Achyaragan in Glenelchaig. 

After a time Glengarry began to wonder what 
had become of his messengers, and so he sent yet 
another twelve to make enquiries about them and to 
punish Finlay. As these men were passing by 
Abercalder, in the neighbourhood of Fort-Augustus, 
on their way to Glencannich, they got into con- 
versation with a man who was ploughing in a field. 
The man innocently told them that he was Finlay's 
brother, whereupon they immediately struck their 
dirks into him and left him dead in the shafts of the 
plough. On finding that Finlay had left Glen- 
cannich they followed him to Glenelchaig, where 
it so happened that the first man they met was 
Finlay himself, who was out hunting on Mamantuirc. 
They began to ask him questions about the man 
they were in search of, which he answered to their 
satisfaction, and as they walked along he conversed 
with them with a freedom which prevented any 
suspicion on their part. But on parting with them 
he quickly took up his stand in a favourable position, 
and shouting out that he was the man they wanted, 
killed them all with his arrows before they could lay 
hands on him. The last of the twelve took to flight 
and was killed while in the act of leaping across a 
waterfall. His name was Leiry, and the waterfall 
is called Eas leum Leiridh (the waterfall of Leiry's 


leap) to this day. When Mackenzie of Kintail 
heard of the murder of Finlay's brother at Aber- 
calder he applied for a commission of fire and sword 
against Glengarry, who was also making preparations 
on his own account to retaliate for the slaughter of 
his men by Finlay. The Mackenzies and the Mac- 
donalds met and fought their first battle at the Pass 
of Beallach Mhalagan, in the heights of Glensheil. 
During the fight Finlay took shelter with his bow 
and quiver behind a large stone, which is still 
pointed out, and continued to pour a deadly shower 
of arrows among the Macdonalds until at last they 
took to flight. After the fight was over, Mackenzie 
made his men sit down to rest and to partake of 
some food. Observing Finlay among them he turned 
round to him and charged him with cowardice 
for taking shelter behind the stone during the fight. 
" You are very good," said he, " at raising a quarrel, 
but you are a very poor hand at quelling it." 
" Don't say more," replied Finlay, " until you have 
examined your dead foes." When the dead Mac- 
donalds were examined it was found that no fewer 
than twenty-four of the chief men among the slain 
had fallen to Finlay's arrows. 

One day, as Finlay lay ill in bed at Fadoch, 
suffering from a wound in the head, a travelling 
leech from Glengarry happened to visit the district. 
He was called in to see Finlay, who felt much 
relieved by his treatment. As the leech continued 
his journey in the direction of Camusluinie, he met 
a woman, who asked him how the patient was. 
" He is much better, and will soon be quite well," 


replied the leech. " Agus leigheis thu Fionnla 
Dubh nam Fiadh " (And you have cured Black 
Finlay of the Deer), replied the woman. The leech 
did not know until now who his patient was, and 
upon learning that it was Fionnla Dubh nam Fiadh, 
he returned again to the house, and on a pretence 
of having neglected something that ought to have 
been done, in order to make the cure certain, 
proceeded to examine the wound in the patient's 
head once more. In the course of the examination 
he drove a probing needle through the wound into his 
brain, and as the blood gushed out some of it flowed 
into Finlay's mouth. " Is milis an deoch a thug thu 
dhomh " (Sweet is the drink you have given me), 
said he, and with these words he expired. The 
leech then left the house, and continued his journey. 
When the sons of Duncan returned and found their 
father dead, they set out at once in pursuit of the 
leech. They overtook him among the hills above 
Leault, killed him, and buried him on a spot which 
is still pointed out. Finlay himself was buried at 




John Breac 1 used sometimes to go in attendance on 
Seaforth to the meeting of the Scottish Parliament 
at Perth, and on one of those occasions Seaforth's 
sword was stolen from the hall of the house where 

iPage 170. 


he was living in the town. The next time Seaforth 
went to the meeting of Parliament John Breac, who 
was with him, recognised the stolen sword in the 
possession of one of the followers of Lochiel. John 
charged the man with the theft, beat him soundly, 
and took the sword from him. When Lochiel heard 
of the ignominious treatment to which his man had 
been subjected he swore that he would execute sum- 
mary vengence on any Kintail man afterwards found 
among the Camerons in Lochaber. Shortly after his 
return to Kintail John Breac missed three of his 
horses from his farm at Duilig. He at once set out 
on their track, and traced them all the way to Loch- 
aber, where he found them in a field, and some men 
trying to catch them. John went into the field and 
helped the men to catch the horses, for which they 
thanked him, but they had no suspicion who he was, 
nor did he tell them the object of his visit. He 
asked them, however, if Lochiel was at home, and 
they told him he was. He then went to the house, 
but it was early morning and Lochiel was still in 
bed. John told the servant that his business was 
very urgent, and desired to be conducted to Lochiel's 
bedroom. " Who are you, and where do you come 
from ? " asked Lochiel when he saw the stranger 
entering his bedroom. " I come from Kintail," re- 
plied John. " From Mackenzie's Kintail or Mackay's 
Kintail ?" 1 asked Lochiel. " From Mackenzie's," 
replied John. " Then you are a very bold man," 
continued Lochiel. "Are you not aware that I have 
vowed vengence against any Kintail man found in 

1 See Note, page 16. 


my country ?" "I am well aware of it," replied 
John, " and what is more, I believe I was the cause 
of your vow/' John then quietly took possession of 
Lochiel's sword, which was hanging on the wall by 
the bedside, and, explaining who he was, swore that 
he would deal with him as he dealt with his man in 
Perth if he did not at once retract his vow against 
the men of Kintail, and order the stolen horses to 
be sent back to Duilig. Lochiel, who clearly saw 
that John Breac was a man who meant what he 
said, readily granted both requests, rather than run 
the risk of being ignominiously beaten like a dog. 


About the time of the battle of Sheriffmuir there 
lived in Kintail a certain Maurice Macrae, known as 
Muireach Fial (Maurice the Generous). He was a 
man of some means, and lent money to the Chisholm 
of Strathglass, in return for which he received certain 
grazing rights on the lands of Affric. Maurice and 
his wife used to go once a year to Inverness to sell 
butter and cheese, which they carried on horseback 
through the Chisholm country. On one occasion, 
as they were returning home, they were met by a 
party of Strathglass men, who invited Maurice to 
drink with them in Struy Inn. Maurice accepted 
the invitation, and being of a convivial disposition, 
was in no hurry to leave. His wife, having vainly 
endeavoured to induce him to resume his journey, 
started leisurely alone, expecting that her husband 
would soon overtake her. But Maurice did not 


follow, and his wife, at last becoming anxious on his 
account, hurried home to Kintail, where a party 
was immediately organised to go in search of him. > 
They searched all over Strathglass, and having made 
many inquiries without obtaining any information, 
they returned back to Kintail. On returning home 
one of their number disguised himself as a poor idiot, 
and went to Strathglass, where he wandered about 
begging his way from door to door, but at the same 
time keeping a careful watch for any trace or talk of 
the missing Maurice. One night, while lying at the 
door of a house, he heard someone tapping at the 
window. He listened attentively, and soon heard 
the man at the window and the master of the house 
talking about the bradan tarragheal (the white-bellied 
salmon), which was tied to a bush and concealed in 
a certain pool in the river. When the conversation 
ceased and the visitor took his departure, the Kintail 
man, wondering what was meant by the salmon, 
stole quietly away to the pool mentioned, and there 
found the body of Maurice, who had been murdered 
by some of the Strathglass men, and whose body had 
been hidden in the river in a dark pool under a thick 
bush. He drew the body out of the water, carried 
it some distance away to a safe hiding-place, and 
then set out in all haste to Kintail. 

When the people of Kintail heard what had 
happened they formed a large party and went to 
fetch the body home to Kilduich. As they were 
passing by Oomar churchyard, in Strathglass, on 
the way back to Kintail, they came upon a large 
funeral party who were in the act of burying one of 


the principal men of Strathglass. As the stone was 
being placed on the grave, four of the Kintail men 
stepped into the churchyard and carried the stone 
away. This was done in order to provoke a fight, 
that they might have an opportunity of avenging 
the death of Maurice. As the challenge was not 
accepted they carried the stone all the way to Kil- 
duich and placed it over Maurice's grave, where it is 
still pointed out. Maurice might have been murdered 
for the sake of the money he was carrying home with 
him from Inverness, but the people of Kir.tail sus- 
pected that the murder was instigated by some one 
connected with the Chisholm, who did not like to 
see a stranger's cattle grazing on the hills of Affric, 
and the tradition further says that as soon as 
Maurice was dead all his cattle were stolen from 
their grazing by the Chisholm's men. Years after- 
wards, when Maurice's son, then an old man, was 
lying on his death-bed, a certain neighbour called 
Murachadh Buidh nam Meoir (yellow Murdoch of 
the fingers) went to see him. It was a cold day, 
and as Murdoch, who was asked to replenish the 
fire, was in the act of breaking up an old disused 
settle for fuel, he found concealed in it the parch- 
ment bond of the above-mentioned agreement be- 
tween the Chisholm and Muireach Fial. 


Fearachar Mac Ian Oig 1 lived at Achyark, and was 
a man of note in Kintail. It was in the time of 
Colin Earl of Seaforth, and the rents were very 

1 Page 187. 


heavy. To make matters worse, the bailiff who col- 
lected them was a very unpopular man, and was in 
the habit of exacting certain payments on his own 
account. A quarrel having arisen about a certain 
tribute which Farquhar refused to pay, the bailiff 
went to Achyark one day while Farquhar was out 
hunting, and, taking advantage of his absence, 
carried away a cow and a copper kettle in payment 
of the disputed tribute. When Farquhar returned 
home, his wife told him that if he were half a man 
the bailiff would not dare to do what he did. This 
taunt roused him to such fury that he immediately 
set out with his loaded gun in pursuit of the bailiff, 
whom he overtook at the river Conag. As the 
bailiff was crossing the river, with the kettle on his 
back, Farquhar shot him dead. When he returned 
home he told his wife what he had done. " You 
silly woman," said he, "you have caused me to work 
my own ruin. I must now look to my safety, and 
you must take care of yourself the best way you 
can." He then fled for safety in the direction of 
Loch Hourn, where he had an uncle living. When 
he reached Coalas nam Bo (the strait of the cows), 
on Loch Hourn, in the dead of the night, he began 
to shout across the ferry to his uncle, who was living 
on the other side. When the uncle heard him he 
recognised his voice, and roused his own sons, who 
were asleep in bed. "Get up," said he, "I hear 
Farquhar, my brother's son, shouting to be ferried, 
with a tone of mischief in his voice." The young 
men at once got up, and brought Farquhar across 
the ferry. When his uncle asked him what the 


matter was, Farquhar told him that he had killed 
Domhnull Mac Dhonnachaidh Mhic Fhionnlaidh 
Dhuibh nam Fiadh (Donald, the son of Duncan, the 
son of Black Finlay of the Deer). " If that is all," 
replied the uncle, " it does not matter much, for if 
you had not killed him, I should kill him myself." 
Farquhar hid with his uncle for some months, and 
then took up his abode in a cave in Coire-Gorm-a- 
Bheallaich, in Glenlic. This he made his hiding- 
place for seven years, careful never to appear to any 
but his most trusted friends. He never left his 
hiding-place without placing a copper coin in a 
certain position on a stone at the mouth of the cave, 
his idea being that if anyone had visited and dis- 
covered his hiding-place in his absence they would 
be sure either to take the coin away or, at all events, 
to handle it, and move it from the position in which 
he had left it. It is said that in those times, if 
a murderer succeeded in evading the law for seven 
years, he could not afterwards be punished, and so, 
at the end of seven years, Farquhar, considering 
himself a free man, suddenly appeared one day at a 
funeral in Kilduich. His friends were delighted to 
see him again, and having paid a ransom to the 
representatives of the murdered man, he was hence- 
forth able to go about the country in safety. On 
one occasion, when taunted on being a murderer by 
one of the bailiff's friends, Farquhar replied, " Ma 
mharbh mis 'e nach d' ith sibh fhein e ? " (If I killed 
him, have you not eaten him yourselves ?) This 
reply referred to the ransom which in those days 
would probably consist of food and cattle. Seaforth, 


however, would not forgive the murderer of his 
bailiff, and so he sent a message to caution Farquhar 
never on any account to come into his presence. 
Shortly afterwards, Seaforth was fitting out an 
expedition for the Lews, and gave instructions that 
his men should meet on a certain day at Poolewe. 
When Seaforth arrived there he was disappointed 
to find so few of his men waiting for him. " How,' r 
said one of the Kintail men, " can you expect your 
men to respond to you, when you won't allow the 
bravest of them to come into your presence ? " 
"And who is the bravest of them ? " asked Seaforth. 
" Fearachar Mac Ian Oig," was the reply, " and he 
would soon be here if you would only restore him 
to the position he occupied before the murder of the 
bailiff." Seaforth consented to do this, and Far- 
quhar, who was in concealment near by, was imme- 
diately introduced, and became reconciled to his chief 
there and then. The tradition says that in the 
course of this expedition Farquhar proved himself 
one of the bravest and best of Seaforth's followers. 


There was hardly any event in the past history of 
Kintail around which there gathered more legendary 
and traditional lore than the famous Glenlic hunt, in 
which Murdoch, son of Alexander of Inverinate, lost 
his life, and which has been already referred to. 1 
The reason for this was no doubt the mystery 
surrounding- Murdoch's death, and the series of 

l Pages 84-85. 


elegies composed during the fifteen days that the 
search for his body continued. His death was sup- 
posed by many people to have been the work of 
some evil spirit, and for many generations it was 
considered unsafe to pass at night by the spot where 
the body was found, as strange sights were seen 
there and strange noises heard, and, most convincing 
of all, mysterious marks, as of a round foot with 
long claws, used to be seen on the otherwise smooth 
unbroken surface of the snow that fell there in 
winter. But there was one man in the district who 
was proof, at all events, against any fear of the evil 
spirit by which the scene of the tragedy was believed 
to be haunted. This was a redoubtable weaver 
called Am Breabadair Og (the young weaver), who 
lived at the Cro of Kintail, and who always carried 
a brace of pistols with him wherever he went. 
Having resolved to challenge the evil spirit to meet 
him, he carefully loaded his pistols with silver 
buttons — silver being, according to a well-known 
belief of olden times, a metal which for shooting 
purposes was proof against the power of witches and 
evil spirits alike. Thus fortified, he set out as the 
night came on to the haunted spot, determined to 
challenge and shoot any thing, whatever it might be, 
that chanced to come across his path. Nothing 
happened, however, the first night, and so he 
repeated his watch the second night also without 
any result. This went on for fourteen nights in 
succession, and still the weaver's watches were 
disturbed by neither voice nor vision. But on the 
fifteenth night, which, it may be observed, corre- 


sponded with the number of days the search for 
Murdoch's body lasted, the weaver returned home 
crestfallen, exhausted, and silent. Nobody was 
ever told what he saw or heard on that night, but 
he had evidently failed to drive away the evil spirit, 
which continued to haunt the place as before. 


Of all the Macrae heroes there is no one whose name 
enters so largely into the later traditions of Kintail 
as Donnacha Mor Mac Alister. 1 It is said that when 
Duncan was a mere lad he went on one occasion 
with his mother to sell butter and cheese at Inver- 
lochy (Fort- William). On the way home Duncan 
sulked and fell behind, because his mother refused 
to give him money to buy a " bonnet " for himself. 
As they continued the homeward journey along 
Locharkaig side the mother was attacked by three 
Lochaber robbers, who not only took her money 
from her, but also a silver brooch, an heirloom which 
she prized very greatly. The conduct of her son, 
who refused to give any help, annoyed her so much 
that she called out to one of the robbers that she 
had still one coin left, and she would give it to him 
if he would thrash her son for her. " Easan am bog 
chuilean" (he, the soft whelp), contemptuously re- 
plied the robber, and going up to Duncan, struck 
him on the face with the back of his hand. This 
was more than the sulking lad could stand, and 

i Page 198. 


being now roused to action, he fell upon the robbers, 
beat them, and recovered his mother's money and 

Duncan once went to see his aunt in Lochaber, 
and after wading the Garry river, he continued 
his journey across the Pass of Coire 'n t' Shagairt. 
As the darkness came on he arrived at a lonely 
sheiling, and asked permission to pass the night 
there. The mistress of the sheiling received him 
very coldly, and refused his request, but Duncan 
had made up his mind to remain, and refused to go. 
Presently the daughter of the mistress came in from 
the milking of the cows, and proceeded to turn 
Duncan out by force. A struggle ensued, but 
Duncan's chivalry led him to acknowledge himself 
beaten. His strength, however, gained him the 
respect of the mistress, and he received permission 
to remain overnight. He then sat down and took 
off his shoes and stockings to cool his feet. When 
the mistress of the sheiling saw his feet she re- 
cognised him, by some mark or peculiarity about 
them, as a connection of her own family. It turned 
out that she was the aunt he had come to Lochaber 
to see. Next morning his cousin, who wanted to 
put his skill as a hunter to the test, told him there 
was a herd of deer among the cattle. Duncan went 
out, killed two of them, and brought them in for 
breakfast. On returning home, after spending a few 
pleasant days with his aunt and her daughter, he 
found the Garry river in flood. At the river he 
met his mother's foster brother, Dugald Macdonald, 
who, on being asked by Duncan if the river was 


fordable, taunted him for hesitating to wade across. 
Duncan then plunged in, but was very nearly 
drowned before he got to the other side. Dugald 
afterwards went to Glensheil to see Duncan's mother. 
He met Duncan fishing on the River Sheil, which 
was in flood, but did not recognise him. Dugald 
told him where he was going, and asked him to show 
the way. Duncan pointed out his own father's 
house on the other side of the river. Dugald then 
attempted to ford the river, but would have been 
drowned if Duncan had not come to his rescue. 
Thus Duncan proved himself to be the stronger of 
the two. When Dugald was leaving Glensheil, 
Duncan's father gave him a thrashing for tempting 
Duncan to run the risk of wading the Garry, river 
when it was in such high flood, and reminded him 
that if Duncan had been drowned then, he would 
not be alive to save Dugald from drowning in the 
RivfT Sheil. Duncan's mother always used to say 
ever after this that though her husband was so good 
to her she could not forget how he thrashed her 
foster brother. 

It has already been mentioned 1 that William 
Earl of Seaforth appointed Duncan Captain of the 
Freiceadan or Guard, whose duty it was to protect 
the marches of Kintail from the plundering raids of 
the Lochaber cattle lifters. Seaforth had heard of 
Duncan's strength and courage, but before entrusting 
him with such a difficult and responsible post he 
resolved to satisfy himself as to the truth of what 
he had heard about him. He accordingly invited 

l Page 198. 


Duncan to come to see him in Brahan Castle. 
When Duncan arrived at Brahan, Seaforth received 
him alone in a room in the Castle. After some con- 
versation, Seaforth locked the door of the room, 
drew his sword, and called upon Duncan to clear 
himself at once of some imaginary charge, or he 
would take his life. Duncan, who had left his sword 
in the hall of the Castle, had no weapon to defend 
himself with, but Seaforth's hound was lying on the 
floor close by. Duncan seized it by the legs and 
threw it at Seaforth, and, before Seaforth could 
recover from his surprise, Duncan took his sword 
from him. Seaforth was so pleased with Duncan's 
promptness and coolness that he at once decided to 
make him the Captain of his Guard. 

At one time a band of Camerons came to Lochalsh 
and stole a large number of cattle from Matheson of 
Fernaig. When this became known, Duncan and 
his men set out in pursuit. They soon discovered 
the track of the spoilers, and they overtook them on 
the borders of Lochiel's country. A fight ensued, in 
which the Camerons had the worst of it. Not only 
was the cattle recovered, but in the course of the 
fight Duncan, assisted by his brother Eonachan and 
Matheson of Fernaig, the owner of the cattle, over- 
came Lochiel's three chief warriors, and led them 
prisoners to Kintail. When Seaforth heard of this 
he sent a bantering message to Lochiel asking him 
to come and ransom his champions from their prison. 
Lochiel sent for the prisoners, but at the same time 
replied to Seaforth that the Kintail men could never 
have taken the Cameron champions prisoners in fair 


fight. Seaforth then offered to send three men from 
Kintail to Lochiel to challenge any three of the 
Camerons to a friendly contest of feats of strength. 
Seaforth wanted the same three men to go, but his 
father would not allow Eonachan to be one of the 
three because he was too young, and because his 
impulsive and hasty temper might cause the friendly 
contest to end in a quarrel. Eonachan's place 
had to be taken by his brother Donald. Duncan, 
Donald, and Matheson of Fernaig then set out for 
Lochiel's castle at Achnacarry. On the way it 
occurred to Duncan that his brother Donald had 
not yet tried the strength of any of the Cameron 
champions, and so, when next they stopped to rest, 
Duncan proposed to his brother that they should 
wrestle together. They did so, and Duncan was 
soon satisfied that his brother was equal to the best 
of the Camerons. When they arrived at Achna- 
carry Castle they were received with much hos- 
pitality, and liberally supplied with food and drink. 
In due time the hall of the castle was cleared, and 
a large number of men who had come together to 
witness the contest were brought in. The opposing 
champions stood forth and began a wrestling match. 
The Camerons in each case had the worst of it, and 
Lochiel was so much disgusted with his champions 
that he kicked them out at the door. He then in- 
vited the Kintail men to join in the feast with his 
other guests, which they did. As the cup circulated 
freely and the evening wore on, some of the Came- 
rons began to betray their real feelings towards the 
vanquishers of their champions, and occasionally cast 


threatening glances at Duncan and his companions. 
But Lochiel's lady, being anxious to avoid bloodshed, 
contrived to warn the Kintail men of their danger. 
Duncan took the hint, and taking advantage of the 
first favourable opportunity, he quietly got his com- 
panions out without exciting any suspicions, while 
he himself was engaged in conversation with Lochiel. 
Shortly afterwards he slipped out also and joined 
them. The night was dark and stormy, but they 
betook themselves to the mountains of Glengarry. 
When they reached the river Garry towards break 
of day, they found the Camerons in close pursuit 
with firearms. The Kintail men plunged into the 
flooded river and with much difficulty gained the 
other side; but the Camerons would not venture to 
try the river, and so they returned home after 
following the Kintail men for many miles to no 

Another version of this legend says that during 
the feast some of the Camerons made the door fast 
to prevent the escape of the Macraes, and that a 
servant girl (perhaps from Kintail) made them aware 
of this by whispering to one of them to get out by 
the window, and that on a signal from Duncan they 
rushed for the door, broke it open, and escaped into 
the darkness, challenging the Camerons at the same 
time to follow them. 

When Duncan was a young man, he lived for 
some time at Killechuinard, and at night used to 
swim across Lochduich to Inverinate to see his 
sweetheart. On one occasion, as he was half-way 
across, he suddenly came into collision with a bull 


swimming in the opposite direction. The angry bull 
tried to gore him, and though Duncan was a power- 
ful swimmer, he did not think he could swim against 
a Highland bull. So he cleverly contrived to get on 
the bull's back, and, seizing hold of his horns, he 
compelled the animal to swim back with him to 

Though Duncan was a warrior of renown and a 
mighty hunter, he was also very tender-hearted, and 
always ready to help anyone in distress. On one 
occasion a servant at his father's sheiling at Caorun, 
in the Heights of Cluanie, was taken ill of a virulent 
fever, and while others were afraid to go near her, 
Duncan took her in his arms and carried her all the 
way down to Glenshiel, where she received proper 
attendance and recovered from her illness. She 
afterwards composed a song about Duncan's kind- 
ness, of which the following is the only verse that 
now seems to be known : — 

Se nigh'n Alastair Rhuaidh 

A rug a bhuaidh, 

'S cha be na fuar mhic greananach ; 

Se fear mo ghaoil 

A macan caomh, 

A rinn sa Chaorun eallach dhiam. 1 

It has already been stated 2 that Duncan was 
killed at Sheriffmuir, where, according to tradition, 
he fought in command of the Kintail contingent of 

1 It was the daughter of Alister Roy (Duncan's maternal grandfather) 
that brought forth virtue (or blessing) and not cold and surly sous — the man 
of my love is her gentle son, who took me up as a burden at Caorun. 

2 Page 198. 


Seaforth's regiments. Mention has also been made 
of the stone which he set up at Achnagart as he and 
his followers were leaving Kintail on that occasion. 
It is said that in the retreat after the battle he killed 
seven troopers, one after another, with his claymore, 
until at last one of them came upon him with a pair 
of loaded pistols, shot him, and left him for dead on 
the field. 1 During the night another Kintail man 
called John Macrae, and commonly known as Ian 
Mac Fhionnla Mhic Ian Bhuidhe, 2 who had lost his 
shoes in some marshy ground, and was also severely 
wounded, revived sufficiently to think of leaving the 
fatal field under cover of the darkness, and com- 
mence the homeward j ourney. He accordingly began 
to search among the dead for a pair of shoes. In the 
course of the search he came upon Duncan, who was 
still alive and able to speak, and whose voice John 
immediately recognised. "Oh, Dhonnachaidh bhoc," 
said John, " 'n tusa tha so, ciod e a thachair riut ? " 
(0, poor Duncan, is that you ; what has happened to 
you ?) " Thug iad a nasgaidh mi le 'n cuid peileiran 
beag " (They have done for me without any trouble 
with their little bullets, replied Duncan.) He then 
asked for a drink, and John, having no other means 

l In British Battles on Land and Sea, James Grant, in his description of 
Sheriffmuir, gives a slightly different account of the death of Duncan Mor. 
He says that : — " Under Duncan Mor the Macraes made a desperate resist-, 
a'nce, and are said to have died almost to a man. During the struggle, and 
while his people were falling around him, and ere he fell himself, he was 
frequently seen to wave his reeking sword on high, and heard to shout, 
" Cobhair ! Cobhair ! an ainm Dhe agus Righ Seumas " (Help ! Help ! in the 
name of God and King James). Before Duncan fell he slew fifteen with his 
own hand, which was so much swollen in the hilt of his claymore that it could 
with difficulty be extricated." 

2 Page 256. 


of fetching a drink, took one of Duncan's shoes, and 
brought it to him full of water. The water revived 
him so much that he was able to give John a full 
account of his adventures during the battle, but 
before the morning dawned Duncan was numbered 
among the slain. John lived to accomplish the 
homeward journey, and it was he who brought to 
Kintail an account of the manner of the death of 
Donnacha Mor Mac Alister. There is a tradition in 
Kintail that a sketch of Duncan in the battle was 
made by one of the officers of the Royalist troops, 
and that it was exhibited along with his sword in 
the Tower of London. 


Eonachan Dubh, 1 Duncan's youngest brother, is also 
frequently mentioned in connection with Duncan's 
adventures with the Lochaber cattle lifters. It is 
related of Eonachan that on one occasion he pursued 
a party of Lochaber raiders who had stolen cattle 
fromMacleod of Glenelg, and recovered the spoil single 
handed. As the Glenelg- men were returning: home 
from an unsuccessful pursuit they met Eonachan, 
and when they told him where they had been, and 
how they had failed to discover any trace of the 
raiders, Eonachan volunteered to set out at once, 
and alone, in search of them. Late at night he 
discovered them in an empty sheiling house, where 
they had arranged to take shelter for the night, and 
were then roasting a huge piece of beef on a spit 

1 Page 210. . 


for their supper. Eonachan presented himself as a 
benighted traveller, and asked to be allowed to 
share the shelter of the hut for the night. This 
request was readily granted. After sharing in their 
hospitality he entertained them for some time with 
his conversation, and at last went out to the door to 
see what the night was like. It was very dark, and 
as soon as he got outside he shouted to the men 
within that the cattle had all gone away. One of 
the men then went out to see, but no soonor was he 
outside the door than Eonachan, who was prepared 
for the occasion, threw his plaid over his head, 
knocked him down, and gagged and bound him 
before he had time to utter a word. Shortly after- 
wards another went out to see what had become of 
their companion, but Eonachan dealt in the same 
manner with him also. After a little time a third man 
went out, but only to receive the same treatment as 
his companions. There were now only two men left in 
the hut, and Eonachan, knowing that he was quite 
a match for both of them together, called upon them 
to yield, which they did without further resistance. 
These two men he gagged and bound also. The 
Lochaber men had some guns, which Eonachan 
rendered useless by breaking off the stocks. He 
then told them to make their way the best they 
could, with gagged mouths and bound hands, to 
their chief, Lochiel, with Eonachan's compliments. 
Having thus disposed of the thieves, he collected 
the cattle and drove them back to their owner in 

Eonachan was once on a visit to Brahan Castle, 


and while talking with the Countess, who had a fire 
of cinnamon in her room, she asked him if ever he 
saw such a fine fire as that. " No," replied Eonachan, 
"the fragrant smell of that fire reaches all the way 
to the cattle folds of Kintail." "How is that?" 
asked the Countess. Eonachan pointed out to her 
that her extravagant ways had make it necessary 
for her husband to increase the rents which his Kin- 
tail tenants paid for their cattle folds. The Countess 
took Eonachan's pointed reply in good part and dis- 
continued the cinnamon fires. When Seaforth heard 
of this he told Eonachan that the Countess insisted 
on having a fresh ox tongue on her table at dinner 
every day of the year, and that if Eonachan could cure 
her of this extravagance, as he had done in the matter 
of the cinnamon, he should feel deeply indebted to him. 
Shortly afterwards Eonachan was going to Dingwall 
with a large herd of cattle, and, as he approached 
Brahan, he directed his herdsmen to drive three 
hundred and sixty-five of the cattle past the front 
of the Castle, in such a way as to make the number 
appear as large as possible. Having given these 
instructions, he himself hurried on in advance. 
When he arrived at the Castle he was kindly 
welcomed by both Seaforth and his lady. A.s he 
sat by one of the windows talking with the lady the 
herd of cattle began to pass by. "What a very large 
herd of cattle," remarked the lady. "Not at all," 
replied Eonachan, " it is only as many as you require 
for your own dinner in the course of the year." She 
could not believe that she required so many, and she 
asked Eonachan what he meant. He explained to 


her that as she wanted an ox tongue every day for 
her dinner, and as an ox had only one tongue, it was 
necessary to kill three hundred and sixty-five oxen 
every year for her dinner, and that was exactly the 
number of the herd then passing by. 

Eonachan once dreamt that his sister, who was 
married in Lochaber, was dead. He was so im- 
pressed by this dream that he tried to persuade his 
brothers to go with him to Lochaber to see how she 
fared. His brothers made light of his fears and 
refused to go, so he set out alone. When he arrived 
at his sister's house he found that she was not only 
dead, but that she was being buried on that same 
day. He then started after the funeral party, and 
overtook them as they arrived at the churchyard. 
Here there arose a dispute as to where she ought 
to be buried, which greatly annoyed her brother. 
" What are you disputing about ? " said he ; " if 
there is no room in Lochaber for her, there is plenty 
of room in Kintail ; lift the coffin on my back." 
They did so, thinking he could not carry it very far. 
For a long time they watched him, expecting every 
moment to see him lay down his burden, until at 
last he disappeared over the crest of a hill. They 
then set out in pursuit of him to recover the body 
and bring it back to the proper place of burial, but 
before they could overtake him he accidentally fell 
in with some men from Kintail, who helped him 
to carry the body all the way to Kilduich, where it 
was buried with all due ceremony. 



John, son of the Rev. Finlay Macrae of Lochalsh, 
was considered one of the best swordsmen of his own 
time in the Highlands. One Sunday, while Mr 
Finlay was conducting divine service in Lochalsh 
Church, a party of four or five soldiers came across 
from Glenelg, 1 and began to plunder his house. 
While this was going on John, who was returning 
home from a journey, arrived at an inn above Auch- 
tertyre, and went in to rest. But he had hardly sat 
down when word reached him of what was g-oing on 
at his father's house, and, setting out at once with 
all speed, he overtook the soldiers on the way to 
their boat with the plunder. He told them to 
return everything they took, and that they would be 
allowed to depart without being further interfered 
with. It so happened, however, that as John was 
hurrying along to catch the soldiers, one of his 
garters came undone, and, instead of returning their 
booty, the soldiers began to make fun of his hose, 
which had slipped down about his ankle. This was 
more than John could stand, and falling upon the 
soldiers with his sworcl, he killed them one after 
another before they could reach their boat. The 
place where the soldiers were buried is still pointed 
out. It is quite near Lochalsh Parish Church, and 
is known as Blar nan Saighdear (the Soldiers' Field). 

1 The military barracks at Glenelg were built in 1722, but in all probability- 
there were soldiers stationed in that neighbourhood from the time of the battle 
of Glensheil in 1719 onwards. 



Many years after the Battle of Sheriffmuir, a High- 
land drover, who was conducting his herd of cattle 
to the Southern markets, arrived late one night near 
a gentleman's house in the Braes of Stirling. The 
gentleman was a Captain Macdougall, who had 
fought on the Royalist side at Sheriffmuir. The 
drover called on the Captain to ask permission to 
halt with his cattle for the night on the terms which 
were then usual in such circumstances. The permis- 
sion was granted, and the Captain being struck by 
the manner and appearance of the old drover, invited 
him to pass the night as his guest. The invitation 
was accepted, and, in the course of conversation, the 
Captain, learning that his guest was from Kintail, 
asked him if he knew a place called Corriedhomhain. 
The drover replied that he did, and the Captain 
then proceeded to relate the following incident of 
the Battle of Sheriffmuir : "In the course of the 
pursuit after the battle," continued the Captain, " I 
followed a stout Highlander with three well-mounted 
troopers. The Highlander, perceiving our approach, 
faced about, took off his plaid, and, carefully folding 
it, placed it on the ground that by standing on it 
he might have a firmer footing. My desire being to 
take him prisoner and not to kill him. we closed 
upon him with brandishing swords, and commanded 
him to surrender. This, however, he was not dis- 
posed to do, and one of the troopers, approaching too 
near, had his skull cleft in two by a stroke of the 


Highlander's claymore. As another instantly shared 
a similar fate, the third trooper and myself thought 
it prudent to keep at a more respectful distance. I 
was so greatly struck by the Highlander's bearing 
and swordsmanship that I asked him who he was, 
but the only information he would give me was that 
he was from Corriedhomhain, in Kintail." " I know 
the man as well as I know myself," replied the 
drover, " his name is Duncan Macrae." " Well 
then," replied the Captain, " give him my compli- 
ments, tell him I commanded the troopers who 
attacked him in the retreat from Sheriffmuir, that I 
have ever since been curious to know the name and 
condition of such an excellent swordsman and brave 
man, and that I wish him well." " I will do so with 
much pleasure," replied the drover, who was himself 
the same Duncan Macrae, of Corriedhomhain, who 
had fought the four troopers. 

This Duncan Macrae, of Corriedhomhain, was 
known in Kintail as Donnacha Mor nan Creach 
(Big Duncan of the Spoils). He belonged to a family 
called Claim a Chruiter (the descendants of the 
Harper), and said to be descended from a minstrel, 
probably of Irish origin, who settled in Kintail and 
adopted the name Macrae. Fionnla Dubh nan 
Fiadh was of the same tribe. 1 


There was once a lady in Assynt who owned a piece 
of land which she proposed to give to some neigh- 

l Page 298. 


bouring laird, on condition that he should maintain 
her in comfort for the rest of her life. Seaforth 
offered to maintain her in Brahan Castle on the 
terms she proposed, but the old lady, preferring to 
remain near her own home, rejected Seaforth's offer 
and came to terms with Macleod of Assynt. Sea- 
forth was annoyed at this, and, by way of retaliation, 
sent Murdoch Macrae 1 (MurrachadhMacFhearachair), 
one of his under factors, and Coll Ban Macdonell 
of Barisdale, with a party of Kin tail men, on a 
harrying expedition to Macleod's estates of Assynt. 
In the course of their raid they plundered Macleod's 
house, and, among other thirgs, they carried away 
a web of beautiful tartan. They also took away two 
mares, which were afterwards found and recognised 
on the farm of Barisdale. When Macleod heard of 
this he commenced proceedings against Coll of Baris- 
dale for the theft of the horses. When the trial 
came on, the horses were brought to Fort-Augustus 
to be identified, and were kept there in the military 
stables. But when it became known to the men of 
Kintail, among whom Coll of Barisdale was very 
popular, that the horses were being taken to Fort- 
Augustus to be used as evidence against him in the 
trial, they resolved to make some effort to put the 
horses out of the way. Accordingly, Ian Mor Mac 
Mhaighster Fionnla (Big John, son of the Rev. 
Finlay), Ian Mac Fhearachair (John, son of Farquhar) 
of Morvich, and Donnacha Dubh Mac Dhonnachidh 
Mhic Choinnich Mhic Bhuari (Black Duncan, son of 

IThis Murdoch (see page 81) was the father of the Kintail poet, Ian Mac 


Duncan, son of Kenneth, son of Roderick), a Mac- 
kenzie of Lochcarron, set out for Fort-Augustus. 
Passing through Strathglass, they arrived at Tomich 
Inn early in the evening and went to bed. They 
then called the innkeeper to come in to them and 
offered him a glass of whisky. In the morning, 
before they got up, they called him in again and 
offered him another glass. This they did that in 
the event of any trouble he might be a witness that 
they spent the whole night in his house. But as 
soon as the people of the inn retired to rest, the 
three visitors quietly got up and set out in all haste 
to Fort-Augustus. They entered the stables by a 
hole which they made in the roof, and when they 
found Macleod's stolen mares they cut off their 
heads, which they took away with them and sank in 
Loch Ness. They then returned to Tomich Inn and 
went to bed again before daylight, without having 
been missed by the innkeeper or any of his people. 
The trial of Coll of Barisdale fell through because 
the headless horses could not be identified as Mac- 
leod's lost property. 

One day, a long time after, Murdoch Macrae was 
in Inverness, and had on a pair of hose made out of 
Macleod of Assynt's stolen Aveb of tartan. It so 
happened that Macleod was in Inverness on the same 
day, and, meeting Murdoch in the street, he re- 
cognised the stolen tartan in the hose, and naturally 
concluded that Murdoch was one of the Seaforth 
party by whom his house had been pillaged. Mac- 
leod resolved to be avenged upon him, and com- 
municated the matter to Macleod of Dun vegan and 


Sir Alexander Macdonald of Sleat, both of whom 
were on the Government side, and there the matter 
rested for some time. But one night, about a month 
after the Battle of Culloden, when Murdoch hap- 
pened to be in the house of Macdonald of Leek, 
in Glengarry, where a party of the Skye Militia 
was stationed at the time, he was suddenly seized 
by a party of soldiers under Macleod of Dunvegan, 
and sent with a letter from Sir Alexander Mac- 
donald to Lord Loudon, who was then stationed at 
Fort- Augustus. Loudon sent him to Inverness in 
charge of an escort of soldiers. On his arrival at 
Inverness, Murdoch was brought before the Duke of 
Cumberland, who, at the instigation of Macleod of 
Assynt, ordered him to be hanged at once as a spy 
from the Pretender. Murdoch was hanged on an 
apple tree which grew at the Cross of Inverness, 
and which immediately afterwards withered. His 
body, which, after his death, had been stripped 
naked, was left hanging on the tree for two days, 
and then buried at the back of the Church. 1 While 
thus exposed, he is said to have " appeared all the 
time as if he had been sleeping, his mouth and eyes 
being shut close — a very uncommon thing in those 
who die such a death." This execution of a man, 
believed to have been innocent, appears to have made 
a deep impression in Inverness. There are several 
contemporary references to it, and in a poem entitled 
" The Lament of the Old Cross of Inverness," in 
1768, reference is made to the withering of the tree, 

1 For a fuller account of the hanging of Murdoch Macrae, see Charles 
Fraser-Mackintosh's Antiquarian Notes, first series, pp. 206-210. 


and Murdoch himself is mentioned "as a man of 
fame and reputation," who enjoyed the esteem of 
men of rank and worth, and had never deserted his 
King or his country. 


The early connection between the Macraes and 
the Mackenzies of Gairloch has been already re- 
ferred to (pages 9, 10), and some Macrae traditions 
from Gairloch will be found in Appendix K. 

a: ~ 


H | 

ui 1 



rev. john macrae's account of the origin of the macraes. 

As to the origin of the Macras, tradition tells us of a desperate 
engagement 'twixt two of the petty Princes of Ireland, in which a 
certain young man signalized himself by his prowess, defending 
himself from a particular attack of the enemy, which others, 
observing, said in Irish words signifying he was a fortunate man 
if he could award the danger ; from whence he was afterwards 
called Macrath, i.e., the fortunate son. 

It is allowed this clan were an ancient race of people in Ireland, 
and had of old great estates there, have produced eminent men, 
and are still numerous in that island. 

The pronunciation of the name here spelled Macra, varying 
with the dialect of the country where any of the clan generally 
reside, has occasioned various ways of spelling this word, as is the 
case with several others ; thus in Ireland they use Macrath and 
Magrath ; in the North of Scotland, Macrah, Macrae, Maccraw, 
Macrow. In England and the south of Scotland the Mac is left 
out, from an ill-founded prejudice, and the name Rae, Craw, Crow, 
and such like, retained as being of the same stock. A more par- 
ticular account might be had from such as conversed with and have 
known those historians and genealogists, such as Fergus, Mac- 
rourie, Mildonich, Maclean, &c., who were good scholars, and 
acquainted with the manuscripts and records of Ireland kept for 
giving an account of the tribes who came from Ireland to Scot- 
land, and became heads of families and chiefs of clans ; and from 
them I heard it confidently said and affirmed, that the Mackenzies, 
Macleans, and Macraes were of the same people in Ireland. Yea, I 
heard Sir Allan Maclean of Doward, who was curious and taught 
in these things, being at Dingwall in the year 1663, say no less, 


and it is as certain as tradition and the authorities of the fore- 
mentioned antiquaries can make it, that a Macra had his tomb, as 
well as Mackenzie and Maclean, in Icolumbkill, and that close by 
one another. Doctor George Mackenzie, who has wrote a genea- 
logical and historical account of the Mackenzies, mentions that 
when Colin Fitzgerald came from Ireland in the year 1263, a 
number of the Macras were of his party at the battle of Largs, in 
Ayrshire, which, it is natural to think, was in consequence of a 
friendly attachment then known to have been 'twixt their ancestors, 
as is since continued 'twixt their descendants. But whether 
there were any Macras before then in Scotland I cannot determine, 
only that tradition says there were some of them on the estate of 
Lovat, when the Bizets were lords of that place, which titles and 
estate they forfeited and lost, according to Buchanan, in the 
following manner: — Anno. 1242. — King Alexander the Second, with 
many of the nobility, being at Haddington, Patrick Cuming, Earl 
of Athole, his lodging was burnt in the night time, and he, with 
two of his servants, perished in the flames. This fire was judged 
not to be accidental, and because of an enmity 'twixt him and 
William Bizet, nephew to King William The Lyon, and eldest son 
of John Bizet, the first Lord Lovat of that name, the suspicion was 
fixed upon him. William endeavoured to exculpate himself by 
offering to prove his being in Forfar the night of the burning, and 
also offered to vindicate himself by combat, as the custom then 
was. But neither would do, so that he was summoned criminally 
to a certain day, when, finding the interest and power of his 
adversaries too great for him, or being conscious of his own acces- 
sion to the crime, he did not appear, so was sentenced and forfeited, 
but, by reason of his connection with the Royal Family, the King- 
gave him a reprieve, with liberty to go to Ireland, where he had 
an estate in a place called Glenns of Glenmores, the rents of 
which estate were on certain occasions before this forfeiture col- 
lected by persons sent on purpose from the estate of Lovat, as 
they were in like manner sent to raise the" rents of Glenelg when 
in possession of this family. 

The ruin of this William Bizet did not satisfy the Cumings. 
They level next at his brother, John, Lord Lovat, who, by his own 
folly, hastened what they desired, for in the next year, 1243, he 
joined Macdonald in his rebellion against the King, and when 


Macdonald was forced to return to the Isles, the King commanded 
the Earl of Ross to apprehend John Bizet, Lord Lovat, which he, 
having heard, went and lurked in Achterlies, but a price being set 
on his head, he was taken by George Dempster of Moorhouse in 
the wood of Achterlies, and sent to the King, by whom he was 
sentenced and forfeited, but was reprieved, as was his brother 
William, with liberty to go to Ireland. This John Bizet had no 
children but three daughters, on whom the King bestowed the 
estates as their portions because of their relation to the Royal 
family — Agnes, the daughter of King William the Lyon, being the 
mother of this John. The eldest daughter, Mary, with the greatest 
part of the lordship of Lovat and title of Lord Lovat, was given 
by the King to Sir Simon Fraser of Kinnel, second son of 
Alexander Fraser of Tweedale, Anno. 1247. Elizabeth, the second 
daughter, was married to Andreas Aboses of Spitewood, and 
Cecilia, the youngest, to William Lord Fenton, whose portion of 
the estate with her was the Braes of the Aird, Ercliss, Strathglass, 
Buntaite, Guisachan, and Glenelg, all which fell in again to the 
next Lord Fraser of Lovat with Janet, daughter to Lord Fenton, 
Anno. 1279. 

When I lived at Kilmoi'ack, in the year 1672, a strong wind 
having cast down the top stone of the easter gable of the Kirk of 
Beauly, it fell on the altar and broke to pieces, whereof I laid most 
together, and found the letters M. B., supposed to be the initials 
of Mary Bizet, raised on it in large letters. She was thought to 
have caused build or at least finish this gable and side walls 
adjoining the length of St Catherine and St Cross' Chapels. 

In the year 1249, King Alexander the Second died, and William 
and John Bizet having gone to Ireland and settled their families 
there, their three brothers, Walter, Malcom, and Leonard, who 
lived in Killiechuimen and Abertarff, finding the Bizets greatly 
hated, followed them to Ireland. 

All this time the Macras continued on the lordship of Lovat, 
and Mary Bizet having been fostered in the house of Macra of 
Clunes, had a kindness for him, and a deference to his counsel and 
advices, which was a means of bringing him to the favour of her 
husband, Simon, the first Lord Fraser of Lovat, and from him 
continued 'twixt their successors till the Macras removed. Nor 
was it afterwards forgot, as will appear in the sequel. 


The Macras were faithful and serviceable adherents of the 
family, an instance of which was thus : — There was in Ardmeanach 
about this time a man of numerous kindred and followers called 
Loban, agnamed Gilligorm, who had a claim or quarrel against the 
family of Lovat, and in their repeated attacks, and while Lord 
Lovat was frequently from home and at Court, the Macras opposed 
them valiantly and with open hostility. But the second or third 
Lord Fraser of Lovat, judging it for his interest to put an end to 
so troublesome a quarrel, brought from the south country twenty- 
four gentlemen of his name, some of whose posterity, as I'm 
informed, live yet in the Aird. With these and the Macras, and 
such others as he could get and thought necessary, he marches 
directly against Gilligorm, who, with all the foices he could make 
ready, were prepared to receive him, and after some proposals of 
peace made and rejected, did in end engage in set fight upon the 
Moor of Drimderfit, above Kessock, called since, from the dismal 
effects of that fight, Drimdeair, i.e., the Ridge of Tears. 

Both parties fought resolutely, and Gilligorm being killed, his 
kindred and followers were almost totally cut off. 1 Lovat carried 
away the spoil, and Gilligorm's relict, who was with child, and 
thought was related to the family of Lovat, where it was resolved, 
if she would bring forth a male child, he should be destroyed 
lest he should remember and revenge his father's death. But by 
the time she was delivered, and that of a son, humanity prevailed 
over their first intended cruelty so far as that they were satisfied 
with having his back broken that he might not be a man of arms. 
He was given to the monks of Beauly to be taught and learned 
there. He made a good progress, and, coming to perfect age, 
entered into Orders and became a priest, and was called Croter 
or Cratach Mac Gilligorm. He travelled to the West Coast 
and the Isle of Skye. He laid the foundation of, and built the 
church of Kilmore, in Slate, and of Kilichoinen, in Glenelg, 
and though he lived about the time of Pope Innocent the Third, 
who possessed the Chair in the beginning of the 13th century, he 
did not observe his decree against the marriage of the clergy, for 
this Pope was the first who made that law, and although before his 

l In a note added to a transcript copy of the Rev. John Macrae's MS., in 
1785, it is stated that there were several cairns of stones then on the site of 
the battle, and that the largest of them was believed to mark the grave of 
Gilligorm himself. 


time many churchmen did abstain from marriage and led a single 
life, yet it was free for any churchman of the Superior or Inferior 
Order to marry, as appears by the story of St Hylarie. He was 
Bishop of Poictiers, in France, and having gone to the East to 
reform the Arian Heresy, heard that a young nobleman treated 
with his daughter, Abra, for marriage, he wrote to his daughter 
not to accept of the offer, since he had provided for her a far 
better husband. The daughter obeyed, and before he returned 
the father prayed that his daughter might die quietly, wherein 
God heard his prayer, which, when his wife, her mother, under- 
stood, she never ceased importune him till she obtained the like 
favour, as Baptista Mantuanns writes of him. 

But, to return to Croter MacGilligorm ; he did not, I say, 
observe the Pope's said decree, but married and had children ; and 
in memory of Finanus, then a renowned saint, called one of his 
sons Gillifinan, usually pronounced Gillinan, the letters turning 
quiescent in the compound, and the son of that man again was 
patronimically called MacGillinan, whose successors are now in the 
North of Scotland called Maclinans. 

Now, to compensate for this long and, perhaps you may think, 
needless digression, there are two vulgar errors discovered. The 
first is that the battle of Drumderfit was fought 'twixt the Macras 
and Maclinans, and that Lovat had sent his men only to assist the 
Macras, whereas there were not such a race of men then in being 
as Maclinans, and what the Macras did was only as followers of 
Lord Lovat. The other error is that the Macras came to Kintail 
as soon as Colin Fitzgerald, of whom the Mackenzies are descended, 
which cannot hold, as Simon, the first Fraser Lord Lovat, married 
Mary Bizet, Anno. 1247, which was but nineteen years before Colin 
Fitzgerald got his charter of Kintail from the King, Anno. 1266; 
and the Macras, living on the Lordship of Lovat, during the time 
at least of three Lords of that name, cannot be supposed to have 
come to Kintail till a considerable time thereafter. . But why or 
how the Macras removed so totally from the Lordship of Lovat and 
from Urquhart, where, being in alliance with the Macleans, they 
likewise possessed several lands, is not at this distance of time 
easily accounted for, especially as it was never known that there 
was any misunderstanding betwixt Lovat or his friends and them. 
On the contrary such of the Macras as lived in the neighbourhood 


of the Frasers still kept up a good and friendly correspondence, 
and Lovat likewise had a grateful remembrance of their good 
services and fidelity to him and his family, so that we may conclude 
they did not remove at once, but at different times, as circumstances 
favoured them." 

The Rev. John Macrae then proceeds to give an account of the 
migration of the Macraes to Kintail. This account is summarised 
in Chapter I. 


The name Maclennan (in Gaelic Mac Gillinnein), the traditional 
origin of which is incidentally given in the above extract, means son 
of the servant of Finnan. St Finnan, who flourished about a.d. 575, 
was a native of Ireland, and one of the companions of St Columba. 
Others derive the name Maclennan from Mac Gille Adhamhnain. 
Adamnan, who became Abbot of Iona in 679, was the author of a 
famous life of St Columba. The first derivation, which is the one 
given by the Rev. John Macrae in the above extract, seems the 
more probable, 1 though the name of Adamnan appears in so many 
different forms that it is difficult to say what names may or may 
not be derived from it. The Maclennaus were at one time numer- 
ous in Kintail, and tradition has preserved the name of Domhnull 
Buidhe Mac Gillinnein as one of the chief of the Kintail warriors 
in the feud with Glengarry. There is a well-known tradition that 
eighteen of the chief Maclennans of Kintail were killed in the 
Battle of Auldearn, in 1645, and that their widows were after- 
wards married by Macraes, who thus acquired possession of the 
Maclennan holdings, and so became the leading name in Kintail. 
But it is a tradition that has no trace of any foundation in fact. 
We have full contemporary accounts of the Battle of Auldearn, 
where only four Kintail men were killed, two Maclennans and two 
Macraes, viz.: — Roderick Maclennan, called Ruari Mac Ian 
Dhomh'uill Bhain, the chief standard-bearer of Kintail ; his 
brother, Donald Maclennan ; Malcolm Macrae, 2 son-in-law of the 
Rev. Farquhar Macrae ; and Duncan Macrae, called Donnacha 
Mac Ian Oig. 3 It had been arranged before the battle that Sea- 

1 See Macbain's Gaelic Dictionary. 2 Page 68. 3 Page 187. 


forth, who was ostensibly fighting against Montrose, hut had 
already resolved to change sides, should withdraw his men without 
fighting. But the men themselves were not aware of this, and con- 
sequently, when they received the order to retreat, many of them 
refused to do so. Maclennan, the standard-bearer, indignant at the 
thought that the banner which had so often been victorious should 
flee in his hands, fixed the staff in the ground, and stood by it 
with his two-handed sword drawn. A number of Seaforth's men 
rallied round him and refused to surrender until the brave 
standard-bearer was shot. Several others were killed during this 
incident, but only the above-mentioned four were from Kintail. 

There is a tradition that when Colin, first Earl of Seaforth, 
built Brahan Castle and fixed his residence there, most of the 
Maclermaus left Kintail and settled in the neighbourhood of Sea- 
forth's new home. 1 This is not at all improbable, as the name 
Maclennan was, and still is, fairly common in the country round 
about Brahan. There are only a few Maclennans mentioned in 
the Rent Rolls given in Appendix H, so that at that time they 
could not have occupied a very important position in Kintail. 
We are told that there were several Maclennans in Glensheil 
about 1790, and that though there were many points of diffei-ence 
between themselves and the Macraes, yet they were always ready 
to join the Macraes in defence of their common country against 
every foe. 2 

1 Tradition communicated to the author by Mr Alexander Maclennan, 
Craig House, Lochcarron. 

2 Old Statistical Accounts of Kintail and Glensheil. 




The following account of Gregory, or, as he is called in The 
Prophecy of St Berchan, Grig the Mac Rath, a contemporary of 
Alfred the Great, and one of the greatest of the early Kings of 
Scotland, is abridged from Chronicles of the Scots, edited by 
William Forbes Skene, LL.D. : — 

The Prophecy of St Berchan consists of two Irish manuscripts, 
written probably about the time of Donald Bane, who was King of 
Scotland from 1093 to 1098. It contains a list of Kings of Scot- 
land from Kenneth Macalpin to Donald Bane in the form of a 
prophecy attributed to St Berchan, who lived towards the end of 
the seventh century. The names of the kings are concealed 
under epithets, and Grig, the son of Dungal, who reigned during 
the last quarter of the ninth century, is called Mac Rath. The 
following is a translation of some of the parts of the prophecy 
which refer to him : — 

Till the Mac Rath shall come, 

He shall sit over Alban as sole chief ; 

Low was Britain in his time, 

High was Alban of melodious cities. 

Pleasant is it to my heart and body, 
My spirit relates good to me, 
As King the Mac Rath in the Eastern land, 
Under ravenous misfortune to Alban. 

Seventeen years of warding valour, 

In the sovereignty of Alban ; 

There shall be slaves to him in the house — 

Saxons, Galls, and Britons. 

Grig founded a church among the Picts of Maghcircin (or Mearns). 


Long afterwards there was a church in Mearns dedicated to St 
Cyricus, and called in old charters Ecclesgreig (Grig's Church). 
Grig and St Cyricus were probably not the same, but they appear 
to have been in some way connected. 

In the Chronicle of the Scots and Picts we find the following- 
entry : — 

Grig Mac Dungal xii annos regnavit et mortuus est in 
Dundurn et sepultus est in Iona insula. Hie subjugavit sibi 
totam Yberniam et fere totam Angliam et hie primus dedit 
libertatem ecclesiae Scoticanae que sub servitute erat usque ad 
illud tempus ex consuetudine et more Pictorum. 1 

After a reign, variously stated from eleven to eighteen years, of 
great prosperity and dutiful devotion to the interests of the Church, 
Gregory is said to have been slain in battle at Dundurn, which, 
according to Skene, was situated somewhere about the east end of 
Lochearn, but as a matter of fact, the place and manner of his 
death, as well as the date of it, are somewhat uncertain. The 
time in which he lived is roughly fixed by a great eclipse of the 
sun, which, according to the Pictish Chronicle, occurred in the 
ninth year of his reign. The eclipse is known to have occurred 
on the 16th June, 885. This, so far as known, is the earliest 
recorded instance of the name Mac Rath in Scotland. He was 
a Son of Grace in his devotion to the Christian Church, and 
he was also a Son of Fortune in his wars with the neighbouring 
tribes, as well as with the Danes, whom he drove out of his king- 
dom. Though he was nominally King of Scotland, his actual rule 
was probably limited to the countries round about Scone, in Perth- 
shire, which was the Capital of those early Scottish Kings, and it is 
interesting to note that the name Mac Rath appears to have been 
somewhat common in that part of Perthshire in the fourteenth 
and fifteenth centuries. Gregory is also said to have built the 
city of Aberdeen. 

1 " Grig, son of Dungal, reigned twelve years and died at Dundurn, and 
was buried in the Island of Iona. He subdued to himself Ireland and nearly- 
all England, and he first gave freedom to the Scottish Church, which until 
that time was in servitude according to the constitution and custom of the 
Picts." There is some reason to believe that he invaded the Kingdom of 
Northumbria, which at this time was harassed by the Danes, but there does 
not appear to be any foundation for the statement with regard to Ireland. 


The following legend is from the Dean of Lismore's Book : — 
On one occasion Fionn and six of the chief princes were all 
drinking together at Alvie. They were accompanied by their 
wives, and as the cup circulated and took effect the women began 
to talk among themselves of their chastity. No women on -earth 
could be more chaste than they. While this talk was going on a 
maid was seen approaching the company. Her covering was a 
single seamless robe of spotless white from end to end. Fionn 
asked what virtue was there in her seamless robe. She replied — 
" My seamless robe has the strange power, that such women as are 
not chaste can find no shelter in its folds. It shields none but the- 
spotless wife." The princes then insisted that their wives, each 
one in her turn, should try on the seamless robe. They did so, but 
the robe would not fit them or spread out over them or cover their 
persons. " Give my wife the seamless robe,"- said M'Kaa, 1 "for I 
have no fear as to the result." M'Raa's wife took the robe, which 
fitted her and spread over her so easily that no part of her person, 
remained exposed. 

1 The name is so spelled in the original text ; in the English translation it 
is rendered MacRea. It has been questioned on competent authority whether 
this is the same as the modern name Macrae. 




" At Ballachulish, in Lochaber, upon the eighth day of October, 
one thousand seven hundred and two years, it is condescended 
and agreed to betwixt the parties following, viz.: — George Camp- 
bell of Craignish, on the one part, and Farquhar Macra of 
Inverinate ; Master Donald Macra, minister of the Gospel, in 
Kintail ; Donald Macra of Camusluiny ; John Macra, in Achyark ; 
Duncan Macra, son of Christopher Macra, in Ariyugan ; and 
Kenneth Macra, brother german to the said Farquhar Macra of 
Inverinate, all in Kintail, in name and behalf of the hail remnant, 
gentlemen and others of the said name of Ra, in Kintail and 
elsewhere, lineally descended of their forbearers and predecessors 
on the other part ; that is to say — Forasmuch as the said George 
Campbell of Craignish, and the saids Farquhar, Mr Donald, Donald, 
John, Duncan, and Kenneth Macras, have at date hereof seriously 
considered what relation, firm friendship, and correspondence has 
been of old and hitherto continued betwixt the Campbells of 
Craignish, the said George Campbell, now of Craignish, his prede- 
cessors, and the forebearers and predecessors of the said Farquhar 
MaCra of Inverinate, and others above written, and all others of' 
the said name of Ra, and the great love and favour each of them 
did bear to other, both by the said George Campbell of Craignish 
and his predecessors, taking the part of any of the said name of 
Macra, in all lawful causes, defending the samen against others 
when occasion required, and the firm, stable, and sure love and 
favour the said Farquhar Macra and others foresaid, of the said 
name of Macra, and their predecessors, did and doth bear to the 
said George Campbell of Craignish and his predecessors, and the 


acts of kindness and friendship done by the said name of Macra 
to the said family of Craignish, when occasion offered, in all time 
bygone. And now for the more firm and sure upholding and 
maintaining of the said relationship, friendship, and correspond- 
ence, and for the better keeping and preserving the samen on 
record, in all time coming, the said George Campbell of Craig- 
nish, by their presents, binds and obliges him, his heirs and 
successors, to maintain, and in hand take the part of any of the 
said name of Macra in all lawful causes, and defend the samen, to 
the uttermost of their power, against any other person, their duty 
to Her Majesty and Her Highness' successors and Council, and 
their immediate lawful superiors, alwise excepted. And sicklike 
the saids Farquhar Macra, Mr Donald, Donald, John, Duncan, and 
Kenneth Macra, in name and behalf foresaid, for them, their heirs, 
and all others lineally descending of their bodies, by their presents, 
binds and obliges them and their foresaids, so far as they may do 
by law, to own, maintain, and in hand take the part of the said 
George Campbell of Craignish or his foresaids, or any others 
lineally descending of his family, in all lawful causes, and defend 
any of the said family, to the utmost of their puwer, against all 
other person or persons, their duty to Her Majesty and Her High- 
ness' successors and Council, and their immediate lawful superiors, 
all is excepted. And both the said parties obliges them and their 
foresaids to renew and reiterate their presents, as oft as they will 
be required thereto, that the samen may be kept in record and 
memory ad futuram rei memoriam. 

" In testimony hereof (written by John Campbell, younger of 
Balmillin), both parties have subscribed their presents, place, day, 
month, and year, foresaid, before these witnesses : — Ronald 
Campbell of Lagganlochta ; Ronald Campbell, brother german to 
the said George Campbell of Craignish ; Archibald Campbell, 
merchant in Kilvoran, in Islay ; and the said John Campbell, 
Avriter hereof. 

(Signed) " Geo. Campbell. Farqr. Macra. 

" Mr Dond. Macrah. D. Mackra. 

" John Macrah. Dun. Macra. 
" Ken. Macra. 

"Ron. Campbell, Witness. Ron. Campbell, Witness. 
" Arch. Campbell, Witness. J. Campbell, Witness." 




The two regiments now linked together as the Seaforth High- 
landers are the 72nd Highlanders (the Duke of Albany's Own 
Highlanders) and the 78th Highlanders (the Ross-shire Buffs). 
The 72nd, now the First Battalion of the Seaforth Highlanders, 
was raised by Kenneth, Eai'l of Seaforth. It was inspected and 
passed at Elgin on the 15th of May, 1778, and was numbered 
the 78th. In 1786 it was re-numbered the 72nd, and in 1822 
received the additional name of The Duke of Albany's Own 
Highlanders, Albany being the second title of the Duke of York, 
then the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army. It is usually 
stated that this regiment was recruited largely from the Macraes, 
but an examination of the muster roll of the men who were 
inspected and passed in Elgin in May, 1778, shows that although 
there were several Macraes among them, yet they formed but a 
small proportion of the whole regiment. The Ross-shire names on 
the roll are comparatively few, and so far as can be judged from 
names, the recruits might have been brought together from all 
parts of the United Kingdom. The majority were in all proba- 
bility Highlanders, and the Macraes became so prominent in this 
regiment, not because of their number, but because of the part 
they took as ringleaders in the Mutiny, which is known as " The 
Affair of the Macraes." 

From Elgin the regiment proceeded to Edinburgh, where it 
was ordered to be kept in readiness to embark for India. 
During their sojourn in Edinburgh, many of the men were billeted 
in the Canongate and other parts of the city, and among them 
there arose a rumour that the regiment had been sold to the East 


India Company. But this was not the only grievance. The 
bounty money promised, and also their pay, were in arrears, and 
the result was that on Tuesday, the 22nd of September, 1778, 
when the regiment assembled, and were about to proceed to Leith 
to embark there, a large number of men refused to march until 
their grievances were rttended to. The officers were insulted and 
stoned by the populace, who were in complete sympathy with the 
men. A scene of great confusion ensued, and, notwithstanding 
Seaforth's efforts to allay the mutinous feeling by promising that 
their demands should be complied with as soon as possible, five 
hundred Highlanders shouldered their arms, set off at a quick 
pace, with pipes playing and two plaids fixed on poles for colours, 
to Arthur's Seat, where they took up a position of such natural 
strength that, with the arms of those days, it would be no easy 
matter to compel them to surrender. Here they remained for 
some days, being liberally supplied with food and even ammuni- 
tion by the people of Edinburgh and Leith, among whom they 
had many sympathisers. They appointed officers, and placed 
sentries in regular order, so that any attempt to surprise them was. 
seen to be clearly hopeless. Two accidents occurred among them. 
One man was killed by falling over a rock, and another man, who 
was accidentally shot through the thigh, was removed to the 
Royal Infirmary. Meantime the anthorities were assembling a: 
considerable force in the city, but at the same time efforts were 
being made to induce the mutineers to come to terms. On the- 
second day, General Skene, who was second in command in 
Scotland, visited them, but they insisted on their former conditions, 
and the dismissal of certain officers. On the third day they were 
visited by the Duke of Buccleuch, Lord Dunmore, Lord Mac- 
dOnald, and several gentlemen and clergymen, but with the same 
result. On the next day, however, a settlement was arrived at, and 
the following conditions were accepted by them, viz. : — A general 
pardon for all that had passed ; that all arrears should be paid 
before embarkation ; and that they should never be sent to;the East 
Indies. Thes"e are the conditions as stated in the newspapers of 
the day, but it is quite possible the third condition may have 
been" that they were not to be disposed of to the East India Com- 
pany, as they readily sailed to India three years afterwards. The 
conditions were signed by the Duke of Buccleuch, Lord Dunmore, 


Sir Adolphus Stoughton, Commander-in-Chief for Scotland, and 
General Skene, second in command in Scotland. 

On Friday, the 25th of September, at 11 a.m., they marched 
down from Arthur Seat, headed by Lord Dunmore, and assembled 
in St Anne's Yard, near Holyrood, where they were addressed by 
General Skene, who gave them some good advice, and promised 
that a Court would be held next day to inquire into the com- 
plaints against some of the officers. These complaints were 
pronounced by the Court to be without foundation, but 
not one of the mutineers received punishment of any kind. 
After the meeting in St Anne's Yard, the men were billeted in 
the suburbs of Edinburgh, and on the following Monday they 
embarked at Leith. 

This amicable settlement did not give satisfaction to all the 
officers, some of whom blamed Lord Dunmore for acting as he did 
on behalf of the mutineers, and urged the necessity of severe 
measures as the only guarantee for the maintenance of discipline. 
The public, however, applauded the wisdom and prudence of the 
reconciliation, as there was a general feeling that the mutineers 
were not without some real grievances. Several disturbances of a 
similar nature had recently taken place in the Highland regiments, 
and all about breaches of the conditions of enlistment. 'It is 
quite possible that, in the anxiety to gain recruits, promises were 
sometimes made which could not easily be fulfilled ; but the fact 
that the disputes were frequently about arrears of pay, which the 
Government were well able to afford, shows an inexcusable care- 
lessness with regard to one of the most practical of all the conditions 
of employment. And when, in addition to these grievances, the 
men had to serve under officers who neither knew their language 
nor appreciated their character, it can easily be understood that 
their lot was not always free from provocation. 1 

1 " A Highland regiment, to be orderly and well disciplined, ought to be 
commanded by men who are capable of appreciating their character, directing 
their passions - and prejudices, and acquiring their entire confidence and 
affection. The officer to whom the command of Highlanders is entrusted 
must endeavour to acquire their confidence and good opinion. With this view 
he must watch over the propriety of his own conduct. He must observe the 
strictest justice and fidelity in his promises to his men, conciliate them by an 
attention to their disposition and prejudices, and at the same time by pre- 


Of these disturbances, " The Affair of the Macraes " was by far 
the most formidable, and had it not been so wisely and so 
judiciously settled, it might have had a very disastrous effect on 
the efforts being then made to recruit the army from the High- 
lands. It showed once for all that Highland soldiers meant to 
insist at whatever cost upon being dealt with in good faith, and 
henceforth we hear less about breaches of the conditions of 

The idea of sending the regiment to India was for a time 
abandoned, and from Leith they sailed to Jersey and Guernsey, 
where they were stationed for some time to resist any attempt at 
invasion by the French. In 1781 they proceeded to Tndia, ac- 
companied by the Earl of Seaforth as their Colonel. The voyage, 
which lasted from the 12th June, 1781, to the 2nd April, 1782, 
proved a disastrous one. Illness broke out among the men, and 
before they arrived at St Helena, to their utter dismay, their 
Colonel died. His death had a most depressing effect upon the 
men, of whom no fewer than two hundred and forty-seven died 
before they reached India. Traditions of this disastrous voyage 
still survive in Kintail. The subsequent career of the 72nd 
Highlanders is a matter of history, which it is not necessary to 
repeat here. 

The 78th Highlanders (the Koss-shire Buffs), now the Second 
Battalion of the Seaforth Highlanders, was raised by Francis, 
Earl of Seaforth. It was inspected and passed at Fort-George in 
July, 1793, and proceeded to Jersey a.nd Guernsey. The follow- 
ing year another battalion was raised, which was inspected and 
passed at Fort-George in June, and received the distinctive name 
of the " Ross-shire Buffs." From the Channel Islands, the first 
battalion went on active service to Holland, while the second 
battalion proceeded at once to the Cape of Good Hope, and took 
part in the capture of the Colony from the Dutch. In 1796 it 

serving a firm and steady authority, without which he will not be respected. 
Officers who are accustomed to command Highland soldiers find it easy to 
guide and control them when their full confidence has been obtained, but 
when mistrust prevails, severity ensues, with a consequent neglect of duty, 
and by a continuance of this unhappy misunderstanding the men become 
stubborn, disobedient, and in the end mutinous. — Sketches of the Highlanders, 
by Major-General David Stewart of Garth. 


was joined by the first battalion, and the two battalions, in- 
corporated into one, proceeded to India, where the regiment saw 
-much service before it returned home again in 1817. In 1804 
another second battalion was raised. This battalion fought with 
great distinction at the battle of Maida, in Italy, in 1806. The 
next year it was in Egypt, and suffered very heavily at El Hamet. 
It saw some further arduous service in Holland, and was 
incorporated with the other battalion of the Ross-shire Buffs in 
1817. The subsequent history of the Ross-shire Buffs is well 
known. A large number of Macraes from Kintail served in each 
of these three battalions. 

The 72nd and the 78th (Ross-shire Buffs) were linked together 
in 1881 as the Seaforth Highlanders. 



The old parish of Kintail, including Glensheil, which was made 
into a separate parish by the Lords Commissioners of Teinds on 
the 30th December, 1726, is situated in the south-west of the 
County of Ross. A considerable portion of its boundary runs 
along the sea coast, its inland boundaries being the parishes of 
Lochalsh, Kilmorack, Kiltarlity, Kilmonivaig, and Glenelg. The 
present parish of Kintail is about eighteen miles long, and 
varying in breadth from five to six miles. Glensheil is about 
twenty-six miles long, and from two to six miles in breadth. The 
combined area of the two parishes is rather more than two 
hundred square miles, a great portion of which consists of moor- 
land and mountain. From the sea coast the country opens up in 
three large valleys or glens — Glenelchaig, Glenlic, and Glensheil. 
These glens are surrounded by steep and lofty mountains, which 
are frequently covered with green pasture from base almost to 
summit. The richness of its pastures was no doubt the reason 
why, in the pastoral age of the Highlands, Kintail was so noted 
for its cattle. It was often called Cintaille nam Bo (Kintail of 
the cows), and, needless to say, was one of the happy hunting- 
grounds of the cattle lifters of Lochaber. The natural pastoral 
richness of the country helped also to rear a race of men who, 
according to all accounts, were at least as robust in mind and 
body, and as well favoured as any of their neighbours. The 
men of Kintail were usually of good physique and strong, full 
features. 1 They had large chests and deep voices, and inmimick- 

1 There are some excelleut representations of Kintail faces in Benjamin 
"West's painting of the rescue of King Alexander III. from the fury of a stag 
by Colin Fitzgerald, the reputed founder of the House of Kintail, the original 
of which is in Brahan Castle. See also page 104. 


ing the speech of a Kintail man in Gaelic it is still the custom to 
adopt as deep a tone of voice as possible. In an old Gaelic song 
they are spoken of as, " Fir ghearra dhonna Chintaille " (the thick- 
set auburn-haired men of Kintail). They were known among their 
neighbours as Na Doimhich, - which may mean either the bulky 
ones, or the barrels, while the Lochaber men were usually called 
—at all events in Kintail — Na Fir Chaola, which means the lean 
or sharp-featured men. 

The earliest glimpses we get of the history of Kintail comes 
to us, as in the case of most Highland parishes, through legends 
connected with some of the early Scottish Saints, and two at least 
of the contemporaries of Columba, St Oran 1 and St Donan, 2 have 
left traces of their names in the country. Scururan, or Oran's 
Peak, is the highest and most prominent of the mountains of 
Kintail, and near the foot of it is a place called Achyuran, or 
Oran's field, while the small island on which the ruins of the 
stronghold of the Barons of Kintail still stand is called Ellan- 
donan, or Donan's Island. So far as at present known, not even 
a legend has survived to explain what connections those two 
Saints may have had with the country, but that they were con- 
nected in some way with the places which bear their names, may 
be regarded as extremely probable. 

About the middle of the seventh century the country was 
visited by an Irish Saint called Congan. He was a son of the 
King of Leinster, and was trained as a soldier. On succeeding 
to his father's dominions he ruled well, but was unfortunate in 
war with his enemies, and having been wounded and conquered, he 

1 Oran, a well-born Irishman, came to Iona with Columba. When Oran 
arrived, Columba told him that whoever willed to die first should not only go 
more quietly to Christ, but should confirm and ratify the right of the com- 
munity to the Island by taking corporal possession of it. Oran consented, 
whereupon Columba not only assured him of eternal happiness, but said that 
none who came to pray at his own sepulchre should receive his petition till he 
had first prayed at Oran's. Oran was thus the first man to be buried in Iona 
There are many traces of Oran's name to be met with in the West Highlands. 
Columba came to Iona in a.d. 563. 

2 Donan was also a disciple of Columba. He founded a Monastery in the 
Island of Eigg, where he was put to death, together with his community of 
about fifty persons, by a band of pirates, probably Picts from the neighbouring 
mainland, on the 17th of April, a.d. 617. 


was forced to flee from his native country. Taking with him his 
sister Kentigerna and her three sons, one of whom was the cele- 
brated St Fillan, he sailed for Scotland, and eventually settled in 
Lochalsh, where he led a religious and ascetic life, and lived to an 
old age. He is said to have died in Lochalsh, and to have been 
buried in Iona. St Fillan afterwards built a Church in Lochalsh, 
and dedicated it to his uncle Congan. It was called in Gaelic, 
Kilchoan, that is, St Congan's Church, and stood very near the 
present site of the Parish Church. 

St Fillan, whose name is associated with Kintail, flourished 
early in the eighth century. He was the son of an Irish nobleman 
called Feradach, by Kentigerna, sister of St Congan, and fled with 
his uncle from Ireland to Lochalsh, as already stated. The chief 
scene of this Saint's labour, however, was in Perthshire, but tradi- 
tion says that, in addition to the church he built in Lochalsh, he 
built another at Kilellan (Fillan's Church), in Kintail, which, as the 
name implies, was called after himself. There is a burying-place still 
at Kilellan, and there is a local tradition that St Fillan himself was 
buried there. It is said that, when he felt his end was drawing 
near, he went to Iona, and there died, kneeling before the high 
altar. His body was then sent in a birlinn or galley to Kintail, 
and buried at Kilellan under a sod that had been brought from 

The next Saint whose name enters prominently into the tradi- 
tions of Kintail is St Duthac, to whom the old Parish Church at 
Kilduich was dedicated. He was Bishop of Ross, and flourished 
about the middle of the thirteenth century. His name is asso- 
ciated more especially with Tain, which in Gaelic is called Bailie 
Dhuthich, that is, Duthac's Town. The Kintail tradition is that 
Farquhar Mac an t' Shagairt, Earl of Ross, who founded the 
Abbey of Fearn, and died in 1257, sent two Irish monks to Kin- 
tail to minister to the spiritual wants of the people. One of these 
was Duthac, who had charge of the north side of Lochduich, 
which has ever since been so called after him. The other monk 
was called Carrac, and had charge of the south side. The two 
monks used to meet together from time to time at the west end of 
the Loch. On one occasion, at the time of driving their cattle to 
the Sheiling, they arranged that on the way they should hold a 
meeting at the iisual place, but when Duthac arrived there he 


found Carrac lying dead on the knoll where they used to meet, 
and which still bears Carrac's name. Duthac was so grieved at 
the death of his friend that he did not care to live in Kintail any 
longer. It was then he went to Tain, where, we are told, he 
" taught publicly with all gentleness," and became noted for his 
miraculous powers. His day was celebrated on the 8th of March, 
and his shrine at Tain became a famous resort for pilgrims. How 
far these Kintail legends may have any foundation in fact it is, of 
course, impossible to say. The legend of the death and burial of 
St Fillan, probably refers to some other ecclesiastic who may have 
been connected with the old church at Kilellan, but the name of 
St Fillan was such an honoured one in Kintail l that it would not 
be surprising if legends of other saints gradually gathered around 
it. There is no reason to believe that St Fillan was buried in 
Kintail. There were other early Celtic ecclesiastics of the name 
Fillan, but they do not appear to have been connected with 
Kintail. Some trace of another Saint survives in the place name, 
Killechuinard, 2 on the south side of Lochduich, where the remains 
of some ruins and of a disused burial-place are still to be seen, 
but of their history nothing appears to be known beyond a vague 
tradition that a monastery once stood there. 

The stronghold of Ellandonan, around which most of the 
history of Kintail centres, is believed to have been built in the 
time of Alexander II., 3 who reigned from 1214 to 1249, as a place 

1 Page 291. 

2 It is difficult to say which Saint it was whose name is here preserved. 
A certain Cyneheard was Bishop of Winchester from 754 to 780, and there is 
some record also of a Scottish Monk or Abbot called Kineard, who visited 
Gaul with the great British scholar, Alcuin, about the end of the eighth 
century, and wrote a life of Charlemagne. It is more likely, however, that 
Cille-Chuinard means the Church of Donort, which in Gaelic would be Cille- 
Dhoinort, and would be pronounced almost exactly the same as Cille Chuinard. 
Donort was Abbot of the great Celtic Monastery of Murthlac, in Banffshire, 
from about 1056 to 1098. According to some authorities, there was for some 
time a Diocese of Murthlac, of which Donort was Bishop. It is on record that 
at the beginning of the twelfth century King David I. of Scotland gave to the 
newly-formed Bishopric of Aberdeen five churches which had been founded by 
the missionary zeal of the Monks of Murthlac, and which had belonged to their 
monastery. It is quite possible that one of those churches, dedicated to 
Donort, may have stood on the spot now known as Killechuinard. 

3 See page 293 for the Kintail legend of the Building of Ellandonan 


of defence against the Banes, At that time Kintail formed part 
of the Earldom of Ross, and is said to have been inhabited by- 
three different tribes — the Mac Beolans, who inhabited Glensheil 
and the south side of Lochdnich and Lochalsh, as far as Kylerea ; 
the Mac Ivors, who inhabited Glenlic ; and the Mac Thearlichs, 
who inhabited Glenelchaig. 1 Sometime during the latter part' of 
the thirteenth century, the Earl of Ross appointed a kinsman of 
his own, called Kenneth, to the government of Ellandonan Castle, 
which is said to have been garrisoned by a number of Macraes and 
Maclennans. Kenneth was an able and ambitious man, and, 
having quarrelled with the Earl of Ross, whom he set at defiance 
during the unsettled times which followed the death of King- 
Alexander III., in 1286, he succeeded in establishing himself in a 
position of independence as lord and ruler of Kintail. It is said 
that he ruled well, and that his influence was felt over most of the 
Western Isles. He died in 1304, and was buried in Iona. He 
was the founder of the great Clan Mackenzie, and from him they 
derive their name. 2 The Earls of Ross, however, still continued 
superiors of the lands of Kintail, as part of their Earldom, and the 
Mackenzies occupied the lands and the Castle as their vassals for 
about two hundred years. King Robert Bruce confirmed to the 
Earl of Ross all his lands, including Borealis Ergadia, that is, 
North Argyle, as the west of Ross, Lochalsh and Kintail included, 
was then called. We find many other references to the over- 
lordship of the Earls of Ross until 1463, when Alexander Mac- 
kenzie, sixth of Kintail, obtains a charter direct from the Crown. 

Meantime we find various contemporary references to the 
circumstances and affairs of Kintail. In 1331, Randolph, Earl of 
Moray, who was then Warden of Scotland, despatched a Crown 
officer to Ellandonan to prepare the Castle for his reception and 
to arrest misdoers. Fifty of these misdoers were put to death, 
and their heads were exposed on the top of the Castle walls. 
As Randolph sailed up towards the Castle in his barge 
and saw those heads, he declared, in his zeal for the cause 
of law and order, that he loved better to look upon them 
then than on any garland of roses he had ever seen. 3 In 

l Mackenzie's History of the Mackenzies, New Edition, page 45. 
2 Appendix G. 3 Sir Walter Scott's Tales of a Grandfather. 


1503, Alexander Gordon, Earl of Huntly, undertook to reduce 
Ellandonan and other castles on the west coast " for the daunting 
of the Isles," and to furnish or raise men to keep them when 
reduced, King James IV. engaging to provide a ship and artillery 
for the purpose. In 1504 there was a general insurrection in the 
Highlands, which it took the King's forces two years to quell, and 
in the course of which Ellandonan Castle was occupied by the 
Earl of Huntly. In 1539, Donald Gorm Macdonald of Sleat 
invaded the country and attempted to take the castle, but was 
killed during the siege by a Macrae, called Duncan Mac Gille- 
chriosd. 1 Donald Gorm and his followers succeeded, however, in 
setting fire to the castle, for we find that in 1541 James V. 
granted remission to Donald's accomplices for their treasonable 
burning of the Castle of Ellandonan and the boats there. The 
great feud which broke out between Kintail and Glengarry about 
1580, and in which the Macraes took such a leading part, has been 
already referred to. 2 This feud, which lasted for about twenty- 
five years, ended in the complete discomfiture of Glengarry, whose 
possessions in Lochcarron and Lochalsh were made over to Kintail 
by a Crown charter in 1607. The House of Kintail had now 
practically reached the zenith of its greatness. 

Meantime the Barons of Kintail and their people took a pro- 
minent part in the national affairs of Scotland. John, the second 
Baron of Kintail, fought on the side of Bruce at Bannockburn, 
and is said to have had a following of five hundred men. John 
of Killin, ninth Baron, who was one of the Privy Councillors of 
James V., fought with his followers at Flodden in 1513, and at 
Pinkie in 1547. Colin, the eleventh Baron, fought as a young 
man at the head of his vassals on the side of Queen Mary at the 
battle of Langside in 1568. 

In the unsettled times of the reign of Charles I., with whose cause 
George, second Earl of Seaforth, finally cast in his lot, the men of 
Kintail played an important part. Seaforth fought at the battle 
of Auldearn' in 1645, nominally against Montrose, but it had been 
arranged beforehand that his men should retire without fighting, 
and that Montrose should be allowed an easy victory. 3 Shortly 
afterwards Seaforth publicly avowed himself a supporter of Mon- 

l Page 25. 2 Chapter III. 3 p age 336. 


trose, who was then joined by a large number of the men of 
Kintail. Henceforth the people of Kintail continued to be staunch 
supporters of the House of Stuart until the final defeat at Culloden 
in 1745. In 1650 the Parliament placed a garrison in Ellandonan 
Castle to overawe the country, but the insolence of the soldiers 
becoming intolerable, they were summarily turned out by the 
people, and no attempt was made to restore or to replace them. 1 
A number of Kintail men fought on the Royalist side at Wor- 
cester in 1651. In 1654, on the 26th of June, General Monk, 
Cromwell's lieutenant in Scotland, visited Kintail with an army, 
and remained there for two or three days. The names of the 
places mentioned in the account of his visit at the time were 
evidently written by men who knew no Gaelic, and are not eisily 
identified now. One Kintail man was killed by the soldiers, 2 the 
houses and huts were burnt wherever they went, and a large 
spoil of cattle was taken by them, 3 " which made some part 
of amends for the hard march." 4 

A large number of Macraes took part in the rising of 1715, 
and suffered heavily at the battle of Sheriffmuir. Tradition 
relates that this battle made fifty-eight widows in Kintail. The 
Macraes of Kintail and the Mathesons of Lochalsh were in the 
centre of the second line of Mar's army, and a writer of the last 
century says that they were the only part of Seaforth's men that 
behaved well at Sheriffmuir, for when the rest ran away the 
Macraes and Mathesons held their ground until a large number of 
them was left dead on the field. 5 The same writer, who was a 

1 Page 195. 2 p age 31. 3 p age 63. 

4 The events which led to Monk's visit to Kintail were as follows : — In 
1653 a Stuart rising took place in the Highlands under the Earl of Glencairn, 
whose place was soon taken by General Middleton. It was to quell this rising 
that Monk made his march through the Highlands in 1654. Having heard 
that Middleton was in Kintail, Monk led his forces there, only to find, on 
arriving, that Middleton had left the day before and gone to Glenelg. Monk 
did not follow Middleton to Glenelg, but plundered the people of Kintail and 
then departed by way of Glenstrathfarrar. The rising shortly afterwards 
collapsed. For a more detailed account of General Monk's visit to Kintail, 
see a paper by Mr William Mackay in Volume xviii. (1892) of the Transactions 
of the Gaelic Society of Inverness. 

5 The Highlands of Scotland in 1750, from a MS. in the British Museum, 
with introduction by Andrew Lang. 


bigoted Whig, and very much biased in most of his remarks on 
the Jacobite clans, tells us that the common people in Kintail are 
" the Macraes, who are by far the most fierce, warlike, and 
strongest men under Seaforth." He then goes on to say that 
until quite recently the Macraes were little better than heathen 
and savages, but his only excuse for such a statement seems to have 
been his Whig prejudices, and his desire to make it appear that, as a 
result of Whig influences in Kintail, there was a "surprising 
.alteration in the people even in point of common civility, decency, 
and cleanliness." As a matter of fact, there was hardly any 
district in the Highlands where Whig influences made way more 
slowly than in Kintail. 

Early in 1719, Cardinal Alberoni, Prime Minister of Spain, 
with which country we were then at war, fitted out a power- 
ful expedition under the Duke of Ormonde 1 to support the 
Jacobite cause in the Highlands of Scotland. But scarcely had 
the expedition left the coast of Spain when it was overtaken by a 
terrible storm in the Bay of Biscay. The storm lasted for twelve 
days, and so completely dispersed the fleet that only two vessels 
were able to reach Scotland. These two vessels had on board the 
Earl of Seaforth, the Earl Marischal, the Marquis of Tulli- 
bardine, and about three hundred Spaniards, with arms and 
ammunition for two thousand men. They landed in Kintail on 
the 5th of April, and encamped on the mainland opposite to 
Ellandonan. Here they lay quiet for some time in the hope that 
Ormonde might still be able to effect a landing, but they were 
soon joined by several Highlanders, including the famous Rob Roy 
Macgregor and a party of his followers. 

Shortly afterwards three ships of -war — the Worcester, the 
Enterprise, and the Flamborough — sailed up Lochalsh under the 
command of Captain Boyle of the Worcester. On the 10th of May, 
early in the morning, Captain Boyle drew up the Worcester and 
the Enterprise in front of Ellandonan Castle, which was garrisoned 
by forty-five Spaniards, commanded by Irish officers, and at nine 

1 James Butler, Duke of Ormonde, a distinguished soldier of the reigns of 
William III. and Anne. On the accession of George I. he embraced the cause 
of the Stuarts, and was henceforth obliged to live abroad. Born, 1665 ; died, 


o'clock sent his lieutenant with a boat under a flag of truce to 
demand the surrender of the Castle, which was refused. About 
four in the afternoon Captain Boyle was informed by a deserter 
from the Jacobite side that the number of men in their camp 
was more than four thousand, and was daily increasing. One 
thousand would probably be nearer the truth. He there- 
fore resolved to delay action no longer, and at eight o'clock 
in the evening he opened upon the Castle " a great fire," iinder 
cover of which he despatched two boats, manned and armed, under 
two lieutenants, to whom the Spaniards, who had mutinied against 
their officers, readily siirrendered. To prevent the Jacobites, 
whose camp lay near the Castle, from taking possession of it again, 
Captain Herdman of the Enterprise was sent to blow it up. This 
duty he effectually performed after having first sent off the 
prisoners with three hundred and forty-three barrels of gunpowder, 
fifty-two barrels of musket shot, and some bags of meal. At the 
same time he burnt several barns on the mainland near the Castle, 
where quantities of corn had been stored for the use of the camp. 
Such was the end of Ellandonan Castle. 

Meantime Captain Hedesley of the Flamoorough sailed up 
Lochduich, where a large quantity of ammunition, belonging to 
the Spaniards, was stored under a guard of thirty of their men, 
but on his first appearance within sight the Spaniards set fire to 
it. This store was situated at Loch nan Corr, near the site of the 
Manse of Kintail, and, for many years afterwards, cannon balls 
and other relics of ammunition used to be found on the glebe in 
great abundance. It was at the same time that the old church of 
Kintail was destroyed, 1 the only possible excuse for such an act of 
sacrilege being the fact that the incumbent of the parish was that 
ardent Episcopalian and Jacobite, the Rev. Donald Macrae, who 
was now an old man, and who died shortly afterwards. After 
destroying the church, the troops landed, and, according to their 
custom, plundered the unfortunate, defenceless people. 

On hearing of these events, the Commander-in-Chief of the 
Forces in Scotland ordered General Wightman, who was then 
stationed at Inverness, to proceed to Kintail with the troops under 
his command — about 1200, which included 136 Highlanders, 

l Old Statistical Account. 


chiefly Munros and Mackays. The Jacobite force consisted of about 
1100, which included about 200 Spaniards. 1 

The battle was fought on the 10th of June, at a place now 
called Eas-nan-arm (the waterfall of arms). The fighting began 
at five o'clock in the afternoon, and lasted for about three 
hours. The King's troops made three unsuccessful attempts to 
dislodge the Highlanders, but in the fourth attack Seaforth was 
wounded, and the heather in which the Highlanders were posted 
having caught fire, they began to fall into a state of confusion. 
Recognising the hopelessness of further resistance, the Highlanders 
dispersed and retired to the mountains, and next morning the 
Spaniards surrendered as prisoners of war. The King's troops 
lost twenty-one killed, and one hundred and twenty-one wounded. 
The loss of the Highlanders is not known, but was probably not 
very heavy. Seaforth, Marischal, and Tullibardine, with the 
other principal officers, succeeded in making their escape to the 

Major-General Wightman spent some days in the neighbouring 
country, plundering and burning the houses of the guilty, and 
on the 28th of June he writes from Lochcarron to say he is on his way 
to Inverness. The local tradition of a Dutch Colonel, who was 
killed in the battle, and whose ghost used to revisit the scene of 
the conflict, appears to have no foundation in fact. The only 
officer in the Royalist side who is returned as killed in the official 
list of casualties is Captain Downes of Montagu's regiment, who 
was buried on the south side of the river, and whose grave is still 
pointed out. 2 

After the Rebellion of 1715, the Seaforth estates, being for- 
feited, were placed by Parliament under the management of the 
Forfeited Estates Commissioners. The Commissioners did not 
find their task an easy one, for the tenants as a rule adhered 
loyally to their old landlords or chiefs, and refused to pay any rent 
to the factors whom the Commissioners appointed. For several 
years the Kintail rents were regularly paid to Seaforth's Chamber- 
lain, Donald Murchison, who continued to send them to his 

1 Tullibardine, in a letter to the Earl of Mar, gives the number as 1120, 
including 200 Spaniards. 

2 For a full account of the battle of Glensheil, see " The Jacobite Attempt 
of 1719," edited for the Scottish History Society by W. K. Dickson. 


master on the Continent. At last two Whigs of Easter Ross : — 
William Ross of Easter Fearn, and his brother, Robert Ross, a 
Bailie of Tain — undertook to collect the rents on the estates of 
Seaforth, Chisholm, and Glenmoriston, and started from Inverness 
on the 13th September, 1721, with an escort of soldiers under 
Lieutenant John Allardyce. Having visited Glenmoriston, they 
proceeded to Strathglass and Kintail, but a young lad, Patrick 
Grant, son of Ian a Chragain, the Chief of Glenmoriston, took a 
short route to Kintail, and informed Donald Murchison of the 
approach of the Whig factors. Though Murchison had been " bred 
a writer," he had also some military training, and held a Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel's commission in the Jacobite army of 1715. Part of 
the funds collected from the people he used in keeping on foot a 
company of armed Highlanders, whom he always held in readiness 
for the protection of Seaforth's interests in Lochalsh and Kintail. 
With these and several other followers, amounting in all to 300 
men, Murchison set out, accompanied by Patrick Grant, to meet 
the Whig factors and their military escort. They met on the- 
2nd of October, at a place called Ath nam Muilach, a narrow pass 
in the mountains beween Glenaffric and Kintail. After some 
skirmishing, in which several were wounded, a meeting was ar- 
ranged between Easter Fearn and Murchison, with the result that 
the factors retreated, leaving their commission in Murchison's 
hands, and promising, it is said, not to act again in the service of 
the Commissioners. Among the wounded was Easter Fearn him- 
self and his son Walter. The son died on the following morning, 
and his body was carried by the soldiers to Beauly Priory for burial. 1 
In the following month the Sheriff-Depute of Inverness held 
Courts of Inquiry at Inverness with the view of ascertaining who 
were Murchison's followers. Among the witnesses examined was a 
soldier in the Royal Regiment of North British Fusiliers, called 
Donald Macrae, who was one of the escort that accompanied the 
factors, and who recognised from fifty to sixty Kintail men, whose 
names and patronymics are stated in his evidence. 2 They were 

1 Fuller accounts of the affair of Ath nam Muilach are given in Mackenzie's 
History of the Mackenzies (new edition), pp. 305-310; and Mackay's Urquhart 
and Glenmoriston, pp. 235-236. 

2 For a full account of these inquiries see a paper on " Donald Murchison 
and the Factors on the Forfeited Estates," by William Mackay, published in 
the Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness, Vol. xix. (1893). See also- 
Appendix M. 


nearly all Macraes, most of them belonging to the chief families of 
Kintail. Nothing appears to have come of this inquiry. 

Shortly afterwards another attempt was made to obtain pos- 
session of Seaforth's estate for the Government. A company of 
soldiers, under Captain Macneill, formerly of the Highland Watch, 
proceeded from Inverness to Kintail by Dingwall, Garve, and 
Lochcarron. But while crossing the hills of Attadale, between 
Lochcarron and Lochalsh, they were met by Donald Murchison 
and his dauntless followers at a place called the Coille Bhan (the 
white wood). A skirmish ensued, in which one soldier was killed 
and several wounded. Captain Macneill himself was severely 
wounded, and, withdrawing his men, shortly afterwards made his 
way back to Inverness as well as he could. 1 After this the 
Forfeited Estates Commissioners appear to have made no further 
attempt to collect rents in Kintail. 2 

In 1725 General Wade, 3 in his report to the King, states that 
the Seaforths still pay their rents to Donald Murchison, and in the 
same year the Forfeited Estates Commissioners report that they 
had not sold the estate of William, Earl of Seaforth, as they had 
not been able to obtain possession of it. The constant fighting in 
which the men of Kintail had been engaged almost since 1640 told 
against their material circumstances, and General Wade states, in 

1 Mackenzie's History of the Mackenzies (new edition), p. 311. 

2 In Appendix H. will be found a list of the tenants on Seaforth's Kintail 
estate in 1719 and 1756, and the rents they paid. Considering the high value 
of money at those dates, it will be found that the difference between the rents 
paid in the Highlands then and now was not so great as is generally supposed. 

3 George Wade, Field Marshal of His Majesty's forces, and Privy 
Councillor, was a distinguished soldier whose name is still well known in the 
Highlands in connection with his roads and bridges. He joined the army in 
1690, served in the Continental wars of his time, and eventually rose to the 
highest military rank. In 1724 he was appointed to a command in Scotland, 
and while holding that command he employed his soldiers in making roads in 
the Highlands. The roads gave rise to a famous couplet : — 

If you had seen these roads before they were made, 
You would hold up your hands and bless General Wade. 

In 1745 he commanded an army in the North of England to oppose the South- 
ward march of the Highlanders, but was too old and infirm to be of much 
service. He died in 1748, at the age of 80. Wade was an officer of great vigour 
and sound judgment, and is well entitled to a high place among the chief 
benefactors of the Highlands. 


1725, that though they were formerly reputed the richest of any 
tenants in the Highlands, they had now become poor through 
neglecting their business and applying themselves to the use of 
arms. Consequently they were no longer able to pay their rents 
with their former readiness and regularity. In 1726 Seaforth was 
pardoned for his share in the Rising of 1715, and permitted to 
return to his native land. He received a grant of the feu-duties 
due to the Crown out of his forfeited estates, which were held by 
the Government until his death in 1741, when they were 
purchased from the Crown — by his mother — for the benefit of his 
son Kenneth, Lord Fortrose. 1 

For some time after these events, the country enjoyed peace. 
Law and order were more firmly established, and there was a 
gradual return of prosperity. Simon, Lord Lovat, then an active 
supporter of the Hanoverian Government, raised a company of 
Highlanders to keep in check the Lochaber cattle lifters, and 
Kintail profited to some extent from this protection. In 1722, 
barracks was erected in Glenelg, and a few companies of soldiers 
were usually stationed there until after the battle of Culloden, 
when the building was gradually allowed to fall into disuse. 
Shortly afterwards the country was opened up by one of General 
Wade's military roads, running from Fort-Augustus to Glenmoris- 
ton, thence down through Glensheil to the head of Lochduich, 
and across the hills of Ratagan to Glenelg. 

In 1726, as already stated, and while the Seaforth estates were 
still in the hands of the Government, the south side of Kintail was 
formed into the separate parish of Glensheil, and shortly after- 
wards a Presbyterian minister — the Rev. John Beton — was 
settled there in spite of considerable opposition from the people, 
to whom Presbyterians and Whigs were equally hateful, but the 

1 The restored Earl did not show Donald Murchison the gratitude to which 
his loyal services entitled the latter. Donald shortly afterwards left the 
country, and died in the prime of life near Conon. A monument erected to 
his memory on the Lochalsh side of Kyleakin bears the following inscription: — 
" Tullochard. — To the memory of Donald Murchison, Colonel in the Highland 
Army of 1715. He successfully defended and faithfully preserved the lands 
of Kintail and Lochalsh from 1715 to 1722 for his Chief, William, the exiled 
Earl of Seaforth. — Erected by his great -grand-nephew, Sir Roderick I. Murchi- 
son, K.C.B.— 1863." 


Parish Church was not built until 1758. The old Parish Church 
of Kintail was at this time vacant for several years. The Rev. 
Donald Macrae, the last Episcopalian minister, died about 1721, 
but his Presbyterian successor, the Rev. John Maclean, was not 
appointed until 1730. 

The Rising of 1745 brought fresh trouble upon Kintail. 
Though Seaforth remained loyal to the House of Hanover, yet it 
was well known that the sympathies of the people were on the 
-other side. Sheriffmuir and Glensheil were not yet forgotten. A 
writer of the period 1 states that " some of the wild Macraes " 
were out in that ye?r, and there is a local tradition to the effect 
that of those who joined in that rising not one ever again returned 
to Kintail. After the battle of Culloden, Lord George Sackville 2 
entered Kintail by Glenaffric, and with the brutal cruelty so 
characteristic both of himself and of his chief, the Duke of 
Cumberland, plundered the defenceless people, and drove away a 
large number of cattle and other booty. 3 In the course of his 
wandei-ings after the defeat at Culloden, Prince Charles came to 

1 The Highlands in 1750, edited by Andrew Lang. 
2 The subsequent career of Lord George Sackville (born 1716, died 1785) 
was far from creditable. He was in command of the British horse at the 
battle of Minden in 1759, when his conduct was so unsatisfactory that he was 
tried by Court-Martial and dismissed from the army. In 1775, under the 
title of Lord Germaine, he became Secretary of State for the American 
•Colonies, and directed the American War, with the disastrous result that we lost 
our American Colonies. The career of William, Duke of Cumberland (born 
1721, died 1765), son of George II., was no less discreditable. In 1745 he was 
in command of the British army which was defeated by the French in the 
great battle of Fontenoy, in the Netherlands. Next year he defeated the 
army of Prince Charles Edward at the battle of Culloden, after which he fixed 
his headquarters at Fort-Augustus, and harried the neighbouring country with 
every species of military execution. The barbarous cruelty with which he 
treated the defenceless people gained for him the nickname of " The Butcher." 
From Scotland he returned to the command of the army in the Netherlands, 
and was again defeated in 1746 by the French, with great loss, at the battle 
of Laufeldt. In the Seven Years' War he held an important command, and 
suffered a great defeat at the battle of Hastenbach in 1757. Shortly after- 
wards he made a humiliating surrender to the French at Klosterseven, for 
which he was recalled and degraded from his rank in the army. Culloden 
was his only victory, and the very fates seemed to exact grim vengeance for 
the cruel and cowardly use he made of it. 

3 Old Statistical Account of Kintail. 


Glensheil on the 27th of July, 1746, and remained there until the 
following afternoon. 1 

With the defeat of Culloden it may be said of Kintail, as of 
the rest of the Highlands, that the old order of things came to an 
end, and began gradually to make way for the modern conditions 
of life. There arose a greater security of life and property as- 
people learned to look to the law for protection rather than to the 
sword. Cattle-lifting and clan feuds came to an end, schools were 
established, and means of communication with the great commer- 
cial and industrial centres of the South greatly improved. But 
although settled peace and security thus brought many benefits, 
yet there came, on the other hand, many unavoidable social and 
economic changes which did not always prove an unmixed 

In the Old Statistical Accounts of Kintail, by the Rev. Roderick 
Morrison, and of Glensheil, by the Rev. John Macrae, we have a 
fairly full description of the circumstances of the country during 
the fifty years following the battle of Culloden. About 1769-1774^ 
a large number of the people emigrated to America, chiefly to 
Carolina. Their descendants are still numerous there and in the 
neighbouring States, and many of them have since been honourably 
associated with the affairs of their adopted country. These 
emigrants belonged, as a rule, to the well-to-do farmers of the. 
country. They were not unfrequently young men to whom the idle 
life imposed upon them by the peace and the altered conditions 
which followed the battle of Culloden, was not always agreeable. 
Many were prompted to seek new homes, partly by love of adven- 
ture, and partly by a desire to share in the rumoured wealth of 
the New World. It would seem, too, that even in those days the 
rent question was not altogether free from difficulties, and that 
the more spirited of these men disliked a connection with their 
Chief, in which valour was no longer of any account, and of which 
the chief feature was the paying of rent. 

We find difficulties about the rent as far back as the time of 
Colin, first Earl of Seaforth, who lived in far greater state than 
any of his predecessors, and was, therefore, obliged to raise the 
rents accordingly. 2 The relations set forth in Ian Mac Mhur- 

l Page 210. 2 Page 189. 


achaidh's poems, 1 as existing between the people and their chief,, 
may reasonably be regarded as somewhat exaggei-ated. The 
poems containing references to such relations were evidently 
composed with a view to induce as many people as possible 
to emigrate with him to America, and it is but natural that 
he should dwell somewhat emphatically on the disadvantages of 
life in the old country, as compared with the advantages of the- 
promised land beyond the seas. But the pointed and practical 
advice he gives to the landlords themselves reasonably pre- 
supposes some excuse for offering it, and it is interesting as- 
showing what the class of men to whom he belonged held to be 
the landlord's wisest and most practical policy to adopt toward his- 

Cum na clachan steibhe 

Dh'fhag na daoine gleusda 'n coir dhut. 

Bidhe aoidheal ris a cheathairne, 
Cum taobh nan daoine matha riut, 
'S gur mor an cliu gun chleith 
A choisininn t-athar air an t-sheol sin. 

Gur iomadh bochd 'us dinnleachdan 
Thug beannachd air do shinnseara, 
Gur maireanach an dilib sin, 
'S gur cinntiche na 'n t-or e. 2 

On the whole, however, the relations existing between the Sea- 
forths and the people of Kintail were usually very cordial, thanks 
to the pastoral richness of the country, and the tact and sense of 
justice evidently possessed by some of the Macrae Chamberlains, 
who were so frequently the real rulers and administrators of the 
affairs of Kintail, for during the last two hundred years of their 
power the Earls of Seaforth were hardly ever resident in Kintail 
themselves. The traditions of the country have preserved frag- 
ments of songs in which the virtues of moi'e than one Chamber- 

1 Appendix J. 
2 Preserve the foundation stones left to you by able and generous men. Be 
courteous to the yeomanry, keep the good men on your side, great and evident 
was the renown gained by your father in that way. Many a poor man and' 
many an orphan invoked blessings on your ancestors. Such things are an< 
enduring heritage, and more to be relied on than gold. 


lain are set forth, and of which the lament for Ian Breac Mac 
Mhaighster Fearacher 1 may be taken as an example. 

But the social stagnation which seemed to be setting in after 
the battle of Culloden was not destined to last long. A change 
was rapidly approaching, and scarcely had the emigration com- 
menced when the Highlanders were called upon to fight the battles 
of their country in all quarters of the globe. To this appeal the 
men of Kintail, like the rest of their compatriots, gave a ready and 
willing response. A fair number of Highlanders fought in the 
great wars of the last century, such as the War of the Austrian 
Succession (1740-1748), and the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), 
and there were certainly a few Kintail men among them, but it 
was not until towards the end of the century that Highlanders 
were either encouraged or invited to join the army in large num- 
bers, and that the famous Highland Regiments were enrolled. 
Between 1778 and 1804, four battalions of about a thousand men 
each were raised by the Earls of Seaforth, 2 and each battalion 
contained a large number of men from Kintail. 

It would seem from the Old Statistical Account that the forty 
years following the battle of Culloden was, on the whole, a period 
of prosperity for Kintail. There was a steady increase of popula- 
tion in spite of emigration, and so well off were the people that the 
famine of 1782, which was felt so severely in many parts of the 
Highlands, was not felt at all in Kintail. In 1792 there were only 
fifteen poor persons in Kintail and twenty-one in Glensheil. These 
were supported by the weekly collections in the churches and by the 
charity of their neighbours. There was no confirmed drunkard in 
either of the two parishes, and no thieves. A baron-bailie or judge 
visited the country quarterly to settle such differences as might 
arise among the people. Those differences were usually questions 
connected with encroachments on marches, trespassing, and pen- 
folding. From the beginning of June to about the middle of 
August the cattle were moved from the arable fields and lower 
pastures to the sheilings on the upper moorlands. A number of 
people went along with the cattle as herds and dairymaids, and 
huts were erected for shelter and sleeping accommodation. In fine 
summer weather life under such circumstances would not be un- 

i Appendix J. 2 Appendix D. 


pleasant, and the season spent in the sheiling was usually regarded 
as a time of much enjoyment. It was a time of mirth and love 
making, and the praise of nighean na h'airidh (the maid of the 
sheiling) forms the theme of many a Gaelic love song. The stock 
consisted mainly of Highland cattle. There were hardly any 
sheep, but there were about three hundred horses at this time in 
the parish of Kintail alone, and probably a corresponding number 
in Glensheil. There was a parish school at Cro and another near 
the Church of Glensheil. There was a third school in Glenelchaig 
supported by subscriptions from the farmers, many of whom were 
Roman Catholics, nearly a third of the people of Kintail at 
that time being of that creed. 1 It is to the credit of Pro- 
testants and Roman Catholics alike that religious differences 
did not prevent them from combining to support the cause 
of education. Considering all circumstances, it would appear 
that at the close of the last century the people of Kintail were in 
fairly prosperous circumstances, and quite as advanced in their 
views and ways as any of their neighbours. 

Bat there was evidently a marked change for the worse during 
the next forty years. The population, which was almost stationary 
during the period of the Napoleonic War, when so many of the 
men were serving in the army, began to increase rapidly after the 
peace of 1815, without any corresponding increase in the means of 
sustenance, and we learn from the New Statistical Account in 1836 
that at that time there was a considerable amount of poverty in 
the country. But the increase of population was not the sole 
cause of this change. Francis, Earl of Seaforth, having got into 
debt, was obliged to sell considerable portions of his West Coast 
estates. When his people came to know of the state of his affairs 
they offered to pay his debts if he would reside among them, but 
their offer was disregarded. Lochalsh was sold under value in 
1803, Kintail and a large portion of Glensheil followed in 1807, 
and the long connection of the Seaforth family with that country 
was all but ended before the death of the last Earl of Seaforth, 
which occurred at Warriston, near Edinburgh, on the 1 1 th of Janu- 
ary, 1815 — the last of the direct male representatives of the House 
of Kintail. The remainder of the old Kintail estate was sold by his 

1 For an account of the founding of the Roman Catholic Mission in Kintail 
see page 73. 


grandson, Keith William Stewart-Mackenzie, in 1869, and the last 
■connecting link between the Seaforth family and Kintail was thus 
finally severed. 

With the severing of the old Seaforth connection, there came 
other changes also, changes of an unavoidable nature, which were 
only a part of the great social change which, during the last 
hundred years, has gradually transformed, either for better 
or worse, the circumstances and the condition of the people of the 
Highlands. Farms on a larger scale were let to strangers from 
the South ; sheep took the place of cattle. The Bmaller tenants 
were gradually dispossessed of their holdings in order to make 
way for lai-ge sheep farms, and in many instances poverty was the 
result. Those who had attained to middle age in the midst of the 
free and primitive surroundings to which they had hitherto been 
xiccustomed, could not be expected to take kindly to a change 
either of abode or occupation, and when they left the country in 
search of a new horn i, as many of them did, it was only to 
experience failure, disappointment, and poverty. 

The young and the enterprising emigrated in large numbers, 
chiefly to Canada, and between 1831 and 1841 there began a 
steady decrease of the population, which has continued ever since. 
The decrease of population, however, is not to be attributed solely 
to the formation of large farms. It was observed during the 
early decades of the present century that the spread of education 
and the increased facilities of communication with the South 
induced many of the more enterprising young people to seek 
opportunities of improving their circumstances elsewhere. This 
is equally true at the present time, and small though the popula- 
tion is, positions of honour and trust, both at home and abroad, 
are occupied by more than one of the sons of Kintail, who could 
have found no possible career in their own native parish. 

It has already been mentioned that the old church in Kintail 
was destroyed in 1719. Another church w r as built some time 
afterwards. Part of the roof of this church fell in during divine 
service on Sunday, the 7th October, 1855, without injuring any 
one. It was then declared unsafe, and the present church built. 
The following is a list of the ministers of Kintail since the Refor- 
mation, with the dates of the commencement of their ministry : — 


John Murchison (Reader) ----- 1574 

Murdoch Murchison ------ 1614 

Farquhar Macrae - - - - - -1618 

Donald Macrae ------- 1662 

Donald Macrae - - - - - - -1681 

John Maclean ------- 1730 

Donald Maclean - - - - - 1774 

Roderick Morison - ' - - - - 1781 

James Morison - - - - - - -1825 

Roderick Morison - - - - - - 1877 

Roderick Mackenzie ------ 1898 

The Free Church principles of the Disruption of 1843 did not 
meet with much favour in Kintail, which is one of the very few 
Ross-shire parishes in which the Free Church has no place of 
worship. The failure of the Free Church movement in Kintail 
was, to a certain extent, owing to the traditional dislike of the 
people to the Whigs with whom they believed the movement to 
be in some measure associated ; but the chief cause was the 
popularity of the two parish ministers of the time, the Rev. James 
Morrison of Kintail and the Rev. John Macrae of Glensheil, whose 
fathers, as ministers of the same two parishes, had succeeded in 
winning the people over to the Presbyterian Church, and who 
were themselves, both of them, men of ability and sound judg- 
ment, and of light and leading among the people with whom, by 
family and other associations, they had been so long connected. 

The Roman Catholic Mission, which is still conducted in Kin- 
tail, was founded, as already mentioned, 1 by the Rev. Alexander, 
son of the Rev. John Macrae, last Episcopalian minister of Ding- 
wall. For many years the mission was conducted by priests who 
visted the country from time to time, but towards the close of the 
last century a native of Kintail, the Rev. Christopher Macrae, was 
appointed priest in charge, and since then there has been a regular 
succession of priests resident at Dornie. The present priest in 
charge is the Rev. Archibald Chisholm. The handsome Roman 
Catholic premises at Dornie w r ere built by the late Duchess of Leeds, 
and consist of a church, presbytery, convent, and school. The 
church, which is dedicated to Saint Duthac, was opened in 1861. 

Although the district of Glensheil was made into a separate 
parish in 1726, and a minister appointed in 1730; there was no 

i Page 73. 



permanent church built until 1758, when the present Church was 
erected. The following is a list of the ministers of Glensheil, with 
the dates of the commencement of their ministry : — 

John Beton (or Bethune) 
John Macrae 
John Macrae 
Farquhar Maciver 
Alexander Matheson - 
Duncan Macrae - 


There is now a Free Church in the parish of Glensheil, which was 
built in 1865. The first minister of it was the Rev. Angus Mac- 
kay, and he was succeeded by the Rev. Kenneth Macrae, who was 
ordained in 1898. 

Population of Kintail and Glensheil at various periods : — ■ 
Kintail. Glensheil. Total. 

1755 .. 




1790 .. 




1801 .. 




1811 .. 




1821 .. 




1831 .. 




1841 .. 




1851 .. 




1861 .. 




1871 .. 




1881 .. 




1891 .. 







I. Descent of Margaret Mackenzie, first wife of Alexander Macrae 
of Inverinate (page 70) : — 

EDWARD I. of England had, by his second wife, Margaret, 
daughter of Philip III. of France, a son, 

1. Edmund Plantagenet, who married Margaret, daughter of 
John, Lord Wake, and was beheaded in 1329. He had a daughter, 

2. Joan, the " Fair Maid of Kent," who died in 1385. She 
married Sir Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, and afterwards the 
Black Prince. By Sir Thomas Holland she had 

3. Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, w T ho married Alice Fitzalan, 
and died in 1397. He had a daughter, 

4. Margaret, who married John Beaufort (died 1410), son of 
John of Gaunt, son of Edward III., and had a daughter, 

5. Jane Beaufort, who married King James I. uf Scotland, 
and, secondly, Sir James Stewart, the "Black Knight of Lorn." 
She died in 1445, leaving by her second marriage a son, 

6. John Stewart, first Earl of Athole, who married, first, 
Margaret, daughter of Archibald, fifth Earl of Douglas. He 
married, secondly, Eleanor, daughter of William Sinclair, Earl of 
Orkney, and died in 1512. By his second marriage he had a son, 

7. John Stewart, second Earl of Athole, killed at Flodden in 
1513. He married Mary, daughter of Archibald Campbell, 
second Earl of Argyll (killed at Flodden), son of Colin Campbell, 
first Earl of Argyll (died 1493), son of Archibald Campbell (died 
before his father), son of Sir Duncan Campbell (died 1453), by his 
wife, Marjory Stewart, daughter of Robert, Duke of Albany, 
Regent of Scotland (died 1420), son of Robert II. (died 1390), 



son of Walter, Lord High Steward of Scotland, by his wife 
Marjory, daughter of Robert Bruce (died 1329). By his 
marriage with Mary Campbell, John, Earl of Athole, had a 

8. Elizabeth Stewart, who married Kenneth Mackenzie, 
tenth Baron of Kintail, who died in 1568, leaving a younger son, 

9. Roderick Mackenzie, first of Redcasrie, who married 
Florence, daughter of Robert Munro of Fowlis, and died shortly 
after 1608. He had, with other issue, Colin, of whom below, and 
a son, 

10. Murdoch Mackenzie, second of Redcastle, who, in 1599, 
married Margaret, daughter of William Rose, eleventh of Kil- 
ravock, and died before 1629. He had, with other issue, Finguala, 
of whom below, and 

11. Margaret, who married Alexander Macrae of Inverinate. 

II. Descent of Mary Mackenzie, second wife of Alexander Macrae 
of Inverinate (page 70), from Jane Beaufort (No. 5 in the 
first Table). 

Jane Beaufort, as mentioned above, married, first, James I. 
of Scotland (died 1437), son of Robert III. (died 1406), son of 
Robert II. (died 1390), son of Marjory, daughter of Robert 
Bruce. By this marriage Jane Beaufort had a daughter, 

6. Annabella, who married George Gordon, second Earl of 
Huntty (died 1502), and had a son, 

7. Alexander Gordon, third Earl of Huntly, who commanded 
the left wing of the Scottish army at Flodden in 1513, married 
Joan, daughter of John Stewart, first Earl of Athole (No. 6 in the 
above Table), by his first marriage, and died in 1524. He had a 

8. John Gordon, who married Margaret, natural daughter of 
King James IV. by Margaret, daughter of John Lord Drummond, 
and died before his father, leaving a son, 

9. George Gordon, fourth Earl of Huntly, " the most power- 
ful subject in Scotland," who was killed at Corrichie, near Aberdeen, 
in 1562. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert, Lord 
Jieith, who was killed at Flodden, and had a daughter, 


10. Elizabeth Gordon, who married John Stewart, fourth Earl 
of Athole (died 1579), and had a daughter, 

11. Elizabeth Stewart, who married Hugh Fraser, Lord Lovat 
(died 1576), and had a daughter, 

12. Anne Fraser, who married Hector Munro of Fowlis (died 
1603), and had a daughter, 

13. Margaret Munro, who married Alexander Mackenzie of 
Dochmaluag, Strathpeff'er (died 1636), and had a daughter, 

14. Mart Mackenzie, who married Alexander Macrae of Inver- 

III. Descent of Agnes Mackenzie, first wife of the Rev. John Mac- 
rae of Dingwall (page 145), progenitor of the Conchra family, 
from Roderick Mackenzie of Redcastle (No. 9 in the first 
Table) :— 

Roderick Mackenzie of Redcastle had, as mentioned above, 
a younger son, 

10. Colin Mackenzie, first of Kincraig, who married Catherine 
(sasine to her, 15 Sept., 1617), daughter of the Rev. John Mac- 
kenzie of Dingwall, and had a daughter, 

11. Agnes, who married, as his first wife, the Rev. John Macrae 
of Dingwall. 

IV. Descent of Flora Gillanders, wife of John Macrae (page 179), 
from Murdoch Mackenzie of Redcastle (No. 10 in the first 

Murdoch Mackenzie, second of Redcastle, had, as mentioned 
above, a daughter, 

11. Finguala Mackenzie, who married Roderick Mackenzie, 
first of Applecross (died 1646), and had a son, 

12. John Mackenzie, second of Applecross (sasine 1663), 
married a daughter of Hugh Fraser, third of Belladrnm, and had 
a son, 

13. Kenneth Mackenzie, first of Auldenny, married Isabel, 
daughter of John Matheson of Bennetsfield, by Mary, daughter of 
the Rev. Donald Macrae of Kintail (p. 162), and had a son, 

14. Roderick Mackenzie, second of Auldenny (sasine 1709), 


married Margaret (or Catherine), daughter of Simon Mackenzie of 
Torridon, and had a daughter, 

15. Janet Mackenzie, who married John Mackenzie, of the 
Dochmaluag family, and had a son, 

16. Kenneth Mackenzie, of Torrancullin, near Kinlochewe 
(died 1837), who married Kate Mackenzie, of the Torridon family 
(died 1848), and had a daughter, 

17. Margaret Mackenzie, who was born in 1797, and died at 
Strathpeffer, 1888. She married Alexander Gillanders, born at 
Kishorn, 1792, died at Strathpeffer, 1877, and had, with other 

18. Flora Gillanders, who married John Macrae. 




I. Kenneth, or in Gaelic, Coinneach, who gave their name 
to the great Clan of Claim Choinnich or Mackenzie. He married 
Morbha, daughter of Alexander Macdougall of Lorn. Kenneth 
died in 1304, and was buried in Iona. He was succeeded by 
his son, 

II. John, the first of the race, who was called Mackenzie, led 
500 of his vassals at Bannockburn in 1314. He married Margaret, 
daughter of David de Strathbogie, Earl of Atholl, by Joan, 
daughter of the Red Comyn who was killed by Robert Bruce in 
1306. John died in 1328, and was succeeded by his son, 

III. Kenneth, known as Coinneach na Sroine (Kenneth of 
the Nose), who was executed by the Earl of Ross at Inverness in 
1346. He was succeeded by his son, 

IV. Murdoch, called Murachadh Dubh na' h'Uaigh (Black 
Murdoch of the Cave). He died in 1375, and was succeeded by 
his son, 

V. Murdoch, called Murachadh na Drochaid (Murdoch of 
the Bridge). It was in his and his son's time that Fionnla 
Dubh Mac Gillechriosd, the founder of the Clan Macrae of 
Kintail, lived. He died in 1416, and was succeeded by his son, 

VI. Alexander, called Alister Ionraic (Alexander the Upright) 
to whom, during his minority, Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd 
was guardian. He died in 1488, and was succeeded by his son, 

VII. Kenneth, called Coinneach a Bhlair (Kenneth of the 
Battle). He died in 1491, and was succeeded by his son, 

VIII. Kenneth, who was treacherously killed by the Laird 
of Buchanan, in 1497, and was succeeded by his brother, 


IX. John, of Killin, who fought at Flodden in 1513, and at 
Pinkie in 1547. He died in 1561, and was succeeded by his son, 

X. Kenneth, called Coinneach na Cuirc (Kenneth of the 
Whittle). He died in 1568, and was succeeded by his son, 

XI. Colin, called Cailean Cam (One-eyed Colin). He died 
in 1594, and was succeeded by his son, 

XII. Kenneth, Lord Mackenzie of Kin tail. He died in 1611, 
and was succeeded by his son, 

XIII. Colin, first Earl of Seaforth. He died in 1633, and was 
succeeded by his brother, 

XIV. George, second Earl of Seaforth, a leading Royalist in 
the Civil War, died in Holland in 1651, and was succeeded by 
his son, 

XV. Kenneth, third Earl of Seaforth, called Coinneach Mor 
(Big Kenneth), also a firm Royalist. He died in 1678, and was 
succeeded by his son, 

XVI. Kenneth, fourth Earl of Seaforth, died in Paris in 1701, 
and was succeeded by his son, 

XVII. William, fifth Earl of Seaforth, known as Uilleam Dubh 
a Chogidh (Black William of the War). For the prominent part 
he took in the Jacobite Rising of 1715, he was attainted, and 
his estates forfeited. He died in Lews in 1740, and was 
succeeded by his son, 

XVIII. Kenneth, for whom the estates were bought from the 
Crown in 1741, and who was known by the courtesy title of Lord 
Fortrose. He was the Seaforth of the time of Prince Charles, but, 
notwithstanding his well-known Jacobite sympathies, he considered 
it more prudent to remain loyal to the House of Hanover. He 
died in London in 1761, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

XIX. Kenneth, created Baron Ardelve and Earl Seaforth 
(Ireland). He died near St Helena in 1781 while on the way to 
India as Colonel of the old 78th Regiment, raised by him on his 
own estates, and now known as the 1st Battalion of the Seaforth 
Highlanders. He left no male issue. He was succeeded by 

XX. Thomas Frederick Mackenzie -Humberston, Colonel of 
the Hundredth Foot, son of William, son of Alexander, son of 
Kenneth, third Earl of Seaforth. He was killed in India'in 1783, 
and, leaving no issue, was succeeded by his brother, 


XXI. Francis Humberston Mackenzie, created Lord Seaforth 
of the United Kingdom. He sold the greater portion of the Kin- 
tail estates, died in 1815 without surviving male issue, and was 
succeeded, by his daughter, 

XXII. Mary Elizabeth Fredrica, who married, first, Admiral 
Sir Samuel Hood, without issue. She married, secondly, the 
Honourable James Alexander Stewart, with issue, and died at 
Brahan in 1862. She was succeeded by her son, 

XXIII. Keith William Stewart Mackenzie, who sold what 
remained of Kintail in 1869. He died in 1881, and was succeeded 
by his son, 

XXIV. James Alexander Francis Humberston Stewart- 
Mackenzie, Colonel of the Ninth Lancers, and lineal representa- 
tive of the Earls of Seaforth. 

When Francis Humberston Mackenzie, Lord Seaforth, died 
without surviving male issue, in 1815, there was no known male 
representative left of any head of the house of Kintail since 
Kenneth, Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, who died in 1611. Kenneth 
had seven sons, but the male issue of the first six had, so far as 
known, become extinct. The seventh son was 

Simon, of Lochslin, who died in 1666, having had, with other 
issue — 

Simon, who died in 1664, leaving an only son, 

Simon, first of Allangrange, who died in 1730, and was 
succeeded by his son, 

George, second of Allangrange, who died in 1773, and was 
succeeded by his son, 

John, third of Allangrange, who died in 1812, and was 
succeeded by his son, 

(xxn.) George Falconer, who was served heir male to the 
House of Kintail in 1829. He died in 1841, and was succeeded 
by his son, 

(xxiii.) John Falconer, fifth of Allangrange, who died 
unmarried, in 1849, and was succeeded by his brother, 

(xxiv.) James Fowler, now of Allangrange, lineal representa- 
tive of the Chiefs of the great Clan Mackenzie, and heir male to 
the dormant honours and ancient titles of the historic family of 



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Neather Mamaig ... 

Coridhoin ... 

Keppoch Mickle 


Little Keppoch 

Clinbow [beloiv C 


Half Craigag (?) 





U])per Killillan 
Neather Killillan 
Keillins (?)... 
Achig Chuirn 
Upper Mamaig 

For half of Craiga 








Donald M'Ley "\ 

Murdo M'Coilire | 

Donald M'Coilvue 

Alexander M*Rae ... ... J 

Duncan M'Rae 

Donald M'Aulay 

Rory M'Rae 

James Mackenzie ... 

Kenneth M'Ean vie Illeehallim ... 

John M'Conchie 

George Mackenzie ... 

Christopher MacRae ... 1 

Farquhar MacRae ... ... / 

Murdo M'Crae 

John M'Crae 
Alexander M'Crae ... 
Murdo Murchison ... 
Duncan M'Crae ... 
Finlay M'Crae 

Finlay M'Crae, above mentioned, 1 
and Kennith M'Crae ... j 

Alexander M'Crae ... 

Alexander M'Crae ... ... j 

Duncan M'Crae 
Donald M'lllichallum 

Murdoch M'Rea 

John Bane M'Ra, for half, with 
Murdo M'Ra 



The following Macraes were landholders in the parish of. 
Lochalsh in 1718, and paid together, with other dues, the under- 
mentioned rents : — 

Alexander M'Cra, wadset of Conchra, &c, for 4000 marks — 

feu-duty (Scots) £106 13 4 

Duncan M'Cra - Innerskinnaig [near Conchra) 73 6 8 

Duncan M'Cra --'--. Ardelve - - - - 7768 

Donald Macra - Ardelve - - - - 77 6 8 

HughM'Ra ... - Salchy - 88 18 

Rental of Seaforth Estates- 
Alexander M'Rath, - 
Malcolm M'Rath 
John M'Rath .... 
John M'Rath .... 

Christopher M'Rath - 

The Widow, Alexander Mac- \ 

Challan, and Duncan M'Rath/ 
Duncan MacMillan - 
Rorie MacLinan 
Mr John Beaton, Minister of f 

Letterfearn - - - \ 
Christopher M'Rath - 
Kenneth M'Rath, Alexander ~l 

M'Rath, John's son,andAlex- >- 

ander, Christopher's son j 

Donald M'Rath's widow, Finlay ) 

Roy M'Rath / 

Donald Oig M'Rath - 
Duncan M'Rath 
Donald M'Rath, Christopher ~\ 

M'Rath- - - - / 
Duncan M'Rath Alexander Roy\ 

M'Rath- - J 

Donald M'Rath, Farquhar") 

M'Rath- / 

John M'Rath, Alexander M'Rath 
Donald Derg Maclennan, John \ 

and Donald Buy M'Lennan J 
Alexander M'Lennan, Donald\ 

Maclennan, Donald M'Leod / 
Duncan M'Lennan, Farquharl 

M'Lennan, Donald M'Rath J 
Four Tenants - 
Mr John M'Lean, Minister of ) 

Crowe - - - - / 

-Kintail and Glensheil, 1756 : — 

Aryugan -- 

Cambusnagawl -- \- 
Ardintowl - - / 
Dall .... 
/ Easter and Wester Drui- \ 
I daig, Glenundalan J 

Westei Achintyart 

Easter Achintyart 

Leckichan, Muck, Achi- \ 

gichuirn - - / 

Kikhuinort - - - 

Little Ratagan 

Meikle Ratagan 



Easter Achiguran 

Wester Achiguran 
Innersheall - 

Little Achiyark 

Meikle Achiyark 
Lienassie, &c. - 




























2211 4 8 



































Three Tenants - 
Farquhar M'Rath 

Alister, Farquhar's son, Alister, ' 

John's son - 
Duncan M'Rath 
John Cuthbert, Fiulay Beg 
Three Tenants 
Five Tenants - 
Two Tenants - 
Donald M'Rath 
Alexander M'Rath, &c. 
Christopher M'Rath - 
Duncan M'Rath 
Duncan M'Rath 
Three Tenants - 
Duncan M'Rath 


Ardhullich (?) 

- £2501 



Little Inverinate - 




Meikle Inverinate - 




Leault - 




Little Keppoch 








Dornie - 








Cambuslynie - 



Nether Mamaig 



Duilig - 




Fadoch - 




Upper Killilan 



Nether Killilan 







The following Macraes appear on the Rental Roll for Loch- 


Alexander M'Rath 
John M'Rath - 
Hector M'Rath 

Altnasou and Dronaig 



£2912 1 4 
3413 4 
2704 5 8 




The Feadan Dubh, or Black Chanter of Kintail, which, for several 
generations, was one of the heirlooms of the Mackenzies of Kintail, 
is now in the possession of Lieutenant Colin William MacRae l of 
the Black Watch. A full description of the chanter and the 
drones accompanying it appeared in the Inverness Courier of the 
29th May, 1894, from which the following account is mainly taken. 

The chanter is considered to be much older than the drones, 
and the note holes are very much worn. It was badly broken at 
some time or another, and is now held together by no less than 
seven silver rings. The two top rings have engraved on them the 
words, "A smeorach aigharach" (the merry thrush). The other 
rings have "ScnrOrain," the slogan of the Macraes; "Caisteal 
Donain," " Cinntaille," " Loch-Duich," and on the bottom ring 
"Tulloch Aird," the slogan of the Mackenzies. On the chanter 
stock is fixed a stag's head and horns in silver, the Mackenzie 
crest, surmounted by a baron's coronet, and underneath it the 
inscription, " Lord Seaforth, Baron Mackenzie, High Chief of 
Kintail, 1797," and below this inscription the words, "Tulloch 

The stock of the blowpipe has the following inscription : — 
" This silver-mounted black ebony set of bagpipes, with the Feadan 
Dubh Chintaille, was the property of Lord Seaforth, Baron Mac- 
kenzie, High Chief of Kintail, 1797," and on the blowpipe itself 
is the figure of a Highlander, in silver, in full costume, with drawn 
claymore, surmounted by the motto, "0 Thir nam Beann " (from 
the land of the mountains). 

l Page 159. 


The stock of the big drone has the following inscription : — . 
"From Lord Seaforth, Baron Mackenzie, High Chief of Kintail, 
to Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Macra, K.C.H., of Ardmtoul, Kin- 
tail, late 79th Cameron Highlanders." The big drone has three 
shields, and the top shield has the following inscription: — "All 
Highland bagpipes, till after the Battle of Waterloo, had but two 
or three short or treble drones." The second shield has, " Lieut. - 
Colonel Sir John Macra, K.C.H., late 79th Cameron Highlanders, 
was the first to introduce (and it was on this set of pipes) the use 
of a big or bass drone ; " and the third shield has, " The big or 
bass drone was pronounced a great improvement in the harmony 
and volume of sound." 

The stock of the second drone has the following : — " From 
Lieut.-Colonel Sir John Macra, K.C.H., to his nephew, Captain 
Archibald Macra Chisholm, late 42nd Royal Highlanders, the 
Black Watch." The shield on the second drone has, "The intro- 
duction of the big or bass drone was approved, and the example 
was soon followed in the making of military bagpipes." 

The stock of the third drone has the following inscription : — 
•"From Captain A. M. Chisholm, late 42nd Royal Highlanders, Black 
Watch, FreicadanDubh to ('present possessor ). The shield on thethird 
-drone has " Lieut.-Col. Sir John Macra was an excellent performer 
on the bagpipes. He made pipes and chanters ; and when military 
.secretary to his relative, the Marquis of Hastings, Viceroy of 
India, he taught the natives of India to play on the Highland 

Captain Archibald Macra Chisholm was put in possession of 
.the Kintail bagpipes soon after the death of his uncle, Sir John 
Macra, in 1847. When the late Keith Stewart-Mackenzie, of Sea- 
forth and Brahan Castle, became aware of this, in 1849, he wrote 
. to Captain Chisholm expressing his most anxious desire to possess 
this old Mackenzie heirloom. He made a handsome offer for 
them, but Captain Chisholm declined it. Captain Chisholm was 
himself an excellent performer on the bagpipes, and for over thirty 
years acted as judge of pipe music at the Northern Meetings in 
Inverness. Some time before his death, which occurred on the 
19th October, 1897, while this book was in the press, he presented 
the Kintail bagpipes to his cousin, Lieutenant Colin William 
MacRae, as already mentioned. 



The following poems are given as specimens of the language and 
poetry of the Macraes, and as illustrations of their social, political, 
and religious views in olden times : — 

This song, composed by Fearachar Mac Ian Oig, during his 
exile (page 188), was given to the author in 1890 by Alexander 
Macmillan, Dornie. It is given also in The Transactions of the 
Gaelic Society of Inverness, Leaves from My Celtic Portfolio, by 
Mr A. W. Mackenzie. 

Cha ne direadh na bruthaich 
Dh'fhag mo shiubhal gun treoir. 

Na teas ri la greine 

'Nuair a dh' eireadh i oirnn. 

Laidh a' sneachd so air m' fheusaig 
'Us cha leir dhomh mo bhrog. 

'S gann is leir dhomh ni 's fhaisge, 
Ceann a bhata nam dhorn. 

Se mo thigh mor na ci'eagan, 
Se mo dhaingean gach frog. 

Se mo thubhailte m' osan, 
Se me chopan mo bhrog. 

Ge do cheanaichinn am buideal 
Cha 'n fhaigh mi cuideachd 'ni ol. 

'S ged a cheanaichinn a' seipein 
Cha 'n fhaigh mi creideas a' stoip. 

Ged a dh' fhadinn an teine, 
Chi fear foille dheth ceo. 

'S i do nighean-sa Dhonnachaidh 
Chuir an iomagain so oirnn. 


Te 'g am beil an cul dualach 
guallainn gu brog. 

Te 'g am beil an cul bachlach 
'S a dhreach mar an t'or. 

Dheoin Dia cha bhi gillean 
Biut a' mire 's mi beo. 

Ged nach deaninn dhut fidhe 
Bhiodh iasg a's sitheinn ma d'bhord. 

'S truagh nach robh mi 's tu 'ghaolach 
Anns an aonach 'm bi 'n ceo. 

Ann am bothan beag barraich 
'S gun bhi mar rium ach d' fheoil. 

Agus paisdean beag leinibh 
A cheileadh ar gloir, 

'S mi a shnamhadh an caolas 
Air son faoilteachd do bheoil. 

Nuair a thigeadh am foghar 
Be mo roghainn bhi falbh, 

Leis a' ghunna nach diultadh 
'S leis an fhudar dhu-ghorm. 

Nuair a gheibhinn cead frithe 
Bho 'n righ 's bho 'n iarl og, 

Gum biodh fuil an daimh chabraich 
Ruith le altaibh mo dhorn, 

Agus fuil a bhuic bhiorich 
Sior shileadh feadh feoir. 

Ach 's i do nighean-sa Dhonnachaidh 
'Chuir an iomagain so oirnri. 

It is not the climbing of the hills that has made my walk 
listless. Nor the heat of a sunny day when it rose upon us. 
The snow has settled on my beard, and I cannot see my shoe. 
Hardly can I see, nearer still, the head of the staff in my hand. 
The rocks are my big house, and the holes are my stronghold. 
My hose is my towel, my shoe is my drinking cup. If I were to 
buy a bottle, I could get no company to drink it. If I were 
to buy a chopin, I should not get credit for a stoup. If I were to 
light a fire, some treacherous man would see the smoke. It was 
your daughter, Duncan, that brought this anxiety upon us. She 


who has beautiful hair from her shoulders down to her shoe. She 
who has curling hair of the hue of gold. God forbid that young 
men should make love to you while I live. Though I cannot 
weave for you, yet there would be fish and venison on your table. 
Would that you were with me, my love, on the hill of the mist. 
In a small brushwood hut with no one with me but you. And a 
little child that would not betray our talk. I would (gladly) 
swim the ferry for a welcome from your mouth. When the 
autumn would come, my desire would be to wander with a gun 
that would not miss fire, and with dark blue gunpowder. When I 
should receive permission for the forest from the King and the 
young Earl, the blood of the antlered stag would flow by the skill 
of my hand, and the blood of the roe-buck would flow continually 
into the grass. But your daughter, Duncan, has brought this 
anxiety upon us. 


The following lament on Ian Breac Mac Mhaighster Fearachar 
(page 170) was taken down by Mr Alexander Macrae, farmer, 
Ardelve (page 166), from the recitation of Mr Duncan Macrae, 
Ardelve (page 183), and communicated to the author in 1896. 
The author of this poem is unknown : — - 

Gu 'm beil m' inntinn se trom, 
'Us cha sheinnear leum fonn 
Thionndaidh disne rium lorn 
'S na clairibh. 

Gu 'm beil m' aigneadh fo ghruaim, 
'S cian gur fada o'n uair 
M'an aitreabh 's an d'fhuair 
Mi m' arach. 

An deigh cinneadh mo ruin 
Air an d' imich an cliu, 
'S trie mi 'n ionad fir dhiubh 
O'n dh' fhas mi. 

Cha b'e bhi 'n dubhar gun ghrein 
Fath mo mhulad gu leir, 
Thuit mi cumha luchd speis 
Mo mhanrain. 


'S ann sa chlachan od shios 
Dh' fhag sinn ceannas nan cliar 
'S am fear buile na 'n iarrta 
'N airidh. 

Duin' uasal mo ghaoil 
Chaidh a bhualladh le aog 
'S ann 'n ad ghnuis a bha aoidh 
A chairdeas. 

'S n' am b' fhear ealaidh mi fein 
Mar mo bharail gu geur 
'S ann ort a b' fhurasd dhomh ceatachd 

Gu n robh geurchuis ni's leor 
Ann an eudan an t' sheoid 
'S bu cheann reite do ghloir 
An Gailig. 

'S mor an gliocas 's an ciall 
Chaidh sa chiste leat sios, 
Thug sud itean a sgiath 
An alaich. 

Bhun an geamhradh rinn teann 
Cha robh aoibhneas dhuinn ann 
'S neo shubhach an gleann 
Bhon la sin. 

'S lorn an snaidheadh bhon tuath 
Bhi cuir Ian san uaigh 
'S bochd a naigheachd do thuath 

Tha do chinneadh fo ghruaim 
Dol air linne leat suas, 
Air an tilleadh bu chruidh leo 
D' fhagail. 

Tha do dheirbhleinean broin 
Mar ghair sheillein an torr 
'N deigh na mel, na mar eoin 
Gun mhathair. 

Nise 's turseach an eigh 
Gun am furtachd ac fhein 
'S mor a thuiteas dhuibh 'n deigh 
Do laithean. 


'S mor an aireamh, 's a chall 
Cha do thearuinn mi aim 
'S cia mar thearnas mi 'n am 
A phaidhidh. 

Ghillean glacibh se ciall 
Tha n ur cuid air an t sheibh 
'S iommadh fear bhios ag iarridh 
Fath air. 

Tha na taice 's na treoir 

Ann an caol chiste bhord 

Anns a chlachan an Cro 


Tha do cheile fo sprochd 
'S i neo eibhin gun toirt, 
Rinn creuchdan a lot 
Gun tearneadh. 

B' fhiach a h' uidheam sa pris 
Fhad 's a luighigeadh dh' i 
Gus na ghuidheadh le Righ 
N an gras thu. 

A Mhic Mhoire nan gras 
A dhoirt d'fhuil air nar sgath 
Gu 'm a duineil 'n a aite 

Heavy minded am I, nor can I raise the song (of gladness), the 
die has fallen for me inauspiciously as to its sides. My mind is in 
sadness, and for a long time, on account of the home in which I 
was reared. On account of my beloved clan, whose fame has 
travelled far, often have I been in the place of some of them 
since I grew up. Being in a sunless shade is not the sole cause of 
my sadness, I have fallen into mourning for those who are the 
esteemed ones of my mirth. It was down in that graveyard that 
we left the chief of the heroes, and the head of the township if 
they were being counted. My beloved nobleman, who has been 
struck by death, in thy face was the expression of friendliness. If 
I were a man of talent, keen as to my wit, it would be easy for 
me to record thy praises. There was intelligence enough in the 
face of the hero, and a subject of agreement would be thy praises 
in Gaelic. Great is the wisdom and the understanding; that went 


down with thee in thy coffin, this has plucked feathers from 
the wing of thy tribe. The winter visited us severely, there was 
no pleasure for us in it, and joyless is the glen since that day. A 
keen bereavement for the people, putting John in the grave ; sad 
tidings for the tenantry of Kin tail. Sad were thy clansmen as 
they carried thee West on the water, hard for them was it to 
have left thee as they returned. Thy sad orphans are like the 
noise of bees on a mound for their honey, or like fledglings with- 
out a mother. Sad now is their cry without a time of comfort 
for them ; many of them will fall after thy days. Great is their 
number, nor did I escape the loss, how can I be saved in the day 
of reckoning (or rent paying). Young men, be prudent, your pro- 
perty (cattle) is on the mountain ; many a man will try to take 
advantage of it. Our support and strength is in a narrow wooden 
coffin in the graveyard in Cro of Kintail. Thy wife is downcast, 
joyless, listless, wounded with sores from which she had no escape. 
Prosperous were her surroundings and her lot as long as thou wast 
vouchsafed to her, until thou wast asked for by the King of 
Grace. Son of Mary of Grace, who shed Thy blood for our sake, 
may his boys be worthy of his place. 


The following Lament for Murdoch Macrae of Inverinate, who 
was killed in Glenlic (page 84), is still well known in Kintail. It 
is given in The Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 
(Vol. VIII. ), Leaves from My Celtic Portfolio, by Mr William 
Mackenzie. l The author is not known : — 

Si sealg geamhraidh Ghl inn-Lie 
A dh' fhag greann oirn trie 'us gruaim, 
'N t-og nach robh teann 's a bha glic 
'S an teampull fo'n lie 's an uaigh. 

A cheud Aoine de 'n geamhradh fhuar 
'S daor a phaigh sinn buaidh na sealg, 
An t-og bo chraobhaiche snuagh 
Na aonar bhuainn 'us fhaotainn marbh. 

1 On page 383, line 8, for Mr A. W. Mackenzie read Mr William Mackenzie. 


Tional na sgire gu leir 
Ri siubhal sleibh 's ri falbh bheann 
Fad sgios nan coig latha deug 
'S am fear direach treun air chall. 

Murachadh donn-gheal mo run 
Bu mhin-suil 's bu leannan mnai 
A ghnuis anus an robh am ball-seire 
'S a bha tearc air thapadh laimh. 

Chuala mise clarsach theud, 
'S fiodhall do rear a co-sheinn — 
Cha chuala 's cha chluinn gu brath 
Ceol na b' fhearr na do bheul binn, 

Bu tu marbhaich' bhalla-bhric-bhain, 
Le morbh fhada dhireach gheur, 
Le cuilbheir bhristeadh tu cnaimh 
'S bu shilteach fo d' laimh na feidh. 

Bhean uasal a thug dhut gaol 
Nach bi chaoidh na h-uaigneas slan, 
'S truagh le me chluasan a gaoir 
Luaithead 's tha 'n snaim sgaoilt le de' bhas. 

Gur tuirsach do chaomh bhean og . 

'S i sileadh nan deoir le gruaidh 

'S a spionadh a fuilt le dorn 

Sior chumha nach beo do shnuagh. , . 

'S tursach do chinneadh mor deas 
Ga d' shireadh an ear 's an iar 
'S an t-og a b' fhiughantaich beachd 
Ri slios glinne marbh 's an t-sliabh. 

Tha Crathaich nam buailtean bo 
Air 'n sgaradh ro-mhor mu d'eug, 
Do thoir bho bheatha cho og 
A ghaisgich ghlan choir nam beus. 

'S tuirseach do sheachd braithrean graidh 
Am parson ge hard a leugh 
Thug e, ge tuigseach a cheard, 
Aona bharr-tuirs air each gu leir. 

Bho thus dhiubh Donnachadh nam Pios, 

Gillecriosd 's an dithis de'n chleir, 

Fearachar agus Ailean Donn, 

Uisdean a bha trom 'n ad dheigh. ■ ■ '■•••■ i* : 'i 


'S math am fear rannsaichidh 'n t-aog, 
'S e maor e thaghas air Jeth, 
Bheir e leis an t-og gun ghiauih 
'S fagaidh e 'in fear liath ro shean. 

The winter hunt in Glenlic has made us often shudder in our 
sadness about the youth who was not parsimonious, yet was pru- 
dent, now lying in a grave under a stone in the temple. The first 
Friday of the cold winter dearly did we pay for the success of our 
hunt — the young man of most comely appearance alone missing, 
and to be found dead. All the people of the parish searching on 
moor and mountain during the weariness of fifteen days, for the 
athletic brave man who was missing. The fair complexioned 
Murdoch of my choice, of gentle eye, the beloved of woman, of a 
countenance with the expression of kindness, and rare for prowess 
of arm. I have heard the stringed harp and the violin in harmony 
playing with it, I have neither heard, nor shall ever hear sweeter 
music than (the converse of) thy melodious mouth. Thou couldst 
kill speckled white trout, with long straight and sharp spear ; 
thou couldst break bones with the gun, and the deer bled freely 
at your hand. The gentle woman who gave thee her love, and 
who can never be well in her solitude — it pains my ears to hear 
her lamenting how soon the marriage knot has been undone by 
thy death. Sad is thy gentle young wife, with tears flowing 
down her cheek, plucking her hair with her hand in bitter 
grief that there is no longer any life in thy countenance. 
Sad was thy great and accomplished clan, searching for thee 
east and west, while the youth of most sympathetic judgment 
was (dead) on the moor on the side of the glen. The Macraes 
of the cattle folds are grievously afflicted by thy death — 
taken out of life so young, thou generous hero of becoming con- 
duct. Sad are thy seven beloved brothers — the parson, though 
profound is his learning, though his office is one of giving comfort, 
yet he surpassed the others in his grief. First among them is 
Duncan of the silver cups, then Christopher and the two clergy- 
men, Farquhar, Allan of the auburn hair, and Hugh, who was sad 
after thee. Death is an excellent searcher, a messenger who 
chooses in a special way, he removes the unblemished young 
man, and leaves the grey-haired and very old man. 



The author of the following poem was Donnachadh nam Pios 
(page 87), writer of the Fernaig MS. It has been transliterated 
from the Fernaig MS. into modern spelling by Professor Mac- 
kinnon. 1 

Aon a rimeadh leis an Sgriobhair air lath a' bhreitheanais. 

Smaoineamar an la fa dheoidh 
Is coir dhuin a dhol eug, 
Smaoineamar peacaidh na h'oig, 
Smaoineamar fos na thig 'n a dheigh. 

Smaoineamar na thig 'n a dheigh. 
Gur e la na mor bhreith ; 
Gach ni rinneadh leinn 's an fheoil 
Cha'n fhaodar na's mo a chleith. 

Cha'n fhaodar na's mo a chleith, 
Maith no sath a rinneadh leinn ; 
'N uair chi sinn Breitheamh nan slogh 
Teachd oirnn s na neoil, tromp 'g a seirm. 

'N uair sheirmear an trompaid mhor, 
Cruinnicheadar na sloigh ma seach ; 
Gach neach a tharlas duibh beo 
Caochlaidh iad an doigh 's am beachd. 

Caochlaidh muir agus tir, 
Caochlaidh gach ni as nuadh, 
Liobhraidh an talamh suas, 
Gach neach a chaidh anns an uir. 

Gach neach a chaidh anns an uir 
Eiridh iadsan 'n an nuadh chorp, 
Is gabhaidh gach anam seilbh 
'S a choluinn cheilg an robh chlosd. 

Nior chlosd an sin do na chuan, 
Gluaiseadar e fa leth ; 
Na bhathadh bho thoiseach tim 
Liobraidh se air chionn na breith. 

Breith bheir buaidh air gach breith ; 
Cha Bhreitheamh leth-bhreitheach an High 
Shuidheas air cathair na breith 
'S a bheir ceart bhreith air gach ti. 

* Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness, Vol. XL 


Gach ti a bha cur ri olc 
Tearbar a nochd air an lamh chli ; 
Cairear air a laimh dheis, 
Gach ti bhios deas air a chinn. 

Gach ti bhios deas air a chinn 
Labhraidh 'm Breitheamh riu gu ceprt ; 
Bho 'n is buidheann bheannaicht' sibh, 
Maitheam-sa dhuibhs' 'n 'ur peac'. 

Maitheam-sa dhuibhs' 'n 'ur peac' ; 
Gabhaidh-s' seilbh cheart 's an rio'chd 
Chomharraich m' Athair bho thos, 
Dhuibhse ann an gloir gun chrich. 

Oir air bhi dhomhsa fo thart, 
Fo fhuachd, fo acras, chum bais, 
'M priosan gun treoir gun neart, 
Dh' fhuasgail sibh ceart air mo chas. 

Air bhi dhomh a'm choigreach cein 
'S a'm thraveller anns gach bail', 
Fhreasdail sibh dhombsa 'n am fheum ; 
Cha robh ar deagh-bheus dhomh gann. 

Ach freagraidh iadsan am Breitheamh, 
Cuin chunnaiceamar sibh fo thart, 
Fo fhuachd, fo acras, chum bais, 
'S a dh' fhuasgail sinn do chas ceart? 

Bheirim-sa dearbhadh dhuibh, — 
Dh' fhuasgail 's gur ann dmbh nach olc, 
Mheud 's gu'n d' rinneadh leibhse dhiol, 
Ri piantaibh mo bhraithre bochd-s'. 

Sin labhraidh 'm breitheamh os n' aird 
Riu fhuair ait' air a laimh chli, 
Imichibh uamsa gu brath, 
Dh' ionnsuidh cais is craidh gun chrich. 

Far am bi 'n t-Abharsair am pein, 
Aingle 's a chleir ah fad, 
Mheud 's nach d' rinneadh leibhse dhiol 
Ri piantaibh mo bhraithre lag-s'. 

Imichidh iad so gu truagh 

Dh' Ifrinn fhuair am bi fuachd is teas, 

Dhoibh-san ge duilich an cas, 

Nior faigh iad bas ann am feasd. 


Ach imichidh buidheann a ghraidh 
A fhuair ait air an lamh dheis 
Do fhlaitheanas nam flath feile ; 
! eibhinn doibh-san an treis. 

! eibhinn doibh-san an treis, 
Eibhinn doibh-san gach ni chi, 
Eibhinn bhi 'n cathair nan gras, 
Eibhinn bhi lathair a Bhreithimh. 

Eibhinn bhi lathair a Bhreithimh, 
Eibhinn a shiochai' 's a bhuaidh ; 
Cha'n fhaodar a chur an ceill 
Meud eibhneis an aite bhuain. 

Eibhneas e nach faca suil, 
Eibhneas e nach cuala cluas, 
Eibhneas e nach teid air chul, 
Dhoibh-san d'an toirear mar dhuais. 

Duais is mo na gach duais, 

Ta shuas air neamh aig mo Righ • 

Eibhinn do gach neach a ghluais, ■ .• .■ t . . 

Air chor's gu'm buaidhaichear i. • " . • 

Air chor's gu'm buadhaichear i 

Smaoneamar air crich an sgeoil, •-.'': '.:.:•:■■ 

. Smaoneamar ar peacaidh bath, 

Smaoneamar an la fa dheoidh. . ■ ..." 

One by the writer on the Day of Judgment. : •". 

Let us meditate on the last day when it must fall to our lot to. 
die, let us meditate on the sins of youth, let us meditate still 
further on what must come hereafter. Let us meditate on what, 
must come hereafter, that is on the great Day of Judgment, when 
nothing done by us in the flesh can any longer be concealed. No 
longer can be concealed the good or the evil done by us, when 
we see the judge of all people coming to us in the clouds, with 
the sound of the trumpet. When the great trumpet is sounded, 
all people shall assemble from every quarter ; those who happen 
to be still alive shall change in manner and in mind. Sea and 
land shall change, all things shall be changed anew, the earth 
shall yield up all who are buried in the dust. All who are buried, 
in the dust shall rise in their new bodies, and each soul shall' 
take possession of the false body in which it formerly rested. 


No rest then for the ocean, it shall be agitated on its own account ; 
all who were drowned from the beginning of time it shall yield 
up for the judgment. A judgment that will surpass every 
judgment; no partial judge is the King who shall sit on the 
judgment seat, and give righteous judgment to all. Those who 
gave themselves up to evil will, on that day, be banished on the 
left hand; on the right hand will be placed those who are prepared 
for His coming. To those who are prepared for His coming 
the Judge will openly say : " Because you are a blessed company 
I will pardon your sins. I will pardon your sins ; take you 
rightful possession of the kingdom set apart from the beginning 
by my Father for you in glory everlasting. For when I was 
thirsty and cold and hungry unto death in prison, without energy 
or strength, you brought true relief to my trouble. Being a 
stranger far away, and a sojourner in many places, you waited 
on me in my necessity ; your deeds of kindness towards me were 
not few." But they will answer the judge, " When did we see 
thee thirsty, cold, and hungry unto death, and brought true 
relief to your trouble ?" "I will give you a proof — you brought 
relief, nor will it be to your hurt, inasmuch as you showed com- 
passion for the suffering of my poor brethren." Then will the 
judge openly speak to those placed on the left hand — " Depart 
from me, for ever, to everlasting trouble and torment ! Where 
the Adversary will continue in torment, together with his angels 
and ministers for ever, inasmuch as you showed no compassion for 
the sufferings of my feeble brethren." Miserably will they depart to 
dismal Hell, where there will be cold and heat ; however agonis- 
ing for them may be their trouble, they can never die there. But 
the company of beloved ones, placed on the right, will depart 
to the paradise of the hospitable princes; Oh! joyful will it be 
for them the while. Oh ! joyful will it be for them the while, 
joyful for them all that they behold, joyful to be in the city of 
grace, joyful to be in the presence of the judge. Joyful to be in 
the presence of the judge, joyful his peace and his glory ; it is 
not possible to declare the greatness of the joy of the everlasting 
place. Joy which eye never beheld, joy which ear never heard, 
joy that will not cease for those to whom it will be given as a 
reward. Greater than all rewards is the reward up in Heaven 
with my King ; joyful for everyone who has so conducted him- 


self as to attain to it. That it may be deserved, let us think of 
the end of the tale, let us think of our deadly sin, let us think 
of the last day. 


The following poem, also by Donnachadh nam Pios, has been 
transliterated from the Fernaig MS. into modern spelling by 
George Henderson, Ph.D. 1 : — 

Gne orain do rinneadh leis a sgriobhair, anno 1688. 

Ta saoghal-sa carail, 

Tha e daondan da 'r mealladh gu geur ; 

Liuthad caochladh tli' air talamh 

Is daoin' air an dalladh le bhreig ; 

Chreic pairt duibh-s' an anam 

'S do chaochlaidh iad barail chionn seud, 

Fhir chaidh ann sa chrarmaig, 

Dhoirt t' fhuil da ar ceannach, 

! aoin Righ Mhoire beannuich nar creud. 

! Atbair nan gras 

Na failing sinne 'nar cruas, 

Ach amhraic oirnn trath 

Le tlaths o d' fhlathas a nuas. 

Mar thug thu le d' mhioraild 

Clann Israel gun dhiobhair sa chuan, 

Dionn t' eaglais da rireadh, 

Ga ghuidh le luchd a mi ruin, 

Bho 'sgriob-s' ta teachd mu' cuairt. 

'S coir dhi-s' a bhi umhailt 

Gad tha i fo dhubh ann san am ; 

Gur h-iad ar peacannan dubhar 

Tharruing oirnn pudhar is call ; 

Ach deanmar trasg agus cumha 

Ris an fhear dh' fhag an t-iubhair sa chrann, 

Chon s' gu 'n ceannsuich e' bhuidheann 

Chleachd an eu-coir as duibhe, 

Mar tha breugan is luighean is feall. 

Dhe churanta laidir 

Dh' alaich muir agus tir, 

Tha thu faicsinn an drasda 

Mar dh' fhailing am prabar-s' an Righ ; 

1 See Leabhar nan Gleann, p. 271. 


. Ach reir 's mar thachair do Dhaidh, 
Nuair ghabh Absolon fath air go dhith, 
Beir dhachaigh 'na dhail leat, 
Dh' aindeoin am pairtidh, 
Nar Righ chon aite le sith. 

Fear eil' 's math is eol domh 

Tha 'n ceart uair air fogaireadh 'na phairt, 

Shliochd nan cuireannan seolta 

Da thogradh 's nach obadh an spairn ; 

Ga tamull leinn bhuainn thu 

Cha toireamar fuath dhut gu brach ; 

Sann da 'r seors bu dual sin, 

Eater mhith agus uaislean, 

Bhi air do dheas-laimh an cruadal 's an cas. 

Truagh nach fhaicinn thu teachd 
Mar b' ait le mo chridh san am, 
Far ri Seumas le buidheann 
Nach geill a dh' iubhair nan Gall, 
Tha 'n drasda ro bhuidheach 
.Mheud s gu 'n shuidhich iad feall, 
Le 'n seoladh 's le'n uidheam 
Anns na modaibh as duibhe, 
Chuir fa dheoidh sibh air suibhail do'n Fhraing. 

Ach duigh 

Gu'n caochail an cursa seo fothast, 

Gu'm. faic mi le m' shuilibh 

Bhi sgiursadh gach tnu bha 's na moid, 

'S gach Baron beag cubach 

'Mhealladh le caraibh 's le luban Prionns Or; 

Gheibh Mac Cailein air thus duibh, 

Dh' aindeoin a chuirte, 

'Galair bu duthchasach dho. 

B'e dhuthchas bho sheanair 
Bhi daondan r'a melladh gach ti, 
, Cha b'fhearr e 'thaobh athair 
Ga b' mhor a mhathas bho' Righ ; 
Ma 'se seo an treas gabhail 
Thug eug bhuaith 'bhathar gu pris, 
Le maighdinn sgoraidheach sgathail 
Cha d' cheannsuicheadh aisith ; 
Ged thuit thu cha'n athais duit i. 

Iomah Tighearn is post 

Nach eol domh-s' a nis 'chur an dan 

Tha'n drasda gu moiteil 

Le phrabar gu bosdail a' d' phairt ; 


'S ami diubh sin Cullodar, 

Granntaich is Rosaich a chail, 

Nuair thionndas an rotha 

Chon annsachd bho thoiseach 

Gur teannta dhaibh 'chroich 'miosg chaich. 

Ach fhearaibh na h' Alba 

Ga dealbhach libh 'drasda 'n ur cuirt, 

Gad leught' sibh bho'r leanabachd 

'S bho la 'gheil sibh a dh' Fhergus air thus, 

Thuit gach fine le toirmeasg 

Do threig 's nach robh earbsach do'n chrun, 

Ach seo t'eallach a dhearbhas 

Gur h-airidh an seanchas, 

Gun eirich mi-shealbhar da'n cliu. 

Cha chan mi na's leir dhombh 

Ri 'ur maithibh, ri'r cleir, ri'r por, 

D'eis ur mionnan a Shearlas 

Gu seiseamh sibh-p fhein 'n aghaidh deoin, 

'S an t-oighre dligheach na dh'eis 

Thuit nis go Righ Seumas r'a bheo, 

Ach dh'aindeoin ur leirs' 

Ga mor 'ur cuid leugh', 

Ar liom-s gu'n 'reub sibh a choir. 

air coir dhirich 

Le masladh na dhiobair do phairt, 

Bha uair a staid iosal 

S tha air direadh le uchd math an drasd ; 

Seann fhacla 's gur nor e 

Bha riamh eadar Chriostuidhean graidh, 

Gur miosa na ana-spiorad 

Duine mi-thaingeil 

Ghabh na's leoir dhuibh-s an aim air na chas. 

Cas eile nach fas' 

Dheirich mar fhasan sa ruaig' s', 

Chlann feinn bhi na'n taic 

Do gach neach tha cur as da mu cuairt ; 

Do threig iad 's cha 'n ait daibh 

'N cuigeamh faithn' bha 'chasgadh an t-sluaigh; 

'N aghaidh nadur a bheart seo 

Do neach 'ghabh baisteadh 

Ann an ainn nan tri pearsan ta shuas. 

Ach fhir 'dh'oibrich gach mioraild 

Bha miosg Chlainn Israel bho thus, 

Nach soil leir an giamh seo 

Dh'aon neach ghabh 'Chriosdachd mar ghrund? 


Bho laigh geilt agus fiamh mor 

Air gach Marcus, gach Iarl 's gach Diuc, 

Casg fein an iorghalt-s 

Mas toil leat-s a Dhia e, 

Mu tuit sinn fo fhiabhrus do ghnuis. 

Is mor dh' eireas dhut a Bhreatuinn 

'S nach d'fhaodadh do theagasg na am, 

Cha leir dhut fath t'eagla, 

Gu'n tharruing ana-creidimh ort call; 

Bho'n la mhurtadh libh Searlas 

Tha fhuil-san ag eigheachd gu teann, 

Gabh aithri a t' eucoir, 

Thoir dhachaigh Righ Seumas, 

Neo thig sguirsa bho Dhe ort a nail. 

Ghaidhealu gasda 

Na laighidh fo mhasladh sa chuis, 

Ach faighear sibh tapaidh 

'S Righ Seumas na thiac air ur cul ; 

Ge ta Uilleam an Sasunn 

Na geillibh a feasda do chrun ; 

Liom is cinnteach mar thachras 

Thaobh innleachd a bheairtean, 

Gu pilltear e dhachaigh gun chliu. 

Na ma h'ioghnadh libh-p fhein seo 

'S gun ghlac es' an eucoir air cheann, 

Bha manifesto ro eitigh, 

Nach faic sibh gur breugach a chainnt ; 

'S gach gealladh do rinn se 

Do Shasunn do threig se gu teann, 

Tha iad nis 'n aghaidh cheile, 

Nuair thuig siad an reusan, 

Ach na tha Phresbiterianich ann. 

Na ma lughaid 'ur misneachd 

Gu robh iad seo bristneach na curs, 

Fo sgaile religion 

B'e 'n abhaist s an gliocas bho thus; 

Co dhiubh alach a nise 

Nach . . . . le mi-ruin, 

Ach tha'n aite le fios dhuinn, 

Ged dh'fhailing righean trie iad, 

Aig gach armunn bha tiorcadh a chruin. 

Gu ma h'-amhluidh seo dh' eireas 
'Mhaithibh Alba s na h' Eire san am, 
Tha 'coitheamh le Seumas 
'S nach d' amhraic iad fein air an call ; 


Ach b' fheall am bathais 's an eudan 

Fo gach neach bha ri eiginn 's ri feall, 

Ghabh an test a bha eitigh, 

Eadar mhaithibh is Chleire, 

Thoir an anman dha 'n eucoireach mheallt. 

Ach tha mi dall na mo bharail 

Mar ceannsnich Dia 'charachd-sa trath, 

'S mar mhealtar leis barail 

'Chleamhnais fhuair alloil gun bhlath ; 

Is mairg a thoisich mar ealaidh 

Athair-ceile chur ealamh bho bhair, 

Ach seo ordugh nam balach, 

Far ri dochus nan cailleach, 

San t-saoghal chruaidh charail-s' a ta. 

Song composed by the writer in the year 1688. 

This world is deceitful, it constantly deceives us bitterly, many 
changes there are on earth and many men blinded by its falsehood. 
Some have sold their souls and have changed opinion for the sake 
of gain. Thou who suffered on the Cross and spilt Thy blood for 
our redemption, Oh ! Thou only King (son) of Mary, bless our creed. 
Oh ! Father of Grace, do not fail us in our sore distress, but look 
upon us soon with tenderness from Thy Heaven above. As Thou 
didst miraculously lead the children of Israel, without the loss of 
any, through the sea, so do Thou in very deed defend Thy Church 
(though her ill-wishers pray for her downfall) from the evil now 
fallen upon her. It is her duty to be humble, though she is at 
this moment under a cloud. Her sins are the cause that have 
brought upon us harm and loss, but let us fast and mourn to Him 
who went to the Cross without faltering, that He may subdue 
them who have been practising the blackest deeds, falsehood, 
sacrilege, and treachery. God, mighty and strong, who peopled 
land and sea, Thou seest how at this juncture the rabble has dis- 
appointed the King ; but as it happened in the case of David, 
when Absalom took advantage of him (to try) to ruin him, do 
Thou, in Thy appointed time, lead the King home in peace to his 
own place in spite of their factions. Another man 1 I know full 
well, who at this moment is in exile for his (King James's) cause — 

1 Perhaps Kenneth, fourth Earl of Seaforth, who accompanied James II. 
to France after the Revolution of 1688. 


of the race of the capable heroes, who would accept and never re- 
fuse the strife. Though for a little thou art away from us, we 
shall never feel indifferent towards thee. It is in the blood of our 
race, commons and nobles alike, to stand by thy right hand in the 
time of difficulty and trouble. Would that I might see thee com- 
ing as my heart at this moment would desire, along with King 
James with a host that would not yield to the bows and arrows of 
the Lowlanders, who are rejoicing at having planned their treachery 
with the cunning and resources of their dark councils, which have 
at last driven you an exile into France. But I am in hopes that 
the course of events will yet change, and that I may see with my 
own eyes the discomfiture of every wretch who took part in their 
councils, and of every petty, cringing baron, who, by his tricks and 
wiles, deceived Prince Orange; Argyll, in spite of his rank, will, as 
one of the first, be smitten with the disease that comes natural to 
him. It comes natural to him from his grandfather to deceive 
everyone, nor is he better from his father, though he (the father) 
received so much kindness from his King. If this is the third 
occasion on which the disease was caught from a " maiden " sharp- 
toothed, clear-cutting, disgrace has not been quelled though he 
were to fall by her, to him it would be no disgrace. There ai'e many 
lords and officials whom I cannot now mention in my verse, who at 
the present time, together with their rabble, boast with affected 
modesty of their connection with thee (Argyll). Among them are 
Culloden, the Grants, the Rosses of the cabbage. When the wheel 
turns round to its first love they will find themselves among the 
rest quite close to the gallows. But, ye men of Scotland, though 
your court {i.e., your political situation) may now seem satisfactory 
to you, still, if your story be read from your infancy even as far 
back as the day when you first submitted to Fergus, it will be 
found that every clan has fallen by appointed decree — who 
desei'ted and proved faithless to the Crown. But this is a forge that 
will test unfailingly the truth of the saying that " a stain may fall 
on their honour." I am not going to speak about all I know, to 
our nobles, our clergy, our people, after your oath to Charles that 
you would stand by him, come what may, and by his legitimate 
heir, who is now King James, for life ; but in spite of your sagacity, 
and wide though your learning may be, you are certainly violating 
the right. (Not to speak of his) undoubted right, it is a disgrace 


that so many have forsaken his cause, who were once in lowly 
estate, but have now climbed by good fortune upwards. There is 
a proverb, and a true one, which has ever been in use among lov- 
ing Christians — that worse than a hostile spirit is the ungrateful 
man ; many such have taken advantage of him (the King) in his 
trouble. Another matter, not less sad, which has come into pro- 
minence in this affair — his own children supporting those who are 
everywhere opposing him. They have forsaken, and not to their 
joy, the fifth commandment given for the guidance of people. 
Such conduct is unnatural in anyone who has received baptism in 
the name of the Trinity on high. But Thou, the worker of all the 
wonders that were seen from the first among the children of Israel, 
is not this a very apparent guilt for anyone professing Christian 
principles 1 Since a great fear and cowardice has fallen upon every 
Marquis, every Earl, and every Duke, do Thou thyself check their 
turbulence, if it be Thy will, God, lest we fall under the wrath 
of Thy countenance. Much may happen to thee, Britain, since 
thou didst refuse to receive warning in time. Thon dost not see 
the cause of thy fear, for unbelief has brought disaster upon thee. 
Since the day King Charles was murdered, his blood is con- 
stantly crying out. Repent of thy guilt, bring King James home, 
or destruction from God will surely come down upon thee. Ye 
worthy Gaels, don't rest under disgrace, but be of courage with 
King James to back you up. Though William is in England, 
never yield allegiance to his Crown. Certain it seems to me what 
will happen from the deceitfulness of his schemes, he will be driven 
back in disgrace. Let this not surprise you, seeing that he has 
seized injustice by the head (i.e., has acted upon it from the out- 
set). His manifesto was altogether perjured. Don't you see how 
false his words are, and how he instantly renounced every promise 
he made to England. They (his supporters) are now at variance 
among themselves since they have understood his object, except 
such Presbyterians as there are among them. Let not your 
courage be any the less that these (the Presbyterians) have 
always been unstable in their allegiance. Under the veil of 
religion it has been their custom and their policy from the first 

But we know that each hero who succoured the 

Crown holds his position, though Kings may often have failed them. 
So may it happen to the nobles of Scotland and Ireland who are 



fighting for James without thinking of their loss, but treacherous 
were the countenance and face of each one engaged in mischief and 
deceit, who accepted the perjured "test," whether nobles or clergy, 
giving up their souls to the crafty evil one. But I am blind in my 
opinion if God will not soon check this treachery, and bring to 
nought the schemes of cold, unnatural, sterile blood-relationship. 
Woe to him who commenced his career by suddenly making war 
upon his own father-in-law ; but such is the way of clowns and the 
hope of carlines in this callous and deceitful world. 


Of the poets of Kintail, no one is better remembered than Ian 
Mac Mhurachaidh (pp. 81-83), or has left behind him a greater 
wealth of song. Though in comfortable circumstances, he disliked 
the purely mercenary relations which were beginning to grow up 
between laxadlord and people, and therefore resolved to emigrate 
to Carolina. The following is one of several songs which he com- 
posed in order to induce as many as possible of his countrymen 
to accompany him : — 

Thanig leitir bho Ian Beitean 
Chuir eibhneas air fear nach fhac i. 

Beagan do mhuinntir mo dhuthcha 
Triall an toabh am faigh iad pailteas. 

Far am faigh sinn deth gach seorsa 
An t-sealg is boidhche tha ri fhaicinn. 

Gheabh sinn fiadh is boc is moisleach 
'S comas na dh' fhaodar thoir asda. 

Gheabh sinn coileach-dubh is liath chearc 
Lachan, ialtan agus glas gheoidh. 

Gheabh sinn bradan agus ban iasg 

'S glas iasg ma 's e 's fhearr a thaitneas. 

B' fhearr na bhi f uireach fo uachd'rain 
'S nach fuiligeadh iad tuath bhi aca. 

A ghabhadh an an aite 'n t' sheoid 
An t' or ged bann a spog a phartainn. 

A ghabhadh an an aite 'n diunloaich 

Siogaire sgugach 's e beartach. . , 


' Falbhamaid 's bitheadh beannachd Dhia leinn 

Triallamaid, riadhamaid barca. 

Falbhamaid uile gu leir 

'S gur beag mo speis do dh' fhear gun tapadh. 

Thogainn fonn, fonn, fonn, 

Dh' eireadh fonn oirn ri fhaicinn. 

There came a letter from John Bethune, which has given joy 
to one who has not seen it. A few of my country people about to 
depart to a land of plenty, where we can find every kind of the 
most delightful hunting that could be seen. We shall find deer, 
buck and doe, with permission to take as many as we want. We 
shall get the woodcock and the woodhen, teals, ducks, and wild 
geese. We shall get salmon and white fish, and grey fish if it 
will please us better. Better far than stay under landlords who 
won't suffer a tenantry with them ; who would take, instead of a 
good man, gold, were it from the claw of a lobster ; who would 
take, instead of a brave man, a sulky sneak, provided he was rich. 
Let us depart, and may the blessing of God be with us ; let us go 
and charter a ship. Let us depart, all of us, for small is my 
esteem for a man of no courage. 

I would raise a chorus of delight ; we should be delighted on 
seeing it. 


When the ship, by which Ian Mac Mhurachaidh and so many 
of his countrymen were about to leave Kintail, arrived at Caileach, 
where it anchored, the poet invited the captain of the ship to 
dinner with him. When the captain saw the good cheer provided, 
he told the poet that he would not be able to fare so sumptuously 
in America, and strongly advised him to remain at home. The 
poet's wife and some other friends who were present also urged 
him to the same effect with such earnestness that his resolution 
was almost overcome, but he felt that, after all he had done and 
said, he could not desert the people he had induced to join him, 
and who looked up to him as their leader, so he decided, at what- 
ever sacrifice, to go along with them ; and the next song, which was 
probably less applicable to the poet's own circumstances than to 


those of some of his fellow-emigrants, was composed to cheer and 
encourage them as the ship was sailing away : — 

Nise bho na thachair sinn 

Fo's cionn an stoip 's na creachaige, 

Gu'n ol sinn air na faicinn e 

'S na cairtealan san teid sinn. 

Mhnathan togaidh an turrus oirbh 
'Us sguiribb dheth na h-iomadan, 
Cha bharail leum gun tillear mi 
Bho'n sguir mi dh 'iomain spreidhe. 

Mhnathan sguiribh chubarsnaich 
Bho'n char sibh fo na siuil a stigh, 
Cha bharail leam gu'n lubar sinn 
Ri duthaich bhochd na h-eiginn. 

H-uile cuis dha theannachadh, 

An t' ardachdainn se ghreannaich sinn, 

Lin-mhora bhi dha'n tarruin 

'S iad a sailleadh na cuid eisg oirn. 

Gur iomadh latha saraicht' 

Bha mi deanamh dige 's garraidhnean, 

An crodh a faighinn bais oirn 

'Us mi paidheadh mail gu h-eigneach. 

'S iomadh latha dosguineach 

A bha mi giulan cosguis dhuibh, 

'N uair reidheadh a chuis gu osburnaich 

Bhi 'g osunaich ma deighinn. 

'S beag mo speis d' an uachdaran 
A chuir cho fad air cuan sinn, 
Air son beagan do mhal suarach 
'S cha robh buanachd aige fhein deth. 

Tha tighinn fotham, fotham, fotham, 
Tha tighinn fotham eiridh. 

Now that we have met over a stoup and drinking-shell, let us 
drink in anticipation of seeing the quarters whithei we are going. 
Women, take courage for the voyage, and stop your mourning ; I 
don't think I can be induced to return, now that I have ceased to 
herd cattle. Women, restrain your anxiety, now that you have 
gone under the sails ; I don't think I can be bent backwards to 
the poor country of destitution. Every thing is being tightened, 
the raising (of rents 1) is what has embittered us ; trawling with 


great nets, and salting our fish. Many a hard day was I making 
dykes and walls, my cattle dying, while I paid rent with difficulty. 
Many an unfortunate day have I borne expenses on your account, 
and when the matter fell into ruin, I sighed over them. Small is 
my esteem for the landlord who has sent us so far over the ocean, 
for the sake of a little wretched rent, Avhich he did not long enjoy. 
I feel inclined to go. 


Among those who accompanied Ian Mac Mhurachaidh was a 
certain John Macrae — a blacksmith — called Ian Mac a Ghobha 
(page 193). The American War of Independence began almost 
immediately after the arrival of the Kintail emigrants in Carolina, 
and they unhesitatingly cast in their lot with the Loyalists. The 
poet now became one of the foremost, by his songs and his example, 
in urging his brother Highlanders to stand up in defence of what he 
considered to be the just rights of their King and country, and 
consequently, when the Americans got him into their hands they 
treated him with unusual severity. Ian Mac a Ghobha lost his 
arm in the war, and, making his way back to Scotland, eventually 
succeeded, after considerable difficulty, in obtaining a pension for 
his services. He appears to have been a man of mark in more 
ways than one. He possessed an excellent voice and an excellent 
memory, and brought back with him to Kintail several of Ian 
Mac Mhurachaidh's songs, which he was never tired of singing. 
He died at Carndu, near Dornie, in 1839, aged ninety-three. The 
morning after his death an old woman, who lived by herself on 
the other side of the sea, opposite to Kilduich, told the first neigh- 
bour she met : " 'S mi a chuala an t-sheinn bhreagh a dol a stigh a 
Chlachan Duthaich an raoir, 's mar eil mi air mo mhealladh se 
guth binn Mhic a Ghobha a bhann." — (" What beautiful singing I 
heard going into Kilduich churchyard last night ; if I am not mis- 
taken, it was the sweet voice of Mac a Ghobha." Soon afterwards 
the news of his death arrived. 1 

The following song, perhaps Ian Mac Mhurachaidh's last, was 
composed by him while wandering a fugitive in the primeval 
forest, evidently before the close of the war, as he still looks 

l Tradition communicated to the author by Mac a Ghobha's great-grandson, 
Dr Farquhar Macrae, London. 


forward with hope to the arrival of Lord Cornwallis, who was 
forced to surrender to the French and the Americans at Yorktown 
on the 18th of October, 1781. It has been the song of many a 
Kintail emigrant since the days of Ian Mac Mhurachaidh : — 

'S mi air fogradh bho 'n fhoghar, 
Togail thighean gun cheo unnta. 

Ann am bothan beag barraich, 

'S nach tig caraid dha 'm fheorach ann 

Ged a tha mi s' a choille 
Cha'n eil coire ri chnodach orm. 

Ach 'bhi cogadh gu dileas 

Leis an righ bho'n bha choir aige. 

Thoir mo shoraidh le durachd, 

Gus an duthaich 'm bu choir dhomh bhi. 

Thoir mo shoraidh Chuitaille 
Am bi manran is oranan. 

A'n trie a bha mi mu'n bhuideal 
Mar ri cuideachda sholasach. 

Cha be 'n dram 'bha mi 'g iarraidh 
Ach na b'fhiach an cuid storaidhean. 

Ceud soraidh le durachd 

Gu Sgur-Urain, 's math m' eolas hint'. 

'S trie a bha mi mu'n cuairt di. 
'G eisdeachd udlaich a cronanaich. 

A bheinn ghorm tha ma coinneamh 
Leum bo shoillear a neoineanan. 

Sios 'us suas troimh Ghleann-Seile 
'S trie a leag mi damh crocach ann. 

Gheibhte brie air an linne 
Fir ga 'n sireadh 'us leos aca. 

Tha mi nis air mo dhiteadh 

An am priosan droch bheolainteach. 

Ach na 'n tigeadh Cornwallis 

'S mise d' fhalbhadh ro-dheonach leis. 

A thoirt sgrios air na beistean 

Thug an t' eideadh 's an storas bhuam. 

Tha ni sgith 'n fhogar sa 

Tha mi sgith 's mi learn fhein 

'S cian bho thir m' eolas mi. . ., , \Z 


I am an exile since Autumn, building houses without smoke in 
them. In a little hut of brushwood, where no friend will come to 
inquire for me. Though I am in the wood (an outlaw) no fault 
can be charged against me ; except fighting loyally for the King 
because he was in the right. Take my sincere farewell to the 
country where I ought to be. Take my farewell to Kintail, the 
place of mirth and songs. Where I often sat round a bottle with 
a happy company. It was not the drink I desired but the worth 
of your stories. A hundred sincere farewells to Scur Ouran, 
well do I know it. Often was I in its vicinity listening to the 
bellowing of an old stag. The green mountain opposite to it, 
bright to me were its daisies. Up and down Glensheil often 
did I lay an antlered stag low. Trout might be found on the 
pool, men seeking them with a torch. I am now condemned to a 
prison of bad fare. But if Cornwallis came, gladly woiild I join 
him. To scourge the wretches who have robbed me of my clothes 
and property. 

I am tired of this exile, I am tired in my loneliness, — far am I 
from the land of my acquaintance. 

Note.— Several of Ian Mac Mhurachaidh's poems will be found 
in The Celtic Magazine (Inverness), A.pril- August, 1882. 

The following are some other Macrae poets whose Gaelic 
songs were at one time and in some instances still are known 
among Gaelic-speaking Highlanders : — 

Duncan Macrae, commonly called Donnachadh Mac Alister 
(page 198). Only fragments of a lament for his mother and of a 
song to his gun appear to be known now. 

Kenneth Macrae, 1 of the Clann Ian Charrich tribe, and a 

1 Kenneth had a son, Alexander, about whom the following paragraph 
appeared in The Courier (London) of the 28th November, 1807 : — ■" The oldest 
man now living in Scotland is supposed to be a Highlander of the name of 
Alexander Macrae. He was born in the parish of Kintail in the year 1687, and 
is now, of course, just 120 years old. In the year 1719 he fought under Lord 
Seaforth at the battle of Glensheil, and in 1724 he enlisted as a private in the 
Scots Brigade, serving in Holland, where he continued seven years, the last 
two of which were spent in prison in some town of France, the name of which 
he does not remember. In 1731 he returned to his farm and married a second 
wife, who died a few years after. In 1765 he fell into such low circumstances 
that he was forced to procure a subsistence by going about from house to 
house reciting Ossian's poems in Gaelic. In 1773 he married his present wife, 
by whom he has three children, the last when he was aged ninety -six. About 


relative of Ian Mac Ian of Torlysich (foot note, page 214). He 
lived at Ardelve, and was an old man at the time of the battle of 
Sheriffmuir, at which he was present. On his return home he 
composed a celebrated lament, or ballad, on the " Four Johns of 
Scotland" (foot note, page 153), which is given in "The Trans- 
actions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness," Vol. VIII. — Leaves 
from my Celtic Portfolio, by Mr William Mackenzie. 

Christopher Macrae, Sergeant in the 78th Highlanders 
(page 80). Some of his songs are still well known in Kintail and 

Donald Macrae, a weaver in the paiish of Petty in Inverness- 
shire, where he was born in 1756, and died in 1837. His father 
was a native of Glenclchaig in Kintail. He was the author of 
several religious poems, which are spoken of very highly in The 
Literature of the Highlanders by the Rev. Nigel Macneill. 

John Macrae, schoolmaster at Sleat in Skye (page 183). 

The Rev. Donald Macrae of Ness in Lewis (page 83) is 
mentioned in Macneill's Literature of the Highlanders as a true 
poet, though he did not produce much. His best known song is 
" The Emigrant's Lament," written on the occasion of the de- 
parture of many of his congregation for Canada. 

John Macrae (page 130, c3) composed, among other Gaelic 
songs, one on the late Professor Blackie of Edinburgh. 

James Macrae of Ardroil in Lews (page 193) composed several 
good, and sometimes humorous, Gaelic songs. 

twelve years ago, while still very stout, he was deprived of the use of his limbs 
by a violent fever, and ever since has been unable to walk. He is now bed- 
ridden, deaf and blind, but his memory is still very correct. His general 
amusement is singing and repeating Ossian's poems in Gaelic, but he repeats 
so fast that it is impossible to write them down, and, if interrupted, must 
again return to the beginning of the poem. He appears to have been a stout- 
made, middle-sized man, and still looks uncommonly well." The old man 
lived at Ardelve, and this paragraph is believed to have been communicated to 
the London Courier by the Rev. Lachlan Mackenzie of Lochcarron, who on one 
occasion, while attending a meeting of his Presbytery at Ardelve, visited him 
at his home. It is said that in the course of the conversation, Mr Lachlan 
asked the old man if he was not afraid of death. " dhuine bhoc," replied 
the old man, " nam faicadh d'thu Ceither Ianan na h' Alba folbh gu Sliabh an 
t' Shiorradh 's ann orra nach robh feagal roimh 'n bhas." — (Poor man, if you 
had seen the four Johns of Scotland setting out for Sheriffmuir, little did they 
fear death). 


John Macrae of Timsgarry in Lews (page 194). 

Duncan Macrae 1 of Isle Ewe in Gairloch, a faithful follower 
of Prince Charlie, whom he accompanied throughout the Rising 
of 1745, and whose retreat he assisted to cover after the defeat of 
Culloden, composed a well-known Gaelic song called " Oran na 
Feannaige " (the song of the crow). It consists of an imaginary 
dialogue between himself and a crow which he saw in Edinburgh 
while there with the Prince. 

1 This Duncan Macrae was believed to possess the gift of the Sian. This 
gift was supposed to enable a man, by means of an incantation, to render an 
object invisible until the charm was removed, except for a short time at 
regular intervals usually of seven years. Shortly after the Battle of Culloden, 
a French ship, which put in at Poolewe, left a cask of gold for the use of the 
Prince. According to the traditions of Gairloch, this cask was entrusted to 
Duncan's care, and being unable at that time to escape the vigilance of the 
King's troops, and convey the gold to the Prince, he hid the cask in a place 
in Gairloch called the Fedan Mor, making use of the Sian to render it invisible. 
The cask never reached the Prince. On one occasion, about 1826, the cask 
suddenly became visible to a shepherd's wife who was spinning there with a 
spindle and distaff while herding her cattle. She stuck the spindle in the 
ground to mark the spot, and ran home for help to remove the treasure, but 
when her friends arrived at the spot neither the cask nor the distaff could be 
discovered. — Dixon's Gairloch, p. 165. 



It has already been stated, in Chapter I., that the district of 
Gairloch is rich in Macrae traditions. The following tradi- 
tions are taken from Mr John H. Dixon's book on Gairloch, 
with the kind permission of the author : — 




Once upon a time there lived a powerful man — Ian Mac Ian 
Uidhir (John the son of Sallow John) — in the Carr of Kintail, and 
when he heard such aliens (the Macbeaths) resided in the island of 
Loch Tollie (in Gairloch) he thought within himself, on New 
Year's night, that it was a pity such mischievous strangers should 
be in the place, raising rents on the land which did not of right 
belong to them, while some of the offspring of gentlemen of the 
Clan Mackenzie, although a few of them possessed lands, were 
without possessions. 

Some time after this, when the snow was melting off the 
mountains, he lifted his arrow bag on his back, sent word for Big 
Donald Macrae from Inverinate, and they walked as one together 
across Killelan. Old Alastair Liath (Grey Alexander) of Carr 
accompanied them. They walked through the mountains of Loch- 
carron. They came in by the mountains of Kinlochewe. They 
came at a late hour in sight of Loch Tollie, and they took notice of 
Macbeath's castle in the island, and of a place whence it would be 
easy for them to send their arrows to the castle. There was a 
rowan tree alongside the castle, which was in their way, but when 
the darkening of night came they moved down to the shore in 
such a way that the heroes got near the bank of the loch, so that 
they might, in the breaking of the sky, be opposite Macbeath 
when he came out. 


; When Macbeath came out in the morning, the other man said 
to Donald Mor, " Try how true your hand is now, if it is not trem- 
ulous after the night ; try if you can hit the seed of the beast, the 
hare, so that you make a carcase of him where he is, inasmuch as 
he has no right to be there." Donald shot his arrow by chance, 
but it only became flattened against one of the kind of windows in 
the kind of castle that was in it. 

When the man from Carr saw what happened to the arrow of 
the man from Inverinate, he thought that his companion's arrow 
was only a useless one. The man from Carr got a glimpse of one 
of the servants of Macbeath, carrying with him a stoup of water to 
boil a goat buck, which he had taken from Craig Tollie the night 
before ; but, poor fellow ! it was not he who consumed the goat 
buck. Old Alastair Liath of Carr threw the arrow, and it went 
through the kidneys of him of the water-stoup. 

Macbeath suspected that a kind of something was behind him 
which he did not know about. He thought within himself not to 
wait to eat the goat buck, that it would be as well for him to go 
ashore — life or death to him — as long as he had the chance to cross. 
He lifted every arrangement he had, and he made the shore of it. 
Those who would not follow him he left behind him ; he walked as. 
fast as was in his joints, but fast as Macbeath was, the arrow of the 
son of Big Donald fixed in him in the thickest of his flesh. He ran 
with the arrow fixed, and his left hand fixed in the arrow, hoping, 
always that he would pull it out. He ran down the brae to a place 
which is called Boora to this day, and the reason of that name is,, 
that when Macbeath pulled the arrow out a buradh, or bursting 
forth of blood, came after it. 

When the Kintail men saw that the superior of the kind of 
fortress had flown, they walked round the head of Loch Tollie,. 
sprawling, tired as they were ; and the very ferry-boat which took 
Macbeath ashore took the Macraes to the island. They used part 
of the goat buck which Macbeath was to have had to his meal. 
They looked at the man of whom they had made a corpse, while 
the cook went to the preparation for the morning meal. Difficulty 
nor distress were not apparent on the Kintail men. The fearless 
heroes put past the night in the castle. They feared not Mac- 
beath ; but Macbeath was frightened enough that what he did not 
get he would soon get. 


Although the pursuit of the aliens from Mackay'g 1 country was 
in the minds of the Kintail men, they thought they would go and 
see how the lands of Gairloch lay. They went away in the morn- 
ing of the next day, after making cuaranan (untanned shoes) of the 
skin of the goat buck by putting thongs through it, as they had 
worn out their own on the way coming from Kintail. They came 
through Gairloch ; they took notice of everything as they desired. 
They walked step by step, as they could do, without fear or bodily 
dismay. They reached Mackenzie's Castle; they saluted him. They 
said boldly, if he had more sons, that they would find more land 
for him. Mackenzie invited them in and took their news. They 
told him about the land of Gairloch, the way in which they saw 
Macbeath, and the way in which they made him flee, and the time 
on which they lived on the flesh of the goat buck. " And Ken- 
neth," says Donald (addressing the chief), "I shall remember the 
day of the foot of the goat buck as long as Donald is (my name) 
on me." — Dixon's Gairloch, pp. 21-23. 




John Roy grew up a tall, brave, and handsome young High- 
lander. When he could carry arms and wear the belted plaid, he 
went to the Mackay country to visit his mother. None but his 
mother knew him, and neither she nor he made known who he 
was. In those days any stranger who came to a house was not 
asked who he was until he had been there a year and a day. 
John Roy lived in the servants' end of the house, and slept and 
fed with them. Mackay had two rare dogs, called Cu-dubh and 
Faoileag (black dog and sea gull), and they became greatly 
attached to John Roy, so that they would follow no one else. 
Near the end of the year Mackay told his wife that he suspected 
the stranger was a gentleman's son. Her tears revealed the truth. 

1 The Macbeaths were said to have come from the country of the Mackays 
in Sutheriandshire, probably in the thirteenth century. They had, at least, 
three strongholds in Gairloch, one of which was the island in Loch Tollie, as 
mentioned above. There are still some families of the name Macbeath both in 
Gairloch and in Applecross. 


John Roy was then kindly received at the table of the laird, who 
asked him what he could do for him. John Roy begged that 
Mackay would give him a bodyguard, consisting of the twelve of 
his men whom he might choose, and the two dogs, Cu-dubh and 
Faoileag. He got these, and they went away to Glas Leitire in 
Kintail, taking with them an anker of whisky. Arriving there, 
John Roy placed his twelve men in concealment, and went him- 
self to the house of Ian Liath Macrath (Grey John Macrae). It 
was the early morning, and the old wife was spinning on the- 
distaff. She looked out, and saw a man there. She called to Ian 
Liath, who was still lying down, " There is a man out yonder 
sitting on a creel, and I never saw two knees in my life more like 
John Roy's two knees." Ian Liath got up, went to the door, and 
called out, " Is that you, John 1 " John Roy answered that it was. 
" Have you any with you 1 " " Yes, I have twelve men." 
" Fetch them," said Ian Liath. He killed a bull, and feasted 
them all. Then he told John Roy that Mackenzie of Kintail was. 
coming that very day to hunt on the Glas Leitire hill of his (John 
Roy's) fathers. John Roy, with his twelve men and Ian Liath, 
went to the hill, taking the whisky with them. Mackenzie- 
arrived to hunt the deer, and when he saw John Roy and his men, 
he sent a fair-haired lad to inquire who they were. John Roy 
bade the boy sit down, and gave him whisky. Whenever he rose 
to go, more whisky was offered, and he was nothing loath to take: 
it. Mackenzie, thinking the lad was long in returning, sent 
another boy, who was treated in the same way. Mackenzie then 
saw that John Roy had returned, so he went back with his. 
followers to his castle, and John Roy was not further molested by 
the lords of Kintail. 

John Roy came back with Ian Liath to his house, when the 
latter told him that he had Hector Roy's chest with the title- 
deeds of Gairloch, and that John Roy must claim the estate- 
Ian Liath took all his belongings, and accompanied John Roy 
and his twelve men to Gairloch. They came to Beallach a 
Chomhla, at the side of Bathais (Bus) Bheinn. Coming down 
the mountain they found a good well, and there they rested and 
left the women and the cattle. The well is called to this day 
" Ian Liath's Well." They met people who informed them that 
Ian Dubh Mac Ruaridh Mhicleoid, or Black John the son of Rorie 


Macleod, who was governor of the old castle of the Dun, was 
accustomed to walk every day across the big sand and to lie on 
the top of the Crasg to spy the country. The party went to the 
Crasg, and Ian Liath told Ian Dubh Mac Ruaridh Macleod, 
whom they met there, that unless he left the castle before that 
night he would lose his head. Macleod took the hint, and sailed 
away in his birlinn, with all his valuables, except one chest con- 
taining old title-deeds, which came into John Roy's possession 
-along with the castle. — Dixon's Gairloch, pp. 39-40. 


It was after the expulsion of the Macleods that the affair of 
Leac nan Saighead occurred. Many of the Macleods who had been 
driven from Gairloch had settled in Skye. A number of young 
men of the clan were invited by their chief to pass Hogmanay 
night in his castle at Dunvegan. There was a large gathering. 
In the kitchen there was an old woman, who was always occupied 
in carding wool. She was known as Mor Bhan, or Fair Sarah, and 
was supposed to be a witch. After dinner was over, at night the 
men began to drink, and when they had passed some time thus 
they sent in to the kitchen for Mor Bhan. She came and sat 
down in the hall with the men. She drank one or two glasses, and 
then she said it was a poor thing for the Macleods to be deprived 
of their own lands in Gairloch and to live in comparative poverty 
in Skye. "But," says she, addressing the whole party, "prepare 
yourselves and start to-morrow for Gairloch, sail in the black bir- 
linn, and you shall regain Gairloch. I shall be a witness of your 
success when you return." The men being young and not over- 
burdened with wisdom, believed her, because they thought she had 
the power of divination. They set sail in the morning for Gair- 
loch, and the black galley was full of the Macleods. It was even- 
ing when they came into the loch, and they dare not risk landing 
on the mainland, for they remembered that the descendants of 

1 Leac nan Saighead is on the south coast of Gairloch, and not far from 
Shieldaig. I 


Domhuull Greannach (a great Macrae) were still there, and they 
knew their powers only too well. They, therefore, turned to the 
south side of the loch and fastened their birlinn to Fraoch Eilean, 
in the shelter opposite Leac nan Saighead, between Shieldaig and 
Badachro. They decided to wait there till morning, then disembark 
and walk round the head of the loch. But all the movements of 
the Macleods had been well watched. Domhnull Odhar Mac Ian 
Liath and his brother, Ian Odhar Mac Ian Liath, the celebrated 
Macrae archers, sons of Ian Liath, mentioned in the last extract, 
knew the birlinn of the Macleods, and they determined to oppose 
their landing. They walked round by Shieldaig and posted them- 
selves before daylight at the back of the Leac, a projecting rock 
overlooking Fraoch Eilean. The steps on which they stood at the 
back of the rock are still pointed out. Donald Odhar, being a 
short man, took the higher of the two steps, and Iain the other. 
Standing on these steps they crouched down in the shelter of the 
rock, from which they commanded a full view of the island on 
which the Macleods were lying here and there, while the Macrae 
heroes were invisible from the island. They were both celebrated 
shots, and had their bows and arrows with them. As soon as the 
day dawned they opened fire on the Macleods ; a number of them 
were killed before their comrades were even aware of the direction 
whence the fatal arrows came. The Macleods endeavoured to 
answer the fire, but not being able to see their foes, their arrows 
took no effect. In the heat of the fight one of the Macleods 
climbed the mast of the birlinn for a better sight of the position 
of the foe. Ian Odhar took his deadly aim at him when near the 
top of the mast. The shaft pierced his body and pinned him to 
the mast. " Oh," says Donald, "you have sent a pin through his 
broth." So the slaughter continued, and the remnant of the Mac- 
leods hurried into the birlinn. They cut the rope and turned her 
head seawards, and by this time only two of them were left alive. 
So great was their hurry to escape that they left all the bodies of 
their slain companions on the island. The rumour of the arrival 
of the Macleods had spread during the night, and other warriors 
such as Fionnla Dubh nan Saighead and Fear Shieldaig were soon 
at the scene of action ; but all they had to do was to assist at the 
burial of the dead Macleods. Pits were dug, into each of which a 
number of the dead bodies were thrown, and mounds were raised 


over them, which remain to this day, as anyone may see. The 
name Leac nan Saighead means "The flat stone of the arrows." 
— Dixon's G airlock, pp. 45-46. 


Fionnla Dubh nan Saighead was a relative of Donald Odhar and 
Ian Odhar, and was also of the Macraes of Kintail. Finlay 
usually lived at Melvaig. As a marksman, he was on a par with 
Donald Odhar. In his day, young Macleod, laird of Assynt, came 
to Gairloch in his birlinn to ask for a daughter of John Roy in 
marriage. He was refused, and set off northwards on his return 
voyage in his birlinn, which was manned with sixteen oars. They 
rowed quite close to the land round Rudha Reidh, the furthest out 
headland of the north point. Rudha Reidh was then known as 
Seann Rudha, a name which is still sometimes given to it. Fionnla 
Dubh nan Saighead sat on a rock as the birlinn passed. He called 
out, " Whence came the heroes ?" They replied, " We came from 
Gairloch." " What were you doing there ?" said Finlay. " We 
were asking in marriage the daughter of Mackenzie of Gairloch for 
this young gentleman." " Did you get her ?" said Finlay. They 
replied, "Oh, no." Finlay dismissed them with a contemptuous 
gesture and an insulting expression. They passed on their way 
without molesting him, because they had no arms with them. 
Young Macleod brooded over the insult he had received from 
Finlay Macrae, who was well known to him by repute. He soon 
returned with his sixteen-oared birlinn, manned by the choicest 
warriors of Assynt, to take vengeance on Finlay, who noticed the 
galley, and guessed who were its occupants. He called for one, 
Chisholm, his brother-in-arms, and the two of them proceeded to 
the leac, or flat stone, close to the edge of the low cliff about a mile 
north to Melvaig ; the leac is still pointed out. They reached this 
place before the Macleods could effect a landing. On the way, the 
Chisholm said to Finlay, " You must leave all the speaking to 
me." As the birlinn drew near, Chisholm called out, " What do 
you want?" "We want Fionnla Dubh nan Saighead." "You 
won't get him, or thanks," said Chisholm ; " Go away in peace." 


The Macleods began to threaten them. "If that is the way," said 
Chisholm, "let every man look out for himself." The contest 
began. Finlay and Chisholm were well sheltered at the back of the 
leac. A number of the Macleods were killed by the arrows of the 
two heroes on shore, whilst they themselves remained uninjured. 
The Macleods, finding their losses so severe, soon thought that 
discretion was the better part of valour, and, turning their birlinn 
northwards, departed for their own country. They never again 
molested Finlay. — Dixon's G airlock, pp. 46-47. 

Note. — In speaking of the Macrae archers, Mr Dixon says 
that the arrow fired at the serving man on the Loch Tollie Island, 
by Alastair Liath, must have killed its victim at a distance of 
fully five hundred yards. Donald Odhar and Iain Odhar, the 
heroes of Leac nan Saighead, slew many Macleods with their 
arrows nearly four hundred yards away. Lest any reader should 
doubt the authenticity of these performances on account of the 
marvellous range attained, Mr Dixon gives several instances of 
wonderful shots made by Turks, including one of four hundred 
and fifteen yards, against the wind, by Mahmood Effendi, the 
Turkish Ambassador's secretary, in a field near Bedford House, in 
1794, and one of nine hundred and seventy-two yards by the 
Sultan himself, in 1798, in the presence of Sir Robert Ainslie, 
British Ambassador to the Sublime Forte.— Dixon's Gairloch, p. 20. 




The following information has been kindly supplied by Mr P. J. 
Anderson, librarian of the University of Aberdeen, from the old 
Minute Books of the Macra foundation : — 

Alexander Macra, ironmonger in Bristol, who died on 24th 
August, 1780, sets forth in his quaintly-worded last will and 
testament (dated at Edinburgh, 8th November, 1763), his 
desire "that a considerable portion of such share of worldly 
substance as I shall at the time of my death be entrusted with 
•by the providence and bounty of Almighty God, my gracious 
Creator and Supporter, may be employed in perpetuity for the 
maintenance, education, and instruction of indigent children, with 
preference to male children or boys, of the Sirname of Macra, 
natives of that part of Great Britain called Scotland." For this 
purpose he appoints as his executors the President of the Court of 
Session, the Dean of the Faculty of Advocates, the Senior Baillie 
of Edinburgh, the Senior Manager of the Orphan Asylum in 
Edinburgh, the Principal of King's College in Aberdon, the Pro- 
fessor of Divinity, the senior Professor of Philosophy, and the 
Professor of Humanity there, the Senior Minister, the Senior 
Baillie, the Dean of Guild, and the Deacon Convener of Aberdeen: 
directing them to allow his estate to accumulate until of the value 
of £20,000 Scots. Subject to an annuity of .£150 Scots payable 
to each of his sisters (Margaret, spouse to John Matheson in 
Duiriness, and Mary, spouse to John Matheson in Rairaig), and to 
a perpetual payment of the interest on 7300 merks Scots to John 
Macra, son of the testator's late uncle Mr Roderick, and his heirs 
male, whom failing, the interest on 2000 merks Scots to the heir 
male of the testator's great grandfather, Alexander Macra of 


Inverinet : the yearly produce of the said £20,000 Scots is to be 
spent "on the decent cloathing, maintenance, education, and in- 
struction of as many indigent boys or male children of the Sirname 
of Macra, and all natives of Scotland, as the said nett yearly pro- 
duce can sufficiently support." 

The boys are to be above the age of nine, and under the age 
of twelve ; and preference is to be given to descendants of the 
testator's said great grandfather. On attaining the age of thirteen, 
each boy, if "he is found to have an extraordinary genius for 
Letters," is to come to Aberdeen to attend one of the burgh 
schools, " until he be fit for the Humanity class in the King's 
College in Aberdon .... and for as long thereafter as is 
usually allowed there, for being instructed in the Latin, Greek, 
and Hebrew Languages, Mathematics, Philosophy, and Divinity, 
if he so inclines." If not found " quite acute for Letters," a boy 
may be bound apprentice to some handicraft. 

"And I hereby ordain that any boy's father's or other of his 
predecessors' using to add the letter e, h, w, or y to his surname 
•of Macra .... shall not be sustained an objection to the 
admission of such boy, but the addition of any of these four 
letters to the proper surname of Macra is to be construed an 
inattentive complyance with the pronunciation of the word 
Macra, which is as various as the accent of the language is different 
in the several countrys wherein the father and other predecessors 
of such boy resided." 

An action in the Court of Session for reduction of the will was 
unsuccessful, and the duties of the Trust were undertaken by the 
eight last named executors, the others declining to act. 

In 1794, by which time the reqiiired sum of £20,000 Scots 
(£1666 13s 4d sterling) has been realised, "in consequence of 
information sent to Koss-shire, where the relations of the mortifier 
reside, sundry applications from them, supported by the clergy- 
men of these parishes, are transmitted to the agent at Aberdeen, 
along with certificates of the propinquity of several familys who 
had children qualified in terms of the mortification to be admitted 
to the benefit of it." 

Kenneth, son of Duncan Macra, in Linasee, Kintail, late lieu- 
tenant in the 78th Foot, and Alexander, son of Farquhar Macra, 
at Fadoch, Kintail, are admitted as "nearest in degree to Alex- 


ancler Macra of Inverinet," and come to Aberdeen, being entrusted 
to the care of Professor Macleod. Alexander, another son of 
Lieut. Duncan, accompanies his brother. 

In 1796 the testator's sisters and his cousin John are reported 
dead, and in 1798 "Captain" Duncan, who visits Aberdeen, is 
recognised as heir male of the mortifier's great grandfather, " which 
is proved by the genealogys transmitted by the ministers of the 
parishes where the several branches of the family reside." 

1799. Alexander, son of Farquhar, enters bajan class at King's 
College : graduates M.A. in 1803. {Officers and Graduates of 
King's Coll., 1893, p. 268.) A fourth boy, Duncan, son of John, 
in Morvich, is admitted. 

1800. Kenneth, son of Duncan, enters bajan class at King's 
Coll.: in 1803 goes to London "to be placed in a mercantile 

1804. Alexander, son of Duncan, enters semi-class at King's 

1805. Duncan, son of John, in Morvich, "has not much 
genius," and is bound apprentice for five years to Mr Littlejohn, 
wright in Aberdeen. 

1806. Admitted, and comes to Aberdeen to attend Grammar 
School : Alexander, son of John, son of Duncan, son of Donald, 
son of Christopher, lawful son of Alexander of Inverinet. Enters 
bajan class 1809 ; M.A. 1813. 

1813. Admitted : Duncan, son by a second marriage of Captain 
Duncan. Enters bajan class in 1820, and attends four sessions,, 
but does not graduate. 

1816. Admitted : Farquhar, son of Farquhar in Camuslunie. 
Enters bajan class in 1819; M.A. 1823; appointed schoolmaster 
at LochcaiTon ; student of divinty 1823-27; minister of Free 
Church, Knockbain. 

1824. Admitted : Christopher, whose propinquity is certified 
by Archibald Macra of Ardintoul and many respectable persons 
of the clan, "the boy being in a state of absolute nakedness and 
starvation " ; proved to be over age. 

1826. Admitted: Farquhar, son of Alexander; proved to be 
over age. Duncan, son of Murdoch, in Stornoway ; proved to be 
over age. John, son of Duncan, in Camuslunie. Donald, son of 
John, in Conchra. 


1831. A. Mitchell, Headmaster of the Grammar School, Old 
Aberdeen, reports, 1st September, that John and Donald " have 
attended the Grammar School of Old Aberdeen for the space of 
three years and ten months. Their attendance has upon the whole 
been sufficiently regular ; but their application has by no means 
been such as to ensure success in the study of the Latin language ; 
consequently they are both very deficient. I cannot say that there 
is much difference between them, but on the whole I think Donald 
the better scholar. Neither the one nor the other appears to have 
any ' extraordinary genius for letters.' " To be sent home to their 

1832. John and Donald wish to follow some liberal profession, 
but this is not sanctioned. The former is apprenticed to Mr 
Kennie, shipbuilder ; the latter to Mr Simpson, wright. 

Mr Alexander Macrae, only surviving son of late Captain Dun- 
can, authorises payment of the annuity to his mother (? stepmother). 

1833. Admitted: Alexander, son of Finlay, Auchtertyre. Dies 
of smallpox ; has not been vaccinated ; this to be a sine qua non in 

1834. Applications from John, son of Christopher, Drudaig ; 
Donald, son of Finlay, Auchtertyre; Kenneth, son of John, Camus- 
lunie ; James, son of Donald, Kintail ; the first is admitted, and is 
subsequently apprenticed to Mr William Henderson, builder. 

1839. Applications from Colin, son of Christopher, Inchroe ; 
Donald, son of Farquhar, Glenshiel ; Donald, son of Finlay, Loch- 
alsh ; Donald, son of Farquhar, Glenshiel : the second is admitted, 
subsequently apprenticed to Messrs Blaikie & Son. 

1843. Finlay Macrae admitted, subsequently apprenticed to 
Mr Cook, tailor. 

1847. In this year the trustees authorised their agent, Mr 
James Nicol, advocate, to uplift the funds from the Northern 
Investment Company, in whose hands they then lay, and to lend 
them on heritable security, which he reported had been found. 
The money, however, Mr Nicol retained in his own hands unsecured, 
and in 1850 his firm, Nicol & Munro, became bankrupt. 

Mr Alexander Anderson, advocate, who was appointed judicial 
factor on the Macra Trust, was able to recover £419 14s 3d from 
the sequestrated estate, and £1246 19s Id from the Macra Trustees, 
who were held to have been guilty of gross negligence. In 1862 


he reported that the fund had now been restored to its original 
amount of £1666 13s 4d; and a body of trustees was constituted 
de novo : those accepting office being the Principal, the Professor 
of Divinity, the Senior Minister, the Senior Baillie, the Dean of 
Guild, and the Deacon Convener. 

During the succeeding twenty-six years a considerabie number 
of applications were received by the Macra Trustees, accompanied 
usually by proofs of descent from Alexander Macra of Inverinet ; 
but of those admitted to the benefits of the Fund, no one seems 
to have proved himself worthy of a University education. Under 
the scheme of administration of the Aberdeen Educational Trust, 
dated 17th November, 1888, two bursaries at the Grammar School 
" shall be known by the name of the Macra bursaries, and these 
two bursaries shall be awarded to any candidates properly qualified 
in the opinion of the Governors to avail themselves of the educa- 
tion given at the Grammar School of Aberdeen, who shall satisfy 
the Governors that they are of the lineal descendants of Alexander 
Macra of Inverinet, the great grandfather of the said Alexander 
Macra, ironmonger, Bristol." 

On the death of Mr Alexander Macra, Demerara, son of Captain 
Duncan, the right to the perpetual annuity seems to have passed 
to Dr John Macrae, H.E.I.C.S., 1 son of Dr John Macrae, younger 
brother of Captain Duncan ; but no payments were ever made to 
him. On his death in 1864, a claim was put forward by John 
Anthony Macrae, W.S., son of Colin, younger brother of Dr John, 
senior. On 31st March, 1865, the Trustees having considered the 
proofs advanced by him, find that he "is now the heir male 
lineally descended from the testator's said great grandfather." On 
1st October, 1868, Colin George Macrae, W.S., was served heir to 
his father, John Anthony ; and he now represents the family. 

1 Page 103. 




Inverness, 20th November, 1721. In presence of Master Robert 
Gordon of Haughs, Sheriff-Depute of Inverness, 

Compeared Donald McRae, soldier in the Royal Regiment of 
North British Fusiliers, who, being solemnly sworn in a precogni- 
tion, maketh oath that he was of the detachment of His Majesty's 
Forces, appointed to attend the Factors on the Forfeited Estates, 
when the insult and murder was committed on the saide Forces 
and Factors at Loch Affrick, upon the Second day of October last 
by several Bodies of Highlanders, and that he knew and seed the 
persons following amongst the saide Bodies of Highlanders, viz. : — 
Donald Murchison, Chamberland to the late Earl of Seaforth. 
Donald Murchison of Auchtertyre. 
John McRae of Inverinat. 
John Dow McAlister Vic Gilchrist, in Achyark. 
Christopher, Ferquhar and Murdo McRaes, sons to Christopher 

McRae, in Arivugan. 
Don McRae in Glensheil, nephew to the said Christopher. 
John McUrchie Vic Alister Vic Vinister, in Killelan. 
John McFinlay Vic Ean, in Killelan. 
Duncan McEan Vic Conchie, in Killelan. 
Alexander McEan Vic Conchy, in Killelan. 
John McEan Vic Conchy, in Killelan. 
John McEan Vic Conchy Vic Alister, in Glenelchak. 
John Dow McAlister Vic Gilchrist, in Achayouran of Glensheall. 
Donald McAlister Vic Gilchrist, in Achyouran-begg. 

1 Page 358. See also paper on " Donald Murchison and the Factors on 
the Forfeited Estates," by Mr William Mackay, published in " The Trans- 
actions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness," Vol. XIX. 


Alexander McConchy Vic Gilchrist, in Rategan of Glensheal. 
Alexander McRae, son to Master Donald McRae, minister of 

John McRae, son to Alexander McFerquhar Vic Rae, in Morvich. 
John McKenzie, in Iuverinat, son to Kenneth Roy, brother to 

the late Aplecross. 
Ferquhar Oig McFerquhar Vic Alister, in Inversheile. 
Murdo McFerquhar Vic Alister, in Croe of Kintail. 
Alexander McFerquhar Vic Alister, in Morvich, in Croe of Kintail. 
John McRae Vic Vinister, in Letterfearn. 
John McRae, eldest son to Donald McRae of Driudaig, living in 

Murdo McAlister Vic Vinister, in Camboslynie. 
Alexander McAlister Vic Vinister, in Glenelchak. 
Alexander McHuistan Vic Rae, in Meikle Salachy of Lochalsh, 

nephew to Aryvogan. 
Donald Oig McLennan, in Achnafearn of Lochalsh. 
Murdo McRae, in Coriloyne of Glenloyne. 
John McRae, son to the said Murdoch McRae, in Coriloyne of 

Ferquhar McConchy Voir Nakairne, in Glenloyne. 
Alexander McHutchan Vic Rae, in Sallachy More. 
Dtincan McHutchan Vic Rae, in Sallachy More. 
John Dow McLennan, in Achnaguiran. 
Colline McEan Vic Iver, in Inversheal. 
Murdo McEan Vic Iver, in Inversheal. 
Duncan McConchy Vic Gilchrist, in Islandonanbeg. 
Evander Murchison, son to John Murchison McEan Vic Conil, in 

Donald Roy, son to the ground officer of Glenmoriston. 
John McAlister Vic Rae, in Cambouslyne of Glenelchak, one of the 

baggage men to the Rebells. 

Donald McRae further maketh oath that the said John 
McAlister Vic Rae, baggage man, and others of the party who 
conducted the troops aud factors back through the wood, informed 
him that the persons following were amongst the committers of 
the said insult and murder, viz.: — 

John Dow McAlister Vic Gilchrist, in Achyark- 
Duncan McConchy Vic Charlich, in Sallachy More. 


Alexander McFinlay Vic Ean, in Achnabein. 

Duncan McAlister Vic Conchy Matheson, in Achrachen of Loch- 

Murdo McConchy Vic Ean, in Killelan. 
Alexander McConchy Vic Vinister, in Aglachan of Lochalsh. 
Christopher McFerquhar Oig, in Letterfearn. 
Alexander McAlister Vic Gillichrist Vic Ferquhar Oig, in Mamaig 

of Glenelchaig. 
Alister McAlister Vic Gilchrist, in Kilarie. 
John McEan Vic Conchy, in Ratigan. 

Donald McAlister Vic Gilliechrist, in Achyark of Glensheal. 
Donald Murchison, in Achachoraran, brother to the deceast 

Murdo Murchison, brother to the deceast Achtertoir. 
Alexander Murchison, brother to the deceast Achtertoir. 
John McGilchrist McRae, in Comer of Strathglesh. 
Christopher McEan Vic Conil Vic Vinister, in Conchraig of Cam- 

Christopher McUrchie Vic Vinister, in Glenelchack. 
Alexander and Mylies Murchison, sons to John Murchison McEan 

Vic Conil, in Achnabein. 
John McDonald Reach Vic Conchy Oig, in Meikle Salachie. 
John Dow McEuan Gou, in Meikle Salachy. 
John McLennan Vic Conchy Voi, in Mid Ausgett of Kintail. 
Donald McEan Doi Brebater, in Mid Ausgett of Kintail. 
Finlay McEan Doi Brebater, in Mid Ausgett of Kintail. 
Duncan Mac Ean Glas, in Achnasou of Lochalsh. 
Donald Matheson, in Conchra of Lochalsh. 
Duncan Matheson, in Achnashew. 
Donald McDonald Oig, in Ardinar. 
Finlay McCoil Reach Vic Conchie Oig, in Letterwhile of Kintail. 

Donald McRae f urthur maketh oath that he seed Patrick Grant, 
son to the late Glenmoriston, with the saids companies of High- 
landers ; all which he declares to be truth, as he shall answer to 
God, and declares he cannot write ; and further maketh oath that 
he seed Kenneth McConchy Vic Alister, in Ratigan of Glensheall, 
in company with the saids Highlanders. 



The following version of the Gaelic poem given on page 388 
was sent to the author by Mr "William Mackay, Craigmonie, Inver- 
ness, but it was too late to be included in Appendix J. It was 
written down in 1877 by a well-known Gaelic scholar and poet, 
the late Mr Farquhar Macdonell, of Plockton, Lochalsh, and sent 
by him to the Eev. Alexander Stewart, LL.D., of Nether -Lochaber, 
by whom it was afterwards sent to Mr Mackay. According to Mr 
Macdonell, it was composed immediately after the burial of Mur- 
doch Macrae in Kilduich. The author considers this the best, as 
it is also the most complete, of several versions of the same poem 
that he has come across : — 

Deanam na marbhrainn s' as ur 
Air miann suilean Chloinn 'ic Rath, 
Air Murachadh donna-gheal mo ruin 
A bha Ian do chliu gun chleith. 

A dheagh mhic Alasdair uir, 

Togamaid do chliu an tos, 

Sud an laoch fo'n robh a' mhuirn, 

'Shliochd Fhearachair nan cuirt 's nan corn. 

Si sealg geamhraidh Ghlinne-lic 
Chuir greann oirn gu trie 'us gruaim, 
M' an og nach robh teann 's a bha glic, 
Bhi 's an teampull fo'n lie 's an uaigh. 

Chiad aoine de 'n gheamhradh fhuar, 
'S daor a phaigh sinn duais na sealg, 
An t-og bo chraobhaiche snuagh 
Na aonar bhuainn 'us fhaotainn marbh. 

Tional na sgire gu leir 
A suibhal sleibh 's a falbh bheann, 
Fad sgios nan coig latha deug, 
'S am fear dileas, treun air chall. 


'S turseach do chinneadh mor deas, 
Ga d' shireadh an ear 's an iar, 
'S an t-og a b' ionmholta beachd 
Ri slios glinne marbh 's an t-sliabh. 

Clann 'ic Rath nam buailtean bo 
Air an siarradh gu mor mu d'eug, 
Mu d' thoirt as a bheatha so oirn, 
Mhic athair nan corn 's nan teud. 

'S turseach do dheas bhraithrean graidh 
'S am parson ge h-ard a leugh, 
Thug e, ge tuigseach a cheaird, 
Barr tuirse air each gu leir. 

Air thus dhiubh Donnachadh nam Pios, 
Gillecriosd 'us dithis na chleir, 
Fearachar agus Ailean Donn 
'S Uisdean a tha trom do dheigh. 

Bu tusa an t-ochd shlat ghraidh 
Dh'ios nam braithrean glana coir, 
A' nochd gur dosgach an cradh, 
Gu 'n fhroiseadh am blath dhiubh og. 

Gur tursach do cheud bhean og, 
'S fliuch frasach na deoir le gruaidh, 
I 'spionadh a fuilt d' a deoin, 
Sior chumha nach beo do shnuagh. 

Bhean uasal a thug dhut gaol, 
Nach bi chaoidh na h-uigneas slan, 
'S truagh le mo chluasan a gaoir, 
Luaithead 's a sgaoil an t-aog a snaim. 

Bu tu 'n t-slat eibhinn, aluinn, ur, 
Bu mhiann suil 's bu leanan mna, 
A ghnuis an robh am breac seirc, 
Bha cho deas air thapadh lamh. 

Bu tu marbhaich' a bhalla-bhric bhain, 
Le mordha 's le Ian chrann geur, 
'S le cuilbheir bhristeadh tu cnaimh, 
'S bu shilteach 'o d' laimh na feidh. 

Do chul buidh' fainneach ri lie, 
Bha ruthaidh, 's e gle gheal, dearg, 
'Ghnuis an robh 'n gliocas gun cheilg, 
Air nach d'fhiosraicheadh riamh fearg. 

Chuala mise clarsach theud, 
Fiodhall 'us beus a cu-sheinn, 


; S cha chuala, 's cha chluinn gu brath, 
Ceol a b'fhearr na do bheul binn. 

'S math am fear rannsachaidh 'n t-aog, 
Gur maor e dh'iarras gu mean, 
Bheir e leis an t-og gun ghiamh, 
'S fagaidh e fear liath bhios sean. 

Bha thu fearail aims gach ceum, 
Bu bharant tbu 'n deirce bbochd, 
'S tha thu air deas laimh do Righ, 
Le lughad 's chuir thu 'm pris an t-olc. 

Tha sluagh taght' aig deagh Mhac Dhe, 
Gun easbhuidh, gun fheum air ni, 
'S tha thus' a nis 'an aoibhneas mor, 
'An cathair cheoil aig Righ nam righ. 



Page 109. — Surgeon-General Sir William Alexander Mackinnon 
died in London on the 28th of Octoher, 1897. 

Page 141. — Captain Archibald Macra Chisholm of Glassburn 
died on the 19th of October, 1897. 

Page 158. — Colin Macrae, Camden, South Carolina, lineal 
representative of the Macraes of Conchra, died on the 20th of 
September, 1898. He was succeeded as representative of that 
family by his brother, 

Duncan Macrae of Karnes Castle, who died on the 14th of 
December, 1898, and was buried on the 21st at Kilduich, his 
clansmen in Kintail making his funeral the occasion for a remark- 
able display of clan sentiment and loyalty. His eldest son, 

Stewart Macrae (page 158), of Newark-on-Trent, is now lineal 
representative of the Macraes of Conchra. 

Page 281. — In addition to the marriage of Alexander Macrae 
and Agnes Gordon, there appears also to be some record of a 
marriage, about the same time, between a William Macrae and 
a Thomasine Gordon of Carleton. It is not impossible, however, 
that a confusion of names may have occurred with regard to one 
and the same marriage. 



E E E A T A. 

ge 67 - line 2 


Comma after property. 

67 - , 



Read has. 

69 - , 



, VIII. 

84 - , 

, 17 


, untimely. 

87 - , 

25 (last) 

, farther. 

193 - , 

, 1 of footnote 


, Ghobha. 

269 - , 




, Loudon. 

282 - , 




, Herdman. 

283 - , 



, Dunnay. 

284 - , 



, Georgiana. 

335 - , 



, Mantuanus. 

383 - , 


- ■ - 

, Mr William Mackenzie 

Map. — Achyark, inadvertently left out in preparation of block for 
map, is at the foot of Glenlic. 



Alberoni, Cardinal, 355. 

Alva, James Erskine, Lord, 239. 

Archers, Macrae, 10, 300, 414, 417. 

Ardintoul MS., 44, 72. 

Argyll, Earls of, 369. 

Athole, Earls of, 369. 

Ath nam Muileach, Affair of, 81, 124, 125, 133, 358, 423. 

Badenoch, Wolf of, 4. 

Bain, Alexander, of Inchvanie, 187. 

Barlow, Colonel Frederick, marriage and descendants, 267. 

Barrow, Dr Robert, of Aberdeen, 142. 

Battle of Assaye, 191. 

Auldearn, 68, 187, 336, 353. 
,, Bannockburn, 353. 
,, Bealach Glasleathaid, 19. 
,, Blar na leine, 29. 
,, Brandy wine, 267. 
,, Cailleach Rock, 42. 
Cat's Back, 20. 
Culloden, 361. 
,, Drurnderfit, 334. 

El Hamet, 220, 222. 
Flodden, 353. 
,, Fredericksburg, 254. 

Glensheil, 77, 133, 180, 357, 407. 
,, Inverlochy, 85. 
,, Langside, 353. 
,, Leac na falla, 39. 
Malvern Hill, 254. 
Maida, 222. 
Park, 17, 295. 
Philiphaugh, 281. 
Pinkie, 353. 
„ Ream's Station, 254. 
,, Salamanca, 137, 268. 


Battle of Sheriffmuir, 11, 77, 123, 132, 153, 182, 198, 209, 242, 
256, 318, 319, 325, 354, 408. 
„ Talavera, 270. 
„ Waterloo, 140. 

Worcester, 63, 160, 354. 
Bayne, Janet, of Knockbain, 72. 

Bethune or Beton, Rev. John, of Glensheil, 163, 360, 368. 
Bissett or Bizet of Lovat, 289, 332. 
Blythman's Ford, Skirmish at, 195. 
Bogle, William Lockhart, 39, 108, 221. 
Brancker, William Hill, of Athline, 219. 
Burial of Chiefs of Kintail, 8. 
Burns, Robert, 239. 
Bursary, The Macra, 74. 
Campbell, Rev. Alexander, of Croy, 106. 

,, Rev. Patrick, of Killearnan, 106. 
Campbells of Craignish, 6, 341. 
Cameron, Sir Ewen, of Lochiel, 90. 

Carey, Rev. Cartaret Priaulx, marriage and descendants, 277. 
Carter, Colonel Chilton Lambton, marriage and family, 269. 
Ceilidh, The, 286. 
Chalmers, Rev. Thomas, D.D., 113. 
Chisholm, Alister Dubh, 25. 

„ Archibald, of Fasnakyle, 135. 

„ Captain Archibald Macra, 141, 382. 

„ Dr Stewart, 140. 
The, 78, 92, 307. 
Clann Ian Charrich Macraes, 22, 23, 214, 290. 
Clunes, formerly Home of Macraes, 289. 
Coille Bhan, Affair of the, 359. 
Coinneach Odhar, the Brahan Seer, 31. 
Coll Ban of Barisdale, 327. 

Colquhoun, John, Author of The Moor and the Loch, 119, 122. 
Contract of Friendship with Campbells of Craignish, 6, 341. 
Covenant, The National, 143. 

„ The Solemn League and, 143. 
Cratach Mac Gilligorm, 334. 
Cumberland, Duke of, 329, 361. 
Currie, The Very Rev. Edward Reid, D.D., Dean of Battle, 103. 

,, Sir Frederick Larkins, Bart., 118. 
Daphne, Launching of, 129. 
Dean of Lismore's Book, 3, 340. 
De Butts, Major-General John Cromie Blackwood, marriage and 

descendants, 272. 
De Sausmarez, Captain Philip, R.N., marriage and descendants, 

Dewar, Rev. Neil, of Kingussie, 184. 


Dick, David, buys Glensheil, 218. 

Dingwall, Introduction of Presbyterian Minister to, 71. 

„ Presbytery Records of, 64, 144. 

,, School first opened in, 71. 
Dingwall, Roderick, of Ussie, 75. 
Disruption of Church of Scotland in 1843, 367. 
Donnachadh Mor Mac Alister, 198, 312. 
Donnachadh Mor na Tuagh, 10, 16, 295. 
Donnachadh nam Pios, 87, 391, 395. 
Douglas, Dr A. Halliday, marriage and descendants, 113. 
Downie, Rev. Alexander, D.D., of Lochalsh, 112. 
Dutch Colonel, The Tradition of the, 357. 
Eas nan arm, 357. 
Eigg, Monastery of, 349. 
Elder, Rev. Robert, D.D., 105. 
Eliot, Colonel George Augustus, 275. 
Ellandonan Castle, 7, 22, 25, 58, 63, 195, 293, 351, 355. 
Elycht, Fair of, 44. 
Emigration from Kintail, 362, 366. 
Eonachan Dubh, 210, 320. 

Farquhar Mac an t' Shagairt, Earl of Ross, 350. 
Fearachar Mac Ian Oig, 187, 307, 383. 
Fearn Abbey, 350. 
Fernaig Manuscript, 66, 88, 391. 
Fionnla Dubh Mac Gillechriosd, 14. 
Fionnla Dubh nam Fiadh, 35, 298. 
Fionnla Dubh nan Saighead, 416. 
Fionnla Mor nan Gad, 291. 
Fionnla nan Gobhar, 225. 
Fitzgerald, Colin, 4, 104, 288. 
Forbes, Sir John, Bart, of Craigievar, 282. 
Forfeited Estates Commissioners, 357, 376. 
Forteath, Colonel Frederick Prescott, 105. 
Fortrose, 16, 36, 57. 
Fortrose Grammar School, 53, 76. 
Four Johns of Scotland, 153. 
Fraser of Achnagairn, 103. 

,, Belladrum, 162. 
Gairloch, 9, 19, 53, 54, 330, 410. 
Gillanders, Alexander, 179, 372. 

„ Earls of Ross, 3, 7. 

Gilleoin na h' Airde, 3. 
Gilleoin na Tuagh, 288. 

Gilstrap, Sir William, Bart, of Fornham Park, 159. 
Glencairn, Earl of, 239. 
Glenelg Barracks, 360. 
Glengarry, Feud between Kintail and, 33, 298, 353. 



Glenlic Hunt, The, 84, 310, 388, 426. 
Glenmoriston, Grant of, 38, 78, 218, 358. 
Glensheil, Ministers of, 368. 

Parish of, 348, 360. 
Gordon, Earls of Huntly, 16, 353, 370. 

„ of Carleton, 281. 

„ of Earlston, 281. 

,, of Embo, 16. 

„ Sir Robert, Author of The Earls of Sutherland, 16, 17. 
Grant of Glenmoriston, 38, 78, 218. 
„ of Dundreggan, 218, 221. 
„ of Shewglie, 218. 
Gregory, or Grig, son of Dungal, 2, 338. 
Hastings, Marquis of, 137, 269. 
Harvie, Professor Thomas, of Glasgow, 282. 
Hawes, Captain Edward William, R.N., 228. 
Hay, Sir George, Earl of Kinnoull, 54. 
Hogg, Rev. Thomas, of Kiltearn, 143. 
Huntly, Alexander Gordon, Earl of, 16, 353. 
Ian a Chragain of Glenmoriston, 218, 358. 
Ian Breac Mac Mhaighster Fearachar, 170, 303, 385. 
Ian Mac a Ghobha, 193, 405. 

Ian Mac Fhionnla Mhic Ian Bhuidhe and his descendants, 256. 
Ian Mac Mhurachaidh, 81, 193, 363, 402. 
Ian Mor a Chasteil of Glenmoriston, 38. 
Ian Mor Mac Mhaighster Fionnla, 324. 
Innes, Florence, of Balnain, 145. 
Inverinate, Macraes Settle at, 30. 
Johnson, Dr Samuel, 135. 
Kenmure, Viscount, 281. 
Kennedy, John, of Underwood, marriage and descendants, 119. 

Rev. John, D.D., of Dingwall, 125. 
Kenneth, Founder of the House of Kintail, 352, 373. 
Kinlochluichart, 179. 
Kintail, Chiefs of, 373. 

„ Church Destroyed, 77, 356. 

,, Emigration from, 362, 366. 

„ Macraes Settle in, 6, 288. 

,, Ministers of, 367. 

,, New Statistical Account, 365. 

„ Old Statistical Account, 362. 
Parish of, 348. 

,, Population at Various Periods, 368. 

,, Prosperity in, 364. 

„ Rent Question in, 189, 362. 

„ Schools in, 365. 

Social Condition of, 65, 362, 364, 366. 


Kintail, Sold by Seaforth, 365. 

The Black Chanter of, 381. 
The Men of, 348. 
,, Whig Influences in, 355. 
Kintail in Sutherland, 16, 304. 
Kylerea, Sea Fight at, 41. 
Laing, Samuel, M.P., 118. 
Larach, Tigh Mhic Dhomhnuill, 28. 
Larach, Tigh Mhic Rath, 5. 
Le Mesurier, General William, 267. 
Lews, The Rev. Farquhar Macrae's Visit to, 57. 

,, Conquered by Lord Kintail, 56. 
Lindesay, David, Bishop of Ross, 54. 

„ Patrick, Bishop of Ross, 60. 
Loban, surnamed Gilligorm, 334. 
Lochiel, 90, 218, 304, 315. 
Londonderry, Siege of, 261. 
Loudon, Earl of, 137, 269. 
Lovat, Simon, Lord, 360. 

„ Lords of, 5, 29, 289, 335, 371. 
Macbeaths, The, of Gairloch, 412. 
Macbeolans, The, 7, 352. 
Macdonald, Angus Og, of Glengarry, 40. 
,, Captain Ronald, 219. 

Donald Gorm, of Sleat, 25, 177, 353. 
,, Finlay, of Drudaig, 234. 

,, John (Ian Lom), Poet, 85. 

of Balranald, 227. 
of Glengarry, 40, 198, 298. 
,, of Leek, 329. 

„ Rev. Archibald, Author of History of Clan Donald, 100. 

„ Sir Alexander, of Sleat 329. 

,, Sir Donald, of Sleat, 36. 

Macdougall of Ardentrive, 108. 

„ of Lunga, 219. 

Mac Gillechriosd, Duncan (1), 25. 
Duncan (2), 38. 
Macgregor, Rob Roy, 355. 
Macguire, Hugh, 236, 240. 
Macintyre, Dr Duncan, 205. 
Mackay, Dr Charles Gordon, 227. 
Mackenzie, Agnes, of Kincraig, 145. 

„ Ancient MS. History of the Clan, 43. 
„ Anne, of Torridon, 94. 
,, Captain Donald George, 106. 

„ Captain Kenneth, of Kerrisdale, marriage and 
descendants, 114. 


Mackenzie, Florence, of Cullen, 96. 

,, George, Eai-1 of Cromartie, 62. 

,, Hector Roy, of Gairloch, 9, 22. 

,, Isabel, of Ballone, 156. 

,, John Roy, of Gairloch, 54, 412. 

„ Major Colin John, 111. 

,, Major-General Colin, 111. 

,, Margaret, of Redcastle, 70. 

Mrs, of Abbotsford Park, 106. 
,, of Allangrange, Chief of the Mackenzies, 375. 
„ of Applecross, 48, 73, 174, 371. 
„ of Clean waters, 191. 
of Coul, 187. 
of Culdrein, 174. 
,, of Cullen, 96. 

of Dochmaluak, 62, 70, 98, 174, 371, 372. 
„ of Gairloch, 174. 

of Hilton, 80, 153, 161, 172. 
,, of Lentran, 168. 
„ of Pitlundie, 125. 

of Redcastle, 70, 370, 371. 
of Torridon, 94, 168, 372. 
,, Rev. Alexander, LL.D., of Kingussie, 101. 
Rev. Colin, of St Ninian's, 229. 
Rev. Lachlan, of Lochcarron, 226, 229, 408. 
,, Simon, of Lochslin, 62. 

Sir Dougal, 26, 177. 
,, Sir George, of Rosehaugh, 62. 
„ Surgeon-Major Gilbert Proby, 106. 
Mackillican, Rev. John, of Fodderty, 143. 
Mackinnon, Florence, of Corriechatachan, 152. 

„ Lachlan, of Corriechatachan, marriage and descend- 

ants, 108. 
„ Neil, of Borreraig, 182. 

,, Professor, quoted, 90. 

„ Rev. Donald, D.D., of Strath, 108. 

Rev. Neil, of Creich, 181. 
Sir William Alexander, K.C.B., 109, 429. 
Maclauchlan, Ewen, the Gaelic Poet, 131. 
Maclean, Dr William Henry, 228. 

„ Lachlan, of Lochbuy, 18, 297. 
„ Rev. John, of Kintail, 168. 
Macleans, Ancestor of, 3, 288. 
Macleans and Macraes of same Origin, 4. 
Maclennan, Domhnull Buidhe, 336. 

,, Ewen, of Killelan, marriage and descendants, 220. 

„ Rev. Duncan, of Laggan, 184, 206. 


Maclennans of Kin tail, 336. 
Macleod, Janet, of Raasay (1), 93. 
Janet, of Raasay (2), 135. 
John, of Raasay (Ian Garbh), 93. 
Kenneth, of Arnisdale, 182. 
of Assynt, 327. 
of Dunvegan, 329. 
of Raasay, 93, 135, 175. 
Macmaster, Rev. Donald, of Kildalton, 203. 
Maepherson, Donald, of Eigg, 184. 

Macqueen, Rev. John, of Applecross, marriage and descendants, 102. 
Macra, Alexander, of Hushinish, 139. 

,, Archibald, of Ardintoul, 135. 

,, Colonel Sir John, 12, 136. 
Macrae, Alexander, Author of Book on Deer Stalking, 204. 

,, Alexander, Founder of the Macra Bursary, 74. 

,, Alexander, of Inverinate, 69, 369, 418, 422. 

,, Alexander, Writer, Fortrose, 16. 

„ Archers, 10, 300, 414, 417. 

,, Bailie Harry, of Dingwall, 146. 

,, Captain Christopher Alexander, of Kirksheaf, 213. 

,, Captain Duncan, of Inverinate, 98. 

,, Captain James, of Conchra, 156. 

,, Captain James, of Holmains, 240. 

,, Captain James, of Houston, 240. 

,, Captain John, of Conchra, 156. 

„ Chamberlains of Kintail, 8, 363. 

,, Christopher, Constable of Ellandonan, 24. 

,, Christopher, of Aryugan, 123. 

,, Christopher, of Glenmore, 229. 

,, Colin George (of Inverinate), W.S., 121, 422. 

,, Colin, of Demerara, 116. 

,, Colonel Kenneth, of Inverinate, 101. 

,, Constables of Ellandonan, 8, 24, 58. 

„ Councillor Alexander, 190, 193. 

„ Dr Alexander Charles, 117. 

., Dr Donald, of Beckenham, 230. 
Dr Donald, of Council Bluff's, 232. 

,, Dr Farquhar, of Alness, 180. 

,, Dr Farquhar, of Inverinate, 104. 

„ Dr Farquhar, of London, 194, 405. 

„ Dr John Farquhar, 207. 

„ Dr John, H.E.I.C.S. (1), 102. 

„ Dr John, H.E.I.C.S. (2), 103. 

,, Dr John, of Auchtertyre, 175. 
Donald Og, 195. 

„ Duncan, of Balnain, 148, 165. 


Macrae, Duncan, of Corriedhomhain, 325. 

Duncan, of Inverinate (Donnachadh nam Pios), 87. 

Duncan, of Kames Castle, 158, 429. 

Episcopalians, 11, 260. 

Farquhar, of Inverinate, 97. 

Finlay, of Duilig, 180. 

General William, of Wilmington, 253. 

Governor James, of Madras, 190, 235. 

Horatio Ross, of Clunes, 13, 120. 

Jacobites, 11. 

James, of Balnain, 146. 

John Alexander, of Niagara Falls, 167. 

John Anthony (of Inverinate), 120, 422. 

John Breac, 170, 303, 364. 

John, the Gaelic Poet (Ian Mac Mhurachaidh), 81, 193' 

363, 402. 
John, of Conchra, 153. 
John, Schoolmaster of Sleat, 183. 
John, solicitor, Dingwall, 192. 
Lieutenant Christopher, of Torlysich, 221. 
Lieutenant Colin William, 159, 381. 
Lieutenant Farquhar, 128. 
Lieutenant Farquhar, of Torlysich, 222. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Roderick, 207. 
Major Colin, of Conchra, 157. 
Major James Andrew, 228. 
Maurice, of Achyuran, 199. 
Meaning and Origin of Name, 1. 
Murdoch, hanged in Inverness, 329. 
Murdoch, of Balnain, 147. 
Murdoch of Kinbeachie, 150. 
of Holmains, 240. 
of Houston, 240. 
of Kirksheaf, 213. 
Rev. Alexander, Clachan, 203. 
Rev. Alexander, Founder of the Roman Catholic Mission 

in Kintail, 72, 367. 
Rev. Alexander, of Crown Court, 184. 
Rev. David, of Dundee, 245. 
Rev. David, of Oban and Glasgow, 243. 
Rev. Donald, last Episcopalian Minister of Kintail, 76. 
Rev. Donald, of Lairg, 197. 
Rev. Donald, of Lochalsh, 189. 
Rev. Donald, of Melbourne, 231. 
Rev. Donald, of Poo! ewe and Kilmory, 231. 
Rev. Donald, of Urray and Kintail, 64, 160. 
Rev. Duncan Mackenzie, of Lochearnhead, 151. 


Macrae, Rev. Duncan, of Glensheil, 206. 
,, Rev. Duncan, of Woodgreen, 232. 
,, Rev. Farquhar, of Glenorchy, 204. 
,, Rev. Farquhar, of Kmtail, 52. 
,, Rev. Farquhar, of Knockbain, 130. 
,, Rev. Farquhar, of Manitoba, 129. 
,, Rev. Finlay, of Lochalsh, 46. 

Rev. Finlay, of North Uist, 226. 
,, Rev. Isaac Vandenheuvel, 118. 
,, Rev. James Duncan, of Contin, 129. 
,, Rev. James, of Sauchieburn, 242. 
,, Rev. John, Account of Origin of Macraes, 331. 
,, Rev. John Farquhar, of Melbourne, 232. 

Rev. John, Aberfeldy, 230. 
„ Rev. John, of Dingwall (1), 142, 152, 371. 

Rev. John, of Dingwall (2), 70. 
„ Rev. John, of Glenelg, 107. 
„ Rev. John, of Glensheil, 105. 
„ Rev. John, of Knockbain, 200. 
„ Rev. John, tutor to Colin, first Earl of Seaforth, 44. 
,, Sergeant Alexander, 191. 
., Sergeant John, 219. 
„ Stewart (of Conchra), 158, 429. 
,, Surgeon-Major Alexander, 228. 
„ Vicars of Kmtail, 8, 58, 76, 160. 
Macraes, Affair of the, 344. 

and the Lords of Lovat, 5, 29, 290, 335. 
,, connected with the Mackenzies and the Macleans, 4, 228. 
,, Country of the, 1. 

Migration to Kintail, 4, 6, 288, 335. 
„ Legends and Traditions of the, 286. 

MS. History of the, 12, 72. 
„ in Ayr, 4, 235. 
„ in Badenoch, 184. 
„ in Galloway, 281. 
,, in Glenurquhart, 5, 335. 
,, in Perthshire, 4, 339. 
„ of Achnagart, 290. 
„ of Ardintoul, 133. 
,, of Auchtertyre, 174. 
„ of Camusluinie, 165, 168. 

of Carr, 184. 

of Conchra, 152, 371, 429. 
„ of Drudaig, 162. 
,, of Inverinate, 30, 69, 97. 

of Torlysich, 214. 

of Wilmington, U.S.A., 248. 


Macraes, The Black, 24, 186. 

„ The Fair, 24. 

„ Tradition of Coming to Kintail, 288. 
MacEae-Gilstrap, Captain John, of Balliniore, 12, 136, 158. 
Macraith the Wise, 2. 
Macrath, Alastair Liath, 410. 

„ Domhnull Odhar, 10, 415. 

„ Ian Liath, 412. 

„ Maurice, 288. 
McCrae, Andrew Murison, W.S., 284. 

„ Captain Alexander, 283. 

,, (or Macrae), of Glenlair, 281. 

,, William Gordon, marriage and descendants, 282. 
McCrea, Admiral John Dobree, 272. 

,, Admiral Bobert Contart, 270. 

,, Captain James, 271. 

„ Captain Bawdon (1), 269. 

„ Captain Bawdon (2), 271. 

„ Captain Bichard Charles, 271. 

„ Captain Bobert Bradford, 275. 

,, Colonel John, 262. 

Jane, "The Bride of Fort Edward," 264. 

,, Lieutenant Alfred Coryton, 272. 

,, Lieutenant Herbert Taylor, 280. 

„ Major Frederick Bradford, 275. 

,, Major Bobert, of Guernsey, 267. 

,, Major Bichard Francis, 272. 

„ Major-General Bobert Barlow, 270. 

,, Bev. James, 261. 

„ Surgeon-Major John Frederick, 280. 
McCreas of Guernsey, 259. 
Marischal, Earl, 282, 355. 

Matheson, Alexander, shipowner, Dornie, 48, 208, 287. 
,, Dr Farquhar, of London, 49. 

„ John Dubh, of Fernaig, 26, 30. 
„ of Attadale, 125, 175. 
of Fernaig, 125, 315. 
„ of Lochalsh, 354. 

,, Sir Alexander, Bart, of Lochalsh and Ardross, 125. 
,, Sir Kenneth James, Bart, of Lochalsh, 125. 
Mavor, Ivan Ingram, 180. 

,, Bev. James, 180. 
Maxwell, John, Bishop of Boss, 61. 

,, Sir William, Bart, of Cardoness, 120. 
Melbourne Argus, The, 109, 112. 
Middleton, General, 70, 354. 
Miller, Captain David, of Pow, 227. 


Moira, Earl of, 137, 269, 277. 

Moncrieff, Robert Scott, marriage and descendants, 113. 

Monk, General, in Kintail, 31, 63, 354. 

Montrose, The Marquis of, 85, 281, 353. 

Moray, Randolph Earl of, 352. 

Morrison, Rev. Roderick, of Kintail, 114. 

Muireach Feal, Tradition of, 305. 

Munr'o, Donald, of Lealty, 105. 

„ of Fowlis, 72, 172, 260, 370. 
Murray, Mungo, of St Andrews, 142. 
Murchison, Colonel Donald, 358, 360. 
„ John, of Auchtertyre, 153. 

,, John, Reader of Kintail, 56. 

„ Murdoch, Vicar of Kintail, 56. 

Murthlac, Monastery of, 351. 
Nicol, Bailie Thomas, of Dingwall, 192. 
Ogilvy, Oliver, cattle-lifter, 44. 
Ormonde, Duke of, 355. 
Or na h' aoine, The Charm of, 92. 
Patrick, Robert William Cochran, M.P., 119. 
Payne, Sir Charles, Bart., 275. 
Perrins, Charles William Dyson, of Ardross, 101. 
Pitsligo, Lord Forbes of, 282. 
Poetry, The, of the Macraes, 383. 
Poulter, Brownlow, marriage and family, 274. 
Population of Kintail and Glensheil, 368. 
Presbyterians in Kintail, 360. 
Preparis, 78th Highlanders shipwrecked on, 222. 
Prince Charles Edward Stuart, 210, 361. 
Ramsay, Sir George, Bart., 241. 
Randolph Earl of Moray, 352. 
Rent Rolls of Kintail and Glensheil, 376. 
Roman Catholic Mission in Kintail, 73, 367. 
Ross, Donald, of Knockartie, 146. 

„ Earls of, 3, 352. 

„ Edward Charles Russell, winner of the Queen's Prize at 
Wimbledon, 117. 

,, Horatio, of Rossie and Wyvis, 117. 

„ Major John, of Tilliscorthy, 113. 

„ of Easter Fearn, 358. 
Royal Lineage of Certain Macrae Families, 369. 
Russell, Rev. Alexander Fraser of Kilmodan, marriage and de- 
scendants, 105. 
„ Rev. James, of Gairloch, 231. 
,, Rev. John Munro, of Cape Town, 105. 
,, Sir James Alexander, 105. 
Sackville, Lord George, 361. 


StBercban, 2, 338. 

St Columba, 349. 

St Congan, 349. 

St Cyricus, 339. 

St Donan, 349. 

St Donort, 351. 

St Duthac, 350. 

St Fillan, 291, 350. 

St Finnan, 336. 

St Hilary, of Poictiers, 335. 

St Oran, 349. 

St Patrick, 2. 

Seaforth, Earls of, 374. 

Seaforth Regiments, 11, 343. 

Scots and Picts, Chronicles of, 339. 

Sheiling, The, 365. 

Shirt of Mail, Mackenzie's, 8. 

Sian, The Charm of the, 409. 

Skene, Dr William Forbes, 12, 338. 

Solemn League and Covenant, 143. 

Somerset, Susan Margaret, Duchess of, 112. 

Spanish Ammunition Destroyed at Loch na Corr, 356. 

Stewart, Captain William, of Ensay, 175, 

„ Major-General David, of Garth, 220, 345, 346. 

„ John, of Ensay, 175, 219. 
of Garth, 158, 175. 

„ of Laskintyre, 218. 

„ Rev. Alexander, of Cromarty, 201. 
Strathglass, 25, 29, 30, 305. 

Taylor, Rev. Hay don Aldersey, marriage and family, 274. 
Tobacco, Price of, 45. 

Tolmie, Rev. John William, of Contin, 100. 
Torrens, Sir Henry, K.C.B., 277. 
Tuach, George, 146. 
Tullibardine, Marquis of, 355. 
Vandenheuvel Family, 116. 
Wade, General, 359, 360. 
Walker, Rev. George, of Londonderry, 261. 
West, Benjamin, 104, 348. 
Wheeler, J. Talboys, 238, 240. 
Wightman, Major-General, 357. 
Winans, W. L., 203.